rss_2.0International conference KNOWLEDGE-BASED ORGANIZATION FeedSciendo RSS Feed for International conference KNOWLEDGE-BASED ORGANIZATIONhttps://sciendo.com/journal/KBOhttps://www.sciendo.comInternational conference KNOWLEDGE-BASED ORGANIZATION 's Coverhttps://sciendo-parsed-data-feed.s3.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com/62c52ce7ca8f8703463bbf74/cover-image.jpg?X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Date=20220927T204636Z&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Expires=604800&X-Amz-Credential=AKIA6AP2G7AKP25APDM2%2F20220927%2Feu-central-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Signature=7e429214d293fb83551046e930092e092f640a6617edfa5bb390ee44ef3ed528200300Ways to Increase the Psychological Well-Being of Students During Online Courseshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0074<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The Covid-19 pandemic, which has unprecedented proportions, has not only adversely affected the economies of all countries in the world, but has also led to a dramatic decline in the psychological well-being of most individuals, with experts particularly concerned about the level of stress manifested by children and young people. More and more studies in psychology and pedagogy are sounding the alarm about the decline in mental health that may occur in future generations and are looking for different solutions to reduce the stress that can make you sick or even deadly. Psychological well-being is generated by a series of factors, among which we mention: the fulfillment of basic needs, genetic factors, personality, age, income, but especially by the support relationships that a person has. We believe that these supportive relationships can also be created and strengthened during the online language classes taught. This paper aims to highlight a number of ways to increase the psychological well-being of students during online English classes, a well-being that has many benefits for both the student and society as a whole.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Qualities Required for Accounting Professionals from the Perspective of Capitalizing the Accounting Informationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0041<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Often, the relationship between professional accountant and manager works on the principle “I offer you if you ask” but, in our opinion, a good professional is the one who knows how to emphasize the need to “request”. Thus, in order to have this capacity, professional training is not enough but it requires many other qualities of the accounting team, namely the ability to perceive and act very quickly, adaptability, creativity (not in a negative sense), teamwork, ability to learn etc. In this context, the paper aims to analyze the perception of managers regarding the qualities needed by professional accountants from the perspective of capitalizing the accounting information.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00On the Use of Qualitative Research Methodology in the Military Organizationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0061<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper identifies and analyse some features of qualitative social studies that, in the context of the military organization, could create difficulties in data collection process and could have a negative impact on the validity and reliability of the results. There are presented the main aspects of qualitative research and methodology, and highlighted how the main characteristics of the military organization could influence the conduct of this type of scientific research.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Online Audio-Video Content as Homework in English Language Teaching: A Classroom-Tested Application for Undergraduate Programs Designed During the Coronavirus Pandemichttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0069<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper explores the potential permanent benefits of using online audio-video content as homework for undergraduate students in English Language Teaching (ELT), based on the author’s classroom experience with the application of the said strategy during the Coronavirus pandemic. The classroom-tested implementation analyzed in the article was focused on English Phonetics and Phonology related objectives. Furthermore, a similar, but adapted potential homework design model for teaching Aviation English (radiotelephony phraseology) to Air Force Academy cadets is explored. The main purposes of the present contribution are to describe the activities themselves, along with their intended purposes and results, to analyze student behavior in relation to the said use of technology, and ultimately to review the shortcomings and potential long-term benefits of permanent use for university-level education.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Contingent Valuation of Built Cultural Heritage in a Small Town: Oraviţa (Romania)https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0072<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The evaluation of the cultural heritage from the perspective of the optimal ways of use requires a complex analysis that must be related both to its multiple patrimonial values and to the economic value. In this context, the evaluation of cultural heritage is difficult due to its characteristics such as uniqueness, authenticity and irreversibility. The purpose of this study is to assess the value of non-use of cultural heritage buildings in a small Romanian town, Oraviţa. The evaluation was carried out using the contingent method that allowed to identify the perception of the local community on the cultural heritage and the concern regarding its conservation. The cultural objectives that the local population has selected, mentioning the desire to pay for their conservation, contribute to shaping the tourist attractiveness of Oraviţa.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Leaders Attributes in Modern Warfarehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0067<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Modern leaders should display an entire array of qualities, very well structured in knowledge, abilities and will along with leader attributes. Leaders’ attributes help to understand the anatomy of a leader trough his character, presence and intellectual capacity, each features contributing to leader core competencies of leading, developing and achieving.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00STANAG 6001 Russian Language Exam: Holistic Approach to Assessing Speakinghttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0059<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper analyzes the STANAG 6001 Russian language exam focusing on the specifics of Speaking Proficiency evaluation. Despite the fact that the testing procedure is based on the Assessment Criteria set by the STANAG 6001, assessing speaking skills through a guided interview or a sequence of techniques seems to be one of the most challenging and hard tasks for testers. Advantages of holistic approach of assessing speaking skills are discussed and justified.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Projections on the Role of Sustainable Financeshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0040<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper aims to present a topical issue in today’s socio-economic context when the main challenges are to identify ways of production and consumption that are subordinated to sustainable processes. Through an analysis of the current state of research on the conceptual approach to financial sustainability, the paper aims to identify the main directions and tools to be used to ensure the successful implementation of a sustainable financial system. Following the centralization of the approaches offered by the literature on the framework of sustainable finance, the paper proposes a model of integrated approach of the main determinants of sustainable finance, considered the key element in achieving the objectives of economic, social and environmental sustainability.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Creative Accounting – Option or Necessityhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0043<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Starting from the approach of accounting as a “social game”, in which the main actors are on the one hand the providers of accounting information, and, on the other hand, its users, we can see that depending on the interests pursued by the management of the economic entity, the creativity of the accounting professional can be used both to seek new solutions to problems arising at a given time and to “beautify the financial statements”. Thus, these manipulative accounting practices aimed at generating an image that is as convenient as possible for the entity, to the detriment of the true image, are known as <bold>creative accounting</bold>.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Complaints, Requests and Petitions as Instruments of Social Control for Civil Society in a Democratic State of Lawhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0070<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article deals with non-procedural means of social influence, such as complaints, requests and petitions, on the performance of public tasks by public authorities. Complaints, requests and petitions belong in Polish law to extra-procedural legal means which discipline bodies and institutions of public authority to perform public tasks in the best possible way. On the other hand, these extra-procedural legal remedies are a tool for civil society capable of becoming active in the social space. In this way, complaints, requests and petitions constitute an important manifestation of social control in a democratic state of law, based on the principles of cooperation between the citizen and the agent of authority. On the one hand, they constitute a kind of cooperation of civil society with the authorities, and on the other hand, they subordinate the directions of the authorities’ actions. The performance of public tasks should, after all, coincide to the highest degree with public expectations. Complainants and petitioners can, through these means, stimulate the activities of public bodies and institutions, and thus influence the spending of public funds. By activating actions of public authorities complaints, requests and petitions become human rights related to freedom, as no one should limit the activity of civil society. On the example of Polish legislation the author explicates these extra-procedural means of supporting civil society initiatives, indicating their importance not only in Polish constitutional and administrative law, but, above all, their general social significance.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Collaborative Teaching – A Bridge Building Towards Students’ Social and Academic Benefitshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0065<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article is the result of an analysis based on a 14-year observation of the academic and social evolution of students in different educational institutions, contexts and levels of English and French language study in both Canada and Romania. Collaboration has proven to be an effective concept necessary to be introduced in the curriculum. The focus of this project will be on some groups of students studying English and French within different science faculties within a university in Romania. Learning crises are identified as students feel reluctant to both attend and participate in these classes. Moreover, the low number of classes in the curriculum discourages students even more. There is also an overall lack of motivation resulting in the instructor’s conclusion that a linguistic context is badly needed both inside and outside of the class. Along with their progress during their language practice, students’ motivation will be enhanced if students are involved in extra-curricular activities. Coupled with a few innovative learning strategies, the craft of teaching and social contexts presented by some native speaker guests expert on topics appealing to the students could promote greater interest in the study of these two languages.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00International Ideation for Hybrid ESP Teachinghttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0068<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper shares some of the experience gained in the ideation process of generating and designing tasks in Specialised Military English for a hybrid learning environment. The product of the ideation is targeted at military and security specialists and is the result of an international project under the EU’s Erasmus+ programme N 2020-1-BG01-KA203-079117. Definitions of ideation, interactive activity/learning, hybrid learning, and ESP are suggested. The main phases of the HELPSec international ideation process of the project partners are presented and some techniques of this process are exemplified.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the International Position of East Asian Countrieshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0058<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic in China and the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus caused at first some kind of shift in attitudes towards East Asia. However, in the longer term, wider effects apply into international relations around the world. COVID-19 pandemic determined various activities implemented by government all over the world, which aims at fist were to protect health and life of its inhabitant, but later turned out to wider strategy of each country. COVID-19 pandemic expects negative consequences, which undoubtedly are dominant, in some cases turned out to be very stimulating to development. The article aims to present the changes that have taken place in the context of the international position of East Asian countries over the last two years, caused by the pandemic.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Managing Different Generations in the Workplacehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0071<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In an ageing society, intergenerational management is becoming increasingly important for organizations. The strategies used by managers in managing the work of the different generational groups working at a particular time in an organization must focus on reducing the differences between them while maintaining their diversity. Choosing the most effective strategies starts with knowing and understanding the characteristics of each generation; implementing them can be done both by exercising appropriate leadership styles and by incorporating them into organizational policies and practices. In this way, a climate of intergenerational cooperation can be built which can only support the achievement of organizational objectives.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Practical Aspects Regarding the Technique of the Method of Calculation and Accounting of Production Costshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0054<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The method of calculating costs by manufacturing phases is limited to the range of classical methods of calculating costs. Basically, the “classical methods of calculating costs” refers both to direct costs but also to indirect costs related to a unit of product. The method on calculation phases of manufacturing costs consists in determining the actual cost on each production phase, partly deepened to the product level at the end of the production process, respectively at the end of the management period. The aim of the research is the practical application of the method of calculating costs on manufacturing phases in order to establish the opportunity to use it in practice. The result of the research concludes in the fact that, typical of these methods, we discuss costing only at the end of production, materialized at this time in a posthistorical action, an action that requires information from the company’s accounting based on real costs, which is also a shortcoming of these methods, motivated by the fact that it is a final moment after which it is no longer possible to intervene with actions in any way.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Oracy in the 21 Century – Developing Speaking Competence for Real World Interactionshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0063<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Communication is a fundamental skill for the existence and survival of societies. In the learning of a foreign language, classroom practice should focus with priority on developing communicative skills. Oracy, a term coined by Andrew Wilkinson in 1965, is defined as the ability to express oneself efficiently, effectively, and fluently. Having strong oracy skills involves the capacity to structure one’s thoughts in a way that is comprehensible to others, and accurate control of both vocabulary and grammar, in order to transmit a clear message. In the same way that literacy is essential for reading and writing, oracy is necessary for becoming a good speaker and listener. This paper will define oracy as a language teaching strategy, establish an oracy framework, and detail on oracy subskills. The practical part takes a pedagogical approach to the concept of oracy and underlines its importance in the teaching of a foreign language by integrating oracy skills and sub-skills in an applied discussion exemplified by concrete classroom practice.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00On Types and Paradigms of Military Leadershiphttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0066<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Leadership in the military entails making crucial decisions, frequently under intense pressure and with serious repercussions. Effective military leaders reason strategically to arrive at well-informed, actionable conclusions while they build and motivate teams. Within the complexity of such an approach that calls for a wide range of military, psychological, discursive and functional perspectives, this paper sets out to review the notion of leadership and to emphasize several military leadership literature approaches delineating the roles of a military leader that are context-dependable, multi-levelled and transformational in the army environment.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Of Battle and Business: Military Language in the Corporate Environmenthttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0075<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>As early as the second half of the 20<sup>th</sup> century, theoreticians and commentators in the field of business and corporate culture have started to increasingly make use of military and war metaphors when describing or analyzing business-related matters. This ongoing tendency can be explained by the fact that both military and business jargons have had similar historical trajectories and focus on similar goals and objectives. Military philosophy can furthermore offer valuable lessons and advice to any aspiring manager. To be aware of the symbiosis between military jargon and the language of business is to have a clearer overview of the impact of business practices and eventually to gain the upper hand in a domain where battle and the survival of the fittest are at the basis of all activities and endeavors. The aim of the present paper is to trace the similar trajectories in the evolution of military and business jargon and to analyze, by resorting to practical examples, the manifold similarities between the language of war and the one of business.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00The Higher Education Institution Between Legal Norms and Ethical Ruleshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0064<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The activity within the higher education institutions has been and is the object of study and research for the specialists in the field of Academic Ethics. The key issues, which are being pursued, concern various aspects of the university environment. In this paper, we want to detail some aspects of the connection between the legal norms, which govern the field of university education, and those of an ethical nature, considering that there is an intrinsic link between the two categories of norms. Academic citizenship is defined as the service that academics provide for the benefit of the higher education institution they represent, including the moral obligation they have as a part of the academic system. The moral authority of the teacher is an authority based on fundamental principles or truths that exist independently of written laws, manifested with the purpose of modeling the moral behavior of the students, teaching them to abide by legal norms as well as other ethical norms. Furthermore, in this paper, the notions and principles regarding the ethical culture of the members of the academic community will be considered.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Determining the Performance of the Use of Resources in the Public Sectorhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/kbo-2022-0050<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper presents a comparative procurement of performance appraisal products, in the context in which there are several homogeneous, which can be delivered to the public sector (goods/products/services, etc.). The proposed method provides a summary measure of the efficiency, economy, or comparative effectiveness of each unit of analysis, as well as other helpful information in performance management. Such information may include good operating practices, and the setting of performance targets at which a unit/activity/product/service can be set, by reference to the size of the most productive scale, at which another unit operates. Identify an efficient unit as a model, to which an inefficient unit can be reported, to improve its performance and productivity over time. In the paper, a case study was conducted, which aims to identify the best levels of performance of the established indicators. Four product units were analysed (as an example, the performance of four types of projectiles with different characteristics was evaluated).</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-05T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1