rss_2.0ARCHITECTURAE ET ARTIBUS FeedSciendo RSS Feed for ARCHITECTURAE ET ARTIBUS ET ARTIBUS 's Cover Take on the Linear Continuous System By Oskar Hansen. Case Study of City of Poznań<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The aim of this text is to analyse and characterize the spatial-functional and urban structure of the city of Poznań, in particular its northern part, i.e. the Piątkowo district, in relation to the assumptions of the linear city concept by Oskar Hansen, the so-called Linear Continuous System. The text attempts to present this concept in terms of the historical development of the city. Reference was also made to the period when this concept was developed but not officially implemented. Thus, the authors try to examine the spatial relationships between the theoretical concept and the form of the modern city. They try to answer the questions whether it had any impact on the spatial development of the city and its current structure.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-28T00:00:00.000+00:00“Open Source” Movement in Architecture<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The IT-rooted idea of “open source” and its derivatives in architecture, have been analysed from historic viewpoint and with respect to wider cultural context, as well as with regard to the specific present-day phenomenon of a drift of notions and ideas that had originated inside IT business, then became widespread in popular culture and eventually have been implemented in architectural design and theory. Based on a bibliography survey, the milestones of “open source architecture” have been recognised and arranged chronologically. Moreover, the bibliography survey aimed at collecting numerous past reflections, remarks and opinions relevant to the subject matter, and to merge such a vast cloud of critical thoughts into a “critical framework to define open source architecture”. After all, we conclude that, in spite of its two-decade evolution and development, “open source architecture” have still been sort of subculture; namely, architectural subculture.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Virtual reality architectural spaces and the shift of populace in online social VR platforms in 2020<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Virtual reality and the digital architectural representations of buildings that exist in the cyber realm are gathering more and more users as their platforms develop spaces better suited for the virtual human. Design of sites and interiors is being carried out by both experienced creators and those completely lacking skill in spatial creativity. Research was conducted during the course of two record gathering sessions lasting two weeks each, one at the beginning of February in the year 2020, the other at the end of the year in the last two weeks of the month of November 2020. Information was gathered about the population status of the most visited worlds at those times, as well as their specificity in architectural design traits. Comparison of the data showed that humans who attend online social gatherings and interactions in virtual reality worlds shifted their favor from median traits to those representing more high-end quality at the end of the year. Demographics show a rise in the amount of users aged between 6-10, and 21-35, in comparison to that of the beginning of 2020 where the dominant age group was between 16 and 21 years old. The global lockdown due to the pandemic attracted people from the home office generation who preferred architectural spaces of higher quality, larger and more complex floor plans, and spatial representations of high-rise residential, nightlife and fictional spaces for virtual human to human socializing and interaction.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Multifunctional Role of Greenery in the Perception Process Based on Gibson's Theory<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In urban design, greenery is associated with ecological, health, recreational and leisure functions. The author would like to draw attention to the different roles of greenery forms in the process of space perception. The study analyzed greenery as an important element of the spatial environment, influencing the multisensory human experience and perception of the environment, including architectural objects. The considerations were based mainly on the theory of perception according to J. Gibson. The aim of the analysis is to draw attention to the forms of greenery, which, by their diversity and changeability in time, provide an enormous amount of stimuli that act on all the senses and make the process of perception more complete. The role of greenery in the process of perception is very large and multifaceted, so according to the author, greenery forms should be more appreciated by urban planners as a tool for designing space and human experience.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-01-18T00:00:00.000+00:00Analysis of Aerodynamic Phenomena in Selected Quarter of Building Development in Warsaw Downtown with Reference to Air Pollution<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Air pollution, both gaseous and in the form of dust, is a problem that affects numerous densely built-up areas of modern cities. Based on this assumption, the authors of the following paper have examined an exemplary part of urban space with various building developments located in Warsaw downtown. Both experimental and numerical studies were conducted for the two prevailing wind directions observed in this area, that is the west wind and the south-west wind.</p> <p>Experimental research was conducted with the application of two known laboratory techniques, i.e., the oil visualization method and the sand erosion technique. The studies were conducted in an open-circuit wind tunnel. Commercial ANSYS Fluent program was used for numerical simulations. The k-ε realizable turbulence model, often applied for this type of tasks, was used in the calculations. As a result, distributions of the velocity amplification coefficient were obtained in the area under consideration, as well as images that present the averaged airflow direction. On basis thereof, potential zones where contamination accumulation may occur were determined.</p> <p>The impact that introduction of a hypothetical high-rise building into the area would exert on wind conditions in its vicinity was also tested. High-rise buildings tend to intensify airflow in their immediate vicinity. Thus, they can improve ventilation conditions of nearby streets. However, in this particular case, the research prompted the conclusion that the proposed building causes turbulence and increased velocity gradients in the majority of elevation planes. On the other hand, in the ground-level zone, the building blocks rather than intensifies the airflow.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-01-18T00:00:00.000+00:00Personal Proof of the City<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Human as a species is very similar to each other but it is also a separate, individual phenomenon. The city was created to resemble it. Treated as living tissue, it can harmoniously develop and follow its identity, constituting an autonomous phenomenon despite many similarities. The article deals with the problem of identifying cities on the basis of their similarities in the structure and quality of architectural and urban spaces. The article aims to distinguish the important, original compositional elements and to indicate universal factors determining the identity of the city. As a result, the characteristics of the city were discussed, while allowing for the creation of a matrix that would allow for proper recognition of the structure of a given city and proper development. The whole discussion was embedded in the framework of the applied observational, heuristic, and case study method, the aim of which is to find the right answer and confirm the main assumptions.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-01-18T00:00:00.000+00:00Designing Responsive Environments in the Stary Browar in Poznań. Method and Process in Creating Public Space in the City<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In the era of rapid development of digital technologies, designers are faced with the challenge of incorporating the tools of the virtual world into the physical world. The widespread use of new media in design makes it possible to create environments that influence human experience. One of the design methods that have influenced human feelings for several decades is Experience Design - an extremely versatile, immersive method, creating exhibition environments, commercial spaces, urban interiors, and virtual worlds of games, applications and websites. This paper aims to present a design process and effect of an experimental, innovative academic program of semester course “Immersive environments and interactivity in designing architectural interiors and their surroundings”<sup>1</sup> Moreover, the author’s didactic intention is to present the application of modern digital technologies in urban space design. Gathering the knowledge about the experience design method and its tool - the experience path fulfils high expectations set on students in their future careers.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-01-18T00:00:00.000+00:00The Poundbury Middle Farm Urban Code as an Example of New Urbanism Planning Practice<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The text is devoted to the issues of the planning methodology typical to the very first projects of the early stage of <italic>New Urbanism</italic>. The indicated research problem was described on the Middle Farm urban code example which was the first phase of the construction of Poundbury, Dorchester in southern England. Its architecture is also considered as a representative example of contemporary New Classicism. Firstly, the original urban code prepared by the DPZ studio (Duany, Plater-Zyberk) was presented, then it was compared to the current set of regulations and conventional methods of planning. Finally, the effects of its application in practice were illustrated.</p> <p>The methodology of planning techniques implemented in Poundbury was focused primarily on achieving a coherent and harmonious public space and clear principles of development. Typical zoning does not apply here because all buildings are in fact multi-functional. Traditional and classical architectural forms, which were achieved in Poundbury, are the result of strictly defined typology, building materials, detail and composition, but the result of ordering a particular historical style. The main principle of the code was the creative continuation of local tradition which here means Dorset county architecture.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-10-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Agregatorium. Time, Place and Action European Symposium and Exhibit: Processes from Theory of Idea to Implementation of form<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Agregatorium may be an important factor for culture-forming and expert meetings. The underlying assumption of the Symposium is to search for a new spiritus movens, criteria and reasons to plan, design and create artefacts, spaces and places by analysing phenomena that have already been extensively studied and evaluated. The overriding criterion may be the role of space generated by the local code, enabling the process of humanisation as visualised in art, spontaneous action and openness to the potential recipient as well as interaction.</p> <p>The Agregatorium exhibition programme covers the presentation of artistic attitudes in the field of architecture, design, visual arts and urban planning as well as interdisciplinary activities in the field of landscaping and broader education.</p> <p>The programme priority of the symposium and exhibition is to bond, in the course of shared exhibitions of works and achievements, the personalities of famous architects, artists and designers, as well as the attitudes of young artists.</p> <p>Visual and ideological confrontation can be attractive for the recipient, and become a contribution to discussions and meetings among theorists, artists, architects, urban planners, as well as the audience involved.</p> <p>At the European Agregatorium, we deal with cognitive processes resulting from the principle of synergy and value.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-10-19T00:00:00.000+00:00 – The Saudi-Arabian Linear City Concept as the Prototype of Future Cities<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The launch announcement of the construction of a new, futuristic, emission-free city in Saudi Arabia in the form of a 170-kilometer line – <italic>The Line</italic> – by Mohammed bin Salman, Crown Prince and Chairman of the Neom Company Board of Directors, aroused a discussion about ideal cities, the geometry of a linear city and its legitimacy. It provoked questions whether a city built in such a way could provide an appropriate answer to contemporary and future urban problems, as its authors and promoters expected. On this occasion, it is impossible not to refer to the urban history to look at similar ideas of linear cities and the attempts to implement them for over 150 years. Although it has not been possible to fully realize the linear city in accordance with the initial assumptions of the concept so far, today it may turn out that the utopia will become a reality. There are quite significant reasons for this. The aim of the article is to familiarize the reader with the contemporary interpretation of the idea of a linear city, which may become a compositional prototype for the urban planning of sustainable cities in the future.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-10-19T00:00:00.000+00:00The Viennese Influence on the Artistic Arrangement of Lviv Public Buildings Interiors Built in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article identifies the main characteristics and features of the artistic arrangement of representative public buildings in Vienna that influenced analogical objects of Lviv in the second half of the 19th century. The issue of Vienna’s historicism and its peculiarities in interior decoration are also considered. The research involved selecting and analyzing key public buildings that are present in both cities, such as theaters, universities, the Diet (in case of Vienna – the Parliament), museums, courts and other sites with a broad representative group of rooms. These revealed common trends, direct and indirect quotations, both in artistic elements and in the overall order composition. The article also explores major public buildings in Vienna along with architects who have become role models and set some standards for the artistic design of the representative group of rooms. As a result, the influencing factors were identified, among which administrative, educational, cultural and economic issues are highlighted and reviewed.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Buildings for Culture - Their Internal Public Spaces as Public Spaces of Cities<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The city is a place of community. Both in form and content, it is the most public display of aspects of culture, including art. It embodies our cultural memory, which is also a place of constant renewal of culture and art. Most of the phenomena that we associate with the idea of culture stem from the elements of the city that become synonymous with “Polis” - the City. They offered agora, temples, stadiums, theatres... - facilities for art. That culture takes place in theatres, concert halls... or museums.</p> <p>Contemporary buildings for culture, theatres, music, etc. should be user-friendly and easily accessible, with a cordial atmosphere, functional. They should speak of what is alive and everyday in them. They are not meant to be monuments. The aim of the work is to explore and evaluate the issues of internal public spaces of cultural buildings as a development of the city’s public space and their significance in this context.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1