rss_2.0YBL Journal of Built Environment FeedSciendo RSS Feed for YBL Journal of Built Environment Journal of Built Environment Feed Intelligence and Architecture Towards a New Paradigm<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The widespread application of artificial intelligence is not the realm of utopias or science fiction any more. It is gradually entering practically all walks of life from science and technology to fine arts. It is most likely that architecture will neither escape this penetration in the near future. Moreover, besides some disturbing consequences, it will also reveal fundamentally new opportunities for the discipline/profession. It is up to us to decide what attitude we adopt towards it, but it is clear that this development should have profound consequences in the education of future architects, too. The paper focuses on the creative core (i.e. design) of architecture. The aims are to assess the changes and to raise awareness to these possible changes.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue review on open design competition to revitalize collage building in Javor street<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>University of Obuda Ybl Miklós Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering launched an architectural competition to seek for forward-looking solutions for rehabilitation and revitalization of an unused and eroding building. The estate in question is located near the Faculty campus, under 9. Javor Street, 1145, Budapest. When the possibility of a renovation arose, leaders of the Faculty decided to involve the community of the students in order to represent their points of view. The open, secret competition had been launched on 8th September, and by the deadline 30th November fifteen proposals were submitted. Two of the most promising designs were awarded 1st prizes, one got a 2nd prize and two further submissions earned 3rd prize..</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of the Vernacular Adobe Architecture Rehabilitation<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In recent work, heat-technical modeling, life cycle assessment, and rehabilitation of the vernacular adobe wall house is discussed. Our topic choice is based on the fact that a significant part of the Hungarian rural housing stock consist of adobe-walled buildings. The adobe wall construction is especially perfect for the seasonal climatic equalizing, which property has increasing ecological importance due to the effect of growing global warming up. Largely, these adobe-walled houses are part of our cultural heritage, therefore they are worth to preserving. Finally, their constructional conservation, energetical rehabilitation and also maintenance problems are briefly described..</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue II: The Hungarian Connection(s)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In a previous paper (Justification for ’Scrapping the Sky’, Ybl Journal of Built Environment, Vol. 7/1,) I set an overall framework for reviewing the elusive topic from its history to the state-of-theart, with a particular focus on urban design perspectives. While conducting the research, the subject offered many interesting (sometimes even surprising) findings. One of them is the so-called Hungarian connection: two epic protagonists who played a significant role in shaping the early skyline of Manhattan (Emery Roth and his sons) and Shanghai (Laszlo Hudec), respectively. Although their heritage is still striking on the ground, they seem to be not well known, particularly Roth, even among professional architects. Hence the rationale and the title of this paper.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue to: Remembrance and Architecture the House of Fates Project to: Embending Sustainability Dynamics in the Lean Construction Supply Chain Management history of the summer survey of the Hungarian Royal Public Higher Architectural School – in the mirror of collection resources<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>After studying in Budapest and Wien, Ernő Foerk first became an assistant to Imre Steindl at the Royal Joseph’s Polytechnic and later he started teaching at the Hungarian Royal Public Higher Architectural Industrial School. The practice of holiday surveys which is largely based on the experience gained in Wiener Bauhütte in Wien can be captured as a link between these two activities. Foerk’s full teaching activity was followed by the holiday paths he had with his students. These of course were also inextricably linked with the activities of the cultural heritage management at this time; the drawings made at that time were included in the National Committee of Monuments. Processing of the group in question may raise new issues of the history of architecture and scientific history possibly for wellknown monuments, sometimes for one person, as well as for a comprehensive look at Foerk’s model which has been previously sporadically examined.</p></abstract>ARTICLEtrue of Surveying During Reconditioning of Monuments<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Ernő Foerk’s most well-known work in architectural circles is certainly the volume published in the reprint edition, which collects the material of the building surveys conducted by the students of the Hungarian Royal Public Higher Architectural Industrial School between 1912-1942. The introduction to each volume shows that he considered to document the buildings as the main task of the surveys - besides their role in education - and thus to serve the Hungarian culture. Architectural surveying is still one of the most important starting points for monument reconditioning. Ideally, the process of monument reconditioning consists of the following steps: Scientific Research - Pre-planning Technical Studies – Compilation of a Planning Program and Planning - Professional Authority Control (getting of building permission) – Building Construction Work and (Fine Art) Restoration - Maintenance. This paper presents the essential role of surveying in this process.</p></abstract>ARTICLEtrue the Foundation Stone to the Cathedral: Architecture of the Votive Church of Szeged<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>After the flood has demolished the largest part of Szeged the citizens decided to build a Votive church dedicated to Virgin Mary as a symbol of Hungarian national identit. After the opening design tender finally Ernő Foerk was assigned as architect to design the new church. During the years numerous events stucked the construction like from the question of the designer person, the breaking out of the World War I. till the finding of a medieval tower inside the walls of the former church. We can have a deeper glimpse into the details of the story of the architecture due to Foerk’s diary is held in the Hungarian Museum of Architecture.</p></abstract>ARTICLEtrue Turn-of-the-Century Monument Protection Practice in Light of Ernő Foerks’s Work<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Present paper is about Ernő Foerk’s several architectural works which involved monument preservation. Questions about the theory and practice of monument preservation are surveyed, focusing on restoration and reconstruction in Hungary in the marked period.</p></abstract>ARTICLEtrue parallel life paths: Aladár Árkay and Ernő Foerk<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Architects Aladár Árkay and Ernő Foerk crossed the path reasonable few times, even though their course of life were parallel. Not only the place, but also the date of their birth were quite close. This fact will be the starting point to compare the two architects’ career.</p></abstract>ARTICLEtrueő Foerk’s Sacred Buildings<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The article reviews Ernő Foerk’s career through the perspective of his sacred buildings. Ernő Foerk’s oeuvre accounts for a significant proportion of these works. Most of his accomplished churches were made in a Historicist style with a Latin-cross-shaped plan and facade tower. His designs which remained on paper, however, show a more diverse picture from both spatial and stylistic aspect. A number of plans were marked together with Gyula Petrovácz, however, we should presume Foerk had a more significant role in the artistic formation. In addition to the general historicist language, his works also had unique stylistic features, which were mainly related to the design of towers’ proportions, windows, pediments and spires, and to the use of bricks in facade design.</p></abstract>ARTICLEtrue Ernő Foerk’s Documentation of Historic Monuments and Applied Arts activities Survey Program of Ernő Foerk on the Türbe of Pécs<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Ernő Foerk (1868-1934) born 150 years ago has significant oeuvre in the field of monument preservation and architectural education. As professor, one of his achievements was the organisation of summer survey camps named as ‘szünidei felvételek’ (vacation records) which was also accessible in published form. In the year of 1917 under his supervision, his students have surveyed all the scored Ottoman monuments of Hungary. In the following year these survey drawings were published with a brief summary of the history of Ottoman architecture in the territory of Hungary. Our paper is to submit the general circumstances of the Ottoman survey program supervised by Ernő Foerk with its historical background and the analysis of the methodology of the survey by the example of the türbe of Pécs.</p></abstract>ARTICLEtrueő Foerk and Gyula Sándy’s Tüköry Mansion in Dioš, Croatia: Genealogy of Architectural and Stylistic Features<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Tüköry Mansion in Dioš (Diósszentpál), Croatia, was designed by architects Ernő Foerk and Gyula Sándy in 1904. It is situated near the Central Slavonian town of Končanica and in close proximity of Daruvar, on an estate that belonged to Tüköry family. The late-historicist country house was commissioned by Paula von Falkenberg, a widow of Alajos Tüköry de Algyest, as a permanent residence for her and her three children. It was built in the eclectic late-historicist style of fin-de-siècle Hungary, highly inspired by the late-mediaeval art and architecture of northern Italy. Those stylistic influences were strongly manifested in the architectural design of the mansion, but even more its great hall, the focal point of its layout, designed in 1904–05. Based on both archival and terrain research, this paper aims to determine the main factors of cultural and architectural identity of the mansion by elucidating its history and stylistic genealogy.</p></abstract>ARTICLEtrue Cooperation of Ernő Foerk and Gyula Sándy<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Ernő Foerk and Gyula Sándy made common plans for several competitions. This study intends to show their successful cooperation as well as some of their realized buildings and awarded plans. The buildings and plans are shortly described and analyzed from the aspect of style. At the end of the study all of their common works are listed chronologically.</p></abstract>ARTICLEtrueő Foerk and the Medieval Cathedrals of Kalocsa<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The restoration of the Baroque cathedral of Kalocsa was led by Ernő Foerk between 1907 and 1912. During these years the facades of the church were renewed, a Neo-Baroque ambulatory was added, and excavations were carried out within the sanctuary and in front of the south facade. Based on these excavations, Ernő Foerk published theoretical reconstructions of the first and second medieval cathedrals and criticised the results of the previous research, conducted by Imre Henszlmann. Foerk, being also a scholar of the history of architecture, based his results on analogies. This paper intends to point out the elements which are outdated in the reconstruction of Foerk and his methodology that is still relevant.</p></abstract>ARTICLEtrue for ‘Scrapping the Sky’ A Comprehensive International Review of Skyscrapers/High-Rise Buildings from an Urban Design Perspective<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The magic ‘vertical’ has always been a spiritually distinctive preoccupation of architecture throughout history. The paper intends to examine, from a series of perspectives, if the high-rise in principle is a good thing. The focus is on urban design implications, however engineering challenges and their design solutions are inseparable aspects of the problematic. It is also to further demystify some ideologies still attached to their widespread application. It concludes that there is a new awareness evolving about high-rise design that is superior to previous approaches.</p></abstract>ARTICLEtrue CAD 3D course improves students’ spatial skills in the technology and design education<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The nature of 3D ability is deeply considered, but little is known about students’ learning and understandings of technology and about the meaning to become more technologically capable. We considered the spatial intelligence of first-grade engineering students, how much that improved to the effect of 18 times 45 minutes course of computer-aided 3D modeling. We consider the success of our 3D course in spatial intelligence. According to the result of the tests, one-third of the engineer candidates has good spatial intelligence. We introduce some useful problems in 3D education; the presented problems help the students in learning how to solve technology problems, and how to design objects. We offer the intellectual pleasure of problem solving through 3D problems. Our CAD course excellently improves the spatial skills of the middle third of the students. Computer-aided 3D modeling also bridges the gap for students with worse spatial ability. Dealing with students in a more differentiated way about CAD modeling would be advisable.</p></abstract>ARTICLEtrue