rss_2.0European Journal of Education FeedSciendo RSS Feed for European Journal of Education Journal of Education Feed Students’ Minds: Developing Critical Thinking or Fitting into Procrustean Bed<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Standardized tests have been applied as student knowledge assessment in many countries, including Azerbaijan. However, studies have shown that standardized tests are not an effective way of measuring students’ knowledge because they limit students’ creativity and prevent instructors from applying individual teaching methods due to the pressure of passing the tests. The tests do not consider students with different learning abilities and treat them equally, which may not favor some students. Also, teachers are pressured to ensure their students pass the tests, leading to an excessive focus on the topics likely to be set rather than the whole curriculum. The study recommends implementing different assessment methods with no ranking to ensure that students do not memorize for passing tests, eliminate competition, and promote equality in the education sector. The assessment methods should allow students to debate, compare and analyze ideas through critical thinking, inquiring, and understanding for applying the learned knowledge into real life. Thus, the importance of an inquiry-based curriculum and assessment is stressed.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Mediating Effect of Creative Thinking on Multiple-Intelligence and Thinking Patterns Among 10th-Grade Students in Abu Dhabi Private Schools<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This study aimed at investigating the mediating effect of creative thinking on multiple-intelligence and thinking patterns among 10th-grade students in Abu Dhabi private schools. This study used descriptive approach and SEM. Also, the study sample consisted of 350 students from five private schools in Abu Dhabi. The instruments used were Gardner’s multiple-intelligence scale and thinking patterns scale. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics, correlation coefficient and Amos. The results showed significant positive relationship between multiple intelligences (IV) and thinking patterns (DV) through creative thinking (MV). Direct significant positive relationships were found between interpersonal intelligence (IV) and thinking patterns (DV) (r=.241); natural intelligence (IV) and thinking patterns (DV) (r=.113); musical intelligence (IV) and thinking patterns (DV) (r=.000); bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence (IV) and thinking patterns (DV) (r=.000). In conclusion, the findings revealed the influence of creative thinking on the relationship between multiple-intelligence and thinking patterns.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and Protection of Childhood and Adolescence - The “Child Contact Centre”<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper wants to study in deep one of the existing services to help and to improve the parent-son’s relation: the “child contact centre”. This centre is a place where children can meet their parents after different family problems, from parental conflicts until violence and abuses. It’s very important that each child could have the possibility to continue to live with his family as reported by the “UN Convention of childhood and adolescence’s rights” (1989). The history of these meeting centres is very recent and, in the same way, also the role of the social workers. For this reason, research of peculiarities of this place and the rules of the operators involved is very important. In particular, the history moment where we are living today with the “Covid-19” spread all over the world, has caused many problems in the families and it has compounded family situations already compromised. The choose of this theme is also born from the need of study in deep the organization and the functioning of a child contact centre. This is one of the services most complex and heterogeneous and that’s why even today again it doesn’t exist one guideline that is the same in each contest. Finally, the paper wants to describe this service and, mostly, it wants make some proposals about the best practises or operations that could improve it.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of Students for Sudden Movement from Face-to-Face Teaching to Online Learning Environment: A Regional Study in Conditions Affected by the COVID-19 Pandemic<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper is focused on exploring the learning experiences of students of Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Elbasan, Albania, during the period of sudden movement from teaching in auditorium to the online learning environment due to the COVID-19 pandemic.</p> <p><bold>The purpose</bold> of the study was to identify the positive and negative aspects of online learning as experienced by students, as well as to find out their preference for the most appropriate form of higher education delivery (face-to-face, hybrid, online) for young people of digital age.</p> <p><bold>The methodology</bold> used in this study included an item-based questionnaire to collect <italic>data</italic> which was developed through a web-based application known as Google Forms and was delivered to students via Internet. Qualitative and quantitative analysis was undertaken for the answers obtained by the open-ended and closed-ended questions.</p> <p><bold>The results</bold> of the study showed that the biggest challenge for all students was the immediate adaptation to the form of distance learning. Most of them had perceived the online learning dominated more by negative experiences than positive ones.</p> <p>The study <bold>concluded</bold> that new reality created by COVID-19 tested the current capacity of Higher Education Institutions regarding the ICT integration process in teaching. As this process was progressing very slowly, universities were found unprepared to transfer the teaching process from the auditorium to the online environment with the same quality. In order to meet the demands of the future, <bold>it is imperative</bold> that every university to plan strategically the increase investment towards its digital transformation.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Relationship between Multiple-Intelligence and Thinking Patterns through Critical Thinking among 10th-Grade Students in Private Schools in Abu Dhabi<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This study aimed at investigating the relationship between multiple-intelligence and thinking patterns through critical thinking among tenth-grade students in Abu Dhabi private schools. This study used descriptive approach and SEM. Also, the study sample consisted of 350 students from five private schools in Abu Dhabi. The instruments used were Gardner’s multiple-intelligence scale and thinking patterns scale. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics, correlation coefficient and Amos. The results showed significant positive relationship between multiple intelligences (IV) and thinking patterns (DV) through critical thinking (MV). Direct relationships were found between linguistic intelligence (IV) and thinking patterns (DV) (r=.284); social intelligence (IV) and thinking patterns (DV) (r=.241); natural intelligence (IV) and thinking patterns (DV) (r=.113); musical intelligence (IV) and thinking patterns (DV) (r=.270); bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence (IV) and thinking patterns (DV) (r=.470). In conclusion, the findings revealed the influence of critical thinking on the relationship between multiple-intelligence and thinking patterns.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Educational System under Attack: The Reforms Proposed After the 2016 Coup and Their Sociological Contexts<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In mid-2016, in Brazil, many political changes are made after the deposition of President Dilma Rousseff from the presidency of the federal republic. Among these changes, initiated by the President of the Republic Michel Temer and sustained by his successor, Jair Bolsonaro, are the changes in the area of Education, placing it more and more on the path of the established neoliberal agenda. Many of the proposed changes, as well as the way they are carried out, had already been addressed by several authors in the field of Education and Sociology. Thus, this article proposed to explain the non-explicit political interests with these reforms based on a specific literature. In the end, the model of making the educational system for maintaining the neoliberal agenda is described, as well as possible means of weakening this system.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and Mixed Reality in Language Learning<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The use of Extended Reality technologies in education, and especially in language learning, has attracted the interest of language experts for the last 15 years. However, the recent technological progress as well as the simultaneous dramatic reduction of the cost of the necessary hardware has led to an impressive growth of the XR market, creating, thus, new perspectives concerning the adoption of XR technologies in education. The educational XR market is also growing very fast, not only thanks to the offer of innovative applications, but also due to technological developments in network technologies. Advances in wireless and cellular networks can make XR experiences more immersive and more accessible to local and remote users. This paper aims to present the current developments in the field of utilization of Augmented (AR) and Mixed Reality (MR) technologies in language education and to explore their future perspectives. Towards this end, AR/MR technologies, the theoretical bases of their use in language education, as well as the available for each technology hardware and software solutions are presented in more detail. Examples of AR/MR technologies in language learning applications, as well as the conclusions drawn from the literature review concerning the benefits and limitations AR/MR applications in language learning will also be presented. Finally, market data and future research directions will be discussed, in order to identify the perspectives of these technologies in language learning.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Corner in Algeria: Single-Sex vs Co-Educational Schools<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Nowadays, English is significantly popular among Algerian generation but not to such an extent to be used in social context. Its use is, however, limited to classroom environment except for those students who are fond of this foreign language and master it with a high level of fluency. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the status of English as second foreign language in Algeria, and how it has been injected within the educational system by taking into consideration social and cultural aspects. Education is a process and like other processes, it is exposed to several factors, some of which are aid and some others are obstructive. The type of school can be one of these factors that may affect teachers and students: Single-sex or coeducational schools. Algeria is a country that still offers different types of schools that have great impact on pedagogy and on learners’ performance in the EFL context due to social and cultural impacts.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Control in Nautical Information Resources<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Nautical charts are an essential information resource for safe navigation. However, they are not only a useful resource for navigators; According to the International Hydrological Organization (IHO), they essentially fulfill two functions: 1) Maritime navigation, since most hydrographic services have the obligation to provide coverage of the nautical charts of their national waters, in all coastal waters, including major ports and smaller marinas of purely local interest. and 2) as a source of information, since national nautical charts present a detailed configuration of the seabed. Information on the shape of the seabed is required by a diversity of users in addition to navigators; for example, engineers interested in onshore construction, dredging contractors, oceanographers, defense agencies, coastal zone managers, etc. Traditionally, there are three essential elements that play an important role in information retrieval: title, author, and subject access point. Among the latter, one can distinguish indexing by natural language and by controlled vocabularies. The thematic access points, makes it easier for the user to search and retrieve all types of resources that satisfy their information needs. Traditionally in the processing of nautical charts the natural language is used predominantly, motivated by a lack of availability of a controlled vocabulary specific to the área in Spanish. The objective of this work is aimed at establishing the criteria for the construction of a controlled vocabulary in Spanish in the field of nautical charts.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Multilingual Competence and Cultural Awareness through Forms of Non-Formal Learning: A Contribution to Sustainable Employability, Active Citizenship and Social Inclusion<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>We live in a fast-changing world, where breakthrough technological advances have not just disrupted industries but also changed the way we live, work and learn to a degree humankind has never experienced before. As the modern workplace becomes ever more global and interconnected, proficiency in foreign languages (FL) assumes a fundamental role in international business relations. Simultaneously, being able to navigate culturally diverse environments, i.e., understanding how international stakeholders think, work, and express themselves through their attitudes and behaviours is of paramount importance as well. These challenges also raise pressing questions: How can we prepare learners for a global world in constant evaluation? How can we help them develop 21<sup>st</sup>-century skills as important as critical thinking, creativity, communication, adaptability, digital literacy and cross-cultural understanding? In May 2018, the Council of the European Union (CEU) adopted a <italic>Recommendation on Key Competences for Lifelong Learning</italic>, a framework that attempts to establish a common understanding of competences needed in the present moment and the future, by emphasising the inter-relatedness of knowledge, skills, attitudes and values. An important reference tool for education and training stakeholders, this recommendation identifies the following key competences: 1) Literacy competence; 2) Multilingual competence; 3) Mathematical competence and competence in science, technology and engineering; 4) Digital competence; 5) Personal, social and learning to learn competence; 6) Civic competence; 7) Entrepreneurship competence; and 8) Cultural awareness and expression competence. The EU Member States are, thus, encouraged to prepare their citizens for changing labour markets and active citizenship in more diverse, mobile, digital, and global societies, and to develop learning at all stages of life. While teacher-guided approaches will remain an important pedagogical practice, the main approach to teaching key competences is through providing learning environments that facilitate active learning, i.e., student-centred settings where open-ended problems and challenges can be solved through debate, experimentation, exploration, and creativity. This paper aims to narrate a non-formal activity carried out within a Business English Communication course taught at the Higher School of Technology and Management of the University of Aveiro (Portugal), in collaboration with an international group of volunteers from the European Solidarity Corps. This initiative sought to contribute to the development of some of the key competences for lifelong learning, especially multilingual skills and cultural sensitivity and expression, but also digital skills and personal and social skills of the participants.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue as a Value in the Pre-Graduate Studies of Education in Ukraine<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper focuses on the description of the value of education in pregraduate preparation of students of teaching disciplines in Ukraine. The aim of the text is to specify the course of preparation for the profession of teacher in the context of values from the perspective of students of selected pedagogical faculties in Ukraine. The issue of values in the pregraduate preparation of Ukrainian students of teaching is a partial part of the authors’ long-term interest in the issue of education and the values of Ukrainian pupils in schools in the Czech Republic. The research is carried out using a mixed QVAN - qval design. A Likert-type scale questionnaire supplemented with semi-closed and open items was chosen as the research tool. The data are analyzed with the predominance of a simple statistical analysis with additional analysis using grounded theory.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Experience: Pharmaceutical Market to Fight Against COVID-19<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>As the Sars-CoV2 pandemic continues to grow, researchers around the world are urgently seeking new treatments to prevent infection, cure those infected, or lessen the severity of the disease. Although there are several recently approved vaccines, clinical trials are underway to “re-use” drugs normally indicated for other diseases. This teaching experience studies the market for 8 pharmaceutical products used to fight the pandemic (remdesivir, favipiravir, lopinavir/ritonavir, chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, sofosbuvir, pyrfenidone and tocilizumab) in 13 countries (Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, France, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, South Africa, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States). Through the analysis of prices and costs, we reflect on the difficulty of access to treatment according to the country. The objective is to deepen knowledge of the pharmaceutical market: (i) to demonstrate in a tangible way the differences between production costs and final prices of medicines, (ii) to perceive the difficulty of access to certain treatments depending on the country, (iii) to reflect on what initiatives should be implemented in an international emergency context such as the one we are experiencing.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue City’s Regulatory Plans in the First Half of the 20 Century<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of this work is to throw light on the regulatory plans of the city of Korça. Based on the researches done in the press of time and in the relevant institutions as well, it comes out that the city had a regulatory plan for its development. It is documented in the press of time since 1875 making it an early document for both the city and Albania in general. These data derive mainly from the press of time published in Korças they have had a great impact on the social and economic life of the city. The ever documented regulatory plan is that of 1931 in co-operation with two foreign engineers and approved by the Albanian Ministry of Infrastructure. Based not only on the press publications, but also on what we have inherited up to nowadays, we conclude that this plan has never been implemented. The only “ new thing” this plan brought is the “Pirro Boulevard” or the today known “ Skenderbe”, ( Scanderbeg ) which joins the Shen Gjergj Blvd with that of “ Republikës” ( Republic ). In the end, based on archive researches we can deduce that the city of Korça has been among the first cities of Albania having a regulatory plan. A concise and definite fact is the article of 1910 which speaks of “ the City Card” ( Chart ).</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Language Learning via Mobile Devices during a Language Immersion Program<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The progress of technology and the complete integration of its products in our daily lives is now a reality. In addition to this, more and more young children now own their personal mobile devices, most of which have a connection to the internet. These new portable devices offer unlimited possibilities to their users, yet they also create more and more challenges in the field of learning. Inevitably, Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) as a subcategory of Mlearning is also affected. The purpose of this paper is to present students’ perceptions on the use of an application in the process of learning French as a foreign language. To this end, we developed an application for mobile devices in real teaching conditions, which respects the principles of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). Experimental quantitative research was carried out in order to explore the students’ experience concerning the application as a portable learning tool, completely integrated into the course. The target group we addressed was international students from various countries in Europe, Asia and America, who were taught French during a language immersion program, as part of a language stay in Saint Raphaël in France.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Assisted Language Learning (MALL): Trends from 2010 to 2020 Using Text Analysis Techniques<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Throughout the decade of 2010-2020, the widespread use of mobile devices of any type (smartphones, tablets) has encouraged and strengthened their use in different learning processes and in different ways. Latest improvements in devices’ processing power, in storage capacity, in memory allocation, in wireless connectivity, in GPS and in Bluetooth capabilities, has led to their wider integration and smoother use in the field of learning and in the field of language learning as well. This study examined the trend of a large number of academic studies concerning Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) using text analysis techniques and tools, published in the decade 2010-2020. Over three hundred and forty (340) publications such as journal articles, conferences proceedings papers, books chapters and books were retrieved and analyzed. The preliminary analysis presents the main characteristics and the research trends of this decade and discuss how the field of mobile assisted language learning has evolved in these years.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Factors for Using Case Method in Teaching Applied Data Science Education<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In a world where everything involves data, an application of it became essential to the decision-making process. The Case Method approach is necessary for Data Science education to expose students to real scenarios that challenge them to develop the appropriate skills to deal with practical problems by providing solutions for different activities. Data science combines multiple fields like statistics, scientific methods, and data analysis to extract value from data, being an umbrella term used for multiple industries, such as data analytics, data mining, machine learning, big data, business intelligence, and predictive analytics. This paper gives an overview of success factors for using the Case Method in teaching Applied Data Science education. Showing that close analysis provides a deeper understanding of implications, connects theory to practice, and classes unfold without a detailed script when successful instructors simultaneously manage content and process. This synthesis of current research can be used by Applied Data Science educators to more effectively plan the use of the Case Method as one possible teaching method.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue “Microteaching” Meet Pre-Service Teacher’s Expectations?<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Practically every academic institution and official body that is involved in the preparation of teachers of every educational grade and orientation regarding didactic practice in class, has included “Microteaching” in its academic curriculum as a basic subject. However, what is the attitude of students themselves towards this subject? What are their expectations? Does it eventually meet these expectations? What kind of knowledge and skills does it provide them with? This current research attempts to give insight to such queries, as it aims at researching the views of 115 student teachers on the subject “Microteaching”. These views have been documented in short texts that students were asked to produce both in the beginning of the academic semester-after receiving initial information – and in its end - after their training was completed. This study makes use of a double perspective: it focuses on the one hand on their expectations from this subject, while on the other on their critical overall assessment, in order to formulate a thorough and rounded picture regarding the subject “Microteaching” through the viewpoint of the students who are trained in it.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Diversity and Its Influence on Role Players in a Full-Service School in Soshanguve: A Wellness Perspective<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The purpose of the study was to explore the role cultural diversity plays in a Full-Service School in Soshanguve by means of a wellness perspective lens. The phenomenon at hand was the way that cultural diversity influences role players within a Full-Service School. The study was underpinned by three theories, namely Hettler’s Wellness Theory, Cultural-Historical Activity Theory and Ubuntu to generate a comprehensive insight into the role of cultural diversity on role players within a Full-Service School in Soshanguve. The study was premised on a qualitative philosophy using an interpretive paradigm, an ethnographic case study and using various qualitative methods of data collection, analysis and interpretation of data. Only one school participated in this research study as the goal of this research study was understanding the phenomenon from the participants’ perspective. The study employed a purposive sampling approach to select diary entries from educators who participated in the semi-structured interviews. Data collection and analysis were precise as the data was collected and transcribed as soon as it was recorded. The researcher consequently decided to use thematic analysis to draw on the theoretical framework of this study. Thematic analysis refers to the identification of themes and patterns of meaning throughout the data in correlation to the research question. Thus, the researcher analysed content by coding specific themes as directed by the research project’s theoretical framework. Among the findings was that role players identified that cultural diversity influences the wellness dimensions holistically. One of the recommendations is to establish a cultural awareness model in collaboration with the community within a Full-service school.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Losses Caused by the Covid-19 Pandemic - A Significant Threat to Economic Development<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Numerous studies show that there is a positive correlation between education and the economic development of the country. Strong education systems have a positive impact not only on the success of individuals but also on the economy of the entire country. Graduates equipped with the skills required by the labor market can easily find a place in this market. Knowledge and skills relevant to market demand increase productivity have a positive impact on economic growth and development. Unfortunately, Covid Pandemic has severely damaged the education systems. Governments, scientists, and experts provide us with statistical information daily around the world about both the slowdown in economic growth as a whole and the problems of individual sectors of the economy. These are the problems and numbers that are already visible and it can be said that the losses are easily measurable. However, the damage caused to the economy by education systems affected by the pandemic will be felt by countries and humanity years later, nor will it be easy to calculate. The problem is even more difficult in poor and developing countries. This paper aims to study the impact of the Covid Pandemic on the education system and economy in Georgia. The research examines the reports and studies of various international organizations, analyzing the secondary data obtained from them. Local policy documents, government reports and regulations, and papers of different researchers have also been studied, conclusions have been made and relevant recommendations have been developed.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue’ Perceptions of Distance Language Learning in Vocational Training<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The coronavirus pandemic has had a significant impact in almost all areas of human activity around the world with education being unquestionably affected as well. Universities and Vocational Training Institutes have been forced to close their doors in an effort to stop the spread of the COVID-19 virus. To ensure pedagogical continuity, distance learning courses have been recommended as immediate alternatives. The purpose of this contribution is to investigate how students of Vocational Training Institutes perceive distance education and effectiveness of online foreign language teaching. To this end, a quantitative research based on an online survey was conducted, which included 206, students of five (5) public Vocational Training Institutes and different specialties. The questions were intended to examine the participants’ views on the use of platforms and the collaborative tools, the utility of the educational materials and activities proposed, the learning outcomes in the target language, and, the benefits and limitations of distance synchronous language learning.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue