rss_2.0ICAME Journal FeedSciendo RSS Feed for ICAME Journal Journal 's Cover Moessner. . Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 2020. 272 pp. ISBN 978 1 4744 3799 8 Bernaisch (ed.). . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021. xv, 235 pp. ISBN: 978-1-108-48254-7 bundles in maritime texts<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Lexical bundles are recurring frequent word combinations. Research has shown that lexical bundles vary in genre and register (Biber 2006; Biber, Conrad and Cortes 2004; Hyland 2008a, 2008b; Scott and Tribble 2006). However, the degree to which they vary by discipline remains inconclusive. The main aim of this paper is to establish whether lexical bundles are discipline specific, i.e., whether each discipline draws on a specialized lexical repertoire or whether there is a core vocabulary shared across various disciplines. For that purpose, maritime texts covering the subdomains marine engineering, navigation, maritime law and shipping have been collected so as to investigate the structure and function of lexical bundles and to find out how they shape meaning in specialized discourse. For the purposes of the study, a 7.4 M corpus consisting of two monolingual subcorpora and one bilingual subcorpus was compiled. This corpus can be used as a basis for further studies in the field. Furthermore, the paper discusses problems encountered while extracting N-grams from a corpus, as well as classification criteria for the identification of lexical bundles. The results show that lexical bundles identified in maritime texts are phrasal rather than clausal. The results also indicate that lexical bundles are discipline specific. Teaching these specialized features that shape discourse can improve students’ language production and should thus be the focus of instruction in ESP.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-08-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Writing science in urgent times: CoViD-19 and its impact on scientific writing<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The urgent need for new knowledge as a result of the CoViD-19 pandemic has led to a significant increase in the amount of scientific writing on the topic. Various analyses of this phenomenon from different approaches have appeared thus far (Horbach 2020; Torres-Salinas 2020). However, less attention has been paid to the impact of this situation on the language of these studies, looking into whether the continued emergency affects authors’ conscious or unconscious linguistic choices, and if so, how. This article compares texts on CoViD with texts written during the previous MERS emergency and its aftermath, trying to find if texts on CoViD present particular linguistic features reflective of this situation of urgency. Results suggest that texts on CoViD do indeed exhibit particular linguistic features, and that these point to a preference for conveying immediate knowledge and a departure from rhetorical practices common in scientific writing.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-08-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Paula Rautionaho, Arja Nurmi and Juhani Klemola (eds.). (Studies in Corpus Linguistics 96). Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2020. 305 pp. ISBN 9789027205438 (HB) keywords in World Englishes: A GloWbE-based study the corpus-based study of Shakespeare’s language: Enhancing a corpus of the First Folio<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article explores challenges in the corpus linguistic analysis of Shakespeare’s language, and Early Modern English more generally, with particular focus on elaborating possible solutions and the benefits they bring. An account of work that took place within the <italic>Encyclopedia of Shakespeare’s Language</italic> Project (2016–2019) is given, which discusses the development of the project’s data resources, specifically, the <italic>Enhanced Shakespearean Corpus.</italic> Topics covered include the composition of the corpus and its subcomponents; the structure of the XML markup; the design of the extensive character metadata; and the word-level corpus annotation, including spelling regularisation, part-of-speech tagging, lemmatisation and semantic tagging. The challenges that arise from each of these undertakings are not exclusive to a corpus-based treatment of Shakespeare’s plays but it is in the context of Shakespeare’s language that they are so severe as to seem almost insurmountable. The solutions developed for the <italic>Enhanced Shakespearean Corpus</italic> – often combining automated manipulation with manual interventions, and always principled – offer a way through.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Complex systems for corpus linguists written Indian Englishes with the new (CORINNE)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article introduces the new <italic>Corpus of Regional Indian Newspaper Englishes</italic> (CORINNE). The current version of CORINNE contains news and other text types from regional Indian newspapers published between 2015 and 2020, covering 13 states and regions so far. The corpus complements previous corpora, such as the Indian component of the <italic>International Corpus of English</italic> (ICE) as well as the Indian section of the <italic>South Asian Varieties of English</italic> (SAVE) corpus, by giving researchers the opportunity to analyse and compare regional (written) Englishes in India.</p> <p>In the first sections of the paper we discuss the rationale for creating CORINNE as well as the development of the corpus. We stress the potential of CORINNE and go into detail about selection criteria for the inclusion of newspapers as well as corpus compilation and the current word count. In order to show the potential of the corpus, the paper presents a case study of ‘intrusive <italic>as’</italic>, a syntactic feature that has made its way into formal registers of Indian English. Based on two subcorpora covering newspapers from Tamil Nadu and Uttarakhand, we compare frequencies and usage patterns of <italic>call (as)</italic> and <italic>term (as)</italic>. The case study lends further weight to the hypothesis that the presence or absence of a quotative in the majority language spoken in an Indian state has an impact on the frequency of ‘intrusive <italic>as</italic>’. Finally, we foreshadow the next steps in the development of CORINNE as well as potential studies that can be carried out using the corpus.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Claudia Claridge and Birte Bös (eds.). (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 346). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Publishing Company, 2019. vi. 312 pp. ISBN: 9789027203236(HB). data for more researchers – using the audio features of BNCweb<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In spite of the wide agreement among linguists as to the significance of spoken language data, actual speech data have not formed the basis of empirical work on English as much as one would think. The present paper is intended to contribute to changing this situation, on a theoretical and on a practical level. On a theoretical level, we discuss different research traditions within (English) linguistics. Whereas speech data have become increasingly important in various linguistic disciplines, major corpora of English developed within the corpus-linguistic community, carefully sampled to be representative of language usage, are usually restricted to orthographic transcriptions of spoken language. As a result, phonological phenomena have remained conspicuously understudied within traditional corpus linguistics. At the same time, work with current speech corpora often requires a considerable level of specialist knowledge and tailor-made solutions. On a practical level, we present a new feature of BNCweb (Hoffmann et al. 2008), a user-friendly interface to the British National Corpus, which gives users access to audio and phonemic transcriptions of more than five million words of spontaneous speech. With the help of a pilot study on the variability of intrusive r we illustrate the scope of the new possibilities.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00-conditionals: Corpus-based classification and frequency distribution Götz and Joybrato Mukherjee (eds.). (Studies in Corpus Linguistics 92). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 2019. iv+267 pp. ISBN 978 90 272 0236 9. XML for Corpora: Not a standard, but a suggestion<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> This paper argues for, and presents, a modest approach to XML encoding for use by the majority of contemporary linguists who need to engage in corpus construction. While extensive standards for corpus encoding exist - most notably, the Text Encoding Initiative’s Guidelines and the Corpus Encoding Standard based on them - these are rather heavyweight approaches, implicitly intended for major corpus-building projects, which are rather different from the increasingly common efforts in corpus construction undertaken by individual researchers in support of their personal research goals. Therefore, there is a clear benefit to be had from a set of recommendations (not a standard) that outlines general best practices in the use of XML in corpora without going into any of the more technical aspects of XML or the full weight of TEI encoding. This paper presents such a set of suggestions, dubbed Modest XML for Corpora, and posits that such a set of pointers to a limited level of XML knowledge could work as part of the normal, general training of corpus linguists. </p><p>The Modest XML recommendations cover the following set of things, which, according to the foregoing argument, are sufficient knowledge about XML for most corpus linguists’ day-to-day needs: use of tags; adding attribute value pairs; recommended use of attributes; nesting of tags; encoding of special characters; XML well-formedness; a collection of de facto standard tags and attributes; going beyond the basic de facto standard tags; and text headers.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2014-04-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Review: Alan Partington, Alison Dugiud and Charlotte Taylor. Patterns and meanings in discourse. Theory and practice in corpus-assisted discourse studies (CADS)<abstract><title style='display:none'/><p/></abstract>ARTICLE2014-04-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Review: Martin Hilpert. Constructional change in English. Developments in allomorphy, word formation, and syntax<abstract><title style='display:none'/><p/></abstract>ARTICLE2014-04-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Late Modern English Medical Texts 1700–1800: A corpus for analysing eighteenth-century medical English<abstract><title style='display:none'/><p/></abstract>ARTICLE2014-04-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Linking learner corpus and experimental data in studying second language learners’ knowledge of verb-argument constructions<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> This paper combines data from learner corpora and psycholinguistic experiments in an attempt to find out what advanced learners of English (first language backgrounds German and Spanish) know about a range of common verbargument constructions (VACs), such as the ‘V about n’ construction (e.g. she thinks about chocolate a lot). Learners’ dominant verb-VAC associations are examined based on evidence retrieved from the German and Spanish subcomponents of ICLE and LINDSEI and collected in lexical production tasks in which participants complete VAC frames (e.g. ‘he ___ about the...’) with verbs that may fill the blank (e.g. talked, thought, wondered). The paper compares findings from the different data sets and highlights the value of linking corpus and experimental evidence in studying linguistic phenomena</p></abstract>ARTICLE2014-04-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Review: Hilde Hasselgård, Jarle Ebeling and Signe Oksefjell Ebeling (eds.). Corpus perspectives on patterns of lexis<abstract><title style='display:none'/><p/></abstract>ARTICLE2014-04-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Review: Gaëtanelle Gilquin and Sylvie De Cock (eds.). Errors and disfluencies in spoken corpora<abstract><title style='display:none'/><p/></abstract>ARTICLE2014-04-28T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1