rss_2.0Architecture and Design FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Architecture and Designhttps://www.sciendo.com/subject/ADhttps://www.sciendo.comArchitecture and Design Feedhttps://www.sciendo.com/subjectImages/Architecture_&_Design.jpg700700Global Economic Influences Generated By the Current Ukraine-Russia Conflicthttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/agr-2022-0005<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>We live in a world that is changing at an unprecedented rate in all areas of life. Technology, automation and artificial intelligence will be the deciding factors of major changes in the global socio-economic picture by 2030. Because the road to a sustainable economy is unquestionably challenging, the onset of the Covid 19 has slowed this progress, and in some countries, especially low-income countries, it has even declined. In this context, the reality of recent months has shown humanity that we are still very vulnerable to the danger posed by military wars, with weapons and tanks, as we no longer thought possible in the context of the current explosion of information and technology, AI and VR. Unfortunately, we cannot oppose the evolution of humanity, with or without wars, including economic ones, with the major risk that things will “go crazy”, especially if the technology becomes a tool against humanity.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-09T00:00:00.000+00:00Study Regarding the Characterization of Soil Resources in Petresti Locality, Damboviţa Countyhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/agr-2022-0006<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>From the moment man intervened in nature, especially by cultivating the land, his soil and fertility bear the strong imprint of anthropogenic influence. The longer a soil has been subjected to agrotechnical, agrochemical, ameliorating works, the greater the changes, the soil and its fertility becoming the product not only of natural factors but also of human action. It follows, therefore, that fertility is not only a natural feature of the soil, but is closely linked to all other conditions of the environment, as well as to human action, to the stage of development of science and technology, to social relations. It is common for the fertility of the soil in natural or unmodified conditions to be called natural fertility and in the case of human intervention the notions of artificial fertility or cultural fertility or technogenic fertility or real fertility or effective fertility are used. Soil as a means of production in agriculture has certain peculiarities that distinguish it from other means of production. Thus, the soil is a natural means of production that is formed and evolves on the surface of the land, over time, under the influence of environmental conditions. Unlike other means of production, which can be multiplied, the soil cover of the globe, of a country, of an area, etc., is quantitatively limited by the respective geographical space; therefore, obtaining the necessary productions in increasing quantities cannot be done only through an extensive agriculture (increasing the agricultural areas), but, above all, intensive (increasing the production per unit area). Also, unlike other means of production that are worn out by use, the soil, if used rationally, not only does not reduce its production capacity (fertility) but, on the contrary, can increase it.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-09T00:00:00.000+00:00Aspects Regarding the Evolution of African Swine Fever in Romaniahttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/agr-2022-0003<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The global spread of African swine fever (ASF) is a threat to the livestock sector with potentially serious consequences for food security. The article proposes an analysis of ASF in Romania from the perspective of the evolution of the number of outbreaks and their impact on the number of pigs, the production obtained and the delivery price. The analysis is based on data provided by the National Institute of Statistics and the National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority. The data indicate that in order to prevent the spread of ASF, 1,208,229 swine heads affected by the disease were eliminated (of which approximately 60,000 breeding sows), the total compensation to the affected owners being 890,880 thousand lei. The impact of the ASF on the pig farming sector translates into a decrease in total herds by 22.6%, a decrease in total meat production by 15.3% and an increase by 16.5% in the average purchase price per kg live weight.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-09T00:00:00.000+00:00Nutritional Level and Quality – Condition and Component of Animal Welfarehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/agr-2022-0002<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paperwork highlights the role that plays the animal nutrition, in terms of level and quality, in relation to interdependence with other animal welfare criteria. It is necessary to apply nutritional strategies, taking into account the optimization of feeding conditions and nutritional intakes, in order to meet the objectives of animal welfare, which must take into account both health and environmental conditions, their maintenance and their service. In this way, the administration of food and the provision of all the necessary nutrients, depending on the species, the category of production, the physiological state must be applied in such a way that each animal has the freedom to express its normal behavior under conditions of well-being.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-09T00:00:00.000+00:00Reviewed Comparative Analysis of Three Case-Studies Using RT-PCR to Detect Canine Distemper Virushttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/agr-2022-0001<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>An important canine virus that are spread among the dog population is the canine distemper virus (CDV) which affects domestic and wild animals all over the world, particularly due to the fact that it passes the species. Canine distemper virus is an important veterinary issue in areas with a high number of dogs that are not vaccinated against the virus and also where the disease is present in wild animals. A useful tule in diagnosis of this disease is the real time PCR that can detect the viral genome from oral swabs, ocular swabs, LCR (cerebrospinal fluid), feces or urine, depending on the clinical stage of the disease. This paper presents a reviewed analysis of three case-studies conducted by the Universities of Bari (Italy), Liège (Belgium) and Pécs (Hungary) concerning clinical manifestations of the infection with the Canine Distemper Virus and the efficiency of reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction tests in the detection of viral RNA. The emergence of CDV cases in wildlife is also explored, as is the opportunity of vaccination against CDV infection as a means of protecting domestic dogs in shelters and homes.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-09T00:00:00.000+00:00Sustainable Development and the Better Way to Promote Education for Regenerative Agriculturehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/agr-2022-0010<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In the last 25 years, sustainable development seems to be the solution for the world’s problems. Reality makes to have more pollution, biodiversity loss and clear impact of climate change. Change of climate is the attribute of human activities and is one of the most critical processes that affect our earth. For this reason, it is necessary to promote education and the aim of sustainability gaining more and more attention in environmental, social, and economic programs and activities. We need to start with three questions about what should be sustainable: agriculture, households, cities, whole nations, and the world economy? Is generally know that sustainable agriculture helps the environment and takes many forms (organic, holistic, biodynamic agriculture etc.). But specialist know how important is to realize ways for different agricultural practices that can influence the environment in positive or negative matter. In view to this regenerative or sustainable agriculture need to find a good balance between the need for food production and the preservation of the ecological system. For that reason, we need to implement and to educate about the circular economy which is one of the new concepts of sustainable development and economic activities. In this concept, resource use, waste production, emissions and energy waste are decreased by reducing, and closing energy and material cycles.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-09T00:00:00.000+00:00Study of Natural Quality Parameters of Groundwater in Dambovita Countyhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/agr-2022-0008<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper aims to monitor some indicators of groundwater samples from different localities of Dambovita County (Dobra, Valeni-Dambovita, Selaru, Brezoaele), in different seasons (autumn, winter and spring) and compare them with maximum concentrations. (Maximum allowed concentration) provided for in the relevant regulations. The following indicators were monitored monthly for a period of seven months in the above-mentioned areas for groundwater samples: pH, water temperature, air temperature, total hardness (expressed in German degrees), nitrate content, amount of dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen consumption in 5 monitored days (BOD5), aggressive carbon dioxide content and carbon dioxide content in the form of bicarbonates. The study identified exceedances of the limit values only for the nitrate content in some localities and in some of the studied months. The other parameters did not show any exceedances.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-09T00:00:00.000+00:00Nonverbal Language – Elements of Identity, Quality and Diversity of Winehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/agr-2022-0007<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In the early prehistoric world, communication relied heavily on gestural communication, equally important being sensory communication. Wine transcends time and offers access to the basis of this communication. It can transfer information to a receiver ready to recognize it. Non-verbal language in wine is three-dimensional: visual, olfactory, gustatory. Nonverbal language is the expression of wine’s identity and diversity.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-09T00:00:00.000+00:00Salmonide Growth - A Sustainable and Viable Alternative for the Valorization of Unproductive Agricultural Landhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/agr-2022-0009<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Salmon farming includes concerns about artificially growing and improving the populations of Salmonidae species on specialized trout farms. Due to the improvement of salmonid species, today productions are obtained throughout the year, in a relatively short time and at increasing densities. Thus, in order to obtain high and quality yields, the crop areas are incomparably smaller than those intended for other crop species, being used impracticable lands for agriculture or low yield lands. The study brings to the fore the parameters that must be taken into account, in the project phase, before setting up a farm specialized in trout farming: geotechnical study, water source, physics-chemical parameters and growth basins. The growth of trout is related to the agricultural sector and the technique of the agricultural production process, because knowing the soil and its properties, we can improve the action of bacteria and benthic flora and fauna, important links of the food chain in the ecosystem. The trout farm is a profitable alternative to the traditional farm, because the area needed to set up the fish farm is much smaller.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-09T00:00:00.000+00:00Linking Agriculture with Organic Farming, Challenges to Upcoming Food Security and Environmental Sustainabilityhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/agr-2022-0004<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The challenges posed by population growth and the need to ensure access to healthy and nutritious food in sufficient quantities imply the need to change the paradigm and the way of thinking about new production and consumption patterns, scalable, integrated and adaptable to the requirements of agroecological production, on the principles of sustainability. Thus, we will be able, at the same time, to quantify the effects on socio-ecological systems, in a context of consumption that puts more and more pressure on the planet’s resources. Discussions, but especially solutions, on sustainability and innovation in agriculture are urgent, due to the need to ensure the source of basic foodstuffs and to meet primary food needs, as well as consumer access to them. Ensuring the need for food for a growing population must be based on maintaining productive ecosystems (in this case land) and sustainable production systems, without affecting the evolution and even the existence of upcoming generations, by ensuring a responsible and sustainable future. The main purpose of this scientific paper is to promote agroecology and encourage innovation, by promoting organic farming, in conjunction with sustaining steady economic growth, so necessary for the population’s access to nutritious and sufficient food, with direct effects on a healthy and active life.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-05-09T00:00:00.000+00:00Analysis of Heat Recovery from Wastewater Using a Heat Pump on the Example of a Wastewater Treatment Plant in the Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship in Polishhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.30540/sae-2021-010<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Currently, sources from which renewable energy could be generated are being sought worldwide. One of these sources could be wastewater. This article shows how heat can be recovered from wastewater, using a small wastewater treatment plant in Świętokrzyskie voivodeship as an example. It analyses the temperature of wastewater in the reactor, in the sewage system and the ambient temperature for each month. The principle of heat pump operation was presented. Then, the amount of heat energy that can be recovered from wastewater was calculated for each month.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Determinants of the Location and Architecture of the Provincial Office in Kielcehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.30540/sae-2021-008<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article presents a very modest state of research on the, architecture of the then Presidium of the Provincial National Council in Kielce – currently the provincial and marshal’s office. The research methodology was adopted to find new facts influencing the choice of place and the architectural form of the office. The study covered the period from the beginning of the 1950s to the end of the 1970s. An episode of socialist realism was shown, influencing its functionally and spatially planned location and the direction of modernism in architecture. Its similarity with the works of Le Corbusier was pointed out as a probable inspiration. As a result, a building was constructed that positively entered the postwar urban planning of the city. On the other hand, as an element of an unrealized modernist urban vision, it is a warning against the desire to irreversibly destroy the historic space of downtown Kielce.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Technical Aspects of Measurements Using the Pull-Off Methodhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.30540/sae-2021-009<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article presents an analysis of the technical use aspects of the pull-off method for testing the repair layers applied to concrete elements, based on the standards requirements. The use of non-destructive testing methods is the only option in some cases. However, it is very important to pay attention to their proper use or even preparation for research. The pull-off method requires just such diligence to be able to properly interpret the obtained results. The article compares the results of the research in which the pull-off method was used in various configurations. The obtained measurement results were compared with each other and analyzed in terms of their usefulness.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-26T00:00:00.000+00:00 Diplomacy. What About Romania in the Last Minutes of and the First of People’s Republic of Bulgaria (1945-1947) Foreign Affairshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/amsh-2021-0007<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The Romanian-Bulgarian relations were assigned the role of satellites belonging first to the Axis, and then to U.S.S.R., following the regulation of the territorial statute of South Dobrudja on September 7<sup>th</sup> 1940, through the Treaty from Craiova. After the Red Army has entered Bulgaria, on September 8<sup>th</sup> 1944, an unusual fact has intervened between Bucharest and Sofia, from the perspective of Kremlin’s influence, of course: the priority of Bulgarian political, ideological and diplomatic factors over the Romanian ones, unprecedented fact in the history of almost seven decades of the modern bilateral relations. The lack of human and ideological resources of the Romanian Communist Party has become obvious during the not even declared competition with the Bulgarian Communists and their leader, Georgi Dimitrov. The Communist Bulgaria has become a model that Romanian communists do not only seriously took into account, yet, at least the year King Mihai I has abdicated (1947), they zestfully were also studying and copying, as the case may have been.</p> <p>Being a so-called People’s Republic even since September 1946, following a falsified popular referendum, Bulgaria has undertaken during the next months to coordinate plans of internal and external politics of Romania. In order to finalize a “Bulgarian way” in Romania, the government led by Petru Groza and the media of propaganda, and mainly the press official of the Romanian Communist Party, “Scânteia”, have scrupulously assumed the role of protagonists. And Communist Bulgaria, just like U.S.S.R., has become for more than two years (1946- February 1948) an extremely important and valuable topic of the Romanian public speech, of the Romanian Communists’ confirmation, of establishing the project for instituting the totalitarian regime. The similarity of actions and of institutes’ organization is striking for this short period, and the treaty signed in January 1948 is nothing but the final of a stage extremely abundant in models and suggestions for the Romanian communists.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-03-31T00:00:00.000+00:00 vol. VII/1, vol. VII/2, Dumitru Suciu (coord.), Simion Retegan Loránd Mádly, Mirela Popa-Andrei, Daniela Deteșan, București, Editura Academiei Române, 2015, 505 p.; 2019, LXXXI +473 p.https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/amsh-2021-0013ARTICLE2022-03-31T00:00:00.000+00:00, vol. editat de Leslie Brubaker și Mary B. Cunningham, New York, Routledge, 2016, 307 p.https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/amsh-2021-0011ARTICLE2022-03-31T00:00:00.000+00:00Students and Teachers of the State University of Chișinău, 1946-1987: Mentalities, Daily Life and Ideologyhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/amsh-2021-0008<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article takes a longue durée perspective on the history of the State University in Chișinău. More exactly, it sheds new light on the relations between students and the teaching staff at the first Moldavian Bessarabian university created by the Soviet regime in the aftermath of World War II. Based on new archival documents, it revolves around three main subtopics. The one focused on mentalities, the second one on everyday life, and the third one on ideology. The article tackles sensitives issues such as amoral or illegal actions by both students and professors, including corruption affairs and sexual scandals, how the Communist regime dealt with them and how these phenomena are connected to the ultimate goal, and failure, of the Soviet higher education, in creating the New (Wo)Man.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-03-31T00:00:00.000+00:00“The Good Neighbor’’ Policy and the Beginnings of Its Use in the Cinema of the ’30https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/amsh-2021-0006<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Cinema, the youngest of the arts, has been energetic and has quickly gained public attention and became soon, after its appearance in the last years of the 19th century, the most popular of the arts, introducing the audiences to images of the world around them. From the first years of the 20th century silent films with plots came into vogue, substituting the documentary style of filming presented to the viewers. In the United States of America, many of these films introduced American viewers to their nearby Mexican neighbors. Usually, the Mexican image, in film, was dominated by stereotypes deeply rooted in American culture. This habit of portraying the Mexicans as bandits or as displaying every vice that could be shown on the screen, by the American film industry began to change by the middle of the 1930s. One of the reasons for this change is the new approach to the foreign policy implemented by the administration of US President Roosevelt, against the background of overcoming challenges caused by The Great Depression. The first beneficiary of this benevolent attitude towards Latin America, was US’s closest neighbor, Mexico. Two American movies are relevant, during this period, for illustrating this policy in cinematography: Viva Villa (1934) and Juarez (1939). The two movies deal with aspects of Mexican history in a different way than in the past, the use of Mexico and Mexican history as a background for political comments on contemporary events, also demonstrating the role that the film industry has played as a vessel for carrying various messages from the political authorities to the public.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-03-31T00:00:00.000+00:00Constantin Bărbulescu, , București, Editura Humanitas, 2015, 356 p.https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/amsh-2021-0014ARTICLE2022-03-31T00:00:00.000+00:00Radu Mârza, , Iași, Editura Polirom, 2020, 214 p.https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/amsh-2021-0012ARTICLE2022-03-31T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1