rss_2.0Miscellanea Geographica FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Miscellanea Geographica Geographica 's Cover in circulation conditions over southern Poland for the period 1874–2020<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The study presents the long-term and annual trends in atmospheric circulation over southern Poland for the period 1874–2020. The analysis takes into account both the type of atmospheric circulation, and the types of air mass and atmospheric fronts. The study showed that there has been a noticeable decrease in the frequency of anticyclonic types of circulation and of air advection from the west and east, and a slight increase in advection from the south, as well as the presence of anticyclonic centres and cyclonic troughs. The research also found considerable changes in the frequency of the presence of polar air and of stationary and occluded fronts, as well as of days with several fronts moving over the study area.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-08-31T00:00:00.000+00:00 Poland seen by Rudolf Kjellén<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Rudolf Kjellén (1864–1922) discusses the birth, death, and possible rebirth of the state as a ‘living organism’. His concept of <italic>the nation</italic>, based on Renan, as a voluntary community is linked to the attainment of statehood. Poland is an example in this discussion, beginning in his book <italic>Stormakterna</italic> – The Great Powers – in 1905, with the nation under subjugation by three of these powers, continuing with his <italic>Staten som lifsform</italic> in 1916 where the possibility of rebirth is in sight, and finalized in 1920 in questioning the future of the world geopolitical order. His writings also include statements on the vulnerability of borders, the need for domestic autarky, and, on the problems of territorial autonomy, discussions of importance for the post-World War I geopolitical history of Poland; but these have mostly been neglected by post-World War II discourses. The aim of this article is to analyse how Poland's geopolitical situation is reflected in the viewpoints of Rudolf Kjellén against the background of the historical, spatial development of the Polish state and Polish ethnicity.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-31T00:00:00.000+00:00 in the Time of a New Hundred Years’ War: 1914–2022 and Beyond’s changing geostrategic posture<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper analyzes Israel’s changing understanding of its geostrategic posture from its establishment in 1948 to the current era. It starts by reviewing traditional Israeli geostrategic ideas and their implementation, mostly, as reflected in the nation’s national security doctrine. The paper then investigates the effect of Israel’s territorial expansion after 1967 on Israeli ideas about geostrategy. Finally, the paper shows how changing global, regional, and technological variables in the last two decades have transformed how Israeli elites understand their geostrategic realities and how they allocate resources in response to these changing conditions.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-31T00:00:00.000+00:00 and its undisturbed forefield relief, Eastern Pamir, Tajikistan<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The surge-type Uisu glacier and its forefield in the Tajik part of Eastern Pamir are described. To this end, 1977–2019 Landsat satellite imagery, the DEM, and a high-resolution orthophotomap were used, and detailed geomorphological mapping was carried out. The results show that the present-day position of the terminus of the studied glacier results from a surge that occurred before 1947. Currently, the glacier is losing mass. However, despite the visible characteristics of its thawing, the extent of the terminal zone has remained stable for several decades. Outside the glacier, there are no glacial landforms. This indicates that advances of surging glaciers may not create any surge-diagnostic features in their forefields. On the other hand, the genesis and interactions of landforms can reveal glacier surge, even in the absence of terminal and lateral glacial landforms.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-31T00:00:00.000+00:00 Linking People and Landscape for Spatial Planning<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of the study was to develop a low-cost method for tourism opportunity spectrum evaluation in rural landscapes. The method uses the geographic information system (GIS) for spatial analysis of the problem. Open source materials are used in the evaluation. Three principal indices derived from spatial data are evaluated: attraction index, view index, and access index. These form the basis for tourism suitability and opportunity spectrum evaluation. The analysis is realized for two types of tourists: those using cars, and hikers. The method permits the current state of tourism to be identified, and points out possible ways for further development as well as identifying valuable but overexploited zones which should be conserved. The obtained results can improve the sustainable management of landscapes and enhance the profits of rural areas.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-29T00:00:00.000+00:00 Using the Example of the Odessa Region<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article analyzes the recreational potential of the Odessa region with the implementation of recreational zoning. The evaluation of the recreational potential proposed is based on selected indicators, reflecting the presence of certain recreational resources in the Odessa region, which is located on the Ukrainian Black Sea coast. The zoning of the geosystem of the territories is carried out by combining several tools and methods according to the indicators of the recreational potential identified in the corresponding zones. Based on the assessment results completed in 2019, the territorial units were grouped into the recreational areas proposed according to their suitability for the main recreation functions. The results obtained identify five recreational zones in the Odessa region with the most promising strategy for recreational use. This will become the basis for developing priority strategies for investing into the recreational sphere and determining the types and objects of investment.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-29T00:00:00.000+00:00 as a problem for European integration<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>European integration is obviously impeded by the national and nation-state idea that is still vigorous and motivates European Union (EU) member states’ refusals to cede powers to the EU or subnational levels. Recent events like the global economic crisis, the Euro crisis, the migration crisis and the coronavirus pandemic have, however, demonstrated that it is not just the national idea and the nation state that appear to seriously hinder further integration, but that fundamental differences in cultural attitudes in different parts of Europe are also responsible. They can be traced back to earlier periods of history and a Europe that consisted of parts with very divergent economic, social and political attitudes. These disparities are difficult to equalize. The article highlights Europe's major cultural differentiation processes in history, hints at their current traces in economic, social and political attitudes and relates those attitudes to problems in European integration.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-04T00:00:00.000+00:00 of Island States through National Anthems: Celebrating Deity, Identity, Landscapes and Unity<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>National anthems, along with the national flag, stamps and monuments, are important features of a state’s identity. The lyrics and music instill patriotism and nationalism on holidays, at sporting events, and in children at school. This study examines the lyrics of 42 Caribbean, Pacific, African, Asian and European island state anthems to identify patterns and themes. While word frequencies differ between the regions, dominant themes reflect unity, hope, a spiritual/divine heritage, home and homeland, and pleasant environmental settings. Themes reflecting times of strife, struggles and conflict are also evident.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-23T00:00:00.000+00:00 by pork-barrel mayors: evidence from a transition economy<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The focus of this study is electoral accounting practices employed by mayors in municipalities in a selected, exemplary region in a post-socialist country – the Lodz region in Central Poland. The goal is to identify characteristics of pork-barrel mayors responsible for municipal investment expenditures: their terms of office, partisan affiliation, and gender. The generalised method of moments was applied to estimate the impact that the electoral accounting practices of mayors had on municipal investment expenditures. All 177 municipalities in the Lodz region were investigated, from 2003 until 2019. Contrary to expectations, it was found that electoral accounting was practised by next-term and independent mayors rather than first-term or party-affiliated ones.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-29T00:00:00.000+00:00 in mountainous catchments<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In the study, hydrological drought was identified assuming that the occurrence of river low-flow is a symptom of drought, and is also a good estimator of its progress. The research was conducted in the upper Dunajec river catchment, for which a series of daily discharges from 20 gauging stations during the period 1989–2018 were available. The low-flow periods were identified on the basis of the Threshold Level Method, which corresponds to the seventieth percentile of the flow duration curve. On the basis of a developed algorithm, 41 drought events were identified. Analysis included spatial parameters referring to range, severity, concentration, continuation, and the development pace of hydrological drought. Finally, on the basis of cluster analysis, five dynamic types of hydrological drought were identified.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-29T00:00:00.000+00:00 who benefitted from the record increase in turnout?<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>One of the main factors that determines voter turnout is the mobilisation of the constituency of a given party compared with that of its opponents. The turnout in the 2019 European Parliament election in Poland was twice what it had been in previous years, and the result was forecast accordingly. The media initially reported that the victorious PiS had benefitted from new votes. The present article shows that drilling down to the lowest level of administrative unit (viz. the gmina) actually reveals a negative correlation between higher frequency and increased support for PiS in many cases. This implies that PiS did not win solely as a result of new voters being mobilised, but also, and perhaps predominantly, because KE voters switched their allegiance to PiS. Many new voters actually voted for the opposition.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-16T00:00:00.000+00:00 of public value capture and developer obligations in Polish urban development<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>As many countries pursue private financing for urban public infrastructure, the tools for public value capture (PVC) gain prominence. This paper analyses Polish PVC tools in general, and spotlights a specific type: developer obligations (DOs). The authors conclude that the tools are ineffective for a series of reasons: negligence in the elaboration of pragmatic rationales (to mitigate the negative impacts of urban development), a lack of feasible (affordable) coercive land policy tools, and legislation (which puts Poland in sharp contrast to other countries) that prohibits municipalities from requiring DOs in exchange for approval of a land-use plan or planning permit, as well as the general ban on securing such obligations in a planning agreement (except for specific situations introduced by recent laws that have not yet been applied). As a consequence, new urban development in Poland neither includes sufficient urban public infrastructure, nor does it provide for social/affordable housing.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-01-31T00:00:00.000+00:00 a review of potentials in the polish context<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article presents selected issues within the field of space syntax, its theoretical assumptions, and application possibilities, taking into account, especially, works in the field of social and economic geography, and spatial management. The article attempts to present Polish works in the field of space syntax as related to the wider spectrum of its global applications. In Poland, the theory and research tools of space syntax are rarely used. It appears that there are two factors that influence the current marginalisation of space syntax. The first one is the relative complexity of the research procedure, which requires knowledge of specialist computer software. The second arises directly from the fact that, in reality, only occasional use of space syntax tools has been attempted within the Polish arena. This determines the actual lack of a native space syntax community that would support subsequent researchers who are ready to conduct such studies.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-01-31T00:00:00.000+00:00 in the application of geographical names of the tepuis on the borderlands of Guyana and Venezuela and a clarification of the location of Waukauyengtipu and Cerro Venamo<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>A review of recent publications concerning the South American Pantepui biogeographic region revealed recurring mistakes in the naming of several table mountains (known locally as ‘tepui’, ‘tipu’ or ‘tepuy’) located around the Guyana-Venezuela border, close to the transection of the so-called Schomburgk Line and the course of Rio Venamo. The mistakes are believed to have arisen and have been repeated as a result of a noticeable scarcity of detailed maps of the region, its short history of exploration and ongoing inaccessibility.</p> <p>An extensive analysis of modern satellite data and records of past research expeditions, supplemented by first-hand observations and assessment made during an expedition to Waukauyengtipu in the Cuyuni-Mazaruni Region in Guyana in January 2019, are used to clarify the nomenclatural confusion regarding the tepuis of the area. We determine that the tepuis known as Cerro Venamo and Waukauyengtipu should be treated as separate and distinct geographic formations.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-02T00:00:00.000+00:00 to workplaces and working-age population by means of public and private car transport in Szczecin<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Commuting to work is one of the key motivations for people to move around cities or other regions. For the purpose of this study, the city of Szczecin in Poland has been selected, where the modal division of transport includes public transport (bus, tram) and private transport (car). The maps present the spatial distribution of citizens within a working area as well as precise locations of workplaces registered in the REGON database. The main objective of this study is to analyse the potential accessibility of workplaces and the working-age population of the city using the abovementioned modes of transport, and to indicate the places less accessible by public transport and car for commuting purposes. The study presented herein is based on data from 2018. The calculated average accessibility by different means of public and private transport as well as the potential accessibility quotient are presented in the form of box plots.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-01-31T00:00:00.000+00:00 for geohistorical records’ editing: a case study of the works of Karol Perthées<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of the paper is to propose a data model for editing historical records using the example of Karol Perthées’ works from the late 18th century. These consist of cartographic sketches, elaborated on the basis of parochial questionnaires and the maps of palatinates of the Crown, which are at a scale of 1:225,000. The model links the advantages of direct source data representation with scalability and flexibility features, which provide analytical possibilities. The sketches are indexed using the INDXR application and the structure of the model reflects the structure of the source. The maps were analyzed in a GIS environment, but no georeferencing was performed. The data collected separately as symbols and annotations were treated independently and were linked via features. The model is illustrated by a preliminary study of materials covering the area of the Zemborzyce parish near Lublin.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-01-31T00:00:00.000+00:00Macropolization in the People’s Republic of China, 1950–2015<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This article concerns the process of population concentration in large urban centres in China. The authors conclude that this process is reflected in the increase in the number of cities of a million or more, and the increase in their share of China’s total population, as well as in the country’s total urban population; the process is here termed ‘macropolization’. We analyse and assess the process of macropolization and examine changes in the size structures of these cities (one million or more), and the accompanying transformation in the spatial differentiation of urban population concentrations in China. In addition, the effect that macropolization has on the level of urbanization of individual provinces is shown, as is its significance in the overall share of urban population. The macropolization process from 1950 to 2015 has been assessed. The data was collected from Chinese statistical offices, United Nations reports and the available literature on the subject.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-07-31T00:00:00.000+00:00Winter UTCI variability in Poland in the 21st century<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The study analyses spatial and temporal variability of the UTCI index during winter seasons in Poland in the 21st century. The most frequent UTCI thermal stress category was moderate cold stress with a frequency varying from 45.8% in Łeba (Coastal region) to 66.1% in Zielona Góra (Central region). In mountain areas, this class was less frequent (7.312.3%). The second most frequent class was strong cold stress with values from 11.1% in Zakopane (Carpathian region) to 43.4% in Suwałki (North-East region). In mountain areas, very strong cold stress and extreme cold stress occurred frequently (25.0-35.5% and 17.7-52.0%, respectively). Few cases of extreme cold stress were observed on other Polish stations. Thermoneutral zone was not recorded in the mountain area, although on other Polish stations its frequency ranged from 0.1% in Chojnice, Suwałki and Białystok located in northern part of Poland to 4.3% in Zakopane (Carpathian region).</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-07-31T00:00:00.000+00:00Bioclimatic conditions of Lublin based on the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI)<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The objective of this paper is to describe bioclimatic conditions in Lublin and Radawiec in the period 1976–2015 using the UTCI index. The paper shows that in Lublin and Radawiec, the most frequent biometeorological conditions caused no heat stress and were neutral for the human organism. At the analysed stations, biometeorological conditions causing cold stress occurred more frequently than those causing heat stress. Biometeorological conditions in the analysed period were characterised by high year-to-year variability. We observed that in recent years there was an increase in frequency of conditions favouring heat stress and a decrease in conditions favouring cold stress.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-07-31T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1