rss_2.0Raumforschung und Raumordnung | Spatial Research and Planning FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Raumforschung und Raumordnung | Spatial Research and Planninghttps://sciendo.com/journal/RARAhttps://www.sciendo.comRaumforschung und Raumordnung | Spatial Research and Planning 's Coverhttps://sciendo-parsed-data-feed.s3.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com/6005be9ee797941b18f25c6a/cover-image.jpg?X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Date=20220627T204246Z&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Expires=604800&X-Amz-Credential=AKIA6AP2G7AKP25APDM2%2F20220627%2Feu-central-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Signature=d0c359b7a9b10b9513c9fe112df33928a172ca7b5597a8fc97cb65f11844f50e200300Im Verkehrsschatten der Schnellbahnstreckenhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1007/BF03183760<abstract><title style='display:none'>Kurzfassung</title><p>Die rund 120 000 Einwohner zählende Großstadt Heilbronn gilt als markantes Fallbeispiel dafür, daß Städte und Regionen von dem Ausbau des Hochgeschwindigkeitsnetzes der Bahn nicht nur profitieren, sondern hierdurch auch in den „Verkehrsschatten“ geraten können. Verantwortlich für letztere Entwicklung ist im Falle von Heilbronn vor allem eine ungünstige Trassierung des Schienennetzes in den mäandrierenden Tallagen des Neckars und seiner Zuflüsse, die historische Entwicklung in Deutschland mit zwischenzeitlicher Teilung und späterer Wiedervereinigung sowie die Konzentration von Investitionen zum Bau von Schnellbahnstrecken in anderen Teilräumen der Bundesrepublik.</p><p>Der vorliegende Beitrag zeigt nicht nur anhand der zeitlichen Entwicklung des Zugangebots und der Fahrzeiten die Verdrängung Heilbronns in den Verkehrsschatten des Eisenbahnfernverkehrs auf, sondern skizziert auch die Verbesserungsmöglichkeiten, die sich durch eine konsequente Einführung des Integralen Taktfahrplans im nördlichen Baden-Württemberg und durch eine direkte Einbindung mittels Fernverkehrsneigezügen für das Oberzentrum der Region Franken künftig ergeben werden bzw. ergeben könnten.</p></abstract>ARTICLE1998-09-30T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Hönes, Ernst-Rainer (2018): Entstehung des städtebaulichen Denkmalschutzes Worms: Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft. 901 Seitenhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-219-0063ARTICLE2019-12-20T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Kurath, Monika; Bürgin, Reto (Hrsg.) (2019): Planung ist unsichtbar. Stadtplanung zwischen relationaler Designtheorie und Akteur-Netzwerk-Theorie. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag. 250 Seitenhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2020-0017ARTICLE2020-05-27T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Sturm, Cindy (2019): Klimapolitik in der Stadtentwicklung: Zwischen diskursiven Leitvorstellungen und politischer Handlungspraxis Bielefeld: transcript Verlag. 249 Seitenhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2020-0006ARTICLE2020-02-15T00:00:00.000+00:00Transformation der Siedlungswasserwirtschaft – Steuerungsmechanismen im Diskurs ressourcenorientierter Systemansätze am Beispiel von Thüringenhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2020-0012<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>New sanitary systems are an intelligent way to approach wastewater management in the face of demographic and climatic changes. It is also compatible with the emerging paradigm of a resource-oriented management of wastewater. While the general technical applicability of resource-oriented systems has been proven in various projects, the realisation is still on hold. The reasons can be found in several risks for wastewater disposal companies that are linked to the implementation process. Based on an analysis of the general context of an implementation of a new sanitary system in a typical rural area of Eastern Germany, this paper analyses to which extend the implementation of such innovative approaches can be facilitated by the regulation system and which steps need to be taken. According to this aim, risks that can hamper the transformation of the wastewater sector are identified, major administrative controlling mechanisms outlined and depicted in which strategic approach these could be used in order to foster the implementation of resource-oriented sanitary systems. As a result, the feasibility of the implementation of new alternative sanitary systems through the strategic application of the controlling mechanisms is generally proven. However, collaborations of the wastewater sectors with stakeholders of other sectors are required.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2020-03-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Miteinander statt nebeneinander! Strategien für die Weiterentwicklung interkommunaler Kooperationsstrukturen in der „Wiener Stadtregion“https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2020-0018<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The urban region of Vienna (Stadtregion<sup>+</sup>) is among the most dynamic growth regions in Europe. The management of the population growth poses extensive challenges for the city and its hinterland requiring a common and coordinated procedure. The urban regional cooperation structures are currently weakly institutionalised and barely defined. Against this background, this paper aims at presenting recommendations for the development of informal-cooperative spatial development processes in city regions on an analytical and instrumental level. The theoretical framework is based on a combination of the concept of strategic planning and the approach of soft spaces. The methods include the analysis of functional interconnections, a network analysis as well as the calculation of an interconnection index. By means of the “paradox of interconnection and cooperation” the totally different structures of the city-regional functional interconnections and the inter-municipal cooperation are shown on an analytical level. On an instrumental level, the planning principle of “flexible regionalisation” is presented, which draws upon and further develops the idea of spatial and temporal flexibility in strategic planning. A central element of this principle is the identification of “urban-regional focus areas” defined as specific areas within the urban region. These focus areas are characterised as soft planning spaces, in which to work on common planning and development challenges in an inter-municipal, cooperative and implementation-oriented manner. The applied methods and its findings are critically reflected and discussed, before deriving Vienna-specific and general policy recommendations.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2020-06-06T00:00:00.000+00:00Hybride Formen urbaner Produktion durch Digitalisierung? Trends und Beispiele aus Nordrhein-Westfalenhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2020-0013<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Building on current debates on digitalisation and spatial development processes, this paper aims to explore to what extent digitally enhanced production technologies, such as Industry 4.0, enable the emergence of new forms of urban production. Based on theoretical and conceptual considerations, empirical insights are derived from 41 interviews conducted with experts in eight industrial cities in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The results indicate that the commercial application of new digital production technologies instigates novel forms of hybrid digital urban manufacturing which change patterns of previous value creation. The paper develops a more precise understanding of these value creation processes and the locational embeddedness of hybrid digital urban manufacturing.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2020-04-10T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Zimmermann, Horst; Döring, Thomas (2019): Kommunalfinanzen. Eine Einführung in die finanzwissenschaftliche Analyse der kommunalen Finanzwirtschaft. 4., überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag. = Schriften zur öffentlichen Verwaltung und öffentlichen Wirtschaft 244. 26 Tabellen, 22 Abbildungen, 393 Seitenhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2020-0008ARTICLE2020-02-15T00:00:00.000+00:00Zwischen Mitgestalten und Alltagsdruck: Herausforderungen zivilgesellschaftlich Engagierter zur (Wieder)belebung einer Kleinstadt in Ostdeutschlandhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2020-0016<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Civic engagement faces major challenges, especially in cities affected by declining populations, as social networks have been thinned out and services in the sector of voluntary municipal compulsory tasks have been reduced. At the same time, civic engagement is particularly important in such cities in order to compensate for bottlenecks in services of general interest. This paper examines the life worlds of voluntarily engaged people and aims to contribute to an understanding of the different levels of involvement of certain groups of people in certain phases of life. On the basis of project histories in civic engagement, initiated by younger groups of people, the obstacles and needs experienced by those involved are highlighted. The findings show that bureaucratic and hierarchical hurdles, low appreciation of voluntary work and conflicts of interest between funding bodies and those involved are perceived by the latter as major obstacles. On the other hand, there are individual factors of civic engagement that are in harmony with the conditions of the life worlds of those voluntarily active, such as working together, an open, flexible framework for individual action and its flexible division and organisation. The paper is based on empirical data collected in individual case analyses in the small town Weißwasser in Eastern Germany.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-11T00:00:00.000+00:00Zwischen Realitätsverweigerung und Pragmatismus: Migration-led regeneration in Genua und Manchesterhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2019-0038<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Starting from the assumption that urban politics are a fundamental part of an evolving local governance of migration, this article investigates the overlappings between migration-related policies and migrant agency on one hand and urban regeneration policies on the other hand. As European cities are embedded in (supra-)national migration regimes, the institutional responses on migration vary accordingly. The here presented comparison between two cities in two migration regimes allows for an understanding of common traits and differences of the urban governance of migration across the different migration regimes. For this purpose the situation in Genova (Italy) and Manchester (UK) is in the focus of the analysis. The comparison reveals that as well cities with long-established migration policies as those with a poorly developed institutional setting strongly rely on the agency of the civil society. Migration-led regeneration takes place, but is not framed explicitly within the urban policies and strategies of regeneration.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2019-08-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Paradoxe Aushandlungen von Migration im Diskurs um die Leipziger Eisenbahnstraße Paradoxical negotiations of migration in discourses around the Eisenbahnstraße in the city of Leipzighttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2019-0030<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Urban diversity discourses imply paradoxical configurations which, especially on the level of urban neighbourhoods, can be read as the inclusion of desired migration in connection with the exclusion of non-desired migration. In order to focus on novel shifts or rather the reciprocal conditioning of social in- and exclusions in the process of the internationalization and diversification of cities, the authors refer to the notion of paradox in the sense of a heuristic approach. Based on this, the paper examines seemingly contradictory in- and exclusions of migration in a long-standing key area of urban development policies. An analysis of the local media coverage and urban development documents demonstrates that in the discourse around Leipzig’s “Eisenbahnstraße”, a classical discursive figure is reproduced. It debates migration on the one hand as economic resource and problematises it, on the other, as a factor of unproductive deviance. Because of the fact that forms of social participation are bound to exclusions and control elsewhere, apparently paradoxical discursive logics emerge in the dealing with a pluralised urban space strongly shaped through migration. The fact that the invocation of a “parallel world” is explicitly directed towards a migrant population while the discourse on the “city of diversity” remains diffuse and largely anonymous, contradicts the general recognition of the realities of plural immigration societies. Despite or rather due to Leipzig’s pioneering role as regards to migration in the Eastern German context, migration (still) lacks the matter of course and remains a highly sensitive issue.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2019-05-11T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Ramsauer, Stefanie (2018): Steuerung sozialer und ethnischer Segregation durch städtebauliche Planungsinstrumente Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. = Schriften zum Öffentlichen Recht 1378. 271 Seitenhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2019-0052ARTICLE2019-10-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Zwischennutzungen in unterschiedlichen urbanen Kontexten. Die Beispiele Leipzig und Dessau-Roßlauhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2019-0041<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Interim uses have played an important role in research and planning for about 15-20 years. Interim uses were previously negated or dismissed as a marginal phenomenon. Today they are considered to play a central role in dealing with the consequences of shrinking. This paper uses a contrasting comparison to explore how interim uses work in different urban contexts. It compares a continuously shrinking medium-sized city (Dessau-Roßlau) with a large city (Leipzig) that has gone through different phases over the past three decades (shrinkage, reurbanisation and growth). The result of the comparison is that urban contexts, i.e. the respective urban development phases, are decisive framework conditions for interim uses. A critical mass of interim users is needed as demanders of interim uses and a proactive attitude of city policy and administration towards interim uses. These conditions are particularly present in large cities and metropolises as well as in contexts of reurbanisation and growth. Reurbanisation or moderate growth after shrinkage can be seen as an optimal urban context for interim uses. From this perspective, the predominant thematisation of interim uses as an “instrument of shrinkage” seems too one-sided or misleading. The effects of interim use in a context of a medium-sized city such as Dessau-Roßlau are rather small or even marginal. Shrinking medium-sized towns and even more so small towns should therefore not be given exaggerated hopes with regard to the effects of the interim use instrument: Interim uses are not best practice for all cities.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2019-08-06T00:00:00.000+00:00Zur Messung der Nutzung regionaler Potenziale beim Ausbau erneuerbarer Energien. Eine empirische Analyse deutscher Landkreisehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2019-0043<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This paper answers two rarely considered questions: How well do German regions exploit their potential to produce renewable energy and which factors impact on this exploitation efficiency? By applying the new quantitative-empirical concept of exploitation efficiency, we measure the degree, to which regions have exploited their natural and socio-economic potentials of producing energy from renewable source at a specific point in time. This approach allows, with respect to wind power, solar power and biogas energy, a relative comparison of regions, monitoring their performance over time as well as the identification of best-practice regions. Applying our innovative method, we compare German districts in the time period 2000-2014. We use a robust, non-parametric efficiency analysis and validate its results by qualitative expert interviews in selected counties in Lower Saxony. The results show strong disparities in terms of the exploitation efficiency between districts and federal states. This exploitation efficiency moreover varies significantly for different types of renewable energy. We also observe specialization tendencies in this context. Our empirical results are very detailed both from a spatial and from a temporal perspective and therefore allow for drawing several conclusions for local and federal state policies. For instance, those districts (and federal states) with currently rather low exploitation efficiencies need to learn from those with high efficiencies. Such learning effects may sustainably contribute to a successful turnaround in energy policy.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2019-09-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Behnisch, Martin; Kretschmer, Odette; Meinel, Gotthard (Hrsg.) (2018): Flächeninanspruchnahme in Deutschland. Auf dem Wege zu einem besseren Verständnis der Siedlungs- und Verkehrsflächenentwicklung Berlin: Springer Spektrum. XVI, 277 Seitenhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2019-0058ARTICLE2019-11-06T00:00:00.000+00:00Soziale Differenzierung und zunehmende soziale Heterogenität in Leipzig im Spiegel von Alltagswahrnehmung und Politikhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2019-0024<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Social differentiation has developed to be one of the crucial characteristics of urban development in Eastern Germany's large cities, an issue that is increasingly reflected in daily life perceptions and policy-making. This development can be especially observed in those cities that, after a phase of shrinkage in the 1990s, have seen new growth during the last years. The focus is here on social differentiation that we understand as an increase in social inequalities, and on social heterogeneity that is understood as pluralization of cultural and religious identities, lifestyles and living environments. Set against this background, the paper discusses social differentiation and increasing heterogeneity in Leipzig with a focus on daily life perceptions by the residents and local policy development. It analyses how social difference and increasing heterogeneity have become an issue for daily routines and practices as well as for policy formulation and how both perspectives interact. The paper is based on a multi-dimensional understanding of heterogeneity including the socio-economic, demographic, lifestyle and ethnic-migration dimension. Spatially, both the total city and neighbourhood perspective are in focus. The paper concludes, among others, that social heterogeneity in its horizontal dimension is being recognised and accepted and that this is reflected by policy development as well. This does not apply in the same manner for increasing social inequalities. The example of Leipzig shows, furthermore, that there is a need for more differentiation in the local discourse with respect to the explicit recognition of horizontal difference, the need to counteract vertical social inequalities and the fact that out of the interaction/intersection of both dimensions, a bundle of new equivocalities and complexities emerge.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2019-10-30T00:00:00.000+00:00Mobilität von Kindern. Stand der Forschung und planerische Konzeptehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2019-0037<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Children’s travel behaviour has emerged as a research field in the past years that can hardly be overseen anymore, yet Germany has remained remarkably silent in this field. The motivations for this research are primarily in the increase in being driven at the expense of non-motorised and/or independent mobility of children. This trend has negative implications for the development and health of the children, and it raises problems in traffic safety, the environment and more. The paper gives an overview of the research field. It discusses research foci, methods, and factors that affect children’s mobility. What is more, it discusses the – rather scarce – practical literature and shows ways how to support non-motorised and/or independent mobility of children.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2019-10-30T00:00:00.000+00:00Wachsen durch wen? Stadtentwicklungsstrategien in Bremen und Leipzig im Umgang mit Migrationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2019-0014<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The article examines the urban development strategies of Bremen and Leipzig with regard to their dealing with migration. The key questions of the article are as follows: Which target groups of migrants prefer urban development policies in order to achieve growth goals? To what extent is there a change of perspective on migration from problems to potentials of urban development? Our empirical results show that both cities focus primarily on the immigration of young and highly skilled workers. Both cities also rely on the immigration of students and try to keep them after graduation. However, this orientation is difficult to put into practice, because in both cities the number of job opportunites for highly qualified people is limited. The importance of immigration from abroad, which is the most increasing growth segment, was initially less well perceived by both cities and has only gained more strategic importance in recent years. International immigration is simultaneously perceived as potential and problem in the urban development concepts of both cities. The article discusses the dilemmas of cities in dealing with migration. These include, in particular, the lack of control capacity in terms of migrant selection and recruitment, a "dual regime" between growth and integration policies, and often a selective focus on subgroups of actual immigration.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2019-10-30T00:00:00.000+00:00Wandel des ländlichen Raumes in der Wissensgesellschafthttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2019-0042<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>In the knowledge society, spatial structure is differentiated, and as a result of this process the rural area no longer appears as a homogenous entity. The “reflexive modernity” of the knowledge society does not seem to know any determinism concerning spatial development-differences, but rather provides new scope to people for acquiring and valorizing different areas. New development impulses could be triggered in the so far peripherally assessed rural area through those extended options. In order to review these assumptions, this paper asks from a theoretical perspective how the cultural, social, economic and technical dimensions of the knowledge society interact with space, and what challenges and strategies may arise for rural areas. The empirical verification is based on results of a working group of the Academy of Spatial Research and Planning (ARL) about the knowledge society in rural-peripheral regions and more qualitative and quantitative studies about the topic. Analysis shows that in many, but not in all regions new knowledge society shaped life cultures evolved differentiating from urban social models. They prove a new attractiveness of the rural area, which are also expressed in knowledge-based projects of culture, education, public services and entrepreneurial commitment. There are a lot of examples especially in economic competitive regions but also in peripheral regions suffering population loss. It needs more studies to determine how the approaches can be used by public and private players to promote the knowledge-society based change. They could help using the gained experience in successful regions for political and planning support in peripheral rural towns and regions.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2019-10-30T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Die Entwicklung neuer Stadtquartiere aus städtebaulicher Sicht. Analyse der Projekte seit 1990https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rara-2019-0048ARTICLE2019-10-30T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1