rss_2.0Folia Musei rerum naturalium Bohemiae occidentalis. Geologica et Paleobiologica FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Folia Musei rerum naturalium Bohemiae occidentalis. Geologica et Paleobiologica Musei rerum naturalium Bohemiae occidentalis. Geologica et Paleobiologica 's Cover Record of Podichnus in Byronid Shell from the Lower Devonian (Pragian) of the Prague Basin, Czechia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Brachiopod etching trace Podichnus, typically with centrifugally arranged clusters of holes or slits, has hitherto been known only in calcium carbonate substrates. The similar etching trace is newly described on calcium phosphate substrate. The trace Podichnus isp. in a wall of a phosphatic byronid test was observed in the lower Devonian Vinařice Limestone (Pragian) in the Koněprusy area of the Prague Basin in the Barrandian area, the Czech Republic. The trace is smaller that majority of described species of this fixichnia, and displays a smooth central disc surrounded by two circlets of holes or pits. Some holes penetrate through wall of byronid test without any biotic response of a byronid. The maker of Podichnus isp. is uknown but among the associated fossils are eligible candidates including rhynchonellids, orthids and terebratulids. It is rare direct evidence of etching activity of the pedicle in the Lower Palaeozoic and the first finding of Podichnus in the Devonian in the Prague Basin. The emended diagnosis of the ichnogenus is presented herein.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-03-07T00:00:00.000+00:00Source of K-Feldspars and Kaolinitization in Arkoses of West and Central Bohemian Continental Permo–Carboniferous<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The examined K-feldspars in arkoses of the continental Upper Carboniferous – Lower Permian of the West and Central Bohemian basins originated in the whole bed sequence (Duckmantian to Autunian; 314.2–297.1 Ma) from one source, which were so-called mountain granites of the older intrusive complex (OIC) of the Krušné hory Mts, as confirmed by the X-ray and geochemical analyses. The presence of feldspar clasts from other granitoids (Merklín and Louny massifs) was found only in the straight transgreding basal Carboniferous rocks. While other arkoses underwent synsedimentary and/or post-sedimentary kaolinization, in the deposits of Kaznějov and Horní Bříza (Nýřany Member of the Kladno Formation) pre-sedimentary kaolinization (sedimentation of sandstones and conglomerates with kaolinitic cement) occurred.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-03-07T00:00:00.000+00:003D Chemometric Model Simulating the Acitheca Polymorpha Frond: Implications for Reconstructing Carboniferous Ferns (Marattiales, Canada)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Reported are results of an initial approximate imitation of a Carboniferous fern frond, i.e., marattialean Acitheca polymorpha (Schimper), Middle Pennsylvanian Sydney Coalfield, Canada. The simulation experiment is based on the analysis of 14 infrared spectra obtained by means of Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy from four detached fragments of sterile polymorphic penultimate-pinna compressions. The calculated relative, semi-quantitative, chemical data from the infrared spectra are the input for principal component analysis deriving a 3D (three-dimensional) chemometric model. To interpret it, the four specimens are placed in hypothetical-frond positions simulating a tripinnate frond, based on diminishing penultimate-rachial widths from 1-mm (distal) to 10-mm (proximal). Hypothetical conclusions include position-dependent chemistries, specifically that of opposing trends of aromaticity vs. aliphaticity in pinnules-rachises. This, in turn, would suggest potential for (i) fern-frond reconstruction, and (ii) for determination of a most likely frond position of fragmentary specimens by “chemical classification”; the predictive aspect. However, further experimental refinement is necessary particularly based on larger frond segments to confirm or disconfirm the overall hypothetical results.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-03-07T00:00:00.000+00:00Specialized Adhesive Pad of a Climbing Pteridosperm from Permian Peat-Forming Forest (Wuda, Inner Mongolia)<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Certain pteridosperm tendril adhesive pads are depicted from the Cathaysian flora of the Early Permian Taiyuan Formation of Wuda Coal-field in Inner Mongolia China. Specimens contain elliptical or rounded pads situating at the swollen tip of pinnule lobe tendrils which are highly comparable to those of the extant Parthenocissus tricuspidata in the way that both of them are similar in form and function. Specifically, information we have gained suggested that pteridosperms from the Permian might have performed a similar type of physiological process by producing some chemical substances which assisted them in climbing. The Wuda pteridosperm likely to climbed on Cordaites or Sigillaria trees. Moreover, physical principles such as the pressure difference between inside and outside of the pads also seems to play an important role in assisting climbing. The new finding indicates that some pteridosperms in the Permian Cathaysian flora possessed climbing growth habit as well as those in the Late Carboniferous Euramerica Flora, where climbing/scrambling growth habit is well known in the coal swamp forests. This finding shows one of the several earliest climbing habits in Cathaysia Flora and thus remarkably promotes our understanding of the growth habit of pteridosperm and the change in plant community structure in that area.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-12-31T00:00:00.000+00:00Reproductive Biology of the Arborescent Seed-Fern : Implications for Taxonomy (Medullosales, Late Pennsylvanian Sydney Coalfield, Canada)<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>A shaley slab (65 x 45 x 7 cm) from the Sydney Coalfield, Canada, Cantabrian age, on splitting apart revealed 2 – 3 layers each entombing thousands of abscised pinnules of Linopteris obliqua and eight dispersed compound-synangial structures. The campanulary-ventral-sporal micromorphology of the best preserved structure of these compares sufficiently well with previously reported structures from the Sydney Coalfield named Potoniea krisiae. Earlier studies involving larger sampling suites furthermore contributed to the observation that Hexagonocarpus sp. (female organ) and P. krisiae (male organ) usually co-occur with abscised L. obliqua pinnules; however, these two organs do not co-occur on isochronous bedding planes. In the absence of confirmatory organic attachments, the presented data provide as yet the strongest support for the hypothesis of the organs’ connectivity, but whether female-male trees existed or not, and the mode of attachment of the organs remain unknown. Hypothesized for the latter is pinnate attachment.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-12-31T00:00:00.000+00:00The Cuticles of (?) Thylacocephalan Arthropod from the Basal Choteč Event (Choteč Formation, Eifelian; Barrandian Area, Czech Republic)<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Small fragments of phosphatic cuticle have been observed in dark limestone of the early Eifelian age (Choteč Formation) in the interval of the Basal Choteč Event. The cuticle is two-layered, primarily folded, with a chamber between outer and inner walls. Fragments likely represent small cuticle pieces from the margins of the carapace. The exterior of the cuticle is nearly smooth bearing irregular network of wrinkled polygons or shallow pits. Low conical mound-like to high thorn-like spines with annular structure extend from both outer and inner surface of cuticle. Wrinkled and folded bases of these spines indicate moderate flexibility of cuticle. Spines are hollow, the higher ones often with apical opening. The inner surface of carapace carries smaller spines or is nearly smooth. Chamber walls inside the cara-pace are with folds and other structures supporting stiffness of the cuticle. The internal walls of the cuticle are covered by polygonal bumps. These uniformly sized and shaped bumps are about 1 μm sized and likely represents imprints of the epithelial cells adjoined to the basal membranous layer of endocuticle.</p><p>Biological affinity of cuticle fragments is unclear. They surely represent pieces of the arthropod cara-pace, the most probably a thylacocephalan. Associated fossils indicate a deeper marine environment. Bloom of prasinophytes, abundance of dacryoconarids and organophosphatic brachiopods, and striking rarity and diminutive size of other fauna indicate eutrophic conditions in a neritic sea, likely with hypoxic bottom water. Nectonic mode of life in open sea can be suggested for an animal bearing this cuticle.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-12-31T00:00:00.000+00:00Historical Influence of Man on the Vegetation Record in the Prášilské Lake Sediments (Bohemian Forest, Czech Republic)<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> The Prášilské Lake is the glacial lake in the Bohemian Forest (Šumava Mts) located on the Czech side in the elevation of 1,079 m above sea level. The lake area is 4 ha, the maximal depth is 15.5 m. The lake catchment area is situated in the sub-alpine zone. The studied area has never been the object of forest or agricultural farming in the history because of its inaccessibility. The sediment dating was carried out by means of lead isotope <sup>210</sup>Pb. The oldest layer established by this isotope in the Prášilské Lake was in the depth of 0.47 m. This dating was used for the deepest layer of sediment and its age was dated to the year of 1843 (depth 0.11 m) and a base of this profile to the medieval age (depth 0.47 m), which corresponds to about the 12th-13th century A.D. The analysed profile (0-0.47 m) can be divided into the local pollen assemblage zones PRI-1 (depth 0.37-0.47 m), PRI-2 (depth 0.25-0.37 m), PRI-3 (depth 0.12- 0.25 m), PRI-4 (depth 0.06-0.12 m), PRI-5 (depth 0.02-0.06 m), PRI-6 (depth 0-0.02 m). On the basis of dating by the <sup>210</sup>Pb method the age of sediment (0-0.11 m) is established into the range of 1843 to 1994. It is noticeable in the pollen spectrum that it concerns a locality situated already above the forest border, the pollen curves of stratigraphical important taxons (mainly woody species) do not change markedly. The rich woody component is formed mainly by pollen grains of Picea and Fagus. The herbaceous component (NAP) is very diverse; however, in a general way the pollen grains of woody species (AP) predominate due to the above mentioned deciduous forests. A representation of the herbaceous component (NAP) is very varied as far as species are concerned, human influence is very visible here (e.g. occurrence of cereals Cerealia, Zea mays, Fagopyrum-type, weed: Centaurea cyanus, Agrostemma githago etc.). The dating of this part also corresponds to the results of the pollen analysis. Of the plants producing spores the findings of lesser clubmoss (Selaginella-type cf. Selaginella selaginoides) and water plant quillwort (Isoëtes), whose nearest contemporary place of the finding in our territory is in the Černé and Plešné Lake and Wielki Staw (the Giant Mts), were quite interesting. The most of spores were recorded at the family Polypodiaceae and green alga Botryococcus, which indicate cold and humid conditions of the occurrence.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-29T00:00:00.000+00:00Revision of the Pennsylvanian Flora from Val Sanagra in Western Part of the Southern Alps (Italy)<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> The Pennsylvanian flora from the Alpe Logone/Val Sanagra locality in the Western Lombardy (Southern Alps, Italy) last underwent a taxonomic study in the mid 20th century. The main problem is generally poor preservation of the plant remains, which makes their identification problematic. Despite this, the authors have identified 43 fossil species from this locality. Based on the sedimentary context of this paleoflora, we assume that the Val Sanagra sediments were deposited in a continental setting, in a fluvial environment with a well-developed and vegetated floodplain where where clastic substrates would locally and occasionally change into peat swamp. The common presence of rhytidolepis and sub-rhytidolepis sigillarias, as well of Eusphenopteris neuropteroides, Lobatopteris miltonii, Mariopteris latifolia, Paripteris linguaefolia, Pecopteris microphylla, Alethopteris sp. (cf. grandinii) indicates that the flora from the Val Sanagra locality spans the interval between the Duckmantian and Bolsovian (middle Moscovian), and thus represents one of the oldest Pennsylvanian floras of the Southern Alps.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-29T00:00:00.000+00:00Observations Concerning the Thickness of Rocks Eroded Between the Cambrian and Bolsovian (= Westphalian C) in Central and Western Bohemia<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> Carboniferous outliers are found west of the late Carboniferous West Bohemian basins and also south of the West and Central Bohemian basins. The West Bohemian group is Asturian (= Westphalian D) or younger and is notably coal-bearing, the other group of outliers consists mostly of coal-bearing upper Carboniferous volcaniclastic rocks of Bolsovian (= Westphalian C) and/or Asturian age. They form a discontinuous belt extending through the area between and around the towns of Merklín and Beroun. These rocks are underlain chiefly by rocks of ages varying from the Neoproterozoic or Cambrian up to the Ordovician. If the nappe structure of the Barrandian Lower Paleozoic proposed by Melichar and Hladil (e.g. 1999) is not widely present, then it can be assumed that as much as 1850 m of Lower Paleozoic sediments and volcanics could have been eroded prior to the onset of sedimentation of the Bolsovian rocks. In the upper Carboniferous outliers near Mirošov, Skořice and Kamenný Újezd, where sedimentation began as late as in the Asturian, the thickness of eroded deposits might have been even greater, reaching as much as 3150 m.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-29T00:00:00.000+00:00Index of Fossiliferous Localities of the Olešná Member, Klabava Formation (Lower Ordovician of the Prague Basin, Czech Republic)<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Thirty-two fossiliferous localities of the Olešná Member, a distinct unit of the Klabava Formation, are described. As we are able to find they represent all fossil sites of this unit ever been mentioned in publications. Fossil taxa from relevant papers are summarized and the historical names used for the localities are listed. Updated lists of fauna are compiled for each locality; based on them an overall list for the member is completed.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2018-08-22T00:00:00.000+00:00New Geological, Palaeobotanical and Palynological Evidence of the Carboniferous from Brandov (Krušné Hory Mts., Czech Republic)<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Gas-pipeline construction around Brandov (Czech Republic) exposed pre Quaternary strata allowing more precise understanding of the regional geology. The crystalline rocks in the basement, near the Brandov Carboniferous Relict, belong to Sayda Dome rather than to the Hora Svaté Kateřiny (Katharinaberg) Dome. The lower Carboniferous unit (Westphalian – Moscovian) is of greater extent than previously estimated. In contrast, the upper unit, which is correlated with Stephanian (Kasimovian or Gzhelian) strata, is arealy less extensive than previously estimated and is devoid of fossil remains. An anthracite seam, in the lower unit, was discovered in the “North depth” some 1–1.3 km to the North from old mining activity of the “South depth”. The seam was accompanied by a flora dominated by cordaitaleans and sphenopsids (calamitaleans), and common lycopsids and ferns. Palynomorphs were isolated from mudstones for the first time and 36 genera and 51 species of miospores could be determined. A humic clayey layer was discovered in the Quaternary deposits whose palynological age is 500 – 100 years old.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2018-08-22T00:00:00.000+00:00Stephanian Fossil Flora from Paralic Carboniferous Deposits of the Jesenice Area (Slovenia) and Its Comparison with Czech Localities<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> This paper provides documentation of the Late Carboniferous flora of the Southern Karavanke Mountains in Slovenia that is housed in the Gornjesavski Muzej (Upper Sava Museum) in Jesenice, Slovenia. The paleoflora from this area has not been systematically documented until today. 21 fossil-species, which probably represent 17 biological species, were identified. Common species include Sigillaria brardii Brongniart, Lepidodendron dissitum Sauver, Annularia carinata Gutbier, Calamites undulatus Sternberg, Sphenophyllum oblongifolium (Germar and Kaulfuss) Unger, Acitheca polymorpha (Brongniart) Schimper and Nemejcopteris feminaeformis (Schlotheim) Barthel. Stratigraphically important are Sphenophyllum oblongifolium and Nemejcopteris feminaeformis, and based on their occurrence we can assume the studied paleoflora to be Gzhelian D (Jigulites jigulensis zone on the Russian Platform), i.e. Stephanian C</p></abstract>ARTICLE2015-04-10T00:00:00.000+00:00The Whole Plant Reconstruction of Banisteriaecarpum Giganteum and Byttneriophyllum Tiliifolium - A Preliminary Report<abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> New records of fruits of Banisteriaecarpum giganteum (Göppert) Kräusel from the middle and late Miocene of Austria and Hungary and the Pliocene of Romania regularly associated with foliage of Byttneriophyllum tiliifolium (A. Braun) Knobloch &amp; Kvaček confirm previous views of Czeczott, Ţicleanu and others that the two organs belong to a single plant related to Malvaceae s.l. and not to Mapighiaceae, as previously assumed by Schenk, Kräusel and Kirchheimer. According to the fruit morphology it is closely similar to Tarrietia Blume (tropical SE Asia and Africa, sometimes included together with Argyrodendron F. Muel. to Heritiera Dryand. in Ait.), with which it partly shares habitats (swamp to riparian forests) and decidedly differs in foliage (leaves strongly asymmetric ovate vs symmetric simple ovate to elongate or palmately compound) and climatic requirements (warm temperate vs tropical conditions). Its pollen has not yet been firmly discriminated. The fossils so far assigned to Tarrietia from Europe must be excluded from this genus: Tarrietia hungarica Rásky from the early Oligocene of Hungary was assumed by Andreánszky as legume fruits (Machaerites hungaricus (Rásky) Andreánszky), Tarrietia germanica Rüffle from the early Miocene of Germany, according to fine venation pattern, may also represent a monospermic legume pod</p></abstract>ARTICLE2015-04-10T00:00:00.000+00:00The First Occurrence of the Devonian Rugose Coral Calceola Sandalina (Linné, 1771) in the Barrandian Area, Czech Republic<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The calceolide coral Calceola sandalina (Linné, 1771) has been observed in the Acanthopyge Limestone (Choteč Formation, Eifelian) in the Koněprusy area, Czech Republic. Its presence in the Barrandian area indicates absence of significant palaeogeographic barriers restricting the distribution of this tetracoral in the Middle Devonian. Association of Calceola with a taxonomically diverse ribbed brachiopod faunas attests for two different types of environment on the Koněprusy submarine elevation during deposition of the Acanthopyge Limestone. Calceola-bearing beds represent a high-energy reefal environment different from somewhat deeper and calmer environment characterized by smooth-shelled, small to medium sized spire-bearing brachiopods.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2015-04-10T00:00:00.000+00:00Lingulate Brachiopods of Tremadocian Age from the Abandoned Gabriela Mine (Krušná Hora, Central Bohemia, Czech Republic)<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Lingulate brachiopods are described from a lithic sandstone referred to the upper part of the Třenice Formation. Loose blocks were sampled from a dump of abandoned Gabriela Mine in Krušná Hora Hill near Beroun, Central Bohemia. Apart of the Acrotreta aff. grandis Klouček, 1919, genera Teneobolus, Rosobolus, Broeggeria, Rowellella and Siphonobolus are distinguished. Comments to their ontogeny, affinity, stratigraphical and spatial occurrences and taphonomy are discussed.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2019-06-29T00:00:00.000+00:00Biostratigraphically Important Findings of Two Index Trilobites from the Jince Formation (Cambrian, Drumian) of the Příbram-Jince Basin (Barrandian Area, Czech Republic)<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Litavkaspis rejkovicensis Fatka, Kordule et Šnajdr from the Příbram-Jince Basin has been known to occur in a roughly 30 m thick eponymous Taxon-range Zone situated in the lower parts of the Jince Formation (Cambrian, Drumian), within the Eccaparadoxides pusillus Interval Zone. A unique finding of a cranidium of Litavkaspis sp. at the locality Jince-Vystrkov, described in this report, comes from the middle parts of the Paradoxides gracilis Taxon-range Zone, lying roughly 250 m higher than the hitherto known biostratigraphically youngest occurrence of the index taxon. Specimens of Dawsonia bohemica (Šnajdr) from the Jince Formation have been collected exclusively in about 1 m thick deposits of the eponymous Taxon-range Zone situated stratigraphically at the base of the Onymagnostus hybridus Interval Zone. The findings of Dawsonia cf. bohemica presented herein come from the localities Rejkovice – Potůček in the Litavkaspis rejkovicensis Taxon-range Zone, and Rejkovice – Ve žlutých in the Acadolenus snajdri Interval Zone. Their stratigraphic positions are therefore 30–50 m lower than the typical occurrence of Dawsonia bohemica (Šnajdr) in the eponymous Taxon-range Zone.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2019-06-29T00:00:00.000+00:00State of the Art of “Amphibian” Localities of the Letovice Subbasin (Boskovice Basin, Czech Republic)<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This paper provides a summary of localization of Permian historical sites in the Boskovice Basin, which yielded amphibians of the family Discosauriscidae. Most of these sites have not been previously precisely localized. Our investigation is focused mainly on so-called “Špinar’s localities” named after Prof. Z. Špinar and described in his work. Several sites were also described by A. Stehlík, J. Zajíc &amp; S. Štamberg and J. Augusta. The reason for the localization of these locations is that more than 3,000 samples from these sites are stored at the Chlupáč’s Museum of Earth History of the Charles University in Prague. Most localities are situated around the village of Bačov, where carbonization is the dominant type of preservation of Palaeozoic amphibian skeletons.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-07-27T00:00:00.000+00:00Problematic Sclerites Eurytholia from the Lower and Middle Devonian of the Czech Republic<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Problematic phosphatic sclerites Eurytholia are reported for the first time from the Middle Devonian. Unequivocal sclerites were observed in limestones of Emsian to late Eifelian age in six localities of the Barrandian area of the Central Bohemia of the Czech Republic. Formerly observed size and shape variations of Eurytholia sclerites prevent formal description of a new species on few specimens of Emsian and Eifelian age. Therefore the new specimens are identified as Eurytholia aff. bohemica. Their presence indicates longer time range of the Eurytholia animal, covering not only the Ordovician, the Silurian and the earliest Devonian as known formerly, but also late Lower Devonian and the Middle Devonian. Similar features in morphology and histology of Eurytholia indicate relationship to a conodont Pseudooneotodus and a support suggestion about the vertebrate origin of Eurytholia sclerites.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-07-27T00:00:00.000+00:00Sterile Foliage of Fertile and Synangial Chemistry (Eusporangiate Fern, Late Asturian, Canada): A New Subfamily Sydneideae<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Typification of Sydneia manleyi Pšenička et al. 2003 is based entirely on fertile foliage. Of late, attached sterile-fertile segments have been found which are illustrated and described, together with cutic-ular preparations. A new subfamily, Sydneideae subfam. nov. is erected for the monotypytic species. The synangial chemistry is compared with marattialean synangia/sporangia from the Czech Republic and from Canada.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2014-11-20T00:00:00.000+00:00Index of Fossiliferous Localities of the TŘenice Formation (Lower Ordovician of the Prague Basin, Czech Republic)<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Twenty nine fossiliferous localities of the Třenice Formation are described. As we were able to find they represent all fossil sites ever been described from that basal unit of the Prague Basin. Based on critical evaluation of the previously published data fossil taxa from all relevant publications are summa-rized and historic names used for the localities are mentioned. Updated lists of fauna are compiled for each locality as well as for the formation as a whole.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2014-11-20T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1