rss_2.0Management Systems in Production Engineering FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Management Systems in Production Engineering Systems in Production Engineering 's Cover Waste Identification in Higher Education Institution Using Waste Assessment Model<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Lean is a philosophy that is seen as a solution to resolve the problem of efficiency in various industries. It can be used to eliminate all forms of waste in the workplace. The implementation of lean is not only applied in manufacturing but is very important to be applied in other fields, such as in Higher Education Institution. Studies on the topic of lean in the workplace have been carried out, but most of the study has been conducted within a manufacturing context. This study aims to determine the type of waste that is most important to be eliminated first by using the Waste Assessment Model and find the root of the waste problem. This study developed the relationship between waste and find out the effect of waste on each other in Higher Education Institution that focused on teaching and learning process. The steps of this study consist of three-step, such as waste identification, waste assessment, and root cause analysis. From data collection show that there are 46 forms of waste in the teaching and learning process. The results of the Waste Relationship Matrix showed three types of waste must be removed first, namely overproduction, defects, and non-utilized talents. 5-Why’s is used to find out the root causes of waste which is the most important to be eliminated first in the teaching and learning process.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-13T00:00:00.000+00:00The Implementation of the Conjunction of Lean Six Sigma and Industry 4.0: A Case Study in the Czech Republic<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>As advanced technologies are becoming a natural part of the industrial environment, the influence of these technologies on organizational practices is becoming more expanding. In this paper, an attempt was made to understand the conjunction of Lean Six Sigma and Industry 4.0. The study was conducted in the Czech Republic and qualitative data was gathered from 10 companies. The information on the benefits, weaknesses and challenges of the conjunction was summarized. For the research purposes literature review and qualitative analysis were performed. It was found out that, although the conjunction is connected with challenges, the perspectives are beneficial for industrial companies. The data generated also allowed to introduce the readiness assessment model for the implementation of the conjunction based on 4 categories: technological, managerial, financial and human. This information could be used for theoretical and practical purposes for the creation of a successful Lean Six Sigma pattern in Industry 4.0.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Accuracy of Hourly Demand Forecasting of Micro Mobility for Effective Rebalancing Strategies<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The imbalance in bike-sharing systems between supply and demand is significant. Therefore, these systems need to relocate bikes to meet customer needs. The objective of this research is to increase the efficiency of bike-sharing systems regarding rebalancing problems. The prediction of the demand for bike sharing can enhance the efficiency of a bike-sharing system for the operation process of rebalancing in terms of the information used in planning by proposing an evaluation of algorithms for forecasting the demand for bikes in a bike-sharing network. The historical, weather and holiday data from three distinct databases are used in the dataset and three fundamental prediction models are adopted and compared. In addition, statistical approaches are included for selecting variables that improve the accuracy of the model. This work proposes the accuracy of different models of artificial intelligence techniques to predict the demand for bike sharing. The results of this research will assist the operators of bike-sharing companies in determining data concerning the demand for bike sharing to plan for the future. Thus, these data can contribute to creating appropriate plans for managing the rebalancing process.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Open Innovation Strategies and SMEs’ Performance: The Mediating Role of Eco-Innovation in Environmental Uncertainty<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The current increasing topic around empirical study is environmental issues. Several previous studies examined how open innovation strategies could affect eco-innovation amid research debates about environmental conservation in corporate innovation. This study aims to prove the effect of open innovation strategies on creating eco-innovation to affect SMEs’ sustainable competitive advantage and performance empirically. This study developed and empirically tested the mediating role of eco-innovation on sustainable competitive advantage and performance. A quantitative approach in testing the empirical research model was implemented. A total of 223 SMEs in the batik sector in Yogyakarta were examined. We used purposive sampling approach to select the research sample. The criteria used in the sampling is SMEs batik which has been operating for three years or more. The results revealed that open innovation strategies significantly positively affected eco-innovation while eco-innovation significantly positively affected competitive advantage and SMEs performance. Environmental uncertainty strengthened the eco-innovation relationship on competitive advantage, but not on the SMEs’ performance.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Shopfloor Management – A Tool of Lean Management<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Lean management is an approach to continuous process optimisation. The methodology involves the entire value chain. The individual links are made more efficient and thus leaner. The main goal of lean management is to use various lean methods, procedures and thinking principles to coordinate all processes and activities in such a way that any kind of waste along the value chain is avoided in a holistic production system. This would result in the following main difficulties: Transporting information quickly and purposefully to the right places in the company. This is where the lean tool of shopfloor Management (SFM) comes into its own. The shopfloor board is the communication platform of SFM. Shopfloor takes place very close to the employees in a direct interaction between employees and managers. Staff are directly involved in the process and should and can contribute their own approaches to solutions. The article provides an overview of the structure of shopfloor management (SFM) and proves that the goals set by the introduction itself – namely the optimised flow of information in the company with the involvement of all employees – are achieved through shopfloor Management. The method of a structured interview with 63 respondents is used to obtain data.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Cognitive Technologies – Are We in Danger of Humanizing Machines and Dehumanizing Humans?<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The purpose of this article is to introduce some of the problems arising from the rapid development and raising the status of machines and the increasing disregard for human rights in the context of the use of cognitive technologies. Cognitive technologies are highly acclaimed and are being introduced into almost all aspects of life, especially in business. The article asks the question of whether the use of these technologies leads to a gradual humanization of machines while dehumanizing humans. The article is purely theoretical and based on a literature study of selected bibliographic items. On the basis of the analyzed texts an attempt was made to introduce the concept of artificial intelligence, cognitive technologies and algorithms. It also attempts to diagnose the state of work on the regulation of the legal situation related to the development of artificial intelligence and cognitive technologies, as well as the status of robots. The philosophical concept of dehumanization and its selected examples are also outlined. The discussion leads to the conclusion that the pace of development of cognitive technologies, overtaking the human ability to comprehend them, poses a threat of machines getting out of human control.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Building Resilience Attributes of Supply Chains from the Perspective of their Types<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>We are currently dealing with disruptions in supply chains. They come from faulty production systems, in poor organization of distribution processes or are related to external factors, often unseen. Consequently, it is necessary to build resistant chains. This article discusses this topic in the context of the basic types of supply chains, i.e. agile, lean and green. The aim of the study was to assess the types of chains in which the tested production entities are embedded and check if the proposed models of building resilience take this into account. The reason this should be investigated further, is to indicate relationships in areas that are rarely captured in research models. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used in the work. Interviews were conducted in over seventy subjects and a critical analysis of the literature on model of resilient supply chains was performed. As a result of the work undertaken, it can be concluded, inter alia, that in the economic reality, there are hybrid chains in which the characteristics of pro-saving chains prevail. It was also established that the proposed research models for resilient chains should take into account, to greater extent, accents compatible with the nature of the chains occurring an economic reality. It is also necessary to extend their content to include pro-environmental components. At the same time, it is not unequivocal that the chains with the advantage of agility-related attributes are more resistant than the chains in which the greater concentration is attributed to the attributes of lean or green chains. Determining this requires further research.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-13T00:00:00.000+00:00The New Model of the Engineering Education Using Digitalization and Innovative Methods<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The sustainability of engineering education depends on a strategic vision in university education. The strategic vision of education at technical universities is orientated to knowledge, digitization, online education, innovative methods in education, all forms of Management and business education platform. The main goal of this article is the creation of the model of engineering education at the technical university based on synergy effect of the economic subjects of study, digitalization, all forms of management, and innovative didactic methods with direction to future education. In this research we realized project “Student firms” by using digitalization, e-learning approach in education and connecting all form of management as in business environment. Results of the implemented “Student Firms” project at the university recorded benefits in improving students’ key competencies, soft skills, social competencies, financial, economic competencies, and their impact on the level of evaluation of subjects of study. The output of the research was the design of a model of engineering education at the university. This model can be a tool for making changes in education at university for his sustainability in the future.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Cognitive Technologies in Smart City Services as the Future in Strategic Management of Cities<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The purpose of this paper is to indicate the possibility of applying cognitive technologies in smart city services and analyze their impact on strategic management in the city. The subject of this study is the use of cognitive technologies in big data as one of the tools of smart city. The study also identifies the risks that may occur when using modern technologies at the local level. At the same time, it refers to features that can provide a form of safeguards for an individual’s rights and freedoms. This article also covers legal issues that affect the use of cognitive technologies in local government units. This paper indicates that the challenge that local governments should now meet is to build a Smart Sustainable City. Implementation of modern solutions should strive to improve the lives of all residents and thus prevent the exclusion of social groups or individuals.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Ethical and Ecological Dilemmas of Environmental Protection<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article analyses the problems (dilemmas) in approach to the environmental protection and management. EU has declared the plan for the Great Reset of global economy and environmental politics. The idea is not new, but the approach is expected to be completely different. While the EU leaders set the strategy of centralisation, there are strong claims for opposite way – decentralisation. The second dilemma we analyse in our article is the problem of European Commission massive support of green investments (including using of renewable sources of energy and focus of environmental protection), especially after lockdowns connected with covid pandemic which meets with the strong negative position of those economical circles which see such types of initiatives as green shooting to the economy. Terra Carta as an integral part of Sustainable Markets Initiative was launched in 2020. The third dilemma we pay our attention is connected with the efficiency of new environmental taxes. The article focuses also on the good practice as can be seen in environmental protection management efforts and green solutions for using and saving energy resources. As an examples we assess the projects supporting use of renewable energy in Africa (e.g. Lights for Africa), Cradle to Cradle Program (C2C) and we go back to the Come2CoM. The whole is analysed in the context of corporate social responsibility.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Integrated Production System on Social Manufacturing: A Simulation Study<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Today, the manufacturing industry must adapt to dynamic customer needs, changing from time to time following market trends. So that the production process in manufacturing requires adjustments, one of which is by forming social manufacturing. This study aims to create an integrated production system model based on social manufacturing, which involves several Socialized Manufacturing Resources (SMR) as manufacturing resources that are socialized to produce a product. The methods used are field observation, literature study, design of a social manufacturing-based production system model, model simulation using ProModel software, and analysis of model simulation results. In this study, the simulation involves four SMRs, each of which makes a part that has been given specifications by the manufacturer based on customer requests. The product produced is the Sanitation Chamber, which is equipped with a control system to monitor reading data via the internet. The model simulation uses the Pro Model software and analyzes resource use, location utilization, and resource costs.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Heat and Power System as an Independent Source of Electric Power. Case Study<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article describes a student capstone design project completed by a team of five students and implemented by a resort and casino in Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA). This project was completed within the framework of project-based learning (PBL). Students had the opportunity to apply the knowledge that they learned in the classroom in a real-world application. Students also had the opportunity to work as a team which was supervised by the faculty. The outcome of the project provided valuable experience in creating of grid, a reliable source of energy. The heat generated as a by-product was used for the purpose of heating hot water and a swimming pool as well as space heating for the hotel and casino during the winter. In the summertime the excessive amount of heat was used to dehumidify the air in the hotel and casino. Dehumidifying the air increased the level of comfort in the hotel and casino as well as in the enclosed swimming pools area. The article is focusing on the cost effectiveness of the off-grid heat-and-power solution. The net present value and internal rate of return as well as the payback time were calculated.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-07-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Research on the Environmental Impact of Industrial Noise Emitted By Mine and Mining Plants<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article presents the results of measurements of environmental noise accompanying the operation of devices operated in surface facilities of hard coal mines and noise generated in technological processes related to the loading and transport of spoil and materials necessary for production. The research results presented in the article are part of the program of “Consequences of excessive noise in the mining environment of hard coal mines”, the overarching goal of which is to reduce the emission of industrial noise. The research described in the article, carried out using the sampling method, was introduced in order to determine the actual values of noise levels emitted to the external environment from mines and mining plants, as well as to identify the acoustic power levels of devices and processes constituting the main sources of noise in mines. The obtained results showed that mines and mining plants are often not fully aware of the scale of the environmental impact of undesirable noise they emit. Therefore, the current periodic measurements of environmental noise should be replaced with permanent monitoring, which will be beneficial not only for the environment, residents of housing estates located near mines, but also for the mining plants themselves.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Efficient Practices of Cognitive Technology Application for Smart Manufacturing<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Cognitive manufacturing (CM) provides for the merging of sensor-based information, advanced analytics, and cognitive technologies, mainly machine learning in the context of Industry 4.0. Manufacturers apply cognitive technologies to review current business metrics, solve essential business problems, generate new value in their manufacturing data and improve quality. The article investigates four powerful applications for cognitive manufacturing and their influence on a company`s maintenance. The study aims to observe kinds of cognitive technology applications for smart manufacturing, distinguish their prospective gains for manufacturers and provide successful examples of their adoption. The analysis is based on the literature and report review. Assessment of the cases of technology adoption proves that cognitive manufacturing provides both enhanced knowledge management and helps organizations improve fundamental business measurements, such as productivity, product reliability, quality, safety, and yield while reducing downtime and lowering costs.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Optimizing the Provision of Public Services By Local Administration as a Component of the Smart City Concept on the Example of Zabrze<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Surveys performed among the residents of Zabrze indicate that in 2021 the majority of respondents (67%), wishing to use public services provided by the local government, still preferred to visit the office in person. Residents noticed negative aspects of direct service, such as queues of people waiting for the case to be completed (26%), excessive bureaucracy (24%) or lack of parking spaces (18%). However, they counted on help in completing the necessary formalities by officials who should be: professional (20%), communicative (18%) and kind (17%). The use of the digital platform (ePUAP) dedicated to customer service was reported by 32% of respondents. At the same time, as much as 40% of the respondents, in order to save time and to simplify procedures, declared their will to use innovative methods of remote contact with public administration (e.g. via social media). The COVID-19 pandemic showed that it was possible to increase (even by 250%) the number of cases handled remotely, which with over 90% of households in Poland with access to a computer network creates opportunities for integrated development as part of the Smart City idea. The aim of the paper was to identify the residents’ expectations related to the provision of public services by local administration. Precise determination of the ways of perception of both direct and remote customer service has not only an application value. It also allows for further research study on the management of local government, including the organization of management control, as well as social communication of local governments.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Security and Privacy of Customer Data as an Element Creating the Image of the Company<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>COVID-19, mobility, socio-social changes have transferred to the world of social media communication, purchasing activities, the use of services. Corporate social media has been created to support clients in using various services, give them the possibility of easy communication without time and local barriers. Unfortunately, they still very rarely take into account the security and privacy of customers. Considering that the purpose of this article is to investigate the impact of social media on the company’s image, it should be remembered that this image also works for the security and privacy of customer data. Data leaks or their sale are not welcomed by customers. The results of empirical research show that the safety, simplicity and variety of services offered on social media have a significant impact on the perceived quality, which in turn positively affects the reputation. The authors proposed a methodology based on the Kano model and customer satisfaction in order to examine the declared needs and undefined desires and divide them into different groups with different impacts on consumer satisfaction. The interview participants were employees of 10 randomly selected companies using social media to conduct sales or service activities. 5,000 people from Poland, Portugal and Germany participated in the study. 4,894 correctly completed questionnaires were received.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Cognitive Technologies and Artificial Intelligence in Social Perception<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Cognitive technologies and artificial intelligence dynamize the development of the modern world in various spheres. Modern man is not always aware of how often he uses this type of technology, both in everyday life and at work. The conducted literature research has shown a growing interest in the discussed issues. The diagnostic survey allowed the assessment of the level of familiarity with the terms “cognitive technologies” and “artificial intelligence” in the perception of students, doctoral students and employees of a selected university. The auditorium survey technique was used for the research. The research shows that the distance between humans and an intelligent robot is decreasing. A man is inclined to let intelligent robots enter even the most intimate spheres of his life. The article contributes to filling the gap in knowledge about the perception and application of intelligent technologies and the readiness to use them. Furthermore, it sets out further directions for research on this phenomenon.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Competencies of Graduates – An Industry Expectation<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Changes in the environment of industry may affect the expectations related to the competencies of the employees. Changes to the education system and curricula may be required. The main purpose of this research paper was to analyze the expectations of the industries related to competencies of graduates of engineering programs. The paper presents preliminary research. The survey was conducted at twenty-eight companies within the area of technical university in Poland. Based on the survey, data was collected related to the level of preparation of engineering graduates as well as the industry expectations related to the preparation of engineering graduates. This was done for the purpose of determining the gap between industry expectations and the level of preparation of the engineering graduates. Enterprises expect a wide range of competences from engineering graduates. The most important areas of competence included soft competences and practical knowledge and skills. The biggest gap between industry expectation and graduate’s preparation are the soft skills. Recommendations were suggested which would be incorporated in the engineering curriculum for the purpose of continuous quality improvement.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Assesment of the Quality of Reporting Information on CO Emission Rights on the Example of Energy Sector Groups Listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Poland is a participant to the European Union Emissions Trading System, which aims at reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Trading CO<sub>2</sub> emission rights has become a strategic area from the point of view of managing entities that emit CO<sub>2</sub>. The aim of the paper is to investigate and identify discrepancies in the presentation and valuation of CO<sub>2</sub> emission allowances, CO<sub>2</sub> emission provision liabilities in reporting, and to assess the impact of these discrepancies on compliance with the true and fair view principle on top of the informative value of the financial statements. An in-depth qualitative analysis was used to examine disclosures of CO<sub>2</sub> emission rights in the 2020 consolidated financial statements coming from the largest energy sector groups listed in the WIG Energy Index of the Warsaw Stock Exchange in light of the relevant legal acts and literature. As a result of the research conducted, it was confirmed that groups of companies carry out a range of CO<sub>2</sub> emission rights balance classification and valuation. There were also significant discrepancies in the disclosure of information about the creation and valuation of provisions for liabilities due to CO<sub>2</sub> emissions. The discrepancies observed in the audited entities’ balance-sheet presentations and valuation of the acquired CO<sub>2</sub> emission allowances and reserves resulting from IAS/IFRS in practice distorts the comparability of data presented in the financial statements. The research also revealed differences in scope of disclosed information, as well as its fragmentary nature. As a result, the comparison of data between groups in the energy sector in terms of their assets is impossible. Our study fills a research gap on the effects of using IFRS for the presentation and valuation of CO<sub>2</sub> emission rights in the Polish energy sector and the impact of a differentiated approach to disclosures on the true and fair view conception in financial reporting.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Differentiated Customer Relationship Management – A Tool for Increasing Enterprise Competitiveness<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper focuses on Customer Relationship Management (CRM), based on latest national and international studies of the subject. The goal of the paper is to identify how the selected companies that operate in Slovakia understand the concept of CRM and to what degree they actively use it. Thereafter authors compare different approaches to management of company’s relationship with customers. They wanted to focus on a deeper analysis and decided to use in our orientation and evaluative research also a different approach, such as collaboration with international experts. In the paper the authors identify level of use of social CRM in selected companies in Slovakia and based on expert opinions of members of an international group they design an optimal model of CRM.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-19T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1