rss_2.0Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales Feed and current status of mountain hawkweeds (Hieracium) populations in Mt. Králický Sněžník<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Central European mountains are important diversity centers of the genus <italic>Hieracium</italic>. Here, we provide an account of the genus in supramontane to subalpine zones of summit parts of Mt. Králický Sněžník, based on a detailed field inventory in 2021 and 2022. Ten species were recorded (<italic>H. chrysostyloides, H. moravicum, H. nigritum, H. nivimontis, H. obscuratum, H. schustleri, H. stygium, H. uechtritzianum, H. murorum, H. lachenalii</italic>), of which two (<italic>H. moravicum</italic> a <italic>H. obscuratum</italic>) were found here for the first time. New data about their ecology and habitat requirements are given and causes of their threat are discussed. The study also contains a summary of historical data relating to the locality.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue records of Cecidomyiidae and other Sciaroidea (Diptera) from Slovakia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In this contribution, we present the first records of species from the families Cecidomyiidae, Keroplatidae, Mycetophilidae, and Sciaridae from Slovakia. A total of 45 species were identified, of which 44 species are new to Slovakia—29 in Cecidomyiidae, 3 in Keroplatidae, 8 in Mycetophilidae, and 4 in Sciaridae. New records for central Europe are as follows, <italic>Campylomyza nigroliminata</italic> Mamaev, 1998, <italic>Gynapteromyia brevipalpis</italic> (Mamaev, 1964), <italic>Arctepidosis jamalensis</italic> Mamaev, 1990, <italic>Asynapta magdalini</italic> Panelius, 1965, <italic>Camptomyia oldhammeri</italic> Jaschhof &amp; Jaschhof 2019, <italic>Glemparon sagittifer</italic> Jaschhof, 2013, <italic>Neurepidosis hybrida</italic> Jaschhof &amp; Jaschhof, 2019, <italic>Paratetraneuromyia nobilis</italic> (Felt, 1913), <italic>Porricondyla leacheana</italic> (Walker, 1856), <italic>Pseudepidosis lunaris</italic> Mamaev, 1966, <italic>Stackelbergiella rickebasta</italic> Jaschhof, 2013, <italic>Tetraneuromyia discrepans</italic> Jaschhof &amp; Jaschhof 2019, <italic>T. moldaviensis</italic> (Spungis, 1987), and <italic>Sciophila minuta</italic> Zaitzev, 1982.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Brown (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) still surviving in the Hlučín region?<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The study is focused on the distribution of the critically endangered <italic>Lopinga achine</italic> in the Hlučín region, near the border to Poland. <italic>Lopinga achine</italic> has been considered extinct there since the early 1970s. The paper provides data on the current distribution at several new localities in the vicinity of Vřesina near Opava, Píšt, Hať and Děhylov (Silesia). The population of <italic>L. achine</italic> is not abundant in the Hlučín region. Host plant of the larvae is the sedge <italic>Carex brizoides</italic>, which makes it different from most other European populations. Currently, two isolated populations of <italic>L. achine</italic> survive in the Czech Republic (i.e. populations in Silesia and southeastern Moravia). Both the populations are threatened with extinction due to changes in forest management.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of the Ostrava city and their synantropization<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Based on the published findings (Koštejnová 2013, Slezáková 2014, Gajdošík 2020), unpublished data from museum specimens (2005 – 2013), and data from field surveys (2005 – 2023), a total of 13 bat species were recorded in the urban area of Ostrava in North Moravia. Common species in the area included <italic>Pipistrellus pipistrellus</italic>, <italic>Nyctalus noctula, Eptesicus serotinus</italic>, <italic>Myotis daubentonii</italic>, and <italic>Vespertilio murinus</italic>. <italic>P. pipistrellus</italic> was eudominant species (D = 74.41), followed by <italic>N. noctula</italic> (D = 11.41). <italic>E. serotinus</italic> was a subdominant species (D = 4.59), followed by <italic>M. daubentonii</italic> (D = 3.77) and <italic>V. murinus</italic> (D = 2.45). The occurrence of <italic>M. mystacinus/brandtii</italic> was recendent (D = 1.33), and the occurrence of <italic>M. nattereri</italic> (D = 0.51), <italic>E. nilssonii</italic> (D = 0.51), <italic>P. pygmaeus</italic> (D = 0.31), <italic>Plecotus auritus/austriacus</italic> (D = 0.31), <italic>Pipistrellus nathusii</italic> (D = 0.20), <italic>N. leisleri</italic> (D = 0.10), <italic>M. myotis</italic> (D = 0.10) and <italic>M. brandtii</italic> (D = 0.10) were subrecendent. In the summer season, eudominant species were <italic>P. pipistrellus</italic> (D = 76.84), followed by the <italic>N. noctula</italic> (D = 10.63), subdominant <italic>E. serotinus</italic> (D = 4.74), and <italic>M. daubentonii</italic> (D = 3.89), with <italic>M. mystacinus/brandtii</italic> being recendent (D = 1.37). In the winter season, eudominant species were <italic>V. murinus</italic> (D = 62.50), followed by the <italic>N. noctula</italic> (D = 34.38) and subdominant <italic>P. nathusii</italic> (D = 3.13). However, the species composition inside and outside buildings differed significantly. In the summer season, eudominant species inside buildings was <italic>P. pipistrellus</italic> (D = 99.57), followed by the subrecendent species <italic>V. murinus</italic> (D = 0.29) and <italic>M. daubentonii</italic> (D = 0.14). Outside buildings, <italic>N. noctula</italic> (D = 40.16) were eudominant, followed by <italic>E. serotinus</italic> (D = 17.72), <italic>P. pipistrellus</italic> (D = 14.17), and <italic>M. daubentonii</italic> (D = 14.17), with <italic>M. mystacinus/brandtii</italic> (D = 5.12) was dominant, and <italic>M. nattereri</italic> (D = 1.97), <italic>E. nilssonii</italic> (D = 1.97), <italic>P. pygmaeus</italic> (D = 1.18), and <italic>P. auritus/austriacus</italic> (D = 1.18) were recendent species. In the winter season, eudominant species inside buildings were <italic>V. murinus</italic> (D = 68.75), followed by <italic>N. noctula</italic> (D = 25.00), and the situation was very similar outside the buildings during this period, with eudominant <italic>V. murinus</italic> (D = 56.25) and <italic>N. noctula</italic> (D = 43.75). Two roosts of the maternity colonies <italic>P. pipistrellus</italic> were recorded in city buildings: in Výškovice, Lumírova 10, in a expansion joint near the balcony on the top floor of a panel residential building; and in Zábřeh, Plzeňská 2617/4 and Plzeňská 2617/6, in expansion joints on the top floors of an old panel building used as a hostel and apartment building.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue changes in small mammal (Eulipotyphla, Rodentia) assemblages in Košice Zoo (Slovakia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This study summarizes 17-year results of teriological research of small mammal fauna in Košice Zoo (near the village of Kavečany, 48°47’10.04”N, 21°12’3.26”E, 380 – 420 m a.s.l.). The small mammals evaluated in this study were obtained by trapping in three periods (1992 – 1994, 2000 – 2001, 2003 – 2004) and were the results of three diploma theses. In total, 688 small mammals belonging to 13 species of four families Soricidae, Gliridae, Cricetidae and Muridae were recorded by trapping during the study period. Rodents significantly dominated with 8 species, 583 ex. (84.7%) compared to insectivores represented by 5 species, 105 ex. (15.3%). A gradual diversity decline of small mammal fauna was recorded, with only four mammal species confirmed in 2003 – 2004. This marked difference over the last 17 years was probably the result of anthropic modifications of the Zoo area, mainly the cutting of trees and shrubs of the alluvium, technical modifications of the streambeds as well as the deratization of the building areas and animal enclosures. The assemblage’s structure of captured small mammals could also be influenced by other factors, such as the predominant type of traps used, or the number of exposed traps in the vegetation and non-vegetation periods of the year. The obtained results are also a suitable basis and source of information for comprehensive and long-term monitoring in this area, given the epidemiological importance of this group of animals and the possibility of contact with exotic animals.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue fauna of Opomyzoidea (excluding Agromyzidae) in the Gemer area (Central Slovakia): new records 2014–2022<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>A new biodiversity inventory of opomyzoid families (excl. Agromyzidae) in the Gemer area (Slovakia) is presented with a critical synopsis of previously published data and new records obtained from the Muránska planina National Park and the Cerová vrchovina Protected Landscape Area. The study includes the families Clusiidae (10 species), Acartophthalmidae (2), Opomyzidae (12), Anthomyzidae (14), Aulacigastridae (3), Stenomicridae (2), Periscelididae (5), Asteiidae (7) and Odiniidae (8). For each recorded species remarks on general distribution, biology, faunistic and/or nature conservation importance are provided. Four species, viz. <italic>Aulacigaster falcata</italic> Papp, 1998 (Aulacigastridae), <italic>Periscelis</italic> (<italic>Myodris</italic>) <italic>haennii</italic> Pollini Paltrinieri &amp; Roháček, 2022 (Periscelididae), <italic>Neoalticomerus fabricius</italic> Withers &amp; Papp, 2012 and <italic>Odinia photophila</italic> Papp, 1977 (second known specimen) (both Odiniidae), are recorded from Slovakia for the first time, and 14 other species are new additions to the fauna of the Gemer area, viz. <italic>Geomyza acutipennis</italic> Czerny, 1928, <italic>G. balachowskyi</italic> Mesnil, 1934, <italic>G. breviseta</italic> Czerny, 1928 and <italic>G. subnigra</italic> Drake, 1992 (Opomyzidae), <italic>Anagnota bicolor</italic> (Meigen, 1838), <italic>Anthomyza collini</italic> Andersson, 1976 and <italic>Stiphrosoma cingulatum</italic> (Haliday, 1855) (Anthomyzidae), <italic>Periscelis</italic> (<italic>Periscelis</italic>) <italic>annulipes</italic> Loew, 1858 (Periscelididae), <italic>Asteia elegantula</italic> Zetterstedt, 1847 and <italic>Leiomyza birkheadi</italic> Gibbs, 2007 (Asteiidae), <italic>Neoalticomerus formosus</italic> (Loew, 1844), <italic>Odinia czernyi</italic> Collin, 1952, <italic>O. meijerei</italic> Collin, 1952 and <italic>O. trinotata</italic> Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (Odiniidae). First records of <italic>Neoalticomerus fabricius</italic> are also given from Germany, Poland and Czech Republic. Except for the above new faunal records, also the following species are considered interesting and important in the Gemer area because of their rarity or significance from the nature conservation point of view: <italic>Clusiodes gentilis</italic> (Collin, 1912) (Clusiidae), <italic>Stiphrosoma humerale</italic> Roháček &amp; Barber, 2005 (Anthomyzidae), <italic>Podocera soniae</italic> (Merz &amp; Roháček, 2005) (Stenomicridae), <italic>Periscelis</italic> (<italic>P.</italic>) <italic>laszloi</italic> Roháček, 2022 and <italic>P.</italic> (<italic>P.</italic>) <italic>winnertzii</italic> Egger, 1862 (Periscelididae). Diagnostic characters of some species of Odiniidae are emphasized and illustrated.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue species of sea slugs (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia) new for the marine fauna of Bosnia and Herzegovina<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In this paper six heterobranch mollusc species are reported for the first time for Bosnia and Herzegovina: <italic>Berthellina edwardsi</italic> (Vayssiere, 1896), <italic>Felimida luteorosea</italic> (Rapp, 1827), <italic>Thuridilla hopei</italic> (Verany, 1853), <italic>Dendrodoris grandiflora</italic> (Rapp, 1827), <italic>Camachoaglaja africana</italic> (Pruvot-Fol, 1953) and <italic>Felimare villafranca</italic> (Risso, 1818). The study was conducted in October 2021 on Klek Peninsula and in Neum Bay (eastern Adriatic Sea, Bosnia and Herzegovina). This paper significantly extends the knowledge of the national marine heterobranch molluscs fauna, almost doubling the number of species known for the country, as only seven heterobranch species were reported for Bosnia and Herzegovina until now.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue (Desmarest, 1804) is part of the collections of the Šariš Museum in Bardejov (Slovakia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In this study are presented data of individuals belonging to armadillos (Cingulata, Chlamyphoridae, <italic>Zaedyus</italic>) from unknow locality of South America (probably from the Chubut region of Argentina). Totally, three voucher specimens and two skulls are in the SMB collection. Specimens presented in this study highlighted the importance of SMB’s collection.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue (Diptera) from Cambodia including one new species<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Thirteen species of the Agromyzidae are recorded from Cambodia for the first time. Of these one is here described as new and illustrated: <italic>Agromyza cambodiae</italic> sp. nov., the remaining twelve species are newly recorded from the country. With these additions a total of 16 species in 6 genera of Agromyzidae are currently known from the country.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Diptera records of National Nature Reserves Dreveník and Sivá Brada (Slovakia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This contribution fills the Diptera biodiversity knowledge gap of two National Nature Reserves in the east of Slovakia. In total, 53 flies species from 24 families were confirmed in NNR Dreveník and NNR Sivá Brada. Among them tree new records of Dolichopodidae for the fauna of Slovakia: <italic>Campsicnemus magius</italic> (Loew, 1845), <italic>Chrysotus palustris</italic> Verrall, 1876, Ephydridae: <italic>Notiphila</italic> (<italic>Agrolimna</italic>) <italic>uliginosa</italic> Haliday, 1839) as well as four valuable species known only from few records from Slovakia <italic>Tachytrechus ocior</italic> Loew, <italic>Dixella obscura</italic> (Loew, 1849), <italic>Psilopa stackelbergi</italic> Nartshuk, 1970, <italic>Cnodacophora stylifera</italic> (Loew, 1870). As an additional new record <italic>Sybistroma discipes</italic> (Germar, 1817) (Dolichopodidae) is added from Levoča town, near Röhrgrund pond. The knowledge of the biodiversity of protected areas is crucial for the appropriate management and protection of fauna in these rare areas.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of the Common Wood Pigeon, Linnaeus, 1758 in Prešov city (Slovakia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In recent decades there has been an increased tendency of colonization of cites. This phenomenon posed the need for a new term – synurbization. The Common wood pigeon (<italic>Columba palumbus</italic>) is a Palearctic species that has a predominantly European distribution. Although it is the typical woodland species, it has adapted to urban habitats, colonising cities of Western and Central Europe. A total of 32 individuals (i.e., 12 pairs (24 inds.) and 8 inds.) of <italic>C. palumbus</italic> were documented over the four years (2019 – 2022) in Prešov city (Slovakia). The obtained faunistic data from the monitored areas contribute to overall knowledge about the occurrence of the species in urban environment from Slovakia.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue beaver ( Linnaeus, 1758) occurrence in eastern Slovakia based on indirect signs (2016 – 2017)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The author states the occurrence of Eurasian beaver (<italic>Castor fiber</italic> Linnaeus, 1758) in the East Slovakia based on indirect signs from water courses. A total of 96 territories (localities) were observed over the years 2016 – 2017. The obtained data help spreading knowledge of species distribution in the territory of Slovakia.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue densities of birds breeding in an urban environment dominated by allotment gardens and other ‘green’ areas in a Central European city<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>A total of 50 breeding bird species were recorded in 2017 in an urban environment (589 ha) in the city of Wrocław, SW Poland. This environment was dominated by green habitats, such as allotment gardens (41.2%), parklnds (13.4%) and forests (2.7%). For 41 species, population densities were estimated. A high population densities were recorded for <italic>Phoenicurus phoenicurus</italic> (9.2 pairs / 100 ha), <italic>Sylvia atricapilla</italic> (7.3), <italic>Turdus merula</italic> (6.6), <italic>Phoenicurus ochruros</italic> (6.3), <italic>Luscinia megarhynchis</italic> (5.3.), <italic>Sylvia curruca</italic> (4.1) and <italic>Serinus serinus</italic> (3.7). In the alltment gardens, much higher population density of <italic>Pica pica</italic> (14.5) than <italic>Corvus cornix</italic> (6.5); and higher population density of <italic>Columba palumbus</italic> (2.8) than <italic>Streptopelia decaocto</italic> (1.2) were recorded.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Phlebotominae (Psychodidae, Diptera) of the United Arab Emirates – some new faunistic data<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Biting midges (Phlebotominae) are medically important vectors of human and veterinary disease-causing agents. This study presents the results of the field research of arthropods of A. van Harten in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) during the period of approximately 2005 – 2007 at a high number of localities (15 are mentioned here, with 9 species collected incl. five confirmed; 4 spp. are new for the fauna of the UAE: <italic>Phlebotomus</italic> (<italic>Phlebotomus</italic>) <italic>papatasi</italic> (Scopoli, 1786), <italic>Sergentomyia</italic> (<italic>Parrotomyia</italic>) <italic>baghdadis</italic> (Adler &amp; Theodor, 1929), <italic>S</italic>. (<italic>Sergentomyia</italic>) <italic>schwetzi</italic> Adler, Theodor &amp; Parrot, 1929, <italic>S</italic>. (<italic>Grassomyia</italic>) <italic>squamipleuris</italic> Newstead, 1912).</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue beetles (Coleoptera: Haliplidae, Dytiscidae, Helophoridae, Hydrophilidae, Hydraenidae, Elmidae, Psephenidae, Scirtidae) of the Slavíč river basin, Czech Republic<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Twenty-three sites within the Slavíč river basin (Silesia, Czech Republic) were surveyed to obtain up-to-date information on water beetles in the area. In total, 46 species comprising eight families were recorded. Significant findings included <italic>Ochthebius melanescens</italic> Dalla Torre, 1877, <italic>Hydrocyphon deflexicollis</italic> (Müller, 1821) (both endangered), <italic>Hydraena morio</italic> Kiesenwetter, 1849, <italic>Eubria palustris</italic> (Germar, 1818) (both vulnerable), <italic>Hydraena minutissima</italic> Stephens, 1829 (near threatened) and <italic>Elodes pseudominutus</italic> Klausnitzer, 1971 (data deficient). The Slavíč water beetle assemblage consisted mainly of typical rheophilic species, many characteristic for cold, mountainous waters, the most common beetles recorded being representatives of the families Elmidae and Hydraenidae. The species spectrum was significantly enriched by species found in non-riverine habitats along the Slavíč River floodplain (e.g. springs, wetlands and ponds), with representatives of the families Dytiscidae, Haliplidae and Hydrophilidae dominating.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of the harvest mouse () and the hazel dormouse () in Slovakia based on summer nests (2013–2021)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The author states the occurrence of harvest mouse (<italic>Micromys minutus</italic> (Pallas, 1771)) and hazel dormouse (<italic>Muscardinus avellanarius</italic> (Linnaeus, 1758)) in the East Slovakia based on summer nests from field margins, hedgerows, and woodland edges. A total of 791 (551 <italic>M. minutus</italic> and 240 <italic>M. avellanarius</italic>) nests from 71 localities were observed over the years 2013–2021. The total elevation range of these sites was between 110 – 560 m a.s.l., with different ratio recorded for both species. For <italic>M. minutus</italic> 15 plant species and for <italic>M. avellanarius</italic> 16 plant species were confirmed, with different dominance of their use. A statistically significant difference was confirmed by Mann-Whitney U test comparing both species for two common plants i.e., <italic>Prunus spinosa</italic> L. (U = 866.0, p = 0.012) and <italic>Rubus plicatus</italic> Weihe &amp; Nees (U = 1103.0, p ˂ 0.0001). Moreover, Spearman’s correlations confirmed significant relationships between the positions of nests and plant height. At the same time, 12 individuals of <italic>M. minutus</italic> and 8 individuals of <italic>M. avellanarius</italic> were confirmed dead or escaping directly from their nests. Analysis of the composition of the leaves in the <italic>M. avellanarius</italic> nests showed the following proportions. Leaves of the three species <italic>R. plicatus</italic> (66.2%), <italic>Carpinus betulus</italic> L. (14.5%), and <italic>P. spinosa</italic> (8.3%) were most common in mixed nests. For foliar nests, a ratio of two dominant species, <italic>R. plicatus</italic> (50.0%) and <italic>C. betulus</italic> (41.6%), was recorded. Finally, for the layered nests, a ratio of two dominant species, <italic>R. plicatus</italic> (50.0%) and <italic>C. betulus</italic> (33.3%) was recorded. The obtained data help spreading knowledge of both species in the territory of Slovakia.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and biology of (Kaltenbach, 1864) (Diptera, Agromyzidae) in Slovakia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Phytomyza orobanchia</italic> Kaltenbach, 1964, a leaf miner fly of <italic>Orobanche</italic> spp. and <italic>Phelipanche ramosa</italic> (L.) Pomel, is reported as a species new to Slovakia based upon dates from 50 localities from lowlands after as much as alpine location.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue (Mammalia: Eulipotyphla) in the Šariš Museum in Bardejov collection (Slovakia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In study are presented data of the insectivores (Eulipotyphla from three families, i.e., Erinaceidae, Soricidae and Talpidae) specimens deposited in the collection of the Šariš Museum in Bardejov (SMB), Slovakia. In total, data of 469 individuals from twenty-eight sites of eastern Slovakia were evaluated. This collection includes individuals collected in various places and times mainly from northeastern Slovakia. Individuals were acquired in 1956–1982, but mainly in 1956 (n = 150, 31.9%) and 1979 (n = 107, 22.8%). Moreover, one specimen of the Miller’s water shrew (<italic>Neomys anomalus</italic>) had signs of „melanism“, i.e., the dorsal side (back) was velvety black and a ventral (abdominal) side was the gray-black with a touch of silver.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue records of Diptera from nests of and in Slovakia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Associations of insects that live in nests and burrows of small mammals are relatively poorly explored. This work therefore tries to expand the knowledge about Diptera communities (Psychodidae and Sphaeroceridae) of two small mammals, namely <italic>Micromys minutus</italic> (Pallas, 1771) and <italic>Muscardinus avellanarius</italic> (Linnaeus, 1758). In nests of Eurasian harvest mouse two psychodid species and one sphaerocerid species, while in hazel dormouse nest one psychodid species and three sphaerocerid species have been found, all representing new nest records.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue fauna of Heleomyzidae (Diptera) in the Gemer area (Central Slovakia)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>A synopsis of the fauna of the family Heleomyzidae (Diptera) in the Gemer area (Slovakia) is presented. A total of 66 species are treated based on previously published records and material examined (largely from the Muránska planina National Park and the Cerová vrchovina Protected Landscape Area). Each species is listed with comments about its general distribution, biology and faunistic and/or nature-conservancy importance. The regional fauna of Heleomyzidae is distinguished for high species diversity and for the occurrence of a number of rare or stenotopic species. Four species are new additions to the fauna of the whole of Slovakia, viz. <italic>Neoleria ruficeps</italic> (Zetterstedt, 1838), <italic>Oldenbergiella brumalis</italic> Czerny, 1924, <italic>O. seticerca</italic> Papp, 1980 and <italic>Orbellia myiopiformis</italic> Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830; in addition, 13 species belong to rare and little-known taxa with only a few previous records from the country. The fauna of the Gemer area is enriched by 22 species; 32 species are recorded from the Muránska planina NP and 31 from the Cerová vrchovina PLA for the first time. The peculiarities of the fauna of Heleomyzidae in the Gemer territory are discussed including a review of species associated with cave habitats and species most important from the ecological, biogeographical and nature-conservancy points of view.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue