rss_2.0LOGI – Scientific Journal on Transport and Logistics FeedSciendo RSS Feed for LOGI – Scientific Journal on Transport and Logistics – Scientific Journal on Transport and Logistics Feed Between Vehicle Price and its Safety Ratings<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The objective of the paper is to determine the relationship between a vehicle price and its safety ratings in the Czech Republic for vehicles sold and newly registered in the year 2022. The data collection was performed using content analysis. It was found that in 2022, Škoda Auto vehicles accounted for more than 35 % of all newly registered vehicles in the Czech Republic. The evaluation of vehicle safety was performed on the basis of results published on the EuroNCAP server. The findings were used as a basis for performing cluster analysis and correlation analysis of the data obtained. The analysis shows that even though safety plays an important role in the automotive industry, vehicle price is not a decisive factor in achieving higher safety ratings. The findings of this paper have a significant impact on consumers and automotive, showing that the price difference between vehicles does not necessarily correlate with different levels of safety. The limitation of this paper is its focus on the Czech Republic only, which may influence the generalization of the results to other markets.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of Empirical Equation to Estimate Corridor Speed of Vehicles in Metro Construction Work Zone<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Construction of elevated metro line leads to a reduction in the average speed of vehicles due to congestions, diversions, and road incidents. This reduction in speed depends on recurring (e.g., congestion in rush hours) and non-recurring (e.g., road accidents) delay factors. Non-recurring factors involve incidents such as accidental bus stops, pedestrian crossings, or clearing debris from road, etc., some of which may occur at very short notice. This research paper presents a case study of Pune Metro Rail Construction (Corridor II) in India for developing an empirical equation to estimate corridor speed of vehicles in metro construction work zone. Observations were recorded in spatial and temporal zones using floating car method through video recordings and traffic count using manual method. Based on the traffic behavior pattern, five non-recurring delay factors (NRDFs) were defined, namely vehicles in lateral entry, slow moving vehicles, vehicles in the wrong direction, on-street parked vehicles, pedestrian interference and their correlation with speed of vehicles was tested. It was concluded that these factors have a strong negative correlation with the speed of the test vehicle. To estimate corridor speed with given NRDFs, nonlinear equation was formulated using empirical evidence and validated using larger simulated data.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Importance of Rail Transport for Transport Services in Peripheral Areas<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article focuses on the evaluation of the importance of passenger rail transport for transport services in peripheral areas. The term peripheral area is defined, and the different types of peripheral areas and their characteristics are listed. Based on the analysis of these areas in the Czech Republic, the authors generally divide passenger rail transport services in peripheral areas into three categories according to the route of the railway line within the peripheral areas and towards the centre. The authors set out the most important criteria to assess the importance of individual line categories for transport services in peripheral areas. Based on the SWOT analysis and using the TOWS matrix, specific strategies and proposals are presented to address passenger rail services in the peripheral area. The aim of this article is to evaluate the importance of rail transport in peripheral areas using the criteria selected by the authors.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Development: Learnings from Global Examples<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Transit-oriented development (TOD) is a method employed in area-based developments to address civic mobility, automation, inequality, community, equality, and climate change in metropolises. This research paper utilizes a comparative analysis of various published papers to create a cohesive analytical study. The main goal is to identify critical parameters that contribute to the success of TOD. It examines highly successful global examples of TOD, including Hong Kong, Singapore, London, Shenzhen, México, and Washington D.C., to understand how the aforementioned parameters impact TOD development and its achievements. Indian cities are making substantial investments in public transportation and transitioning into transit hubs. The success of this progress depends on implementing TOD regulations, such as zoning rules for mixed-land use, density control, limited parking, PPP finance, and fostering collaboration between public and private agencies near transit stations. In conclusion, while planning frameworks have been widely adopted and implemented by various countries, financial frameworks play a more pivotal role in influencing success, making TOD more practically viable worldwide.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Differences in Transport Behaviour Patterns<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Gender equality is a topical issue that also concerns the transport sector. Gender-neutral transport systems may not be equally suitable for each gender and thus fail to meet their mobility requirements. Therefore, there is a need to study the transport behaviour of men and women and use the findings to further develop transport systems. This article focuses on gender differences in transport behaviour patterns. To obtain the necessary data, a survey was conducted through a structured personal questionnaire. The results were then processed using selected statistical methods. The results of the survey show that the differences are mainly in the means of transport used or the purposes of the trips. On the other hand, as for the criteria that influence the selection of a mode of travel, time is equally important for both women and men, followed by the purpose of the journey and the availability of transport. The survey thus confirmed that there are significant differences in the transport behaviour of men and women.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Transport Trends in the V4 Countries<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Passenger transport, or efforts to modify it in order to minimize its negative environmental impact, is a discussed issue. This paper aims to assess the trends in passenger transport indicators in the V4 countries between1995 and 2018. Within the time series of indicators, the transport indicators of individual car transport is analyzed and compared with the public mass transport broken down into rail, bus, tram, and underground transport. The results show a clear upward trend in individual car transport performance, while rail passenger transport performance shows a convex quadratic trend in all V4 countries except Hungary. In contrast, bus transport tends to show a downward trend. CO<sub>2</sub> emissions and traffic accidents tend to decrease in the majority of the V4 countries, despite the increasing performance of individual car transport, which is a very positive finding that corresponds with the commitments of all V4 countries, or with social responsibility.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Brief Analysis of Logistics Customer Service Management<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The quality of customer service determines the survival and development of logistics enterprises. In the highly competitive e-commerce field, it is necessary to continuously improve the customer service management level of logistics enterprises, and the application of big data can optimize customer service management of logistics enterprises in e-commerce. This paper analyzes the reasons for the low customer service satisfaction with domestic logistics enterprises in China, and then puts forward how to optimize customer service management of logistics enterprises in ecommerce based on big data in order to effectively promote the service quality of logistics enterprises. This study is contributing to the body of knowledge by developing a comprehensive framework to solve various e-logistics problems. Hence, the current study is helpful for e-logistics companies to mitigate e-logistic customer satisfaction problems.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Role of Logistics in the Management of the Railway Rolling Stock Life Cycle<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Every undertaking providing transport services in passenger rail transport must currently prepare for the liberalization of transport services operating under a public service obligation. Competition in the mentioned segment is expected to intensify. Rolling stock represents a significant cost item for railway operators. The management of the life cycle of railway rolling stock is a way to efficiently manage vehicles. Adequately chosen parameters that are monitored and evaluated during the life cycle of railway rolling stock are crucial to successful management. Logistics plays an important role in the railway vehicle life cycle management, which, when properly set up, represents a significant competitive advantage. All railway undertakings are facing challenging times due to the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and the energy crisis. Proper and effective railway rolling stock life cycle management will help them overcome current and future challenges.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Impact of Consolidating On-Demand Food Delivery on Sustainability: A Simulation Study<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>On-demand food delivery services have transformed the food industry, offering customers a convenient way to order their favorite food from restaurants and have it delivered to their doorstep. However, the increased number of delivery vehicles has led to higher costs, traffic congestion, and carbon emissions. To tackle these negative impacts, consolidating the delivery process by combining multiple orders from different restaurants to various customers has been suggested. This study evaluates the sustainability impact of direct versus consolidated orders in the on-demand food delivery sector. To achieve the objective, we used an agent-based simulation model based on real delivery data from Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Our simulation results indicate that due to constraints in time windows and routing complexity, only a small portion of all orders can be consolidated. But where consolidation is feasible, it can benefit businesses and the environment by reducing costs for customers, increasing drivers’ productivity, and reducing carbon emissions. The downside is that it may result in a longer customer waiting time. These findings provide valuable insights for businesses and policymakers seeking to promote sustainable practices in the on-demand food delivery sector.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Factors of Sustainable Development in Road Management<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>A focus on changing practices towards greater use of environmentally friendly practices in all activities related to the maintenance of the assets and buildings entrusted to the Road Administration and Maintenance logically entails increased financial requirements. As this is a relatively complex issue, road management must be understood in a holistic way, including risk assessment. The dynamics of the sector entails a considerable number of critical factors that have a direct or indirect impact on the achievement of the basic goals of infrastructure management and maintenance organization in the context of ensuring road management and mobility while respecting the basic concept of sustainability. The objective of this article is to define the critical factors of sustainable development in road management, especially in terms of ad hoc maintenance.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Algorithm with Tabu Search to Solve the Vehicle Routing Problem with Minimized Fuel Emissions: Case Study of Canned Fruits Transport<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Nowadays, logistics is used to assess economic growth and address energy consumption and environmental problems. Optimizing collection and delivery routes reduces fuel consumption and cost, thereby minimizing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The vehicle routing problem with time windows (VRPTW) is addressed to identify routes that minimize total transportation costs, fuel consumption, and GHG emissions based on collection and delivery activities. Firefly Algorithm (FA) integrated with Tabu Search (TS) as (FATS) was proposed within the case study concerning canned fruit transport. The results showed that the proposed method outperformed the existing approaches and reduced the fuel consumption from 31,286 to 26,314 litres per year. The proposed algorithm also reduced the number of used vehicles from seven to six, as five 6-wheel trucks and one 4-wheel truck, with transportation cost reduced from 1,061,851 to 893,108 Baht per year, as well as greenhouse gas emissions, which were reduced from 90,730 to 76,312 <italic>kg CO</italic><sub>2</sub> per year.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue the Technical Efficiency of European Companies in the Automotive Sector<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article deals with the assessment of the technical efficiency of the automotive industry in European countries. Unlike other studies, the paper will focus on international comparisons of efficiency while taking account company size. The analysis is thus based on the accounting data of individual companies. The content of the analysis covers the period between 2015 and 2019. In total, companies from 20 European countries shall be analysed. The results show that the level of efficiency in this sector is related to the size of the enterprise. In general, small enterprises turn out to be the least efficient. However, there is also a difference in the level of efficiency in the different size groups of enterprises depending on their geographical location, where in general, irrespective of the size category, Ukrainian enterprises appear to perform worst.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of Queue Jump Lane on Public Transport: Case Study Using Microsimulation<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Public transport priority is an essential transport engineering technique for the transition to sustainable urban mobility. This article presents a case study that simulates the effects of introducing a queue jump lane followed by a bus lane beyond an intersection compared to a dedicated lane only in the section beyond the intersection (without introducing a queue jump lane). The monitored parameters were speed and reliability of public transport. The simulation was performed using the PTV Vissim program. The case study was evaluated in terms of public transport operation, as well as selected effects on other road traffic with the aim to determine the optimal traffic engineering design and improve public transport operation in practice. This case study provides valuable insights into the effects of these priority measures. The results can contribute to the improvement of public transport operations.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of Organisational Structures of Selected Passenger Railway Transport Companies and their Impact on Strategic Goals of Companies<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Establishing an appropriate organizational structure is an essential condition for the successful implementation of a corporate strategy. According to current strategists, strategy and structure are interrelated and should be developed in parallel. There is no definitive organizational structure of a company. Based on theories and research on the organizational structure of selected passenger rail transport organizations, it has been shown that an appropriate organizational structure is an important prerequisite for the implementation of the selected strategy. New organizational structures can provide new and interesting opportunities for managers and employees. However, these structures may pose a threat to employees due to the scale of work and, possibly, they may threaten their job. Developing new organizational structures without considering the consequences for those affected is surely inappropriate. At a time of liberalization and increasing competition, an effective organizational strategy is becoming a significant competitive advantage for rail passenger transport organizations.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Differences in the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Demand for Bus Transport in the Slovak Republic<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The COVID-19 pandemic and the anti-pandemic measures taken have significantly affected the activities of the society and the associated need for mobility, as well as the transport behaviour of inhabitants. The goal of this research is to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the change in the demand of residents for suburban bus transport (SBT) services in the regions of Slovakia. Due to the impact of the pandemic of COVID-19, there was a decrease in the number of passengers transported by SBT as well as a decrease in the supply of bus services offered in all the regions under study. The decrease in the number of passengers in the pandemic year was caused not only by COVID-19 and the anti-pandemic measures, but also by the reduction in the supply of SBT. The research confirmed the relation between the reduction in the offer of SBT and the decrease in passenger demand.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue for Using IT Solutions in Public Passenger Transport in Slovak Republic to Reduce the Spread of COVID-19<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The unexpected emergence of the viral disease COVID-19 has caused many changes in all areas of life. People suffered from the fear of contracting the disease, which resulted in the decrease in the use of public passenger transport services. People’s uncertainty and frequently changing measures with a lack of information caused a shift of passengers from public passenger transport to individual transport. The analysis identified important criteria that passengers considered very important during the COVID-19 pandemic in relation to public transport. If these criteria are not met, passengers will not be willing to use public passenger transport and the use of individual transport will continue to grow. To ensure passenger satisfaction, new innovative software solutions have been analysed and then implemented into one specific solution. The proposed solution can meet the requirements of passengers, facilitate their travel using public passenger transport and provide them with regular information related to viral illnesses and important information and will ensure their satisfaction.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of the COVID Crisis on Public Passenger Transport in Slovakia and Urban Transport in Žilina on a Selected Line<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The effects of the COVID-19-related crisis in society can be seen not only in long-distance passenger transport but also in the urban transportation services in the territory. During the pandemic, the travelling public tended to choose private motor vehicles, bicycles, or walking as their mode of transport to work or other activities. This fact was also the subject of our research based on the analysis of data on public passenger rail transport in the individual regions of the Slovak Republic and based on data analysis performed, also in urban transport in the city of Žilina. Mobility in the city was investigated and analysed based on detailed monitoring of the use of the means of transport on a specific trolleybus line No. 67, where a hybrid trolleybus Škoda 26TrA Solaris was deployed. It was found out that the impact of the pandemic and the adoption of restrictive measures to prevent the spread of the disease significantly affected this trolleybus line, where, depending on the extent of the measures taken, the occupancy of the trolleybus fluctuated by up to 60 % in specific months compared to the standard period of use of this means of transport.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Requirements for Public Mass Transport During the COVID-19 Pandemic<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In today’s rapidly changing business environment, it is important for a company to succeed. This applies to companies that produce goods as well as to those that provide services, and public transport is not different. Nowadays, people prefer individual transport. In the Slovak Republic, individual transport is perceived as an expression of personal prestige and freedom. On the other hand, however, it places a heavy burden on road infrastructure and has a great impact on the environment. In this paper, the authors aim to present the information obtained through a questionnaire survey focused on customer satisfaction and preferences in public mass transport in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. As part of the statistical evaluation, the interdependence of two quantitative variables (ownership of a passenger car versus the purpose of the public mass transport customer’s trip) will be observed. Based on the research results, customer requirements and preferences were summarized and can be used by management of companies as a valuable basis for managerial decision-making and communication towards customers.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of the Impact of Transport Performance on the Economy of Particular Area<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Transport is one of the most important economic sectors in the world. It is a fundamental and important element of a country’s GDP. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is considered one of the most important indicators of economic performance of a country. GDP can be compiled for both a country and a region. Changes in technology and economic structure of the production system of an area are the central issues of long-term economic growth according to the increase in the gross value added of a region. In this paper, the authors focus on finding out how the development of road freight transport performance affects the economy of a region. At the same time, they try to answer the question to what extent transport regulation can influence the economic development of an area. The research is mainly focused on EU policies aimed at regulating road freight transport.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of Timetables on the Prague – Bratislava / Vienna and Rail Transport Route in the Post-Pandemic Period<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the demand for public passenger transport has decreased significantly in many European countries since March 2020. Due to several measures and restrictions adopted, this decrease was particularly pronounced in international long-distance transport due to several restrictions and measures adopted. A significant decrease in demand could also be observed on the international rail transport route Bratislava / Vienna – Prague in the form of the decline in the number of transported passengers on this railway line. Therefore, it is very important and necessary to propose various measures to increase the demand and achieve a significant long-term increase in the number of passengers in long-distance rail transport not only on the mentioned transport route. This paper analyses the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on passenger transport usage frequency and proposes solutions to improve the quality of the timetables. It deals with the long-term and systematic concept of international long-distance passenger rail transport on the Prague – Bratislava / Vienna and back in the post-pandemic period. For this purpose, specific scientific methods are selected, which can be applied in order to rationalize and optimize train timetables.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue