rss_2.0Timisoara Physical Education and Rehabilitation Journal FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Timisoara Physical Education and Rehabilitation Journal Physical Education and Rehabilitation Journal Feed aspects regarding the admission criteria to Physical Education and Sport Faculties for a better insertion on the labor market<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Introduction:</italic> In the context in which physical activity is considered today to be a profession, the profile faculties must seek both, the readaptation of study programs to the requirements of the labor market and the updating of student recruitment policies. This study‘s <italic>aim</italic> is to analyse AVU‘s PESF admission trials from a bio-motric perspective, in order to improve the admission methodology.</p> <p><italic>Methods</italic>: The study is a longitudinal one, and subjects are applicants from the 2017 and 2018 academic year (N=117, M=25±9.20 years, out of which B=88, F=29). Methodological approach: a statistical analysis of applicants‘ admission trials using the IBM <italic>SPSS</italic> Statistics 19 (C.I. =95%) programme. Trial results have been equated to grades. Correspondingly, the gathered data has been compared to: 11<sup>th</sup> and 12<sup>th</sup> grade curricular areas, with data included in Faculty of Physical Education and Sport‘s Report (University of Bucharest) regarding the bio-motric potential of Romanian students (2015) as well as with admission methodology related data from other faculties.</p> <p><italic>Results</italic>: The gathered results – grouped per trial type- are: speed Ms= 7.3±2.47, standing jump Msj=6.6±2.46, push up Mpu= 9.86±0.73, football Mf=8.18±1.71, handball Mh= 6.83±2.82, basketball Mb=6.56±4.24, volleyball Mv=8.87±0.97, gymnastics Mg=7.83±1.94.</p> <p><italic>Conclusions</italic>: AVU‘s FEFS admission policy requires better suited trials in relation to the bio-motric potential (qualities and motor skills) of today‘s graduates. Also, FEFS‘ educational offer (meaning study programmes, study subjects, curricular content) must be able to better cover work force dynamics and labour market requirements.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue study on hydrotherapy and AQUA therapy in spine disorders<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Introduction:</italic> Hydrotherapy is a common comfort measure, treatment and care intervention and it is a therapy prescribed in several clinical specialties for soothing and health-promoting qualities.</p> <p><italic>Aim:</italic> Through this study, we aimed to analyze as many articles as possible on the topic of hydrotherapy as a spine ailments recovery method. At the same time, we wanted to follow what kind of recovery programs or exercises have been performed with patients in the water and which of them have given the best results.</p> <p><italic>Material and method:</italic> We searched and analyzed articles published in the 2011-2022 period, using the Google Scholar search engine and databases such as Science Direct, PubMed and Research Gate. Initially, we selected a total of 65 articles, of which, following the use of exclusion criteria, we were left with a number of 10 articles.</p> <p><italic>Results:</italic> It was observed that hydrotherapy or exercises performed in water have multiple beneficial effects on the human body, especially in people suffering from various diseases of the lumbar spine.</p> <p><italic>Conclusions:</italic> We conclude that hydrotherapy is a beneficial treatment method in the rehabilitation of various spine conditions, both used independently and in association with other accessible treatment methods.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue importance of physical assessment in post-mastectomy rehabilitation<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Introduction</italic>. The application of surgical, oncological and hormonal treatment causes the appearance of various dysfunctions at the somatic level: decreased joint mobility and muscle strength, lymphedema, pain, peripheral neuropathy, cardiovascular and gastrocecal conditions, and at the psychological level: insomnia, fear of relapse, anxiety and depression.</p> <p><italic>Aim of the study</italic>. This study highlights the main methods of evaluating the sequelae of breast cancer treatment, which are of particular importance in physical recovery. As well, we want to spotlight the main physical activities that can be performed.</p> <p><italic>Methods</italic>. In order to identify the adverse effects of the treatment as well as their assessment methods, we studied the national and international specialized literature.</p> <p><italic>Results.</italic> The physical assessment of patients after mastectomy includes: assessment of functional level, manual muscle testing, active range of motion, evaluation of lymphedema, quality of life and pain assessment.</p> <p><italic>Conclusions</italic>. Evaluation in physical therapy is of particular importance because it helps to create an appropriate recovery protocol, but also to appreciate the evolution of patients and the efficiency of the applied program.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue factors affecting adherence to physical activity in fitness facility settings: a narrative review<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Introduction</italic>: Given that fitness facilities such as gyms, fitness clubs, and health clubs play an important role in the current era and they have the ability to offer opportunities for daily physical activity and leisure sports to many people, it is important to examine the factors that affect their members in adhering to consistent long- term physical activity.</p> <p><italic>Purpose</italic>: This study examines the factors that influence adherence to physical activity in the long term among members of various fitness facilities settings through a narrative review.</p> <p><italic>Material and methods</italic>: A search for studies and articles relating to adopting and maintaining regular physical activity in fitness facility settings was conducted using four electronic databases (EBSCO, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science). Search criteria included terms related to fitness facilities, physical activity, and adherence. Only academic articles that were peer-reviewed and published in academic journals were included.</p> <p><italic>Results:</italic> A total of 19 studies met the inclusion criteria. The main factors affecting consistency and adherence to exercise at the fitness facilities were: social context, habit and past behavior, professional support, and personal characteristics. Motives and barriers also had an effect on the individual’s abilities to maintain the physical activity level.</p> <p><italic>Conclusion</italic>: The current review suggests that success in persevering and adhering to long-term physical activity within the fitness facility setting depends on a number of factors, the most significant being support from friends and family, professional support from fitness professionals, habit formation, and fulfillment of basic psychological needs.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue characteristics of handball elite male players<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Introduction</italic>: The current handball performance, both nationally and internationally, has obvious progress in terms of the dynamics of the game in all phases of its development in attack and defense, characterized by the speed and complexity of development throughout the game. Anthropometric parameters and physical tests have been identified as fundamental to determining the success of handball performance. Examining fitness profiles could be of great importance for the optimal preparation of training plans and the orthopedic care of high-performance handball players.</p> <p><italic>Materials and methods</italic>: Seven athletes from the handball club SCM Politehnica Timișoara, aged between 21 and 35, participated in this study. The tests conducted were aimed at evaluating the following parameters: body composition, strength of the lower and upper limbs and speed endurance.</p> <p><italic>Results</italic>: The results obtained in body composition show an average value for weight of 90.14 ± 8.35kg, for BF 15.55 ± 2.79% and for BMI 25.32 ± 0.98 kg/m<sup>2</sup>. In dynamometric tests, the mean values were obtained for VJ height of 27.85 ± 6.02 cm, for CMJ height the value of 28.07 ± 2.74 cm and for SJ height the value of 27.42 ± 2.67 cm. The mean value for the maximum oxygen consumption VO2max was 49.32 ± 2.32 ml / kg / min, and for the total distance traveled was obtained, 1714.28 ± 208.7 m.</p> <p><italic>Conclusions</italic>: Analyzing the data obtained and by comparison with international average reference values, it can be concluded that a specific physical training regime based on the level and position of the player on the field is needed to improve the technical procedures during the match and prevent injuries.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue effects on physical fitness and vertical jumps of junior handball players<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Introduction</italic>: In handball, the time for physical training is limited, because the focus is placed on the technical-tactical and mental aspects. The introduction of specific physical training is crucial in increasing the sports performance. Even though handball is a team sport, match analysis has shown that physical training in modern handball should be pointed towards the specific playing position and individual physical ability of the players.</p> <p><italic>Materials and methods</italic>: The subjects who participated in this are from two groups: the control group consisting of 16 junior I athletes aged 16-18 years, from the CSM Resita handball club, and the experimental group represented by 16 junior I athletes aged between 16-18 years old, from the handball club SCM Politehnica Timișoara. On the experimental group, it was applied in addition to the specific training program, an additional strength training program to increase strength and endurance. The tests aimed to evaluate the following parameters: specific power and specific energy of lower and upper limbs or aerobic fitness.</p> <p><italic>Results and discussions</italic>: For both dynamometric and endurance tests, statistically significant differences for all parameters have been registered only for the experimental group. The results showed an important improvement in the variables of the experimental group after training.</p> <p><italic>Conclusions</italic>: The objective to improve the physical training of junior handball players by applying a complementary training program was achieved.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue development analysis for the start phase of 100m<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Introduction</italic>: Short distance running is part of the maximum intensity cycling exercises, consisting of combined efforts, each step being performed as a result of a complete impulse, characterized by covering a distance in a shorter time.</p> <p><italic>Objective:</italic> This study aims to follow the development of power for the start in short distance speed trials.</p> <p><italic>Material and method:</italic> A 26-year-old male athlete, who has been practicing athletics for 14 years, participated in the study, based on the 100-meter flat sprint. The pre-test was performed before the preparation period, the intermediate test after one mesocycle (one month) and the final test after the second mesocycle (after 2 months). The evaluations followed the strength with which 4 exercises were performed (deadlift, clean, power clean and squat) of 6 repetitions each. At the same time, the length of the distance covered in the first three steps from the start was followed. During the two mesocycles, the athlete participated in specific strength development training.</p> <p><italic>Results:</italic> After the two-month training period, statistically significant (p&lt;0,05) improvements were observed in 3 of the 4 exercises, with clean improving from 575 W to 626 W, with deadlift from 560 W to 670 W, and at squat from 422 W it reached 676 W. Regarding the result obtained at power clean, an improvement was observed from 556 W to 557 W, statistically insignificant (p = 0.48). At the triple step, there were improvements both when starting with both feet at the same level and when starting with one foot before.</p> <p><italic>Conclusions:</italic> Following the results obtained in the three evaluations, we notice that the training program was developed efficiently and that the results improved in all the evaluation tests.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue for optimizing balance in physical education lessons in primary school students<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Introduction:</italic> A basic objective of physical education is to ensure the acquisition of motor skills by optimizing balance which is a fundamental psychomotor component for daily activities, together with coordination, so that improving it from the early stages of the child results in better physical performance and favors his willingness to engage in non-sedentary activities. The aim of this review is to summarize the scientific literature that has examined the importance and impact of exercise in the development of balance in primary school children.</p> <p><italic>Methods:</italic> To conduct this study, a systematic search of the electronic databases Pubmed, Web of Science, ProQuest and Scopus was conducted to identify relevant literature. Titles and abstracts of all records were checked for eligibility according to, inclusion and exclusion criteria, the process of study selection was documented in the PRISMA 2009 flowchart, in addition a Google Scholar search was performed to find additional literature.</p> <p><italic>Results</italic>: The literature search identified a total of 680 studies potentially suitable for balance analysis, after title screening and full text eligibility analysis, a total of 10 articles remained suitable for inclusion. Data from a total of 1549 subjects including 865 boys and 684 girls were eligible for analysis, the quality assessment showed that the majority of included studies met most of the assessment tool criteria for these studies (age, sex, height and weight).</p> <p><italic>Conclusions:</italic> The relationships between balance and other motor skills and the impact of regular physical activity on the maintenance of different types of balance is one of the main reasons why this motor skill should be improved and developed during the process of teaching physical education using physical education content.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue influence of altitude training on the manifestation of muscle force in the lower limbs and aerobic endurance on students specializing in ski<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Aim and purpose</italic><bold>:</bold> It has been widely accepted in the athletic community that altitude training can increase performance at sea level, therefore this study aims to analyze the influence of altitude training on the manifestation of muscle strength in the lower limbs and aerobic endurance in students participating at in-depth training course in a branch of sports- skiing, on the “living high-training high” model.</p> <p><italic>Material</italic><bold>:</bold> This study included 9 students from the Physical Education and Sports Faculty of Timisoara, who took the in-depth training course in a branch of sports- skiing, taking part in the program and activities specific to this course, as well as in the training carried out at altitude.</p> <p><italic>Method</italic><bold>:</bold> The batch was evaluated in two moments (T0 and T1), using the following assessment tests: Yo -Yo, Roman seat in isometry, high jump evaluated via the OPTOJUMP device, long jump test. The data was processed in Excel (v2205) and the statistical processing was performed using the Student T-test. It was considered that the results are statistically significant for values of p &lt;0.05.</p> <p><italic>Results</italic><bold>:</bold> The progress recorded was quantified by normalizing the absolute values and was expresse d as a percentage as follows: Yo-Yo= -1% ± 0.08 STD; RS= + 168% ± 1.26STD; HJ-Squat Jump= -4% ± 0.16STD; HJ- countermovement jump= -2% ± 0.14STD; HJ- countermovement jump-free arms = + 2% ± 0.14STD; LJ= + 6% ± 0.04STD; LJ SLJ R= + 9% ± 0.08STD; LJ SLJ L= + 10% ± 0.08STD.</p> <p><italic>Conclusions</italic><bold>:</bold> From the evaluations performed at sea level, at T0 and T1, a noticeable improvement in the muscular strength of the lower limbs has resulted via the following tests: the Roman seat in isometry, long jump with bilateral support, long jump with unilateral support on either the left or right side; registering a significant statistical (p). However, there was no significant improvement noticed on the rest of the tests.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue examination of the sprained knee<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Introduction</italic>. Patients with knee injuries may be consulted in a first stage by specialists, such as the sports doctor, and in a second stage, depending on the severity of the injury and the therapeutic orientation, it may be necessary to consult an orthopedic surgeon and / or medical rehabilitation.</p> <p><italic>Aim.</italic> Particularly important in the traumatic pathology of the knee is the physical examination. It must be rigorous and systematic, because, based on it, a correct diagnosis can be established, which also assesses the severity of the lesions. Only in this way the optimal therapeutic decision be made in order to establish an accurate initial diagnosis and to evaluate the severity of the sprain, depending on which medical or orthopedic-surgical treatment is decided.</p> <p><italic>Methods</italic>. Complete and accurate physical examination in the knee sprain, begins with a meticulous anamnestic interview, followed by inspection and palpation. The examination ends with a series of maneuvers to test the various potentially damaged structures of the knee.</p> <p><italic>Results</italic>. All the listed elements will allow us to establish the therapeutic management in the recent sprain of the knee and to differentiate the affected structures: sprain with the interest of the collateral ligaments or with the damage of the central pivot, represented by the cruciate ligaments.</p> <p><italic>Conclusion</italic>. Although with the advent of imaging investigations methods, which provide particularly important information and the diagnosis becomes much simplified, the stage of the physical examination of the patient in the knee sprain should not be omitted, it is an accessible and extremely useful tool in the orientation toward diagnosis.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue effect of proprioceptive training in the STAR Excursion Balance Test (SEBT)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Introduction.</italic> To control the movement, the brain must process proprioceptive information provided by mechanoreceptors. The role of proprioception in carrying out daily activities and physical exercises, was presented, using the SEBT technique and the proprioceptive mechanisms that represent the base of dynamic postural control.</p> <p><italic>Objective.</italic> The aim was to highlight the effects of proprioceptive training on lower limb balance in subjects with lower limb injuries but also in healthy subjects, and to evaluate the effectiveness of proprioceptive programs based on postural instability to reduce knee sprains by developing proprioceptive control. These findings indicate the improvement of proprioceptive control which may be a key factor in reducing knee sprain.</p> <p><italic>Working hypothesis</italic>. Applying a kinetic intervention protocol, consisting of static proprioceptive exercises, stimulates the body to maintain balance in situations of imbalance and increases the stability of the knee joint in Ministry of National Defense workers with a history of sprained knee or predisposition to injury.</p> <p><italic>Methods</italic>. The research was performed on 30 subjects, male and female, employees of the Ministry of National Defense, distributed in two experimental groups: G1 and G2.</p> <p><italic>Results.</italic> The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the applied program, both for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes, in increasing postural balance and proprioceptive control.</p> <p><italic>Conclusions.</italic> Knee sprain is a trauma that occurs frequently among athletes. Like athletes, the Ministry of National Defense employees represent a population at high risk of injury or recurrence.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue literature review on the use of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in the early recovery stage after total hip arthroplasty<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Purpose</italic>: The recovery of periarticular muscles plays a very important in the functional recovery after total hip arthroplasty. This recovery can be optimized by using transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in addition to recovery exercises. This survey aims to prove the beneficial effects of electrical stimulation in the early recovery of patients with hip prosthesis.</p> <p><italic>Material and method</italic>: Searches in 4 databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science and ResearchGate) have led to the identification of 38 articles as follows: in PubMed - 5, in Google Scholar - 18, in Web of Science - 11, in ResearchGate – 4.</p> <p><italic>Results</italic>: The use of TENS in the early recovery stage after hip arthroplasty is relatively little covered in the literature. Of all the articles studied 4 articles meet the inclusion criteria. The beneficial effects of applying TENS on atrophied muscles are: increased muscle strength, decreased edema, and improved functionality.</p> <p><italic>Conclusions</italic>: Although it cannot be recommended as the only treatment method in the early recovery stage after hip arthroplasty, in combination with physical exercises, applying TENS immediately after surgery may help repair atrophied muscles.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue therapy for Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p><italic>Introduction</italic>: Dance therapy has rapidly gained popularity among patients with Parkinson’s disease because it is an enjoyable form of exercise and can provide multi-dimensional benefits. Clinical studies have shown that dance improves motor symptoms, particularly balance and mobility problems, as well as the overall physical condition of Parkinson’s patients.</p> <p><italic>Purpose:</italic> The aim of this paper is to highlight the benefits of dance therapy in the clinical management of parkinsonian patients and also to find out which dance is the most advantageous for use in therapy and whether the type of dance used leads to significantly different results.</p> <p><italic>Methods:</italic> This paper is a systematic and topical review. After a keyword search, 20 articles on dance therapy in Parkinson’s disease were selected according to the PRISMA model, using Google Scholar and Pubmed as search engines.</p> <p><italic>Results</italic>: As a form of physical exercise, dance incorporates vigorous movement, social interaction and cognitive stimulation. Studies have shown that dance can reduce tremor, bradykinesia and stiffness, increasing forward speed and multi-tasking gait. At the same time, spontaneous balance disturbances improved and the risk of falls decreased. Argentine Tango is the most widely used dance in therapy. Although other forms of dance used in research led to significant changes, tango dance was found to produce changes of greater value. However, all types of dance achieved positive results in terms of physical, motor and psycho-emotional aspects of patients.</p> <p><italic>Conclusion:</italic> Dance therapy is a feasible and safe method for the rehabilitation of parkinsonian patients, brings improvements in motor and non-motor signs of Parkinson’s disease and practiced for at least 12 months regularly, slows down the progression of the disease.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and athlete performance: a systematic narrative review of the mutual influence of these concepts<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <sec><title style='display:none'>Purpose</title><p>This systematic review was designed to assess the existence of a potential bidirectional relationship between competitive anxiety and sport performance among professional athletes. Psychotherapists believe that the relationship between these 2 parameters can be directly proportional and, moreover, can go both ways, as they have systematically observed in the general population.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Methods</title><p>For this purpose, a number of 45 descriptive studies were selected from the cybernetic literature to estimate the level of anxiety in competitive athletes, the variables that may influence this parameter and the level of performance achieved as a result. Without therapeutic intervention, anxiety parameters and its covariates were assessed to detect the influence on sport performance and predict the outcome of a competition based on these concepts.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Results</title><p>The systematic review of these studies revealed that competitive anxiety has a major and statistically significant influence on the competitive situation a an athlete, having an important action on their career in the short and long term.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Conclusions</title><p>This analysis has succeeded in demonstrating that a certain degree of anxiety, within the limits imposed by the game experience and through fine psychological mechanisms, can become an asset in terms of achieving the chosen goal in the athlete’s career.</p></sec> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of the body scheme in children in primary education: a systematic narrative review of the influence of an intervention plan on this psychomotor component<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <sec><title style='display:none'>Aim</title><p>The purpose of this review is to summarize the scientific literature that examined the importance of physical activity programs in the development of body scheme in primary school students by identifying methods and tests used to test body scheme on motor development, spatial-temporal orientation and coordination.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Method</title><p>Using the electronic databases Research Gate and Web of Science, we searched for articles using key words, including terms related to methods, intervention plan, children’s age and body schemes. We selected only those that followed the influences of an intervention plan on children.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Results</title><p>We selected 30 articles regarding the development of the body scheme, the spatial-temporal orientation and the coordination through an activity plan. The study results in the three categories show a significant influence on body scheme, spatial orientation and coordination. Following the tests applied and the results obtained, we can say that a well-structured program of physical activity influences the child’s development in terms of body scheme. If it is correctly integrated, one can avoid the existence of body diagram disorders that are quite common for children.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Conclusion</title><p>The harmonious physical development of the child is influenced by a program of physical activity. Early participation in these programs is recomended in order to avoid disorders of body scheme.</p></sec> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Predisposing to Weight Gain in Young Adults during COVID-19 Home Confinement<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <sec><title style='display:none'>Introduction</title><p>Home confinement during the COVID-19 pandemic reduced the physical activity level and exacerbated other unhealthy behaviours such as vices and eating disorders. This study analyses the risk factors predisposing to weight gain in young adults during COVID-19 home confinement.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Material and method</title><p>Four hundred thirty-three students, aged between 19 and 25, participated in an online survey to understand the factors associated with weight gain. The following lifestyle dimensions were investigated in a regression model: physical activity, personal experiences, occupation, risk of vices.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Results</title><p>We have found significant associations between weight gain (as a dependent variable), and frequency of physical activity (p = 0.009), occupational performance (p = 0.002), and alcohol consumption (p = 0.002). Male respondents are more likely to have gained weight during isolation. For an increase of one unit in the frequency of playing sports, we expect an odd of 0.25 (p = 0.048) for the respondents’ weight loss. Moreover, if the occupational performance increases by one unit, a weight decrease by a rate of 0.52 (p =0.02) is expected.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Conclusion</title><p>In conclusion, young adults less engaged in physical activity, who assessed their occupational performance as lower, and who consumed alcohol more often during home confinement are the most likely to have gained weight.</p></sec> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Use of Digital Technologies in the Physical Education Lesson: A Systematic Analysis of Scientific Literature<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <sec><title style='display:none'>Introduction</title><p>The development and diversification of digital technologies in modern era has got a tremendous influence in the field of Physical Education too.</p><p>This research‘s purpose is to examine the previous studies conducted upon the usage of these diverse digital technologies in the instructive and educational process for the subject of Physical Education.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Methods</title><p>Six electronic databases have been used to select the articles that include the usage of digital technologies for the Physical Education school subject. After applying the exclusion criteria, there have been selected and evaluated 26 scientific articles indexed during the years 2015 – 2016.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Results</title><p>We can notice that the worldwide technology evolution has contributed to the progressive growth of research regarding the usage of digital technologies even for the field of Physical Education. It was established that the technologies used for the lessons can improve the motor or moving skills and can improve the students motivational level for the Physical Education lessons. The current research also shows that digital technologies can be regarded as a way to involve students in cooperating with their peers. Important studies also refer to investigating the effects that short videos have upon the instructive and educational process itself as well as upon the students evaluation during the Physical Education classes. Using digital technologies (iPads, smartphones, tablets, audio players, computers and apps) doesn’t necessarily involves giving up to the traditional methods, but furthermore, using them simultaneously, can improve the entire learning process, increasing the quality of the lessons and attracting the students towards the Physical Education classes. The article also presents some barriers that can appear in the process of integrating these digital technologies into the lessons. We notice that combining more learning methods of teaching (the reverse learning method with different games, learning by following instructions given with the help of augmented reality, integrating different ways of playing) in the course of Physical Education can bring benefits upon the motor abilities or movements performed by students.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Conclusions</title><p>In most of the studies that were analysed it can be noticed that positive results in the instructive and educational process were obtained in regard of improving the motor skills, the students learning abilities and motivation as a result of merging and integrating different digital technologies in the Physical Education classes.</p></sec> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue impact of home office setup due to COVID-19 pandemic on IT professionals′ physical health: a systematic review<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <sec><title style='display:none'>Introduction</title><p>The COVID-19 pandemic represented a great reset in terms of how we work; it affected all organizational levels and brought up unexpected challenges, forcing a lot of workers to shift into working from home. A home office may not be suitable for IT professionals as it is not usually designed ergonomically for long-term use. This study <italic>aimed</italic> to explore the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on IT professionals’ physical health who hypothetically deal with non-ergonomic workstations at home and with modified workloads.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Material and method</title><p>The research was conducted based on PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes) methodology. The scientific material was selected through a search in PubMed, Scopus, Clarivate Analytics, and Google Scholar databases; the eligible studies were published in 2020 and 2021, involved IT professionals who shifted to home office due to the COVID-19 pandemic and analysed the physical health issues related to these changes.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Results</title><p>Physical health outcomes as neck pain and other musculoskeletal complaints, along with increased stress and anxiety, as mental issues, were reported in most of the participants interviewed in the selected studies; the musculoskeletal complaints were strongly influenced by the unexpected changes that came along with working from home in terms of workload and workstations. On the other hand, having a room dedicated to professional activities, an ergonomic workstation, knowing how to adjust the workstation, and increased satisfaction with indoor environmental quality factors in the workspaces were associated with a lower chance of developing new health problems during this period.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Conclusion</title><p>The present study confirms that in the case of IT professionals there is a strong association between working from home, poor ergonomic workstations and high prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints, and, especially, an increased occurrence of neck pain.</p></sec> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue vs offensive style on clay courts<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <sec><title style='display:none'>Introduction</title><p>In tennis, knowledge of the characteristics of different playing styles is essential to achieve the desired results and to improve specialized technical-tactical procedures according to the playing surface on which the match is played, together with the individual and opponents’ peculiarities.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Purpose</title><p>Adopting a style of play that is suited to the individual characteristics of the player, the opponent and the characteristics of the playing surface can improve the chances of winning for the player who is mostly on the defensive. This comparative study aims to highlight the differences between the two players in a tournament on a slow surface, using the chosen methods and means.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Methods</title><p>The main research method was the method of analysing the 6 matches using different statistical indices. In doing so, the average results of all 6 matches played by the two players up to the final were compared with the results of the statistical indices of the final match. For this study we have selected the main indices for the topic.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Results</title><p>The results of the study showed that a defensive player spends more time on the court during a tournament. With the help of data analysis and recordings, it can be observed that the offensive or defensive player stands out according to the studied parameters. Some parameters are specific to a style of play. Also, a defensive player with good speed and agility can adapt more easily on a slow surface (clay).</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Conclusions</title><p>The playing surface can negatively affect the results obtained in major tournaments if the emphasis in training is not placed on developing a game adapted to individual characteristics. Also, the player who can adapt during the match has a better chance of winning a Grand Slam tournament.</p></sec> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue between lower limb power and dynamic stability in volleball players<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <sec><title style='display:none'>Introduction</title><p>As in all team sports, lower limb power is an important quality of any player. Especially when it comes to volleyball, a game that relies on jumping performance on almost every action except reception. Another crucially important quality of the lower limbs is dynamic stability. Without the latter, the frequency of injuries rises, and that is something any coach or player wants to avoid. The question arises: Are the two qualities related?</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Aim</title><p>The study aimed to investigate the correlation between lower limb power and force measured using an inertial flywheel training/measuring device and dynamic stability evaluated through the Y balance test.</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Material and method</title><p>The Y balance test was used for evaluating the lower limb dynamic stability of 8 Romanian volleyball players. In addition, using an inertial flywheel training system (kBox 4 Pro, Exxentric, Sweden) and kMeter II measuring device the following parameters where measured: average force AvF (N), average power AvP (W), concentric peak power ConPP (W), eccentric peak power EccPP(W). The relative peak power RPP (W/kg) was calculated by dividing concentric peak power by the weight of the volleyball player. The subjects performed 8 maximal squats using the kBox harness and the L (0,05 kgm<sup>2</sup>) flywheel</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Results</title><p>Composite reach distance (CRD) means for the lower limbs have been compared using the t-test and although there is a difference of 1.8%, it isn’t significant, (p&lt;0,001). We have found a direct correlation between the average composite reach distance and relative peak power (r=0.71, p=0.045) and also with the average power (r=0.75, p=0.032) of the lower limbs. The composite reach distance for the right leg correlates with the relative peak power (r=0.73, p=0.036); average force (r=0.73, p=0.039), and average power (r=0.77, p=0.024). For the left leg, however, the only correlation found with the CRD is the average power (r=0.75, p=0.044).</p></sec> <sec><title style='display:none'>Conclusions</title><p>The medium composite reach distance CRDM is directly correlated with the average lower limb power and relative peak power but due to the small sample size, the power of this effect is unknown. CRDR (right leg) significantly correlates with relative peak power, average power but also with average force whereas CRDL (left leg) only correlates with average power. This does not come as a surprise because all the subjects are right side dominant. There is no significant difference between CRDR and CRDL p&lt;0.001. This is quite important because stability asymmetries of the lower limbs may lead to injury.</p></sec> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue