rss_2.0Romanian Journal of English Studies FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Romanian Journal of English Studies Journal of English Studies 's Cover Effect of the Second Language on Metalinguistic Awareness in Third Language Vocabulary Learning<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This study aims at investigating the effect of second language in third language learning. It focuses on metalinguistic awareness, which reflects the extent to which learners can use their background languages in the process of third and additional language learning. The study gives insights into the issue of metalinguistic awareness by testing the participants’ vocabulary knowledge in learning English as a foreign language. The number of participants in this study is 30; they are all middle school students who have Arabic/Berber as native languages, French as a second language, and English as a third language. Two translation tasks were designed to find out how participants use their background languages in learning English: translating words in the first task and paragraph translation (from English into Arabic) and think-aloud protocols in the second task. Additionally, a semi-structured interview is conducted with 8 participants. The findings reveal how participants possess greater cognitive control in language acquisition due to language relatedness between the foreign languages they learn.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Frequency of Multiple Modals with on the Web<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper investigates multiple modals such as <italic>might could</italic>, <italic>might would</italic>, <italic>might can</italic> and <italic>would might</italic>. These are just a few of the core modal combinations with <italic>might</italic> which are being looked at through the use of iWeb and GloWbE, two corpora of online texts. The research primarily reveals the multiple modals’ frequency in the corpora. It also shows that they are found in both American and British English. In addition, their negation and inversion patterns are displayed.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Corina Bozedean: Exerciţii Şi Reflecţii Traductive University Press, Târgu Mureş, 2021, ISBN 978-973-169-687-4 Online Teaching and Learning. A Case Study<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The present paper focuses on the practices of tertiary level students with digital learning and teaching and their views on the strategies employed in both situations, as many of them also work as or have some experience as teachers. Since the development of digital competencies is no longer optional, our study proposed to take a closer look at the specific learning/teaching strategies and to map any changes of attitude, or practice towards teaching/learning in a digital format, for a particular group of students in the field of humanities. Since many of the students train to become teachers and by the end of this academic year will have conducted more than half of the their BA programme through online classes, and the MA students will most likely only meet their colleagues face to face for the first time at their graduation ceremony, their expertise with the use of digital resources, particular learning strategies and the identified “glitches” in what concerns teaching, prove a very important source for re-shaping and debugging this medium of instruction to ensure effectiveness of outcome.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Epistemic and Deontic Modality in Romanian and Serbian Scientific Discourse<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Modal verbs expressing epistemic and deontic modality can be used as discourse markers to implicate the authors’ attitude to the propositional content (doubt, certainty, hedging). Based on English modality framework, this paper discusses the uses of modals in expressing author’s attitude in Romanian and Serbian scientific discourse (social sciences and humanities) and compares these uses in the two languages.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00A Double Colonization: The Case of the Arab Bedouin Woman in Fadia Faqir’s<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This study scrutinizes Fadia Faqir’s <italic>Pillars of Salt</italic> by analyzing the various forms of violence against the protagonists, Maha and Hannyeh, their heterogeneous representation and their conditions within the cultural encounter between modernity and traditionality. Applying postcolonial feminism, the analysis of Faqir’s novel shows that colonization and patriarchy interact as double structures of oppression that produce cumulative forms of violence against the colonized women. It also shows that these women’s responses to oppressions are divergent: while Maha adopts unique strategies of self-empowerment that help her resist subordination, Hannyeh espouses limited ones that intensify her disempowerment. As for the encounter between modernity and traditionality, the analysis indicates that imperial colonization and its modernity have destructive consequences on the colonized nation: they blur both its social formation and cultural identity.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00J.K. Rowling’s Linguistic Innovations – Translation Impact and Sustainability<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Translators faced unusual and surprising linguistic challenges in keeping the original element of the J. K. Rowling’s style in the Harry Potter series. Our paper focuses on the impact of the British writer’s story by highlighting the subtle puns and hidden clues in her made-up words that have gone “beyond the book” and even leapt into the Oxford English Dictionary.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00The Binomials and Multinomials in two English Translations of the (Chapter Two)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The Lotus Sutra, an important Buddhist classic, is strongly rhetorical with its frequently used binomials (word pairs). This paper studies its two most recent English translations by Watson (1993) and Reeves (2008), the second chapter in particular, and conducts comparative research into the formal, etymological, semantic, sequential and other distinct properties of the binomials and multinomials employed by different translators.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Views on the Complexity of Legal Translation<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Legal translation has acquired ever increasing importance within translation studies. The paper focuses on the complexity of legal translations on account of a series of characteristics such as: lack of equivalent terminology, cultural differences, legal style conventions, etc. It turns out that legal translation is a special type that involves mediating between different languages and different cultures and legal systems.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Learning Semi Technical Vocabulary in English for Police Purposes: A Case Study<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper will present the results of a case study carried out with the students of Forensic Engineering at the University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies in Belgrade for two consecutive academic years. The goal of the study was to determine if and to what extent the receptive vocabulary size acquired during previous education will influence the acquision of semi-technical vocabulary covered by two one-semester English courses. The data have been gathered using both a questionnare and relevant tests. The statistical processing of data has enabled better intepretation of the results obtained.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Cristina Nicolae: A Voyage Within. Representations of the Self in Oscar Wilde, Virginia Woolf, Leon Wieseltier ISBN 978-973-125-876-8 Meaning in Letters of Recommendation Written by Some Lecturers of the University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The main communicative purpose of Letters of Recommendation (LORs) is to share the writer’s evaluation of the candidate. Every kind of evaluation draws distinctively on resources of grammar. To this end, Martin and White’s (2005) Appraisal System was adopted to examine the mechanisms through which some lecturers of a Ghanaian university express their evaluation in 35 purposively sampled letters. The study concludes that evaluation plays a crucial role in the construal of ideology, voice and stance in the LORs genre, and that the dominance of judgement is a proof of the communicative purpose of the LOR genre.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Degrees of Linguistic and Cultural Mediation in Legal Translation<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The interconnection between language, culture and ethics is a commonplace within the field of translation studies, more particularly, when discussing legal translation. The role of the translator as a communicator and cultural mediator has long been established. However, the question arises how far the legal translator of EU texts can and is entitled to mediate between legal systems and cultures.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00From Fidelity to Creativity: Translating Book Titles<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The present paper reflects our interest and research in the field of marketing translation and addresses the pragmatic nature of title translation for literary works, continuing the analysis of two translation pillars we work with, as previously employed in a study we published on film title translation. As such, “fidelity” and “creativity” would frame the dynamic exchange that authenticates the linguistic particularization of titles as reader-oriented or content-oriented while making use of translation methods and procedures.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Rewriting the Past as a Snapshot and Story. A Postmodernist Vision on the Concept of Truth and the Present in Julian Barnes’s<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This essay analyses Julian Barnes’s novel, Staring at the Sun, and shows that the concepts of truth and the present are rewritten stories of the past. In a postmodernist manner, in Julian Barnes’s novel the present is a story to be completed by the readers based on their analysis and understanding of the past.We are not presented a certain truth of the past, which is associated with a snapshot and with a slide, but various interpretations of it in the characters’ stories.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00A Case of Mistaken Identity in Translation: “Omar Khayyam’s ” in Dazai Osamu’s Novel<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article explores the source and the meaning of the eleven quatrains quoted by modern Japanese writer Dazai Osamu (1909-1948) in his last complete novel, Ningen shikkaku (No Longer Human, 1948). Although dubbed as “rubaiyat”, which would indicate that they are translations of classical Persian poet and mathematician Omar Khayyam (1048-1131), the poems do not seem to match any of the known English translations from his work. This article explores the origin of the Japanese quatrains in Dazai’s novel, as well as their possible relevance for his literary work overall.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Person and Empathetic Deixis in the Institutional Discourse<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper explores the use of person and empathetic deixis in the institutional discourse within an interdisciplinary landscape. It underpins a corpus-based approach, focusing on texts on COVID19 pertaining to the World Health Organization. Our aim is to demonstrate that deictic pronominals have collective self-reference, expressing solidarity and empathy.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Dorothea Tanning’s Reimagining of the Maternal<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Dorothea Tanning’s longstanding interest in the maternal element completes the artist’s complex relationship to femininity and the female experience, turning them into essential themes in her oeuvre. I shall explore the particular manner in which the American Surrealist integrates and transforms the notion of motherhood in her art. I shall also argue that Tanning’s works as a writer offer an original insight into this cardinal theme in western art, as she dismantles common tropes and refashions them into a new, unusual language.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Investigating the Patterns of Empathy and Classroom Environment Applied by Effective English Language Teachers<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The teachers’ fundamental role in the success of the students is inevitable. Thus, knowing the various traits and personality characteristics of effective teachers can be used as guidelines to foster inexperienced teachers’ teaching quality. Among the required teaching qualities, empathy and classroom environment set up are two vital concepts emphasized by researchers. Accordingly, through relying on mega planning, the present study was conducted to find the patterns of empathy and classroom environment utilized by effective teachers. The participants were 50 teachers and 300 language learners. Three instruments were employed, namely teacher effectiveness questionnaire, classroom environment questionnaire, and teacher empathy questionnaire. The results showed that the contributions of each sub-construct in teacher effectiveness in order of their priority are as follows: empathic concern, perspective taking, fantasy, and personal distress. Results from calculating frequency and percentage for classroom environment construct showed that the contributions of each respective sub-construct in teacher effectiveness in order of priority are as follows: participation, personalization, investigation, independence, and differentiation. The findings of the present study can enlighten policy makers and administrators to plan efficient courses of action and take useful steps in training novice teachers.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Londongrad Unbound Book Review: Vesna Goldsworthy, , London, Vintage, 2018, 288 P