rss_2.0Acta Horticulturae et Regiotecturae FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Acta Horticulturae et Regiotecturaehttps://sciendo.com/journal/AHRhttps://www.sciendo.comActa Horticulturae et Regiotecturae Feedhttps://sciendo-parsed.s3.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com/647089ce71e4585e08a9f748/cover-image.jpghttps://sciendo.com/journal/AHR140216Cultivating Value: Teaching a Job and Mitigating Climate Change Effects While Restoring a Landscape Heritagehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-0009<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In the degraded peri-urban areas, there are several traces of the agrarian landscape heritage: they are not relicts of the past but a resource for managing water, providing fauna and flora biodiversity, and mitigate climate change in the urban environment. A pilot experience of recovering the Milan medieval water meadows has been done in the last two years: the aim was to provide a new job to fragile people, while restoring an ancient landscape. The tangible permanencies have been recovered by unemployed people at the same time as the traditional art of managing water has been taught by ancient watermen. A course has been organized to transfer the knowledge. Several schools have been involved in the practical recovery of artifacts: students enjoyed to care an “ordinary” heritage in their neighbourhood, as a resource for a sustainable way of living, and a good quality landscape. The high social and cultural value provided increased Municipality’s attention to consider a joint management with the social cooperative of this productive landscape and to include didactical visit to water meadow in each student curricula.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-00092024-04-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Accumulation of Mn, Cu, and Zn in Flowers and Leaves of in an Urban Area Under Climate Change Conditionshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-0005<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Green areas are an important part of the urban landscape. Trees produce oxygen, provide shade, maintain soil moisture, and reduce the amounts of toxic gases and dust in the air. Due to the changing climate, species characteristic of other climatic zones, e.g. <italic>Catalpa bignonioides</italic>, are planted in urban parks in Poland, mainly due to the attractive appearance of the leaves and flowers. The aim of the study was to assess the content of Mn, Cu, and Zn in flowers and leaves of <italic>C. bignonioides</italic> in the urban park and to determine the value of bioconcentration coefficients (BCF) of these metals. The obtained results indicate that the flowers and leaves of <italic>C. bignonioides</italic> accumulate lesser amounts of manganese, copper, and zinc. It is a consequence of the limited bioavailability of these components in soils, due to too high pH values resulting from alkalinization of urban soils. The values of bioconcentration coefficients (BCF &lt;1) confirm the low accumulation of Mn, Cu, and Zn in both leaves and flowers of <italic>C. bignonioides</italic>, due to the limited mobility of manganese, copper, and zinc compounds in the soils of the urban park and the low impact of falling dusts, which are the carriers of the analyzed components.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-00052024-04-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Soil Cover Modifications in Vicinity of Disappearing Lakes as a Result of Climate Changehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-0006<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Disappearance of lakes is one of the most dangerous processes affecting the entire natural environment, including soil. This phenomenon is considered natural, resulting from climate change, however in recent decades, a significant acceleration of this process has been observed due to the direct impact of human activity. In areas directly adjacent to lakes, organic soils usually predominate. Unfortunately, wetlands are increasingly being drained and used for agricultural purposes. Under such circumstances, changes in the physical and chemical properties of these soils are often irreversible, causing their degradation. As an effect of increased mineralization, a number of typical modifications occur in soils, such as carbon loss, increased degree of peat decomposition, and changes in soil structure. Long-term dehydration has led to muck formation. Additionally, lowering of lake water uncovers previously flooded areas and increases the intensity of soil-forming processes. However, the presence of the Subaquatic qualifier in the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB) suggests that sediments in shallow water bodies no more than 200 cm deep can also be classified as soils. The progressive disappearance of lakes observed all over the world is therefore a process affecting not only the reduction of water bodies, but also changes in the properties and typology of soils and vegetation cover.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-00062024-04-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Response of the Soil Organic Matter to Clear-cutting in the Face of Climate Change – a Report from the East Sudety Mountains, South-West Polandhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-0007<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Clear-cutting induces biogeochemical, ecological, and hydrological changes in the soil environment, especially in the conditions of climate change effect. This type of management affects soil carbon sequestration. In this paper, we generalize the effect of clear-cutting in mountainous mixed coniferous forests on the direction of organic matter transformation and the properties of humic substances. Soil samples of dystric Cambisols were taken two and ten years after clear-cutting (CC). Soil profiles located at the same elevation under forest cover without any harvesting were used as references. The contents of total organic carbon, total nitrogen, qualitative and quantitative characteristics of humic substances, as well as the mineralogical composition and the clay-associated C fraction, were analysed. Under mountainous conditions, clear-cutting in the mixed coniferous forest enhanced organic matter decomposition and decreased the low-molecular weight humic fraction. It also caused the accumulation of more stable humic acids, particularly in the upper soil horizons, and resulted in accumulation of humic substances with higher contents of C and O and lower H content in the first years after CC. Clear-cutting in the first two years reduced the aliphacity of humic acids in the topsoil. Ten years after harvesting, a significant increase in aliphacity in the Oa horizon confirmed organic matter recovery. Mixed coniferous forests are more resistant to biotic and abiotic disturbances, which is particularly important in the face of violent weather phenomena related to climate change. Thus, forest management plans should consider the conversion of spruce monocultures to mixed coniferous forests.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-00072024-04-23T00:00:00.000+00:00A Properly Chosen Rate of NPK Fertilizers Has a Positive Effect on C Sequestration in Sandy Soils in the Conditions of a Changing Climatehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-0004<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Soil organic carbon (SOC) plays a significant role in climate change. Its content can be modified by soil management practices, however, the effect of mineral fertilization on SOC is not clear. For this reason, a long-term effect of gradually increasing rates of NPK fertilizers on changes in soil organic carbon (SOC) in bulk soil and in water-stable aggregates (WSA) in soils with sandy loam and loamy sand texture at two experimental sites (Skierniewice, Poland, and Dražovce, Slovakia) was quantified. In both sites, soil samples were collected from the following treatments: NF – no fertilization, NPK1 and NPK2 – 1<sup>st</sup> level and 2<sup>nd</sup> level of NPK fertilization, respectively. The results showed that 100-year long application of NPK1 increased total carbon (TC) and SOC content by 24%, while NPK2 decreased it by 5% compared to NF at the Skierniewice site. The content of water-stable macroaggregates (WSAma) increased because of NPK application. In NPK1, the content of WSAma was higher and the content of water-stable microaggregates (WSAmi) was lower than in NPK2 or NF. However, as a result of NPK application, the content of agronomically favorable WSAma in size fraction 0.5–3 mm was reduced by 8 and 24% in NPK1 and NPK2, respectively, compared to NF. Overall, SOC in WSAma was lower than in bulk soil. The SOC in WSAma in NF, NPK1 and NPK2 treatments was 6.51, 7.77 and 5.89 g.kg<sup>−1</sup>, respectively. Similar tendency of SOC in WSAma 0.5–3 mm was observed (NF: 6.12 g.kg<sup>−1</sup>, NPK1: 7.35 g.kg<sup>−1</sup>, and NPK2: 6.88 g.kg<sup>−1</sup>). The SOC in WSAmi in NF, NPK1 and NPK2 was 8.33, 7.39 and 7.24 g.kg<sup>−1</sup>, respectively. At Dražovce site, TC content decreased significantly due to the graded rates of NPK, not because of SOC mineralization but as a result of carbonate dissolution for a period of 14 years. The carbonate content decreased from 20 g.kg<sup>−1</sup> in NF to 6.5 g.kg-1 in NPK1 and 3.0 g.kg-1 in NPK2, while SOC did not change significantly: (NF: 23.8 g.kg<sup>−1</sup>, NPK1: 25.9 g.kg<sup>−1</sup>, and NPK2: 23.4 g.kg<sup>−1</sup>). In NPK1, the WSAma content was reduced significantly when compared to NPK2 and NF treatments. No significant difference was observed between NF and NPK2. On the contrary, the content of WSAma 0.5–3 mm significantly increased when compared to NF and NPK1. No difference was observed between NF and NPK1. Lower SOC content was found in WSA than in the bulk soil. Overall, higher SOC content was observed in WSAma when compared with WSAmi. The application of NPK1 and NPK2 increased SOC in WSAma as well as in WSAma 0.5–3 mm. The effect was more significant in NPK1 than NPK2 treatments when compared to NF.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-00042024-04-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Effect of Evapotranspiration on Soil Moisture Dynamics in Top Surface Layer of a Loamy Land in Climate Change Conditionhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-0002<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Evapotranspiration affects uncertain changes in volumetric soil moisture content (θ) of earth surface, which is considerably controlled by temporal variability of weather parameters like rainfall and ambient temperature. Accurate measurement of temporal variation and spatial distribution of θ in a particular land is very challenging. Numerical modelling with any suitable computer code might be useful in such cases. Thus, Hydrus 2D modelling of θ variation in the soil at Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology (OUAT) in Bhubaneswar is undertaken as main objective of present study to investigate soil moisture dynamics in top surface layer. For the study, the θ in OUAT land was measured daily by 5 TM water content sensor for the duration of two years spanning from January 2021 to December 2022. Meteorological data for these 2 years are collected from a nearby weather station at OUAT and used for calculating evapotranspiration (ET) based on five different well known ET models. Soil hydraulic parameters of OUAT land were also evaluated by laboratory investigation. The evapotranspiration so calculated along with precipitation and materials properties were then assigned as the inputs in Hydrus 2D simulations. The simulated results are found to be in good agreement with field observations. It is proven by Pearson’s coefficient of determination (R2) and Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE) which are found to be 0.83 and 0.84 respectively. The soil moisture simulation was the most accurate only when measured soil parameters along with atmospheric boundary involving Penman-Monteith (PM) ET model were considered as model inputs.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-00022024-04-23T00:00:00.000+00:00A Case Study of RNA-Silencing Resistance against Potato Virus (PVY) in Condition of Climate Changehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-0008<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Global environmental issues shift crop production to the new conditions. This increases all kinds of biotic and abiotic stresses, beside others also plant diseases. Such changes are also in Kazakhstan where potato production is dramatically increasing, and crop is growing in regions with continental climate. Problems with potato virus type Y (PVY) need cultivars with better resistance. Introduction of silencing small interfering RNA (siRNA) is new technology. <italic>In vitro</italic> experiment was done on potato (<italic>Solanium tuberosum</italic> L.) local cultivar Izolda. Results show significant effect of siRNA in decreasing mortality and occurrence of PVY symptoms and allow expansion of potato cultivation to continental climate conditions, where are faced with new virus problems.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-00082024-04-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Exploring Biochar with N-Fertilizer Effects on Soil CO Emissions and Physical-Chemical Properties as a Climate Change Mitigation Toolhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-0010<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The global agriculture industry is facing never before faced issues in the form of soil degradation, water scarcity, rising greenhouse gas emissions, and climate change. Among the possible remedies, applying biochar to the soil has drawn interest as a viable strategy. Although a great deal of literature has been written about the benefits and drawbacks of applying biochar initially, there is still a significant amount of research on the effects of using biochar repeatedly. This study seeks to address this gap by examining the varied effects of both the initial application (at rates of 0 t.ha<sup>−1</sup>, 10 t.ha<sup>−1</sup>, and 20 t.ha<sup>−1</sup>) and the reapplication of biochar (at rates of 0, 10, and 20 t.ha<sup>−1</sup>), especially when combined with different levels of nitrogen fertilizer (0, 108, and 162 kg.ha<sup>−1</sup>). The investigation focuses on soil properties and CO<sub>2</sub> emissions from Haplic Luvisol in the temperate climate zone (Slovakia). The results showed that biochar generally improved soil properties, such as soil pH (KCl) (<italic>p</italic> &lt;0.05), shifting it from acidic towards moderately acidic, and generally led to a decrease in ammonium (NH<sub>4</sub><sup>+</sup>) and nitrate (NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>) content. The second level of fertilization, combined with different biochar treatments, yielded the most efficient results in physical properties such as soil temperature, bulk density (BD), and soil water content (SWC) compared to control treatments without biochar. Biochar application contributed to the reduction of both average daily CO<sub>2</sub> emissions and cumulative CO<sub>2</sub> emissions during the study period (April – October) in 2022 compared to the control without biochar application.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-00102024-04-23T00:00:00.000+00:00The Use of Products from Leonardite to Improve Soil Quality in Condition of Climate Changehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-0003<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The principle of sustainable fertilisation in modern agriculture, which ensures that the soil is maintained in a fertile state requires the search for alternatives to manure fertilisation for products based on humic substances to increase the organic matter content of soils.The advantage of leonardite over conventional natural and organic fertilisers is mainly due to its high content of organic matter and humic substances (humic and fulvic acids). Leonardite, due to the presence of humic acids in it, can be suitable for soil amendment and yield of barley. In the conducted studies, the yield increase after adding Rosahumus fertilizer to the soil at a rate of 6 kg.ha<sup>−1</sup> + NPK (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potasssium) was found to be 11% compared to the control (NPK).There were no changes in the C<sub>org.</sub> content of the soil as a result of the application of Rosahumus fertilizer with NPK. The fertilizer only slightly modified the fractional composition of humus. In the future, we should expect an increase in the use of leonardite-derived humic substances in fertilizers and soil conditioners to stabilize soil organic matter.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-00032024-04-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Assessing the Impacts of Climate Change-induced Variations in Air Temperature and Precipitation on Plant Physiological and Soil Microbial Processes with DNDC Modelhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-0001<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The DNDC (DeNitrification-DeComposition) model (version 9.5) was applied to predict the differences in transpiration and photosynthesis rates of perennial grasses (red clover and timothy), and autotrophic respiration of a sandy Spodosol. The input parameters for two growing seasons (from 1<sup>st</sup> of May to 31st of August in 2010 and 2015) contrasting in meteorological conditions were used in the modeling experiment. In 2010, the mean air temperature of the period was 14.1 ±3.3 °C and the total precipitation – 0.1796 m, while in 2015 the mean air temperature was 16.8 ±5.5 °C and the total precipitation – 0.538 m. These meteorological parameters were unfavorable for plants in 2010 and favorable in 2015. The results have shown that the DNDC model adequately predicted the weather-induced differences in total and mean transpiration rates of perennial grasses: 0.12204 m. and 0.00099 ±0.00040 m.day<sup>−1</sup>, respectively, under favorable meteorological conditions of 2015 and 0.05969 m. and 0.00049 ±0.00035 m.day<sup>−1</sup>, respectively, under unfavorable meteorological conditions of 2010. Dynamics of daily transpiration rates of plants was significantly (<italic>r</italic> = 0.34 <italic>p</italic> &lt;0.001) correlated with soil water content only under unfavorable meteorological conditions. Mean values of simulated photosynthesis rates were equal to 84.4 ±27.9 kg.C.ha<sup>−1</sup>.day<sup>−1</sup> in 2015 and 52.3 ±23.4 kg.C.ha-1.day<sup>−1</sup> in 2010. There were significant differences (<italic>p</italic> &lt;0.001) in the mean values of photosynthesis rates between the two weather scenarios. The results of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) have shown that the rates of autotrophic respiration were significantly (<italic>p</italic> &lt;0.001) higher under favorable (8.14 ±2.25 kg.C.ha<sup>−1</sup>.day<sup>−1</sup>) than under unfavorable (5.17 ±2.19 kg.C.ha<sup>−1</sup>.day<sup>−1</sup>) meteorological conditions.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2024-00012024-04-23T00:00:00.000+00:00A new methodological approach for analysing river basins landscape changeshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-0012<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Research indicates that the Jordan River Basin area is an area where serious environmental and cultural changes occur. This paper illustrates a new methodological approach to developing a structural framework to study river basins‘ cultural and landscape changes. The aim of the proposed framework is to elaborate and overlap the natural and cultural driving forces that influence the landscape and to understand the relationship between them. The study consists of four stages: 1. setting specific objectives coinciding with the study area conditions and specifications; 2. defining a specific technique to determine the selected time frame; 3. defining the factors of each driving force and evaluating their correspondence with the study objectives, and finally; 4. building matrixes of intersections combining the natural force, the cultural force, and the overlapping between both, and adopting specific methodological techniques and tools to measure the outcome of each intersection. The paper presents a case study of the application of the proposed framework in the Jordan River Basin. The research results demonstrate the usefulness of the developed framework in understanding the overlapping between the landscape driving forces (natural and cultural) as well as achieving the goals of the related research. This new approach can facilitate a better understanding of landscape change and help researchers and planners identify and address the key issues related to sustainable landscape management by developing more effective policies and management strategies.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-00122023-11-15T00:00:00.000+00:00Carbonsequestration and provision of green infrastructure in the Ukrainian cities of Kharkiv and Chuguiv in the context of post-war reconstructionhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-0013<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The main aspects forming the sustainability of cities in terms of provision of green infrastructure and carbon sequestration were considered. The key indicators are the part of green areas in the total area of the city (%), the coeffi cient of providing green infrastructure for population – СGI (m<sup>2</sup>.person<sup>−1</sup>) and the carbon sequestration of vegetation cover (t.ha<sup>−1</sup>). The results of calculations are presented for the cities of Kharkiv and Chuguiv as examples of two categories of Ukrainian cities – large and small-sized, which suffered significant destruction as a result of war. The obtained results will allow to balance the green infrastructure in the post-war restoration to perform its functions.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-00132023-11-15T00:00:00.000+00:00Smart environment practices in Kashiwa-No-Ha (Japan) smart cityhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-0018<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The smart city is a modernization effort that enables cities to use their resources more effectively and to provide better services to their residents. In this study, the smart practices of Kashiwanoha City, Japan, one of the best smart city examples in the world, were examined. The study showed that smart environment applications are designed to improve the quality of life of the citizens and ensure the sustainability of the city. The smart environment applications in Kashiwa-no-ha Smart City include smart mobility, smart technology, smart governance, smart economy, smart living, and smart environment based on transport, energy, and environment. The integration of blockchain technology is a potential solution to address the challenges of urbanisation in smart sustainable city development. The development of Kashiwa-no-ha Smart City is an example of how cities are linking their technological policies and development plans to achieve development while linking the objectives and dimensions of sustainable development to provide the best possible benefit from the available technologies. The most important factor behind Kashiwa-no-ha‘s success is the cooperation of the public and private sectors and universities. For successful smart city practices, it has been proposed to establish an independent organisation similar to the Urban Design Centre Kashiwanoha (UDCK) with a separate budget and decision-making power.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-00182023-11-15T00:00:00.000+00:00Interpretation of the landscape by the method of visualityhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-0017<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This study focuses on the means of interpreting the landscape is a visually supported summary based on the experiences of surveying special landscape values in the Hungarian settlements belonging to the Mura-Drava-Danube Biosphere Reserve (MDDBR). This work is an attempt to define and provide a holistic landscape architectural perspective, which serves to present and comprehend the landscape consisting of elements, while by highlighting the details it reveals the values of landscape, their importance and the necessity of their preservation. Landscape environment is often hard to define for a person who desires to move out of the city and comes from urban conditions, however theoretic and legal definitions do not make it much more understandable either. Therefore the primary target audience of the study is the individual looking into the natural landscape either on purpose of investment or just pleasure or relaxation. After reviewing the building blocks of landscape in general, the research focuses on describing the natural vegetation of the Mura region and the graveyards in detail, eventually it ends with an abstract of a brief description of landscape values.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-00172023-11-15T00:00:00.000+00:00Landscape planning as a tool for preserving the landscape values of the Dinara Nature Parkhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-0014<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Dinara Mountain massif is recognized as an area of exceptional value, which led to its recent protection as a nature park, the second largest one in Croatia. The protected area includes the territory of two counties with four cities and nine municipalities, five of which are included with over 50% of the territory. The paper explains how landscape planning methods establish potential spatial conflicts and propose a compromise between landscape conservation and spatial development. The basic method was the identification and analysis of the landscape value models in 3 categories: natural, visual-experiential, and cultural-historical values. The creation of the models is preceded by a detailed analysis of all environmental components and the collection and creation of spatial data with the help of GIS tools. By overlapping the basic models, a cumulative model of the overall landscape values of the space is produced, which clearly shows which parts of the landscape have a higher value, regarding the protection requirements. The final value model is overlapped with the planned interventions and a clear overview of the vulnerability and possible conflict zones in the area is obtained. The paper describes the impact of individual interventions on the landscape qualities that need to be preserved and suggests guidelines for spatial plan corrections for the purpose of minimal impact on existing values, thus helping to prevent unwanted changes.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-00142023-11-15T00:00:00.000+00:00Urban green spaces: the role of greenery and natural elements in promoting visitors’ attachment and well-beinghttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-0020<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This study examines the relationship between the presence of greenery and natural elements in urban green spaces (UGSs), and visitors‘ attachment, and well-being. Four UGSs in Gaza City were selected based on criteria that ensured representation of various types, sizes, locations, and green features. A survey instrument was designed to assess visitors‘ perceptions of greenery and natural elements, attachment to UGSs, and well-being. The survey was validated by seven experts in landscape architecture and urban planning. Results show that visitors‘ perceptions of greenery and natural elements significantly affect their place attachment, happiness, health, and motivation to visit. The provision and maintenance of greenery and natural elements in UGSs should be a priority for urban planners and policymakers to create and maintain green spaces that are beneficial for visitors‘ well-being. These findings have important implications for urban planning and design in promoting sustainable and healthy urban environments. Further research is needed to investigate the potential causal relationships between visitors‘ perceptions, and their well-being, and to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving these perceptions.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-00202023-11-15T00:00:00.000+00:00Evaluation of landscape qualities with development guidelines of the Fužine municipalityhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-0015<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The landscape of the municipality of Fužine is characterized as a mountainous landscape of rural settlements. The area faces problems of depopulation and pressures of tourism development on the environment. Basic premise of this paper is derived from the assumption that the values of the landscape are not fully recognized and can become endangered due to implementation of development projects. The aim of the paper is to identify highly valuable areas of the municipality‘s landscape in order to create guidelines for the development of the area, along with the project program that will preserve important features. The analysis of spatial planning and strategic documentation provides an overview of developmental guidelines, the position of planned interventions, the goals and visions of the progress of the municipality. The landscape evaluation is carried out through analysing the factors of the landscape – natural, anthropogenic and structural – with the available literature and spatial data. The product of analysis and evaluation are models, created using the GIS tool of the QGIS application. Based on the analysis, landscape quality modelling was carried out with the ProVal2000 program, where the factors were grouped in order to evaluate the natural-ecological, social-cultural and visual-experiential qualities of the landscape, with combined quality model indicating where the most valuable spatial zones with high quality landscape features are.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-00152023-11-15T00:00:00.000+00:00The plants mentioned in the bible and their equivalents in Lithuanian churchyardshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-0011<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>People‘s daily life is unimaginable without plants vegetations. Since ancient times, plants have provided human beings with some kinds of needs – they feed, train, heal, provide shelter, delight the eye, and decorate the environment. It is proposed to grow woody plants mentioned in the Bible and introduced in Lithuania in churchyards. Plants mentioned in the Bible that cannot be grown in Lithuania can be replaced with similar visual, ecological and biological properties. It is proposed to put information about the plant and a text from the Bible next to the plants. The most common small architectural structures in churchyards are crosses, chapels, shrines, chapel columns, decorative pools, sculptures of saints, stations of the cross, tombstones, fences, notice boards, lourdes, nativity scenes for Christmas. By using different environmental design tools, it is possible to create church churchyards as Bible gardens.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-00112023-11-15T00:00:00.000+00:00Application of synanthropic plants in the design of green spaces in Warsaw (Poland)https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-0021<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of the study was to summarize the use of synanthropic vegetation in public green areas of selected Polish cities. The study included issues related to phytosociology and landscape architecture. For this purpose, a literature study was performed. Part 1 identified possible ways of using synanthropic vegetation in the design of public green areas, Part 2 showed examples of such areas from Warsaw. The authors suggested species that can help enrich urban lawns, part 3 contains proposition of plant species composition for more natural lawns in city parks, including synanthropic plants typical for Poland (prepared by the authors). The process of gradual introduction of synanthropic vegetation in Poland was summarized and compared to the trends in Western European countries. The urban policy of Warsaw regarding the mowing of lawns and the use of flower meadows was briefly described, which influences the presence of synanthropic species in the urban environment. A watershed moment for the use of synanthropic species in Poland was identified, as well as the authors‘ predictions for their future use.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-00212023-11-15T00:00:00.000+00:00Establishing the potential for the application of digital storytelling to support Chinese industrial heritagehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-0019<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Chinese industrial heritage is the materialized carrier and historical witness of the evolution of urban spatial structure and industrial development. As an inseparable part of cultural heritage, it has rich historical, social, economic, scientific, technological, and aesthetic value. However, industrial heritage as a value is not suffi ciently acknowledged in the Chinese society. The factories, their activity, and their historical evolution are often disconnected and isolated from the daily life of the cities, being quite an unknown aspect for most citizens. In addition, due to the acceleration of urbanization, many industrial heritages in cities have disappeared. China has spent two decades promoting sustainable development of its industrial heritage, but there is still a lack of knowledge on how to promote sustainable development of industrial heritage through digital education. Based on these findings the paper discusses our research that promotes sustainable development aspects of industrial heritage, and our subsequent work has particularly focussed on associated landscape recovery. It does so by focussing on the particular highly valued heritage case of the Anshan Steel production site in China, and the environmental consequences of the Dagushan Open mine on the landscape. The paper ends with a critical reflection on how a digital tool can help to shape industrial heritage education, appreciation and involvement, and hence foster sustainable development processes.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtruehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ahr-2023-00192023-11-15T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1