rss_2.0Gender Studies FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Gender Studies Studies Feed“I Ought to Be Getting Him His Feed”: Masculinity Regained in Edith Wharton’s<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper discusses the masculinity of the protagonist Ethan in Edith Wharton’s Ethan Frome in relation to the vehicles he uses. Ethan, who attempts to commit suicide by sledding down a hill with his wife’s cousin Mattie so as to flee his unhappy marriage, but fails and becomes physically crippled in the end, is commonly interpreted as a symbolically demasculinized loser. Against this common (and sensible) interpretation, this essay will focus on his use of carriage, sled, and horses, as his source of mobility, and analyze them in their social and literary contexts to confirm his struggle to regain masculinity.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Yamamoto’s Silence-Voice Interplay in Japanese American Imprisonment Camps<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Within times of war and U.S.-state-imposed guilt, Japanese American female characters in “The Legends of Miss Sasagawara” experience repeated status changes throughout World War II and the Japanese American imprisonment camps. The tense conflictual relations between U.S. authorities and the Nikkei (Japanese diaspora in the United States) echo within the intra-Nikkei communities held in camps: branded as enemies by the state, Nikkei individuals re-segregate within camps, leading to a fractured communication and tribalist attitudes. The present paper investigates the silence-voice interplay of female characters in confinement narratives, as depicted by Hisaye Yamamoto in her literary rendering of the Japanese American imprisonment camps phenomenon. The historical context of the 1940s ruptures the communication inside the Nikkei community, especially concerning the female character Miss Mari Sasagawara, leading to misunderstandings, tribalism, and (self-)isolation.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Discontent to Empowerment: Upon a New Power Model<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper is the result of years of experience and discontent with certain approaches to women’s militancy and women’s activism. Women’s power as leaders should not consist in replacing a master wearing trousers with a master wearing skirts, both of them calling for submission from their subordinates. Consequently, the main problem that Gender Studies should solve is theorizing the issue of power and offering a new power model that is not hierarchical, but collaborative.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Haunting of Uncanny Home(Lands) in Bernardine Evaristo’s<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper focuses on Zuleika, a young black inhabitant of Roman Londinium, and her uncanny relationship with her various homes and homelands in Evaristo’s <italic>The Emperor’s Babe</italic>. It also argues that the novel may provoke a sense of the uncanny in the reader, leading them to question traditional views of classical and British history as “all-white”.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Review: Andrea L. Press and Francesca Tripodi. . Albany: State University of New York Press, Series: Suny Series in Feminist Criticism and Theory, 2021, 214 Pages. ISBN 9781438481951 (Hardcover), ISBN 9781438481975 (Ebook) Language in Popular Science<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Fewer women than men are involved in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) fields and one of the reasons might be a lack of exposure to familiar linguistic structures in reading materials designed to spark interest and to recruit new scientists. Popular science, as a multifaceted genre, creates an accessible kind of exposure to the scientific world that can potentially lead to a career in that field. Considering this potential of the genre and keeping in mind that most popular science is written by men, the present study examined fifteen articles (five written by men, five by women, and five co-written by authors of both genders) for the presence of female language. Female language was differentiated from gendered language (which is tied to female stereotypes) and identified based on the frequency of certain linguistic markers found in texts produced by women. The results demonstrate that women and teams of authors that include women write differently than men do, thus confirming previous investigations into differences in linguistic production between men and women. The study suggests that exposing young women considering a career in science to popular science written by females might be beneficial in cementing their aspirations, as language has a strong connection to self-perceived gender identity.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue“Being Treated Like a Fetal Container is Enraging”: Examining Anger and Anxiety in Contemporary American Reproductive Dystopias<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper examines the manner in which female anger and anxiety are channelled through two recent American reproductive dystopias, Leni Zumas’s Red Clocks (2018) and Louise Erdrich’s Future Home of the Living God (2017). Starting from these two novels, I argue that anger and anxiety in feminist dystopias represent both the vehicle for political and social critique and the response to (potential) oppressive reproductive practices.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Orthodoxy to the Universal Logic of Human Rights: A Case Study of Film ()<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article analyses the film <italic>Thappad (The Slap)</italic> (2020) directed by Anubhav Sinha, which portrays slapping as a form of domestic abuse and a violation of women’s right to self-respect. This study investigates the incorporation of Universal Human Rights principles into the discourse of Hindi cinema. Through textual analysis of the film text, the paper examines how the film employs the language of rights as a counter-narrative against patriarchal ideologies, promoting gender equality and dignity within domestic settings. It argues that by countering the conservative cultural perspectives pertaining to spousal abuse through the discourse and philosophy of Human Rights, the film contributes to societal transformation. The paper identifies a shift in the film’s discourse from traditional, orthodox narratives to universal narratives centred around rights.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Sylva (Queen Elisabeth of Romania): A Trans-National Writer<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Elisabeth of Neuwied (1843-1916) was the first Queen of Romania and the wife of Charles I Hollenzolern-Sigmaringen. As a writer she is known under the name of Carmen Sylva. The Queen was a very active and gifted personality but one of her main interests was literature. This article focuses on Carmen Sylva’s literary position as a writer who rejected narrow nationalism although her public position obliged her to impersonate Romanian values while integrating them into an Occident all too eager to spread all over the place. Carmen Sylva is an interesting case of a European trans-national literary identity.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Price of Bride Price? Considerations<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The purpose of this essay is to consider the practice of bride price and some of the various outcomes of the practice. Of interest is better understanding cultural tradition, meaning, potential changes in meaning and their associations with the lives of young women, both adverse (e.g., relationships with poverty, domestic violence, etc.) as well as positive outcomes (e.g., higher levels of education, elevated levels of happiness, less tolerance of interpersonal violence, etc.). Considerations and implications are explored as related to the advancement of young women and girls.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue“With a Home Nowhere, I Belong Everywhere”: Travel as a Heterotopic Space of Feminist Resistance in Shivya Nath’s (2018)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In India, male dominance historically prevailed in the realms of travel and travel writing due to their alignment with ideals of masculine courage and sexuality. However, in the post-millennial era, Indian women began to emerge as solo travelers in the tourism industry, facilitated by increased access to higher education and diverse professions. By analyzing the travel memoir of Shivya Nath, a prominent Indian female travel blogger, titled The Shooting Star (2018), this article explores the concept of solo travel as a heterotopic space—a realm of resistance and negotiation that empowers women and offers an alternative form of liberation. Nath’s memoir celebrates female emancipation, defying narratives of victimhood. The argument presented is that solo travel represents an active form of resistance against gender stereotypes, enabling women to overcome personal fears and logistical obstacles.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Cultural Elevation of Women in the Thought and Reception of Josefa Amar Y Borbón<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The advent of the Enlightenment and the cultural shift from the France of the Bourbons resulted in significant changes for Spanish women. The changes in their ways of life turned Enlightenment women into subjects who were conscious of the new ideas and of their own capacities, which they asserted in various spaces. This study centres on Josefa Amar y Borbón, a highly educated woman and a pioneer in joining cultural societies, who created a body of work related to the education and worth of women. Based on the historical-educational method, we analyse its impact and reception in the Spanish press from the end of the 18<sup>th</sup> century to the first third of the 20<sup>th</sup> century. We point to Josefa Amar y Borbón’s qualities as a translator and to the vindication of her figure as a feminist in Spain, starting in the mid-19<sup>th</sup> century.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Dattani’s : A Tussle Between Innate Sexuality and Imposed Identity<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Although the issues related to sexuality are of prime importance in the contemporary world, in the Indian society they are closeted and ignored even today. Several social injunctions are conceptualized against men with alternative sexualities. To avoid social stigma, men refrain from coming out of the closet and accepting their natural sexual identity and orientation. However, there are certain playwrights who have addressed this otherwise taboo subject of sexuality on the Indian Stage. Mahesh Dattani is one amongst them. His plays firmly assert that gender and sexuality are concepts that are not confined to one’s biological orientation, but rather go beyond it. They are conditioned by socio-cultural norms and hegemonic practices. He elucidates how the socio-cultural determinants of gender and sexuality contradict one’s own individual instincts, sexual preferences and lived experiences. With reference to his famous play Do the Needful, this paper gives a brief account of the condition of Indian theatre pre- and post-colonization and projects the camouflaging techniques adopted by the discursive identities of gay people, for example, in order to conspicuously feature as straight and normal. It outlines the social constructions associated with gays in India and how these formations compel Indian men to internalize and succumb to the conventional norms of heterosexuality as the only acceptable norms.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue, Scripts and Conditioning<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Despite educational and employment advancements, research indicates that traditional and sexual scripts are nevertheless often considered and adhered to as related to gendered conditioning. This manuscript reviews the traditional sexual script and sexual script theory, provides application illustrations of the theories and discusses the implications of such conditioning, particularly for women.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue on the Repeal of Roe v. Wade<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article examines briefly the implications of the recent repeal of Roe v. Wade by the U.S. Supreme Court. While these implications are dire for women’s rights all over the country, even in those states where abortion is still legal, the repeal may also herald the cancelation of other recently granted rights, such as same sex marriage. Consequently, it is necessary to mount a meaningful resistance to prevent such developments and to find other ways of guaranteeing the right of women to take decisions regarding their own body.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue in Nonbinary Autobiographical Writing<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article discusses the representations and narratives of transmasculinities in selected works by contemporary Anglophone nonbinary writers assigned female at birth. After briefly introducing the primary sources, I explain how this selection of texts allows for an analysis that contributes to widening the conventional conceptualisation of masculinities as related only to biological men and trans men, and I specify the kinds of masculinities discussed in the article. I then concentrate on three prominently featured themes in the analysed narratives: rejection and erasure within the lesbian and feminist communities, confusion caused by the authors’ identities in their everyday lives, and nonbinary parenting-related issues. Exploring how the authors write about these themes illuminates not only how they textually construct their diverse masculinities but also some of the key challenges they navigate: identity unintelligibility, invisibility, and the threat of involuntary complicity in the patriarchal order.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Review: Daryl Leeworthy. . University of Wales Press, 2022, 252 p. ISBN: 978-1-78683-854-5/eISBN: 978-1-78683-855-1 Review: Gustavo Carvajal. , University of Wales Press, Iberian and Latin American Studies, 2021, 240p. ISBN-10:1786838036/ISBN-13: 978-1786838032 Stein’s Experience of Expatriation and Settlement in<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article examines <italic>The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas</italic>, by Gertrude Stein. Filtered through the eyes of her lover, the text’s focus is on Stein’s artistic growth. Published in 1933 and written from “the happily distant perspective of the 1930s” (Benstock, 1986, p. 144), <italic>The Autobiography</italic> shows how Stein copes with the isolation and despair of her first years of expatriation in Paris. The paper argues that Stein was only able to perform in-depth acts of self-analysis once she had settled down in her troubled subjective geography.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and the Influence of Reggaeton Music as a Socialisation Factor: A Critical Analysis<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Reggaetón music is very popular among Spanish speaking young people of high school-age. Thus, we intend to examine the values of (in)equality between women and men transmitted in the lyrics of this music genre. Using a Maxqda software-assisted Thematic Analysis methodology, the lyrics of 65 reggaetón songs with the most commercial success during 2020 have been analysed. The results suggest that the most commercialised reggaetón continues to reproduce certain traditional masculine stereotypes (machismo). In the discussion we compare and contrast alternative approaches and positions concerning the reggaetón genre. We feel it is necessary that educational spaces adopt a critical and consciousness raising approach to reggaetón due to the powerful influence exerted on young people regarding sexual stereotypes.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue