rss_2.0Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales Feed host-parasite association of hippoboscid flies with birds from Slovakia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>We present a summarization of an overview of hippoboscid flies parasitizing bird hosts in Slovakia. Six new host associations are presented in this paper: <italic>Lipoptena fortisetosa</italic> Maa, 1965 collected on <italic>Certhia familiaris</italic> Linnaeus, 1758 and <italic>Sylvia atricapilla</italic> (Linnaeus, 1758), <italic>Ornithomya biloba</italic> Dufour, 1827 collected on <italic>S. atricapilla</italic>, <italic>Ornithomya chloropus</italic> (Bergroth, 1901) collected on <italic>Anthus trivialis</italic> (Linnaeus, 1758), and <italic>Ornithomya fringillina</italic> Curtis, 1836 collected on <italic>Phylloscopus collybita</italic> (Vieillot, 1817) and <italic>A. trivialis</italic> are recorded for the first time from Slovakia.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue the observation of nesting of (de saussure, 1852) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Eumeninae) from North-West Algeria<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The present study records the first observation of a female <italic>Delta dimidiatipenne</italic> constructing its nest in Oran (NW-Algeria). The nest construction and developments thereafter were monitored every three days from July to September 2022 (70 days). Ultimately four female wasps were successfully emerged. This first record will be useful for future studies on the distribution, behaviour, ecology and conservation in this semi-arid region.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of breeding bird communities in wooded and densely built-up areas in a city centre in SW Poland<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Breeding bird community in the city centre of Brzeg was quantified by means of the simplified version of the territory mapping method. The centre consists two habitats: densely built-up area (c. 40 ha) and wooded belt (c. 26 ha) around the built-up area. In 2022, 46 breeding bird species were recorded in the city centre; 25 species in the built-up area and 36 in the wooded area. The group of dominants in Brzeg city centre was composed of <italic>Apus apus</italic>, <italic>Columba livia</italic>, <italic>Sturnus vulgaris</italic>, <italic>Streptopelia decaocto</italic>, and <italic>Passer domesticus</italic>. They comprised together 59.1% of all breeding pairs of all species recorded. The group of subdominant was composed of five species <italic>Columba palumbus</italic>, <italic>Turdus merula</italic>, <italic>Cyanistes caeruleus</italic>, <italic>Sylvia atricapilla</italic>, <italic>Phylloscopus collybita</italic> (together 15.9% of all breeding pairs). In wooded area the following species were dominants: <italic>Stunus vularis, Columba palumbus, Turdus merula, Cyanistes caeurlea</italic> and <italic>Sylvia atricapilla</italic> (together 44.9%); while in built-up area: <italic>Apus apus, Columba palumbus, Streptopelia decaocto</italic> and <italic>Passer domesticus</italic>. Two species: <italic>Apus apus</italic> and <italic>Columba livia</italic> comprised 2/3 of all breeding pairs in the built-up area. Insectivores and granivores were the most numerous feeding guilds in the built-up area (58.3% and 39.3% respectively), whereas in the wooded area, the insectivores were much more numerous (75.0%) than the granivores (20.1%). In built up areas, most birds nested on buildings (79.8%), much less on trees or shrubs (15.6%), in tree holes (4.0%) and in herbaceous vegetation (0.2%). In the wooded area, most birds nested on trees/shrubs (52.8%) and in tree holes (37.3%).</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of butterflies on ten spoil heaps in Ostrava Basin<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Heaps, dumps of mining waste, metallurgical slags, and other materials are a very characteristic type of post-industrial sites in the Ostrava Basin. Many studies in the past few decades have focused on plants, fungi, spiders, and beetles inhabiting this unique habitat, revealing many rare species. Yet, comprehensive research on butterflies, an emblematic group of insects, has been surprisingly lacking. This study aimed to assess the diversity and distribution of butterflies on these heaps employing a consistent methodology and data collection approach conducted by the same team throughout the entire season. The purpose of our research was to assess whether heaps in the Ostrava Basin could serve as refuges and alternative habitats for certain rare butterfly species. Through our comprehensive study, we aimed to evaluate the potential of these heaps to support biodiversity and conserve endangered lepidopteran species within the region. Ten heaps were selected based on their accessibility, biological significance, and habitat predispositions. Butterfly surveys were conducted from May to September 2023 using nets. During the research, a total of 59 species of butterflies were recorded, of which 37 were diurnal butterflies, the main group under study. Four of these species were listed on the Red List of the Czech Republic or were subject to legal protection. In addition to diurnal butterflies, heaps provide an alternative habitat for many other notable invertebrate and vertebrate species. Emphasizing the importance of heaps as vital habitats for biodiversity, particularly for protected and endangered species, the research demonstrates that heaps in Ostrava Basin can serve as refuges and alternative habitats for various species of organisms that would otherwise be threatened, including some butterfly species.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of hot semi-deserts, badlands and related ruderal vegetation in western Tajikistan (Middle Asia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><bold>Aims</bold>: To complete the syntaxonomic conspectus of the vegetation of Tajikistan, hot semi-deserts and ruderal vegetation, mainly of the lowlands and montane belt, were surveyed with some remarks on their environmental predictors. <bold>Location</bold>: Tajikistan.</p> <p><bold>Methods</bold>: A total of 143 relevés were sampled in 2022 using the seven degree cover-abundance scale of Braun-Blanquet. All these samples were classified by unsupervised k-means analysis with cut-offs of 0%, 5%, 25% and Hellinger transformation. Diagnostic species were identified using the <italic>phi</italic> coefficient as a measure of fidelity. Non-metric multidimentional scaling analysis was used to show the relationship between groups in the dataset with passively plotted environmental variables, to identify the influence of key environmental factors.</p> <p><bold>Results</bold>: Four new associations - <italic>Artemisio annuae-Dittrichietum graveolens</italic>, <italic>Eminio albertii-Haloxyletum persici</italic>, <italic>Leptalaeo filifolii-Calligonetum grisei</italic> and <italic>Clematidi songaricae-Ephedretum intermediae</italic> were coined. In addition, two vegetation types already known from Eastern Europe were found: <italic>Sagino procumbentis-Bryetum argentei</italic> and <italic>Amarantho blitoidis</italic>-<italic>Tribuletum terrestris</italic>. Three plant communities were additionally identified: <italic>Alhagi kirghizorum-Chrozophora tinctoria</italic>, <italic>Halimocnemis hispida-Microcephala lamellata</italic> and <italic>Salsola montana</italic>-<italic>Halogeton glomeratus</italic>. A new alliance (<italic>Carici physodes-Haloxylion persici</italic>) was proposed for the hot semi-desert shrublands of the Irano-Turanian region, and for the vegetation of large rocky outcrops, screes and badlands in the subhumid zone of Pamir-Alai, the alliance of <italic>Ephedro intermediae-Spiraeion baldschuanicae</italic> was proposed. The main factors responsible for the species composition of the studied vegetation are altitude, mean annual temperature and annual precipitation.</p> <p><bold>Conclusions</bold>: The dryland and ruderal vegetation of Tajikistan as in the whole arid Middle Asia is species rich and diverse, and deserves further detailed studies. Our research provides a first insight into this anthropogenic and natural vegetation of lowland, warm and often deserted areas, which are undergoing strong changes due to climate warming, grazing and urbanisation.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue to the fauna of Opomyzoidea in the Gemer area (Central Slovakia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Additional records of Clusiidae (2 species), Acartophthalmidae (1), Opomyzidae (4), Anthomyzidae (5), Aulacigastridae (3), Stenomicridae (1), Periscelididae (4), Asteiidae (2) and Odiniidae (3) obtained in 2023 during the bioinventory field work in the Gemer in Central Slovakia are presented. Notes on distribution, biology, faunistics in Slovakia and/or nature conservation importance are given for the most interesting records. Two species are new additions to the fauna of Slovakia, viz. <italic>Podocera delicata</italic> (Collin, 1944), Stenomicridae (new easternmost record) and <italic>Periscelis</italic> (<italic>Myodris</italic>) <italic>piricercus</italic> Carles-Tolrá &amp; Verdugo Páez, 2009, Periscelididae (new northernmost record). First records of <italic>Geomyza subnigra</italic> Drake, 1992 (Opomyzidae) and <italic>Typhamyza bifasciata</italic> (Wood, 1911) (Anthomyzidae) from the Cerová vrchovina PLA are given. Apart from the above faunal additions, the following rare or otherwise significant species have again been recorded from the Cerová vrchovina PLA: <italic>Aulacigaster falcata</italic> Papp, 1998 (Aulacigastridae), <italic>Periscelis</italic> (<italic>M.</italic>) <italic>haennii</italic> Pollini Paltrinieri &amp; Roháček, 2022, <italic>P.</italic> (<italic>P.</italic>) <italic>winnertzii</italic> Egger, 1862 (Periscelididae), <italic>Neoalticomerus fabricius</italic> Withers &amp; Papp, 2012, <italic>N. formosus</italic> (Loew, 1844) and <italic>Odinia trinotata</italic> Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (Odiniidae).</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and current status of mountain hawkweeds (Hieracium) populations in Mt. Králický Sněžník<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Central European mountains are important diversity centers of the genus <italic>Hieracium</italic>. Here, we provide an account of the genus in supramontane to subalpine zones of summit parts of Mt. Králický Sněžník, based on a detailed field inventory in 2021 and 2022. Ten species were recorded (<italic>H. chrysostyloides, H. moravicum, H. nigritum, H. nivimontis, H. obscuratum, H. schustleri, H. stygium, H. uechtritzianum, H. murorum, H. lachenalii</italic>), of which two (<italic>H. moravicum</italic> a <italic>H. obscuratum</italic>) were found here for the first time. New data about their ecology and habitat requirements are given and causes of their threat are discussed. The study also contains a summary of historical data relating to the locality.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue records of Cecidomyiidae and other Sciaroidea (Diptera) from Slovakia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In this contribution, we present the first records of species from the families Cecidomyiidae, Keroplatidae, Mycetophilidae, and Sciaridae from Slovakia. A total of 45 species were identified, of which 44 species are new to Slovakia—29 in Cecidomyiidae, 3 in Keroplatidae, 8 in Mycetophilidae, and 4 in Sciaridae. New records for central Europe are as follows, <italic>Campylomyza nigroliminata</italic> Mamaev, 1998, <italic>Gynapteromyia brevipalpis</italic> (Mamaev, 1964), <italic>Arctepidosis jamalensis</italic> Mamaev, 1990, <italic>Asynapta magdalini</italic> Panelius, 1965, <italic>Camptomyia oldhammeri</italic> Jaschhof &amp; Jaschhof 2019, <italic>Glemparon sagittifer</italic> Jaschhof, 2013, <italic>Neurepidosis hybrida</italic> Jaschhof &amp; Jaschhof, 2019, <italic>Paratetraneuromyia nobilis</italic> (Felt, 1913), <italic>Porricondyla leacheana</italic> (Walker, 1856), <italic>Pseudepidosis lunaris</italic> Mamaev, 1966, <italic>Stackelbergiella rickebasta</italic> Jaschhof, 2013, <italic>Tetraneuromyia discrepans</italic> Jaschhof &amp; Jaschhof 2019, <italic>T. moldaviensis</italic> (Spungis, 1987), and <italic>Sciophila minuta</italic> Zaitzev, 1982.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Brown (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) still surviving in the Hlučín region?<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The study is focused on the distribution of the critically endangered <italic>Lopinga achine</italic> in the Hlučín region, near the border to Poland. <italic>Lopinga achine</italic> has been considered extinct there since the early 1970s. The paper provides data on the current distribution at several new localities in the vicinity of Vřesina near Opava, Píšt, Hať and Děhylov (Silesia). The population of <italic>L. achine</italic> is not abundant in the Hlučín region. Host plant of the larvae is the sedge <italic>Carex brizoides</italic>, which makes it different from most other European populations. Currently, two isolated populations of <italic>L. achine</italic> survive in the Czech Republic (i.e. populations in Silesia and southeastern Moravia). Both the populations are threatened with extinction due to changes in forest management.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of the Ostrava city and their synantropization<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Based on the published findings (Koštejnová 2013, Slezáková 2014, Gajdošík 2020), unpublished data from museum specimens (2005 – 2013), and data from field surveys (2005 – 2023), a total of 13 bat species were recorded in the urban area of Ostrava in North Moravia. Common species in the area included <italic>Pipistrellus pipistrellus</italic>, <italic>Nyctalus noctula, Eptesicus serotinus</italic>, <italic>Myotis daubentonii</italic>, and <italic>Vespertilio murinus</italic>. <italic>P. pipistrellus</italic> was eudominant species (D = 74.41), followed by <italic>N. noctula</italic> (D = 11.41). <italic>E. serotinus</italic> was a subdominant species (D = 4.59), followed by <italic>M. daubentonii</italic> (D = 3.77) and <italic>V. murinus</italic> (D = 2.45). The occurrence of <italic>M. mystacinus/brandtii</italic> was recendent (D = 1.33), and the occurrence of <italic>M. nattereri</italic> (D = 0.51), <italic>E. nilssonii</italic> (D = 0.51), <italic>P. pygmaeus</italic> (D = 0.31), <italic>Plecotus auritus/austriacus</italic> (D = 0.31), <italic>Pipistrellus nathusii</italic> (D = 0.20), <italic>N. leisleri</italic> (D = 0.10), <italic>M. myotis</italic> (D = 0.10) and <italic>M. brandtii</italic> (D = 0.10) were subrecendent. In the summer season, eudominant species were <italic>P. pipistrellus</italic> (D = 76.84), followed by the <italic>N. noctula</italic> (D = 10.63), subdominant <italic>E. serotinus</italic> (D = 4.74), and <italic>M. daubentonii</italic> (D = 3.89), with <italic>M. mystacinus/brandtii</italic> being recendent (D = 1.37). In the winter season, eudominant species were <italic>V. murinus</italic> (D = 62.50), followed by the <italic>N. noctula</italic> (D = 34.38) and subdominant <italic>P. nathusii</italic> (D = 3.13). However, the species composition inside and outside buildings differed significantly. In the summer season, eudominant species inside buildings was <italic>P. pipistrellus</italic> (D = 99.57), followed by the subrecendent species <italic>V. murinus</italic> (D = 0.29) and <italic>M. daubentonii</italic> (D = 0.14). Outside buildings, <italic>N. noctula</italic> (D = 40.16) were eudominant, followed by <italic>E. serotinus</italic> (D = 17.72), <italic>P. pipistrellus</italic> (D = 14.17), and <italic>M. daubentonii</italic> (D = 14.17), with <italic>M. mystacinus/brandtii</italic> (D = 5.12) was dominant, and <italic>M. nattereri</italic> (D = 1.97), <italic>E. nilssonii</italic> (D = 1.97), <italic>P. pygmaeus</italic> (D = 1.18), and <italic>P. auritus/austriacus</italic> (D = 1.18) were recendent species. In the winter season, eudominant species inside buildings were <italic>V. murinus</italic> (D = 68.75), followed by <italic>N. noctula</italic> (D = 25.00), and the situation was very similar outside the buildings during this period, with eudominant <italic>V. murinus</italic> (D = 56.25) and <italic>N. noctula</italic> (D = 43.75). Two roosts of the maternity colonies <italic>P. pipistrellus</italic> were recorded in city buildings: in Výškovice, Lumírova 10, in a expansion joint near the balcony on the top floor of a panel residential building; and in Zábřeh, Plzeňská 2617/4 and Plzeňská 2617/6, in expansion joints on the top floors of an old panel building used as a hostel and apartment building.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue changes in small mammal (Eulipotyphla, Rodentia) assemblages in Košice Zoo (Slovakia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This study summarizes 17-year results of teriological research of small mammal fauna in Košice Zoo (near the village of Kavečany, 48°47’10.04”N, 21°12’3.26”E, 380 – 420 m a.s.l.). The small mammals evaluated in this study were obtained by trapping in three periods (1992 – 1994, 2000 – 2001, 2003 – 2004) and were the results of three diploma theses. In total, 688 small mammals belonging to 13 species of four families Soricidae, Gliridae, Cricetidae and Muridae were recorded by trapping during the study period. Rodents significantly dominated with 8 species, 583 ex. (84.7%) compared to insectivores represented by 5 species, 105 ex. (15.3%). A gradual diversity decline of small mammal fauna was recorded, with only four mammal species confirmed in 2003 – 2004. This marked difference over the last 17 years was probably the result of anthropic modifications of the Zoo area, mainly the cutting of trees and shrubs of the alluvium, technical modifications of the streambeds as well as the deratization of the building areas and animal enclosures. The assemblage’s structure of captured small mammals could also be influenced by other factors, such as the predominant type of traps used, or the number of exposed traps in the vegetation and non-vegetation periods of the year. The obtained results are also a suitable basis and source of information for comprehensive and long-term monitoring in this area, given the epidemiological importance of this group of animals and the possibility of contact with exotic animals.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue fauna of Opomyzoidea (excluding Agromyzidae) in the Gemer area (Central Slovakia): new records 2014–2022<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>A new biodiversity inventory of opomyzoid families (excl. Agromyzidae) in the Gemer area (Slovakia) is presented with a critical synopsis of previously published data and new records obtained from the Muránska planina National Park and the Cerová vrchovina Protected Landscape Area. The study includes the families Clusiidae (10 species), Acartophthalmidae (2), Opomyzidae (12), Anthomyzidae (14), Aulacigastridae (3), Stenomicridae (2), Periscelididae (5), Asteiidae (7) and Odiniidae (8). For each recorded species remarks on general distribution, biology, faunistic and/or nature conservation importance are provided. Four species, viz. <italic>Aulacigaster falcata</italic> Papp, 1998 (Aulacigastridae), <italic>Periscelis</italic> (<italic>Myodris</italic>) <italic>haennii</italic> Pollini Paltrinieri &amp; Roháček, 2022 (Periscelididae), <italic>Neoalticomerus fabricius</italic> Withers &amp; Papp, 2012 and <italic>Odinia photophila</italic> Papp, 1977 (second known specimen) (both Odiniidae), are recorded from Slovakia for the first time, and 14 other species are new additions to the fauna of the Gemer area, viz. <italic>Geomyza acutipennis</italic> Czerny, 1928, <italic>G. balachowskyi</italic> Mesnil, 1934, <italic>G. breviseta</italic> Czerny, 1928 and <italic>G. subnigra</italic> Drake, 1992 (Opomyzidae), <italic>Anagnota bicolor</italic> (Meigen, 1838), <italic>Anthomyza collini</italic> Andersson, 1976 and <italic>Stiphrosoma cingulatum</italic> (Haliday, 1855) (Anthomyzidae), <italic>Periscelis</italic> (<italic>Periscelis</italic>) <italic>annulipes</italic> Loew, 1858 (Periscelididae), <italic>Asteia elegantula</italic> Zetterstedt, 1847 and <italic>Leiomyza birkheadi</italic> Gibbs, 2007 (Asteiidae), <italic>Neoalticomerus formosus</italic> (Loew, 1844), <italic>Odinia czernyi</italic> Collin, 1952, <italic>O. meijerei</italic> Collin, 1952 and <italic>O. trinotata</italic> Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (Odiniidae). First records of <italic>Neoalticomerus fabricius</italic> are also given from Germany, Poland and Czech Republic. Except for the above new faunal records, also the following species are considered interesting and important in the Gemer area because of their rarity or significance from the nature conservation point of view: <italic>Clusiodes gentilis</italic> (Collin, 1912) (Clusiidae), <italic>Stiphrosoma humerale</italic> Roháček &amp; Barber, 2005 (Anthomyzidae), <italic>Podocera soniae</italic> (Merz &amp; Roháček, 2005) (Stenomicridae), <italic>Periscelis</italic> (<italic>P.</italic>) <italic>laszloi</italic> Roháček, 2022 and <italic>P.</italic> (<italic>P.</italic>) <italic>winnertzii</italic> Egger, 1862 (Periscelididae). Diagnostic characters of some species of Odiniidae are emphasized and illustrated.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue species of sea slugs (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia) new for the marine fauna of Bosnia and Herzegovina<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In this paper six heterobranch mollusc species are reported for the first time for Bosnia and Herzegovina: <italic>Berthellina edwardsi</italic> (Vayssiere, 1896), <italic>Felimida luteorosea</italic> (Rapp, 1827), <italic>Thuridilla hopei</italic> (Verany, 1853), <italic>Dendrodoris grandiflora</italic> (Rapp, 1827), <italic>Camachoaglaja africana</italic> (Pruvot-Fol, 1953) and <italic>Felimare villafranca</italic> (Risso, 1818). The study was conducted in October 2021 on Klek Peninsula and in Neum Bay (eastern Adriatic Sea, Bosnia and Herzegovina). This paper significantly extends the knowledge of the national marine heterobranch molluscs fauna, almost doubling the number of species known for the country, as only seven heterobranch species were reported for Bosnia and Herzegovina until now.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue (Desmarest, 1804) is part of the collections of the Šariš Museum in Bardejov (Slovakia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In this study are presented data of individuals belonging to armadillos (Cingulata, Chlamyphoridae, <italic>Zaedyus</italic>) from unknow locality of South America (probably from the Chubut region of Argentina). Totally, three voucher specimens and two skulls are in the SMB collection. Specimens presented in this study highlighted the importance of SMB’s collection.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue (Diptera) from Cambodia including one new species<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Thirteen species of the Agromyzidae are recorded from Cambodia for the first time. Of these one is here described as new and illustrated: <italic>Agromyza cambodiae</italic> sp. nov., the remaining twelve species are newly recorded from the country. With these additions a total of 16 species in 6 genera of Agromyzidae are currently known from the country.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Diptera records of National Nature Reserves Dreveník and Sivá Brada (Slovakia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This contribution fills the Diptera biodiversity knowledge gap of two National Nature Reserves in the east of Slovakia. In total, 53 flies species from 24 families were confirmed in NNR Dreveník and NNR Sivá Brada. Among them tree new records of Dolichopodidae for the fauna of Slovakia: <italic>Campsicnemus magius</italic> (Loew, 1845), <italic>Chrysotus palustris</italic> Verrall, 1876, Ephydridae: <italic>Notiphila</italic> (<italic>Agrolimna</italic>) <italic>uliginosa</italic> Haliday, 1839) as well as four valuable species known only from few records from Slovakia <italic>Tachytrechus ocior</italic> Loew, <italic>Dixella obscura</italic> (Loew, 1849), <italic>Psilopa stackelbergi</italic> Nartshuk, 1970, <italic>Cnodacophora stylifera</italic> (Loew, 1870). As an additional new record <italic>Sybistroma discipes</italic> (Germar, 1817) (Dolichopodidae) is added from Levoča town, near Röhrgrund pond. The knowledge of the biodiversity of protected areas is crucial for the appropriate management and protection of fauna in these rare areas.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of the Common Wood Pigeon, Linnaeus, 1758 in Prešov city (Slovakia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In recent decades there has been an increased tendency of colonization of cites. This phenomenon posed the need for a new term – synurbization. The Common wood pigeon (<italic>Columba palumbus</italic>) is a Palearctic species that has a predominantly European distribution. Although it is the typical woodland species, it has adapted to urban habitats, colonising cities of Western and Central Europe. A total of 32 individuals (i.e., 12 pairs (24 inds.) and 8 inds.) of <italic>C. palumbus</italic> were documented over the four years (2019 – 2022) in Prešov city (Slovakia). The obtained faunistic data from the monitored areas contribute to overall knowledge about the occurrence of the species in urban environment from Slovakia.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue beaver ( Linnaeus, 1758) occurrence in eastern Slovakia based on indirect signs (2016 – 2017)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The author states the occurrence of Eurasian beaver (<italic>Castor fiber</italic> Linnaeus, 1758) in the East Slovakia based on indirect signs from water courses. A total of 96 territories (localities) were observed over the years 2016 – 2017. The obtained data help spreading knowledge of species distribution in the territory of Slovakia.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue densities of birds breeding in an urban environment dominated by allotment gardens and other ‘green’ areas in a Central European city<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>A total of 50 breeding bird species were recorded in 2017 in an urban environment (589 ha) in the city of Wrocław, SW Poland. This environment was dominated by green habitats, such as allotment gardens (41.2%), parklnds (13.4%) and forests (2.7%). For 41 species, population densities were estimated. A high population densities were recorded for <italic>Phoenicurus phoenicurus</italic> (9.2 pairs / 100 ha), <italic>Sylvia atricapilla</italic> (7.3), <italic>Turdus merula</italic> (6.6), <italic>Phoenicurus ochruros</italic> (6.3), <italic>Luscinia megarhynchis</italic> (5.3.), <italic>Sylvia curruca</italic> (4.1) and <italic>Serinus serinus</italic> (3.7). In the alltment gardens, much higher population density of <italic>Pica pica</italic> (14.5) than <italic>Corvus cornix</italic> (6.5); and higher population density of <italic>Columba palumbus</italic> (2.8) than <italic>Streptopelia decaocto</italic> (1.2) were recorded.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Phlebotominae (Psychodidae, Diptera) of the United Arab Emirates – some new faunistic data<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Biting midges (Phlebotominae) are medically important vectors of human and veterinary disease-causing agents. This study presents the results of the field research of arthropods of A. van Harten in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) during the period of approximately 2005 – 2007 at a high number of localities (15 are mentioned here, with 9 species collected incl. five confirmed; 4 spp. are new for the fauna of the UAE: <italic>Phlebotomus</italic> (<italic>Phlebotomus</italic>) <italic>papatasi</italic> (Scopoli, 1786), <italic>Sergentomyia</italic> (<italic>Parrotomyia</italic>) <italic>baghdadis</italic> (Adler &amp; Theodor, 1929), <italic>S</italic>. (<italic>Sergentomyia</italic>) <italic>schwetzi</italic> Adler, Theodor &amp; Parrot, 1929, <italic>S</italic>. (<italic>Grassomyia</italic>) <italic>squamipleuris</italic> Newstead, 1912).</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue