rss_2.0Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales 's Cover knowledge of baculum size in males of the mound-building mouse ( Petényi 1882) from Slovakia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In this study was quantified bacular size, variation, and allometry in mound-building mice (<italic>Mus spicilegus</italic>) from the western Carpathians (Slovakia). The study presents the first knowledge of morphological variation in three baculum traits based on the analysis of 11 adult and 60 subadult males. According to descriptive statistics, bacula are variable in size. Despite the small number of adult individuals, the Mann-Whitney test indicated significant differences (p &lt; 0.05) in proportions between age groups. However, to confirm these results, larger numbers of adults and subadults will need to be tested in the future.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-31T00:00:00.000+00:00The fauna of Heleomyzidae (Diptera) in the Gemer area (Central Slovakia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>A synopsis of the fauna of the family Heleomyzidae (Diptera) in the Gemer area (Slovakia) is presented. A total of 66 species are treated based on previously published records and material examined (largely from the Muránska planina National Park and the Cerová vrchovina Protected Landscape Area). Each species is listed with comments about its general distribution, biology and faunistic and/or nature-conservancy importance. The regional fauna of Heleomyzidae is distinguished for high species diversity and for the occurrence of a number of rare or stenotopic species. Four species are new additions to the fauna of the whole of Slovakia, viz. <italic>Neoleria ruficeps</italic> (Zetterstedt, 1838), <italic>Oldenbergiella brumalis</italic> Czerny, 1924, <italic>O. seticerca</italic> Papp, 1980 and <italic>Orbellia myiopiformis</italic> Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830; in addition, 13 species belong to rare and little-known taxa with only a few previous records from the country. The fauna of the Gemer area is enriched by 22 species; 32 species are recorded from the Muránska planina NP and 31 from the Cerová vrchovina PLA for the first time. The peculiarities of the fauna of Heleomyzidae in the Gemer territory are discussed including a review of species associated with cave habitats and species most important from the ecological, biogeographical and nature-conservancy points of view.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-31T00:00:00.000+00:00Breeding ecology of the northern shoveller () in Tiffech Lake (Souk Ahras, Northeastern Algeria)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The breeding behavior of Northern Shoveler (<italic>Spatula clypeata</italic>) was studied from January 2019 to March 2021 in Tiffech lake, an artificial wetland, in Souk Ahras Province, Northeastern Algeria. On this ecosystem, egg-laying occurred from earlier January to mid-March. In this study, there was a positive correlation between the egg-laying period and the number of active nests. The mean incubation period was 36.0 days. Clutches started later in the season and had a shorter incubation duration than early clutches. Hatching success amounted to 79.2% (n= 52 nests) and hatching success from eggs 37.6. In this study we measured water depth to control differences in habitats availability for the species, we speculate that differences in food abundance, water depth, and behavioral strategies during the breeding season collectively influence the selection of breeding habitat.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-31T00:00:00.000+00:00The influence of environmental factors on the abundance and composition of water bird’s in Tiffech lake (Northeastern Algaria)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The effects of environmental factors (water conditions) on water bird’s distribution and abundance was determined using distance sampling point count method, direct visual observation and principal component analysis (PCA) at Tiffech lake Wetland, North East of Algeria. A total of 26 bird species were recorded in the present study; of these, 12 were passage visitor, 7 winter visitors, 5 winter migrant and 2 species are resident breeder. The R i386 (version 4.0.3) software were used for data analyzing. Principal component analysis indicated strong correlation ship between water bird abundance and environmental factors (water conditions) (86.35%) in Tiffech lake wetland. The most important environmental factors associated with abundance of water bird’s species composition in Tiffech lake communities were water pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrates, nitrites and chloride. While among the environmental factors water Temperature and phosphore showed a negative correlation. This study gives important insights on ecological relationships between water bird’s biodiversity and environmental factors in a primary wetland ecosystem in North East of Algeria.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-31T00:00:00.000+00:00Flavistic mound-building mouse () in Slovakia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In this paper are presented two cases of abnormal colouration individuals of <italic>Mus spicilegus</italic> from northern border of the species’ range. The individuals were caught during long-term research (from 2002 to 2021) of species in autumn-winter seasons in field biotopes on south-eastern Slovakia. The first individual captured on December 2, 2004, was subadult male. The second individual captured on November 11, 2020, was subadult female. Determination by morphological traits and subsequent dissection confirmed that both trapped mice were subadults. According to the findings, the observed individuals meet the criterion of flavism. The dorsal fur was yellow (or beige); the auricle, feet, and tail were light; and coloration on the belly was white. This finding is important not only in terms of colour anomalies, but also in terms of genetics.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-31T00:00:00.000+00:00First evidence of abnormal behaviour of obtained in the wild from Slovakia.<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In this study are presented six cases of abnormal behaviour based on injured individuals of <italic>Mus spicilegus</italic> from northern border of the species’ range. The material consistent of six individuals caught during autumn-winter season 2020 in field biotope on south-eastern Slovakia. Determination by morphological traits and subsequent dissection confirmed that all trapped mice were subadults. The cause of the damage found in distinctly bite was aggressive behaviour by other individuals or selfmutilation. There were three main types of damage: (1) incomplete infanticide (2) cannibalism and finally (3) self-mutilation. The findings presented in this study display the first documented abnormal behaviour in the mound-building mouse obtained in the wild.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-03-12T00:00:00.000+00:00New faunistic records of Agromyzidae (Diptera) from the Netherlands<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Based on voucher adult specimens of Agromyzidae (Diptera) faunistic records of 23 species are given all of which are new additions to the fauna of the Netherlands. With this addition a total of 265 species of Agromyzidae are currently known from the country.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-03-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Stoneflies (Plecoptera) of the Moravskoslezské Beskydy Mts. and the Podbeskydská pahorkatina Uplands, Czech Republic. I. Systellognatha<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Publications up to 2011 record 21 species of stonefly, infraorder Systellognatha, as occurring in the Moravskoslezské Beskydy Mts. and Podbeskydská pahorkatina Uplands; however, seven of these cannot be considered part of the fauna of this area as they probably never occurred there, and one species (<italic>Perla abdominalis</italic> Burmeister, 1839) was not confirmed, despite being demonstrably recorded in 2000. In the present study, the current stonefly fauna was confirmed at 14 species, belonging to three families and eight genera. The occurrence of <italic>Isoperla sudetica</italic> (Kolenati, 1859) is published for the first time. Among the most important findings are confirmation of the occurrence of two endangered species (<italic>Perla grandis</italic> (Rambur, 1841) and <italic>Arcynopteryx dichroa</italic> (McLachlan, 1872)) and one near threatened species (<italic>Isoperla buresi</italic> Raušer, 1962). Equally important is confirmation of the occurrence of <italic>Perlodes intricatus</italic> (Pictet, 1841), based on egg morphology and DNA barcoding.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-03-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Moth flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of the Moravskoslezské Beskydy Mts. and Podbeskydská pahorkatina Uplands, Czech Republic, III.<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Here, we present the latest findings on moth fly (Psychodidae: Diptera) species richness in the Moravskoslezské Beskydy Mts. and Podbeskydská Pahorkatina Uplands, based on both previously published and unpublished data and new samples collected between 2007 and 2020. Two species new to the fauna of the Czech Republic were recorded (<italic>Sycorax feuerborni</italic> Jung, 1954 and <italic>Jungiella</italic> (<italic>Jungiella</italic>) <italic>revelica</italic> Vaillant, 1972), bringing the total number of moth fly species in the Czech Republic to 180 (Ježek <italic>et al</italic>. 2021). In addition, five species were recorded for the first time in the area of interest: <italic>Trichomyia parvula</italic> Szabó, 1960 (second locality in the Czech Republic); <italic>Paramormia</italic> (<italic>Phyllotelmatoscopus</italic>) <italic>acuta</italic> (Krek, 1971) (third record in the Czech Republic); <italic>Philosepedon</italic> (<italic>Philosepedon</italic>) <italic>perdecorum</italic> Omelková &amp; Ježek, 2012 (third locality and fourth record); <italic>Pericoma</italic> (<italic>Pericoma</italic>) <italic>ljubiniensis</italic> Krek, 1969 (second finding and third locality); <italic>Tonnoiriella pulchra</italic> (Eaton, 1893) (sixth area and first finding in the Czech Carpathians). The finding of <italic>Jungiella</italic> (<italic>Jungiella</italic>) <italic>valachica</italic> (Vaillant, 1963) confirms its historical occurrence in the region. In the latest survey, we collected 108 species from 29 localities, of which 16 are critically endangered, eight endangered and three vulnerable. Nine localities were evaluated as species-rich, i.e. Hluchý 1. (58 species), Vysutý 2. (56), Hluchý 2. (53), Vysutý 4. (49), Skalická Morávka 2. (46), Chladná voda 3. (44), Hluchý 3. (43), Morávka - spring and Obidová 1. (both 42). The total number of moth flies found within the Moravskoslezské Beskydy Mts. and Podbeskydská pahorkatina Uplands now stands at 124 species, representing 68.9 % of total Czech fauna.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-03-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Biodiversity of the Quarry in Stará Ves near Bílovec with focus on butterflies<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The quarry in Stará Ves near Bílovec is considered a significant geotouric attraction. The dominant feature is the front northern wall representing one of the best outcrops of the fold-thrust tectonics of the Jeseník culm. Until 1983, shale and Moravian offal were mined in the quarry, then the quarry was restored, abandoned, and left to natural succession. Inventory of vertebrates from 2009–2011 revealed 46 specially protected species. Arachnological research from 2013–2015 revealed the occurrence of 69 species of spiders, including seven taxonomically important xerothermophilic species. Botanical research was carried out at the site twenty years ago, systematic entomological research has not been carried yet. We performed an inventory of invertebrates focused primarily on butterflies, using sweeping and netting, supplemented by individual sampling and observation of other species. We also performed a botanical inventory, supplemented by an estimate of tree and bush cover to evaluate host offer and form of habitats present in the quarry. We revealed 144 species of higher plants, of which six belong to the Czech red list, and 121 species of animals, of which 102 species of insects, and 52 species of butterflies. Nineteen species of animals fell into the categories of endangerment according to the Czech red list, legal categories, or are part of some of the European directive annexes. Most of these species depend on the conservation of early succession xerothermic habitats. Their ecology is discussed in relation to possible management.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-03-12T00:00:00.000+00:00New and interesting records of Diptera on glacial sand deposits in Silesia (NE Czech Republic). Part 3 – Acalyptratae 2<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Additional records of 28 species of interest belonging to acalyptrate families <italic>Lonchaeidae</italic> (1 species), <italic>Lauxaniidae</italic> (2 species), <italic>Chamaemyiidae</italic> (9 species), <italic>Agromyzidae</italic> (16 species) and <italic>Opomyzidae</italic> (1 species) from glacial sand deposits in the Czech Silesia (NE Czech Republic) are presented and their association with sandy habitats discussed. A total of 25 species are recorded from the Czech Silesia for the first time, 15 are new additions to the fauna of Moravia of which 11 are also new for the whole of the Czech Republic. Six species (Lauxaniidae 1, Agromyzidae 5) are new additions to the Diptera fauna of Poland. <italic>Leucopis cerasiphila</italic> Gomolitzkaja &amp; Tanasijtshuk, 1986 is recorded for the first time from Europe. None of the here reported species is classified as psammobiont but 8 species are considered psammophilous or probably psammophilous, viz. <italic>Minettia longiseta</italic> (Loew, 1847) (Lauxaniidae), <italic>Leucopis kaszabi</italic> Tanasijtshuk, 1970 (Chamaemyiidae), <italic>Cerodontha</italic> (<italic>Xenophytomyza</italic>) <italic>leptophallus</italic> Papp, 2016, <italic>Hexomyza sarothamni</italic> (Hendel, 1923), <italic>Liriomyza dracunculi</italic> Hering, 1932, <italic>L. latigenis</italic> (Hendel, 1920), <italic>L. yasumatsui</italic> Sasakawa, 1972 (Agromyzidae) and <italic>Geomyza subnigra</italic> Drake, 1992 (Opomyzidae). The conspicuous species diversity of Chamaemyiidae in Silesian glacial sand deposits is discussed.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-03-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Moth flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of the northern Hercynian Mountains and adjacent localities (Czech Republic)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>New faunistic data from the northern Hercynian Mountains and adjacent localities (Czech Republic) collected mostly at 52 sites in 2004–2010 are presented. Altogether, 88 species of moth flies (adults) of 38 genera (approximately 49% of all species of the family registered from the Czech Republic) are known to occur in this area. Twenty of these species were classified in the national Red List 2005 of threatened invertebrates and 14 are nationally scarce, suitable for further monitoring. <italic>Katamormia bezzii</italic> (Salamanna, 1983) and <italic>Berdeniella longispinosa</italic> (Vaillant, 1985) are new for Bohemia. In the appendix, the updated checklist of family Psychodidae is given for the Czech Republic and Slovakia.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-30T00:00:00.000+00:00A contribution to the knowledge of Agromyzidae (Diptera) of Zlaté Hory and its vicinity (Czech Republic)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Results of a biodiversity investigation of Agromyzidae (Diptera) in the cadastre of Zlaté Hory town (Silesia, Czech Republic) in June 2017 are presented. In the area under study a total of 43 species of 12 genera have been recorded including 29 species representing new additions to the fauna of Czech Silesia. <italic>Agromyza seticercus</italic>, <italic>Cerodontha</italic> (<italic>Poemyza</italic>) <italic>beigerae</italic>, <italic>Galiomyza galiivora</italic>, <italic>Liriomyza europaea</italic>, <italic>L</italic>. <italic>puella</italic>, <italic>Phytomyza aurei</italic>, <italic>Ph</italic>. <italic>cirsii</italic>, <italic>Ph. vilnensis</italic> and <italic>Pseudonapomyza palliditarsis</italic> being to most interesting species found in the area. The importance of these species from a faunistic point of view is discussed.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-30T00:00:00.000+00:00Reconstruction of the last cretaceous anoxic event in the Tarfaya Laayoune basin (South of Morocco): Biostratigraphy and Paleoenvironment of the Oum Debaa Formation<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The Tarfaya-Laayoune coastal basin developed in a stable passive margin, where sedimentation occurred in shallow bays. During the Late Cretaceous, bituminous and phosphatic series were deposited in the shallow depression such as Sebkha Oum Debaa. In this work, the age of these Cretaceous layers are refined using a palynological approach and their paleoenvironments are described using organic geochemistry. Based on quantitative and qualitative palynological analyses, the sediments revealed a rich and diverse dinoflagellate cyst assemblage (65 taxa); among them 9 important biostratigraphic markers: <italic>Andalusiella inflata</italic>, <italic>Andalusiella ivoirensis</italic>, <italic>Andalusiella mauthei</italic>, <italic>Cerodinium diebelii</italic>, <italic>Cerodinium speciosum</italic>, <italic>Dinogymnium acuminatum</italic>, <italic>Odontochitina porifera</italic>, <italic>Trichodinium castanea</italic>, and <italic>Trithyrodinium evittii</italic>. According to the reported stratigraphic dinoflagellate taxa distribution, an age range of late Campanian to early Maastrichtian is herein proposed for the Oum Debaa Formation. This biostratigraphy update has been correlated to the Tethyan and Sub-Boreal domains. On the paleoenvironmental level, geochemical proxies have displayed an anoxic lagoon depositional which is dominated by an intermediate climate between hot / humid and arid with an often low paleoproductivity regime which induces redox conditions.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-30T00:00:00.000+00:00Selected Diptera of City Park Kolmanka, Prešov (Slovakia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In total 65 Diptera species from 20 families (Anisopodidae (2 spp.), Asilidae (1), Bibionidae (1), Clusiidae (1), Culicidae (8), Dolichopodidae (7), Drosophilidae (4), Dryomyzidae (1), Empididae (2), Heleomyzidae (5), Hybotidae (5), Lauxaniidae (4), Limoniidae (9), Opomyzidae (2), Pallopteridae (2), Psychodidae (6), Rhagionidae (2), Scatopsidae (1), Trichoceridae (1) and Ulidiidae (1)) were recorded. The species <italic>Drapetis flavipes</italic> Macquart, 1834 (Hybotidae), is recorded for the first time in Slovakia. Ten species belong among uncommon or rare (namely: <italic>Atypophthalmus</italic> (<italic>Atypophthalmus</italic>) <italic>inustus</italic> (Meigen, 1818), <italic>Calliopum splendidum</italic> Papp, 1978, <italic>Dioctria linearis</italic> (Fabricius, 1787), <italic>Cheilotrichia</italic> (<italic>Empeda</italic>) <italic>neglecta</italic> (Lackschewitz, 1927), <italic>Chrysopilus asiliformis</italic> (Preyssler, 1791), <italic>Ochlerotatus</italic> (<italic>Ochlerotatus</italic>) <italic>nigrinus</italic> (Eckstein 1918), <italic>Philosepedon</italic> (<italic>Philosepedon</italic>) <italic>austriacum</italic> Vaillant, 1974, <italic>Suillia variegata</italic> (Loew, 1862), <italic>Toxoneura modesta</italic> (Meigen, 1830) and <italic>Trichomyia urbica</italic> Curtis, 1839). On the other hand, two invasive species are also reported. <italic>Drosophila</italic> (<italic>Sophophora</italic>) <italic>suzukii</italic> (Matsumura, 1931) is an invasive crop pest and <italic>Aedes</italic> (<italic>Finlaya</italic>) <italic>japonicus japonicus</italic> (Theobald, 1901) is an invasive biting pest, a potential vector for various diseases. City parks are also important from the point of view of Diptera biodiversity and more attention needs to be paid to them.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-30T00:00:00.000+00:00New and interesting records of Diptera on glacial sand deposits in Silesia (NE Czech Republic). Part 2 – Brachycera except for Schizophora<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Records of 19 species of the dipteran families <italic>Bombyliidae</italic> (1 species), <italic>Mythicomyiidae</italic> (1 species), <italic>Therevidae</italic> (2 species), <italic>Empididae</italic> (3 species), <italic>Hybotidae</italic> (1 species), <italic>Dolichopodidae</italic> (8 species) and <italic>Syrphidae</italic> (3 species) from glacial sand deposits in the Czech Silesia (NE Czech Republic) are presented and their association with sandy habitats discussed. All of them are recorded from the Czech Silesia for the first time, 13 are new additions to the fauna of Moravia of which 9 are also new for the whole of the Czech Republic. <italic>Dialineura anilis</italic> (Linnaeus, 1761) (Therevidae) and <italic>Schistostoma truncatum</italic> (Loew, 1864) (Dolichopodidae) are classified as psammobiont, 6 species as psammophilous, viz. <italic>Exhyalanthrax afer</italic> (Fabricius, 1794) (Bombyliidae), <italic>Cliorismia rustica</italic> (Panzer, 1804) (Therevidae), <italic>Cryptophlebs kerteszi</italic> Lichtwardt, 1898, <italic>Melanostolus melancholicus</italic> (Loew, 1869) (both Dolichopodidae) and <italic>Paragus constrictus</italic> Šimić, 1986 and <italic>Pelecocera tricincta</italic> Meigen, 1822 (Syrphidae), and 3 species as probably psammophilous, viz. <italic>Medetera annulitarsus</italic> von Roser, 1840, <italic>M. grunini</italic> Negrobov, 1966 and <italic>Sciapus basilicus</italic> Meuffels &amp; Grootaert, 1990 (all Dolichopodidae). <italic>Medetera grunini</italic> is recorded for the first time from Europe and represents a new westernmost limit of its distribution range in the Palaearctic. New southernmost records of <italic>Rhamphomyia murina</italic> Collin, 1926 (Empididae) and <italic>Drapetis monsmargila</italic> Grootaert, Beuk &amp; Shamshev, 2020 (Hybotidae) are also given.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-30T00:00:00.000+00:00Hymenopteran color preference using multiple colours of pan traps in Slovakia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The study presents results of colour preference of insects (Insecta), mainly from the order Hymenoptera (families Apidae, Formicidae). The research was carried out in the vicinity of the Beniakovce village (near the Košice city) over the years 2010–2012. Trapping by coloured water traps was conducted at ten sites with 50 Moerick′s water traps coloured with five different colours (white, yellow, blue, purple, and red). On the study area there were 12 357 individuals captured, belonging to 17 higher taxa (class, order, suborder) or genus morpho group of families Apidae and Formicidae. The highest abundance was found in Diptera followed by Hymenoptera, Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. Obtained results were in accordance with literature data, which showed that yellow colour was the most preferred by insects. Our results confirmed high degree of diversity of insect’s fauna in the study area.</p> <p>Our study suggested that a modified Moerick′s water traps may be a valuable tool in studies on insect diversity, distribution, seasonal abundance, and foraging behaviour as well.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-30T00:00:00.000+00:00Bryophytes recorded in the Radhošť National Nature Reserve (Moravskoslezské Beskydy Mts) during the survey in 2020<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article presents results of the recent bryological survey in the Radhošť National Nature Reserve. Totally, 133 bryophyte taxa were found, of which 40 species of liverworts and 93 taxa of mosses. Among the most important records can be mentioned liverworts <italic>Chiloscyphus pallescens</italic>, <italic>Liochlaena lanceolata</italic>, <italic>Nowellia curvifolia</italic>, <italic>Riccardia latifrons</italic>, <italic>Riccardia palmata</italic> or <italic>Scapania mucronata</italic> and mosses <italic>Brachydontium trichodes</italic>, <italic>Campylostelium saxicola</italic>, <italic>Fissidens pusillus</italic>, <italic>Lewinskya striata</italic>, and <italic>Oxystegus tenuirostris</italic>.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Responses of the pest population to environmental variables in southern Spain (Granada, Andalusia) – results of a pilot study<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In this study conducted in Granada province in southern Spain, we analysed the flying activity and sex-ratio variability of the invasive pest <italic>Drosophila suzukii</italic> (the spotted wing drosophila) in the context of environmental factors and compared it with co-occurring Drosophilidae in a village garden. The studied <italic>D. suzukii</italic> population showed overwintering capabilities and successful maintenance in village garden with non-crop plants. Its flight period showed two peaks: female-biased, in November, and male-biased, in May. The sex ratio varied throughout the year and was mostly female-biased. We observed the effect of temperature on Drosophilidae and rainfall and temperature on the <italic>D</italic>. <italic>suzukii</italic>. Catches of the studied species were minimal at the minimal temperatures below 0 °C, and absent or near absent when the maximal temperature exceeded 30 °C. Moreover, we did not observe <italic>D. suzukii</italic> in samples when the minimum temperature below 0 °C was combined with heavy rainfall. The spotted wing drosophila seems to be more sensitive to precipitation than native Drosophilidae, as its proportion in the samples decreased with increasing rainfall. This pest also shows more pronounced short peaks in which it makes an important proportion of the biocoenosis of in comparison with other Drosophilidae.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-30T00:00:00.000+00:00The Lapland Longspur (): some field observations in the Czechia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Historical data on birds are a cultural and scientific legacy of past generations of dedicated observers. This data cannot be deleted without obvious rebuttable evidence. An example of the Lapland Longspur (<italic>Calcarius lapponicus</italic>) is described.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-30T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1