rss_2.0Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences Feed on the Dissemination Mode and Influence of Literature on Rural Revitalization Topics in the New Media Environment<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The literature on rural revitalization serves as both a record and a witness to the development of rural revitalization in China. This paper outlines rural revitalization literature’s communication mode in the new media environment and proposes a model for its We propose IEOC, an important node group mining algorithm based on information entropy and overlap coefficient, to construct the communication influence model. We also introduce information entropy calculation nodes, measure the overlap of influence using overlap coefficients, and propose a floating probability cascade model, TFIC, to construct the communication influence model of rural revitalization literature combined with the model for analyzing the communication influence of rural revitalization literature, it reveals a moderately low total word frequency of high-frequency words (2332). Out of the 12 rural revitalization literature works under study, only Moon Beach has a communication influence index of more than 1. of more than 1. Compared to other mainstream literature, rural revitalization literature has a communication power of only 1785 and 18369, with fewer high-communication works and high-influence contents. The number of high-impact works and contents is relatively small. Overseas dissemination is characterized by a higher number of Chinese editions than foreign language editions, and there are also shortcomings in translation.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue application of the physical-educational integration model in the technical and tactical teaching of college soccer-specific students and its effects<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The concept of body-education fusion integrates educational concepts and sports resources while focusing on theoretical knowledge and skills knowledge, which has become another new form of the development of sports and soccer education and teaching in the new era. This paper analyzes the innovation orientation of the technical and tactical teaching mode of soccer special students under the model of body-teaching fusion, combines the characteristics of soccer technical and tactical teaching, constructs the teaching idea, and divides the teaching content stage. Applying the evaluation of the soccer teaching effect, it constructs the evaluation system of the technical and tactical teaching effect of college students specializing in soccer with four first-level indexes, namely, athletic ability, healthy behavior, thinking development, and team cooperation. Using the hierarchical analysis method to calculate the weight of each index, the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method is used to carry out a comprehensive evaluation of the technical and tactical teaching mode of soccer specialization students with the integration of body teaching. Combined with the results of the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation of the body-teaching fusion model, we analyze and verify the advantages of the application of the body-teaching fusion model in the technical and tactical teaching of soccer special students. The fuzzy evaluation results of the technical and tactical teaching mode of students in the integration of sports and education football accounted for 45.79%, 32.81%, 19.05%, 2.35%, and 0, respectively, in the expert evaluation grades of “excellent”, “good”, “average”, “passing” and “to be improved”, respectively, and the comprehensive score was 87.03 points, which was significantly better than the interactive teaching mode before the implementation of the concept of sports and education integration, and had certain teaching advantages.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue construction of a preschool education program based on the BYOD model under the OBE philosophy<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>BYOD mode is a new form of intelligent education and an inevitable requirement for the development of higher education informatization. A model of influencing factors of preschool education satisfaction based on BYOD mode is constructed by the study, which selects relevant factors and sets research hypotheses. Taking the preschool education majors of five colleges and universities in a certain place as an example, the study collects data and then carries out correlation analysis and step-by-step regression analysis to analyze the degree of influence of each variable on preschool education majors’ course satisfaction. Combined with relevant concept combing, a teaching model based on the OBE concept for preschool education major courses is constructed, based on which intervention experiments are carried out on two preschool education major classes of students in a certain university to investigate the teaching effect of the constructed BYOD teaching model. All seven selected variables positively affected the satisfaction of the preschool education major program, with learning motivation (0.648) and perceived validity (0.407) having the most significant positive effects on the most predictive factor, learning satisfaction. After the teaching experiment, students in the test class improved by 19.05% and 17.63%, respectively, in learning intentions and overall quality and were 15.46% and 15.27% higher than the control class. The BYOD-based teaching model used in preschool education programs has a good effect on students’ learning intentions and comprehensive quality.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue New Paradigm for Visual Communication in the Convergence of Digital Media and Art and Design<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper integrates motion graphics into the field of visual communication art design. Hierarchical analysis is utilized to calculate the comprehensive weight ranking of each dynamic graphic design element at the sub-criteria level and to understand the real needs of users from the perspective of user needs and experience design. The relationship between dynamic graphics and emotional relief is explored by comparing the data of the emotional self-assessment scale of the experimental and control groups. After analysis, it can be seen that the perceptual attribute (0.43587) is the most important indicator of perceptual fluency in dynamic graphic design and the most important issue that should be considered in the design, followed by the aesthetic attribute (0.28816). In the analysis of user requirements, content that is vivid, interesting, and colorful accounts for a mean value of 60%. As the use of motion graphics design expands, it will undoubtedly become one of the most basic, versatile, and universal ways of visual communication and artistic expression.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and Challenges of Artificial Intelligence + Enabling Museum Building<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The explosive development of artificial intelligence technology greatly promotes the intelligent construction of museums and strengthens their cultural inheritance role. This paper takes artificial intelligence technology as its guide, analyzes the advantages of AI technology in the intelligent museum, and establishes the specific structure of an intelligent museum by combining VR technology. Wisdom Museum can realize the effective repair and presentation of cultural relics data. This paper uses three-dimensional laser scanning technology to obtain cultural relics point cloud data, repair the holes in the point cloud data through RBF, optimize the point cloud data by combining texture mapping, and input the optimized data into the GC-GAN model to realize the three-dimensional digital repair of cultural relics images. Moreover, the smart museum’s intelligent interaction system is built by combining virtual reality technology and related equipment. Taking Dunhuang mural point cloud data as an example, the number of point clouds of the RBF hole repair algorithm differs from the original data by only 5.86%, and the SSIM and PSNR values on the repaired portraits are 0.83 and 26.36 dB, respectively. The SUS total score for the user on the intelligent interactive system is 73.875, and the UEQ factor scores are averaged out at 1-3 points. The creation of a smart museum can be realized using AI technology, providing users with an immersive cultural relics viewing experience and activating the vitality of all kinds of cultural relics in the museum.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue the School-Enterprise Collaboration Mode of Cultivating Applied Talents in Finance & Taxation of Higher Education in the Information Technology Era<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Under the era of intelligence and informational technology, society has set higher requirements for the cultivation of talents in colleges and universities. This paper builds up a school-enterprise cooperation training model on the cultivation demand of applied talents in finance and taxation, and the employment quality data after the application of the model is statistically analyzed with the data of H universities in Guangdong Province. At the same time, after constructing the evaluation index system of the quality of the training of applied talents in finance and taxation under the model of school-enterprise cooperation by using the hierarchical analysis method and assigning weights to it, the quality of the training of the talents is comprehensively evaluated by the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. It was found that the employment rate of H college increased from 74.17% to 97.59% in the past ten years, and the counterpart rate increased from 73.54% to 89.24% in 2014. The study shows that A10 Employer Enterprise Satisfaction, A2 Enterprise Cooperation Platform, and A6 Enterprise Mentor Guidance have the highest scores of 86.215, 84.296, and 84.137, respectively, indicating that enterprises play an important and positive role. The A3 curriculum and A9 employment quality scores are below 80, which suggests that there are still problems to be resolved in both the course and employment quality. This paper provides useful exploration to address the problem of inadequate and misplaced school-enterprise integration and to ensure a comprehensive improvement in the quality of training talent in finance and taxation.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Strategic Positioning and Implementation Path of Red Cultural Resources in the Civic and Political Education Curriculum of Colleges and Universities<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Red culture is an excellent cultural achievement formed by the Chinese leading people in long-term revolutionary practice, and it has become an indispensable content of ideological and political education in colleges and universities with its high value and rich connotation. Based on the strategic positioning of red cultural resources in the curriculum system of ideological and political education in colleges and universities, this paper designs the teaching path of red cultural, ideological, and political courses and implements it. It also constructs an assessment system to evaluate the quality of teaching in red culture and civic politics and proposes the use of the particle swarm algorithm to optimize the index assignment method in hierarchical analyses. Then, the fuzzy comprehensive assessment method is used to assess the teaching approach’s implementation effect. The implementation of the teaching path resulted in medium-high assessment scores for the teaching content, teaching method, and teaching effect, indicating the effectiveness of the red culture and civics teaching path. Students’ learning attitudes were significantly improved (3.5 points) compared with those before teaching (2.26 points), and it was found that the scores on the ideological and political quality test of the students who were taught with the integration of red resources were significantly higher than those of the traditional classes (P&lt;0.05). This paper is critical for integrating cultural resources from the red minority into ideological and political education in colleges and universities.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue on the Influencing Factors of the Competitive Network Pattern of Cobalt Industry Chain Trade in the Context of Big Data Analysis<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article proposes a time series model to explore the influencing factors of the cobalt industry chain trade competition network pattern. By analyzing the current situation of the evolution of the cobalt industry chain trade network, the relevant variables are selected. The data are described based on the overview of the relevant algorithmic research of the time series model. Finally, the model based on the time series data is empirically tested. The unit root is verified to be in an unsteady state by first-order differencing, and the p-values all have a probability of accepting the original hypothesis greater than 0. After the second-order differencing ADF test, all the series are smooth and all of them are second-order monotonic. After the cointegration test, it was found that the residual series is smooth at the 5% critical level, and there is a cointegration relationship.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of the Path of Collaborative Parenting between Civic Work and Student Management in Colleges and Universities under the Background of Informatization<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper uses the statistical analysis model and covariance analysis model to study the teaching effect of Civics and Politics in colleges and universities from the dimensions of students’ values, academic situation analysis, and classroom participation, investigates the students’ satisfaction with the comprehensive quality of the student management workers, their management attitude and management effect, and evaluates the overall effect of the management of students in colleges and universities. Finally, we analyzed the relationship between college civic politics and student management and created an innovative approach to cultivating college civic politics and student management synergistically. The results indicate that the average value of each dimension of student values in Civic and Political Teaching is greater than 4 points. The students were satisfied with the overall quality of managers, management attitude, and management effect, with a satisfaction rate of 82.41%, 75.68%, and 68.10%, respectively. This study provides a comprehensive theoretical system and reference materials for managing moral education in colleges and universities and serves as a guide for future students’ moral education management.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Technology-Driven Transformation of Teaching Model of Digital Animation Major and Enhancement of Students’ Artistic Literacy<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Digital technology, at the center of the fourth technological revolution, is currently transforming all aspects of people’s lives and learning in an unprecedented manner. In light of the ongoing advancements in education technology, this study introduces an enhanced C-ADDIE teaching model, which is competence-oriented and builds on the foundation of the traditional ADDIE model while also catering to the needs of students majoring in digital animation. The enhanced fuzzy clustering algorithm establishes a portrait of the student’s behavior, followed by the introduction of a multi-attention mechanism that builds a digital professional student performance prediction model and a supplementary teaching system. We are developing a teaching model that integrates digital technology with the C-ADDIE model. The testing of the teaching system reveals that the grade prediction accuracy ranges from 88% to 98%, with an average prediction accuracy of 93.02%. The average response time is 1.5ms, the CPU usage remains stable between 5% and 23%, and the overall performance of the teaching system is good. The results of the teaching experiment show that the average grade of the teaching mode of this paper is 5.28 points higher than the average grade of the traditional teaching mode, and at the same time, it also has a significant effect on the improvement of knowledge cultivation, artistic expression and creativity, and artistic aesthetic cultivation of artistic literacy (P&lt;0.05). This study’s results contribute to the transformation of teaching in digital animation and offer a new research idea to enhance students’ artistic literacy.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and Practice of Blended Teaching Mode of College English with BOPPPS Model in the Context of New Liberal Arts<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>How to carry out scientific and reasonable teaching design and then improve the teaching effect is a problem faced by many college English teachers. Aiming at such problems, this paper is based on the six elements of the BOPPPS teaching model to design a blended teaching mode of university English and finally designs a blended teaching mode of university English based on the BOPPPS teaching model. In order to confirm the practicality of the teaching model, research subjects and research materials are identified, and after collecting sample data through questionnaires, the independent sample t-test algorithm is used to analyze the effect of the teaching model designed in this paper. The data show that there is a significant difference between the experimental group and the control group in the five qualities of scientific thinking, with a p-value of less than 0.05, and in terms of English achievement, the corresponding t-test result is a sig (two-sided) of 0.007&lt;0.05, and there is a significant difference between the groups in terms of English achievement on the posttest, with a posttest mean of 92.768 for the control group and 99.774 for the experimental group. Overall, the effectiveness of the teaching model described in this paper is analyzed using the independent sample t-test algorithm. The designed online-offline hybrid teaching mode of college English based on the BOPPPS model has a more significant effect on students’ improvement in all aspects than the traditional English teaching method.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue on Environmental Responsibility Behavior of Tourists in Seaside Ecological Scenic Spots--The Case of Shenzhen Bay Park<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>There is a symbiotic relationship between tourists’ environmental responsibility behavior and tourism’s ecological environment. If tourists consciously maintain the tourism ecological environment, their role in environmental protection will be transformed from a “liability” to an “asset”. Based on the SOR model and relevant research, this paper proposes three stimulus variables for tourists’ environmental responsibility behavior: the image of tourist places, environmental emotion, and local attachment. The initial questionnaire for each variable was created, and the final reasonable questionnaire was determined by reliability testing. A survey of tourists in Shenzhen Bay Park was then conducted and analyzed. The results of the study indicate that tourists in Shenzhen Bay Park exhibit high levels of environmentally responsible behavior. The results of the structural equation test showed that there was a significant influence path relationship (P&lt;0.01) between tourist place image, environmental emotion, and place attachment to environmental responsibility behavior. It has also been found that place attachment has a significant mediating effect on tourist place image, environmental emotion, and tourists’ environmental responsibility behavior. This paper proposes the enhancement strategy of tourists’ environmental responsibility behavior to provide a reference for the strategy planning of related departments, which is conducive to the realization of the sustainable development of seaside ecological scenic spots.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue on Project-based Teaching Reform of Nautical English in Higher Vocational Colleges under the Background of Informatization<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The quality of higher vocational nautical English teaching is not only related to the student’s vocational ability and job competence but even related to the safety of the ship and personal safety during the voyage. In this paper, we design a reform plan for higher vocational nautical English teaching based on the Hadoop-MapReduce distributed system framework, design the reading and writing algorithms of teaching resources, use a genetic algorithm to improve Pick-KX dynamic load balancing algorithm and construct a nautical English project-based teaching resource base. The effectiveness of the improved Pick-KX dynamic load balancing algorithm in this paper is tested through experiments with 200 to 1000 concurrent users. Finally, two senior nautical English classes are selected to conduct a semester of controlled variable experiments on project-based teaching reform and analyze the changes in performance. It was found that when the number of online users increased from 200 to 1,000, the IO and memory occupancy increased by 60% and 458M, respectively, and the average time taken increased from 0.8 to 5.8 seconds, which was in a reasonable range, and the repository was able to run smoothly. After one semester of experiment, the average score of the experimental class increased by 10.88 points, and the distribution of scores changed towards the high end of the range, while the scores of the control class did not change significantly. This paper’s nautical English project-based teaching resource library is effective, and the project-based teaching reform is a significant improvement in students’ nautical English scores. This study provides unique ideas and feasible methods for the reform of nautical English teaching, as well as the application and innovation of project-based teaching.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue on the Integration of Music Curriculum and College Students’ Mental Health Education in Colleges and Universities in the Context of the New Era<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>With social progress and technological development, contemporary college students are under increasing pressure in life and study. Music’s role in regulating physical and mental health has been underlined and gradually used in students’ mental health education. Based on the regulating function of music education on students’ psychology, the study proposes the education model of integrating music courses with mental health education and constructs the model of mental health examination (MMHE) that integrates signal characteristics and emotional characteristics of college students to test the mental health level of college students under this education model, so as to explore the effect of integrating music courses on mental health education. In the group of college students, those with good mental health accounted for 63.39% of the total number of students, those with mild mental problems accounted for 31.25%, those with moderate mental problems accounted for 3.87%, and those with more severe mental problems accounted for 1.49%. Among the students with mental health education integrating music, the values of the 10 dimensions of mental health decreased, and the p-value in obsessive-compulsive symptoms, paranoia, hostility, anxiety, maladaptation, emotional instability, and psychological imbalance was less than 0.05, which was a significant effect. Based on this, teachers must base music activities to optimize students’ psychological quality in the teaching of mental health in colleges and universities, and further bring into play the nurturing value of the music discipline.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Exchange and Transmission of Values in Tourism: A Study of Opportunities and Challenges in the Context of Globalization<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper, drawing from the definitions of globalization, tourism cultural exchange, and tourism value dissemination, formulates a set of 15 observational variables. Using mathematical and statistical methods, the author constructs a structural equation model that includes the concept of globalization as the exogenous latent variable and cultural exchange and value dissemination as the endogenous latent variables. After estimating the model using the partial least squares method, the author combines relevant data to conduct an empirical analysis of the model. The analysis reveals that the modified fitting parameters, based on partial least squares, have values of GFI = 0.933, CFI = 0.931, TLI = 0.927, RMSEA = 0.046, PGFI = 0.667, and PNFI = 0.758, indicating a relatively satisfactory fit for the modified model. There is a strong positive relationship between the three paths: the globalization idea → cultural exchange (0.428, 0.005), the globalization idea → values dissemination (0.579, 0.048), and the cultural exchange → expression of values dissemination (0.587, 0.019). The mediating effect of cultural exchange is responsible for 28.35% of the relationship, while the direct effect of cultural exchange is responsible for 71.65%. This means that cultural exchange plays a significant positive role in the partially mediating role between globalization ideas and values dissemination.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Model for Assessing the Impact of Intelligent Algorithms on the Translation Quality of Literary Works in Cross-Cultural Communication<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In recent years, the accuracy and linguistic fluency of translation based on intelligent algorithms have been relatively close to that of human beings, and the application of intelligent algorithms has gradually become a research hotspot in the academic world. In this paper, it is found through relevant research that semantic retention, cultural appropriateness, linguistic fluency, content comprehensiveness and text readability are important factors in the application of intelligent algorithms for the translation of literary works for cross-cultural communication. To explore the degree of influence of these factors on the translation quality of literary works, this paper analyzes them using a multiple linear regression model. The first step in building the mathematical model for multiple linear regression is to construct it. Then, the formulas for calculating the goodness-of-fit and significance test of multiple linear regression equations are introduced. Finally, the regression model was tested using residual analysis and multicollinearity. The regression results show that the quality of literary translation = 0.165+0.124*Semantic retention + 0.356*Cultural appropriateness + 0.254*Linguistic fluency - 0.001*Content comprehensiveness + 0.256*Text accessibility. According to the results of the analysis, the impact of content comprehensiveness on the translation quality of literary works is not significant, and cultural appropriateness has the greatest impact on the translation quality of literary works.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Study on Corporate Management Strategies for Downstream Innovation Ecosystems in the Context of Digital Economy<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The rapid development of the digital economy makes the center of gravity of enterprise development accelerate from the consumer field to the production and manufacturing field, penetrating all aspects of the daily operation and management of an enterprise. This paper presents relevant management strategies by exploring the impact of the ecosystem model of enterprise management innovation on the impact of enterprise management in the digital context. In order to measure the comprehensive efficiency value, the efficiency value of capital absorption, and the efficiency value of investment after enterprise management, the theory of antagonistic cross-efficiency is introduced, the antagonistic cross-DEA model is constructed, and the evaluation steps of enterprise management effect are given. Using this model to empirically analyze the management effectiveness of China’s construction industry, enterprise performance=4.563+0.352*digital innovation ecosystem index+0.236* periodic cost+0.362*number of R&amp;D personnel, and the digital innovation ecosystem is significantly related to enterprise performance. Finally, this paper designs a corporate management strategy for the digital innovation ecosystem in the context of the digital economy from three perspectives.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Impact of Virtual Reality Technology in Improving English Language Proficiency<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>As an online virtual learning environment based on virtual reality technology, the 3D virtual classroom provides a complete learning system for students to study, discuss, and collaborate, which can better improve their English language skills. The article firstly researches the 3D visualization modeling technology of Multigen Creator, and then the 3D virtual classroom environment is embedded in the network to complete the construction of the basic English teaching environment, which can help students to complete the English communication and collaborative learning in the virtual classroom environment. The article concludes with an empirical test of the application effect of using the virtual classroom environment in English language proficiency improvement and finds that after using the virtual classroom environment for English learning, students’ comprehensive language proficiency is improved, which is reflected in the improvement of language expression ability, and students’ total average score is increased from 3.03 to 3.50 points. The pre-test showed an increase in the student’s language learning experience from 2.96 to 3.83 points. It can be concluded that virtual reality technology plays a good role and influences in improving English language proficiency.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue on the Path of Enhancing Physical Education Teaching in Colleges and Universities in the Internet Era<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper proposes a reform of the teaching methodology based on the exercise prescription course centered on intelligent exercise prescription recommendation and designs a specific implementation plan. A criterion function is used to determine and represent the constant terms of the user-set data using the K-means clustering algorithm. The personal data of users is added on this basis, and the attribute weighting is used to calculate user similarity and construct the user matrix. The core parameters of intelligentized exercise prescription are examined, and the relevant data of the exerciser group is obtained through modeling. The set of similar cases is determined, and the exercise effects in the set of similar cases are fused and calculated, and the effect level of the fused effects in the cases is discriminated. The model developed in this paper is implemented in the college physical education classroom, and the student’s attitudes toward physical exercise and fitness levels are analyzed. The results show that the attitude towards physical exercise behavior of students in group A is significantly better than that of those in group B. The significance test (F = 7.985, Sig = 0.005) is less than 0.05. Taking the 50-meter sprint as an example, the difference in the duration between male students and female students in groups A and B is 0.83s and 0.9s, respectively, which is a large enhancement, which shows that the intelligent exercise prescription has a positive impact on physical education teaching.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue on Auditing Supply Chain Finance Business of State-owned Enterprises Based on Deep Learning<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Due to the complexity and tediousness of the current audit process, the development of audit intelligence has become a general trend. In order to improve the audit quality, the study establishes an intelligent financial audit model based on audit opinion for the supply chain finance business of state-owned enterprises after analyzing the application of the audit function of deep learning, for which an audit prediction model based on the Gray Wolf Optimization Algorithm (GWO-Optimization) and the fusion of Long and Short Term Memory Network (LSTMN) is proposed. The supplier of a state-owned enterprise is selected as the research object, and the GWO-LSTM model is trained and tested by constructing the audit opinion prediction index system and data collection, comparing it with the BP neural network and support vector machine model, and combining it with the gray prediction model for predicting the audit opinion of the samples, in order to improve the model’s practical application ability. The GWO-LSTM model performs better in predicting audit opinions than the comparison models, as evidenced by the results. Its prediction and training accuracies are above 80%, and the accuracies of RMSE, MAE, and R² are finally stabilized at 0.1, 0.1, and 0.948, and the combined accuracy of prediction in practical application reaches 90%. The model in this paper can scientifically predict the audit opinion, thus improving the efficiency of the audit data analysis for the supply chain finance business of state-owned enterprises.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue