rss_2.0Miscellanea Geographica FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Miscellanea Geographica Geographica Feed, based on remote sensing analysis, using artificially enhanced satellite data<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This study aims to identify areas that present similar spectral characteristics to collected rock samples through the use of satellite imagery and spectral analysis. The results indicate that pixels marked in the satellite images exhibit similarities to the spectral characteristics of the samples. Misclassified objects or areas may be included in the results due to mixed pixels and spatial resolution limitations. The similarities identified could result from the region’s mineral composition of building materials, bare land, or dry vegetation. The averaged spectral curve patterns of the samples show similarity overall, but they are not identical, as reflected by the tenth quantile of the similarity coefficient. This research provides a valuable support tool for preliminary geological assessment, and information relating to vast and challenging-to-access parts of prospective areas for further investigation.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue – the assessment of the conversation with ChatGPT<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>ChatGPT, along with its applications, possibilities, limitations and future development, is currently one of the most often discussed topics worldwide. One of the issues raised in those discussions is its ethically questionable role in science and education.</p> <p>The goal of this paper is to assess the accuracy and correctness of the responses given by ChatGPT, using climate change in Poland as an example. Eight questions related to this topic were posed to ChatGPT, and each answer was subsequently verified and assigned a grade on a scale of 0–10. The overall grade obtained was 3.8, indicating that only 30–40% of the information provided by ChatGPT was accurate. This poor result can be attributed to fake references, inaccurate data, overgeneralizations and simplification. Nevertheless, with proper training and development, ChatGPT has tremendous potential to serve as a valuable tool for ethically sound applications in the field of science.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of peasant communities: an analysis of two rural areas in the department of Boyacá, Colombia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The analysis of the livelihoods and the empowerment of rural communities has become one of the main strategies for characterising and studying rural communities, even more so when, in different parts of the world, these communities are strongly affected by the dynamics of politics and economics. The research aims to analyse the livelihoods and empowerment of two rural communities in the department of Boyacá in Colombia. To this purpose, two communities were chosen, one each from the municipalities of Ventaquemada and Jericó. A case study method was applied, with information being collected through semi-structured interviews with 24 family units. The results allowed significant differences to be found in the progress of the development of livelihoods, which was mainly associated with natural capital. In addition, it was also possible to distinguish differential features between the two study areas, which were associated with the social, economic, and physical environment, and therefore determined the degree of empowerment of family unit members in following a productive vocation in the rural sector.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue impact craters on Earth<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Impact craters are formed by collisions of cosmic bodies moving with hypervelocity. The formation of these features is not restricted to the distant geological past; new structures are constantly being created and at least 13 confirmed impact craters and crater fields have formed during the Holocene alone. This short review paper: (1) introduces the basics of the impact cratering process to physical geographers and Quaternary geologists; (2) provides a short description of representative examples of such features (Morasko, Kaali, Kamil, Ilumetsa); and (3) discusses the similarities and differences among very small craters, and contrasts these with larger impact structures. This manuscript may be useful to researchers planning to test whether a small Quaternary depression in the ground may be of impact origin.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue The Dependence of European Economies on Imports of Fuels from Russia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>International relations (including those revolving around economic cooperation between states, or the economic dependence of one state on another) actually entail the development of a concept of power and its efficacy, interlinkage, and a systemic configuration. Geography’s input is, then, to place these issues within the space of economic activity and life, linking these to an analysis of resources. Geography also provides for the construction of models for the spatial relations between different actors. In turn, analysis from a geopolitical point of view, inter alia, involves itself in the study of dependency and power through reference to relations which entail domination, the exerting of influence, independence or mutual dependence, territorial integrity, development, political and social stability, and security (<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="j_mgrsd-2023-0014_ref_004">Dallanegra Pedraza 2010</xref>). Then there are the issues concerning the use of natural resources, as these affect relations between states, thus representing research topics for geography. Through the analysis of the interactions between variables which recall the aforesaid relations, it has here proved possible to construct models describing, or helping to account for, present-day world relations, characterised by dependence on fossil fuels (as raw materials supplying energy) which originate in Russia. This process makes use of available statistical data and reports, including ENERDATA 2021 and Key World Energy Statistics 2021, from the US Energy Information Administration (EIA).</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue in Poland based on SYNOP reports and PERUN lightning detection system<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The research presents a comparison between two methods which are used to identify days on which there are thunderstorms (TDs) in Poland. SYNOP and PERUN lightning network data from the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management (IMGW-PIB) for the period 2002–2020 were used to determine and compare the changes in the number of TDs. To determine the number of TDs using the PERUN data, an appropriate method needed to be created which would allow for the closest possible reference to human perception in relation to lightning. A buffer with a radius of 15 km was used, and TDs were counted when there was at least one flash within the buffer circle. Measurements performed by observers are sometimes not homogeneous and are prone to errors, and thus underestimate the actual number of TDs. As a result of the analysis, the average number of TDs in Poland was found to be 26 (SYNOP) and 30 (PERUN) per year.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue logics and gender inequalities through the financialization of housing<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This study aims to examine the current knowledge about the relationships between financialization, housing issues, patriarchal logic, and gender inequalities to identify gaps in knowledge, which, in turn, can be considered as topics of scientific interest for future research. To this end, the study provides an exhaustive review of current academic debate regarding the abovementioned topics from the perspectives of critical urban geography, urban political economy, sociology, and gender and feminist studies. This study points out that the patriarchal roots of the financialization of housing originate from the exclusion of housing from the social provision and from its conversion to a financial asset, subordinating its use value to its exchange value. This logic strengthens gender inequalities in the form of women facing a higher debt burden to pay for housing, an increase in their unpaid reproductive labor and salaried labor, and the reinforcement of the gendered division of labor.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Analysis of Generation Z’s social awareness of sustainable development in Poland<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Nowadays, the pace of social and economic development is constantly growing, which has led to many negative effects. In order to stop this negative impact, reference should be made to the assumptions of sustainable development (SD), and young people – Generation Z – should be considered its main promoters. The main objective of this article is to present Generation Z’s perception of sustainable development in Poland. A Computer-assisted web interviewing survey (CAWI, N=1172) was conducted to understand the basic demographics, general issues, SD in a daily context, and SD-related knowledge in 936 cities of Poland. The results have shown that Generation Z in Poland recognises the social and inclusive role of SD. Cost of commodities, social disparities and conflict, and disrupted economic growth were identified as the emerging challenges for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Polish cities.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue on the dynamics of foredune growth (Łeba Barrier, south Baltic Sea coast, Poland)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>There are many factors controlling the aeolian sand transport rate on the beach and thus, variation in rates can impact foredune development. This study analyses coastline orientation as one such factor. The research was conducted at two sites on the Łeba Barrier, south Baltic Sea coast, Poland, located 4.2 km apart and which differed in coastline orientation by 20°. Based on wind data the potential aeolian sand transport rate for the period 2006–2017 was calculated. It appeared that taking into account the coastline orientation, the landward sand transport strongly exceeded the seaward and alongshore transport at one site, whereas the other site was dominated by alongshore sand transport. Topographic surveys carried out every 6 months showed that net sand deposition within the foredune at the coast dominated by landward transport was two and a half times greater than at the other site and resulted in significant dune growth.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue competitiveness in the face of climate change<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper identifies the most influential factors in shaping the climate change competitiveness of the EU regions. We conducted multiple linear regression, geographically weighted regression and polynomial best subset regression analysis to explore the variability in regional competitiveness by economic, environmental, social, innovative and technological factors. The results of the study provide rigorously tested and evidence-based insights into the most instrumental factors shaping climate change competitiveness of the EU regions. The findings revealed that the most affected factors were the number of cooling and heating days, CO emissions, e-banking, digital skills, urbanisation levels and access to technology. On the contrary, the levels of migration and of international scientific publications turned out to be minor. The authors believe that this article highlights several interesting findings and new incentives for further research and discussion regarding regional competitiveness in the face of climate change.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue iron spherules as a trace of metallurgical activity in Old-Polish Industrial District river valleys<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In the last few centuries, a metallurgical industry based on forges driven by water wheels developed in many European valleys. One such area is the Old-Polish Industrial District (OPID) in Central Poland, which is one of the largest of this type of industrial center. Metallurgical activity developed here from the Prehistoric to modern times. The transformation of metallurgical technology led to the collapse of production, and the ongoing renaturation obliterated most of the traces of former industrial activity. The Magnetic Spherule Separation method used so far in Western Europe, and recently in Poland, has been able to detect traces of former metallurgical activity preserved in alluvium. Fluvial deposits contain microscopic, perfectly spherical iron hammerscales formed during metallurgical production. The results of the study of the alluvium of selected rivers in the OPID indicate the presence of iron spherules of various origin and facies in the sediments of the floodplain, which accumulated during the period of metallurgical activity and were redeposited in modern times. This allows us to estimate, among other things, the age, rate of accumulation and impact of anthropopressure on sedimentation conditions.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue analysis of TripAdvisor reviews<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article aims to (1) identify guests’ memorable experiences based on reviews posted on TripAdvisor, (2) identify the differences in memorable experiences due to hotel location, evaluation on TripAdvisor and consumer sentiment. The study used quantitative methods: text mining, topic modelling, and sentiment analysis. All reviews (n = 34,992) for all Warsaw hotels included on TripAdvisor (N = 99) were analysed. Seven topics of memorable experiences were identified via Latent Dirichlet Allocation analysis: five were very positive and two very negative. The content analysis of those topics allowed us to extract six positive factors which include: (1) view from the floor, (2) hotel staff and service, (3) breakfast and restaurant, (4) location and atmosphere, (5) pool, lounge, gym and spa, (6) price (value for money), as well as two negative factors: (1) noise at night, (2) booking and check-in. In addition, it was found that memorable hotel experiences differ depending on the location of the hotel in the city.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue after two decades of Central European unification. What matters?<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article deals with the border effect phenomenon affecting the mobility of inhabitants in border regions. It aims to identify the determinants of the border effect in transport at the municipal level, considering the distance from the border, the populations and the characteristics of the closest bordering country. The survey in the Czech Republic eventually involved 675 representatives of municipalities who answered questions on inter-municipal mobility. The results confirmed that the most substantial handicap was population size, with small populations corresponding to the limited use of public transport when travelling beyond a given border. The results confirmed that the characteristics of the state or region that shares the border must be considered when assessing border regions. Therefore, the solution to the problems of individual border regions cannot be viewed with a single instrument. It is necessary to consider substantial differences resulting from the economic level of neighbouring countries.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and temporal analysis of artificial light pollution of the city night sky. A case study from Toruń<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Artificial light pollution of the night sky over urban areas and in their immediate vicinity has become a common anthropogenic phenomenon and a major problem of the modern urban landscape. It is no longer only scientists or environmentalists, but increasingly ordinary citizens too, who perceive a decline in the quality of the night sky and suffer the health consequences of this systematically aggravating process. In order to observe the naturally starry sky, it is now necessary to travel to places far away, not only from large conurbations, but also from smaller human settlements. In order for there to be an improvement in the level of night sky pollution, it is necessary to monitor the phenomenon, provide targeted education and take systemic countermeasures to reduce its negative effects in time and space. Several interdisciplinary research groups and non-governmental organisations around the world conduct research on light pollution. In Toruń, the first measurements of this phenomenon were carried out in 2017 using handheld SQM devices, and a wireless automatic network monitoring the state of the city’s night sky has been developed since 2020. This paper presents the results of the analysis of measurement data recorded during the two-year operational operation of the monitoring network. The conducted measurements provided data to analyse the seasonal variability of the phenomenon, as well as to perform selected spatial analyses within the city limits. The results obtained were related to the results of measurements made outside human settlements, which made it possible to determine the variation of sky brightness in a gradient of decreasing human impact.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue foods in the tourism value chain: the case of Hazelnut of Brunyola<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper aims to analyse the participation of a local product in the tourism value chain, from the supply perspective. Based on a qualitative case study, interviews were carried out with hazelnut producers from Brunyola, in Girona, north-eastern Catalonia. The results showed the influences of internal and external factors, such as climate change, on the present and future conditions of the value chain in the context of food tourism management and marketing. Stronger collaboration between public and private stakeholders would help the producers face the challenges of the transforming hazelnuts, and the region, into a tourist attraction.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Environmental Dimension of City Dwellers’ Quality of Life and the City’s Social and Spatial Variability<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The purpose of this paper is to attempt an analysis of the environmental dimension of the quality of life using quantitative surveys conducted among residents of Gdansk. In the paper, we make reference to the theoretical assumptions ensuing from the concept of a comprehensive and integrated approach to the development of the urban environment, whilst noting the profound impact humans bring to their evaluation of the environmental components. The paper focuses primarily on the inhabitants’ attitudes to the environmental values of their place of residence in relation to things such as the condition and accessibility of green areas, air quality, potable water quality and noise intensity. The surveys indicate that views on the city’s environmental values are determined by numerous factors, such as the city’s territorial structure (districts) and its demographic structure (sex, age), and psychosocial features, such as a subjective sense of mental well-being.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue residents’ opinions about second home owners: Does the spatial arrangement of a village matter?<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In the sustainable development of rural tourism, great emphasis is put on protecting the quality of life of local communities in environmental, economic and socio-cultural aspects. The phenomenon of tourist enclaves, a classic example of which are closed tourist resorts in developing countries, is indicated as a significant threat to the quality of life of such communities. In this article, we decided to apply the concept of tourist enclaves to the spatial development of second home tourism in peripheral areas (East Poland). The main goal of the study was to investigate the extent to which the spatial layout of tourist villages influences the activities shared and the intensity of social contact between residents and second homes owners, as well as the quality of relations between them. The results indicate significant differences between villages comprising different spatial arrangements.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue influence of the Crown of Polish Mountains on the attitudes of its ascensionists<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of this article is to identify the changes in the (intra- and interpersonal) attitudes of experienced travellers after climbing the highest peaks of the 28 mountain ranges in Poland. The survey was conducted on 617 members of the Club of the Ascensionists of the Crown of Polish Mountains. The respondents provided subjective evaluations of the changes in their attitudes (in nine proposed areas) that resulted from regular mountain hikes. The obtained results demonstrated a significant improvement in the practical skills related to mountain climbing, which was greater than the change in attitudes to other people and the physical condition of the respondents. The most significant changes concerned knowledge of Polish mountains, ability to plan trips, and persistence in pursuing goals. Statistically significant differences were also found between the ages, genders, and frequency of trips (in particular in reference.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue changements dans la mise en valeur touristique de la région de Mazurie. Exemple des gminas de Mikołajki et Piecki in the Heavy Metal Content in River Alluvia of Lower Vistula during the Last 100 Years