rss_2.0Arts FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Artshttps://www.sciendo.com/subject/ARhttps://www.sciendo.comArts Feedhttps://www.sciendo.com/subjectImages/Arts.jpg7007006. Design – Synthesis Phenomenon: Art, Science and Technologyhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0026<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In the nineteenth century, the century of electricity and railways, radio and cinema, in the process of vertiginous technical progress, within the industrial civilization, appears a new phenomenon of creative, artistic and scientific activity – design. It gave birth to a “way of industrial thinking”, oriented towards creating useful and functional objects, but at the same time able to delight the eye with their beauty without recurring to ornament and decoration effects.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:005. Implicit Theories of Intelligence and School Performance. A Systematic Reviewhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0033<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of this paper was to shed a light upon the relationships between implicit theories of intelligence and school performance through a systematic review approach, which mainly used empirical studies on the connections between these constructs. In the first section of this review, we synthesized the necessary theoretical marks for understanding the concepts mentioned above, we analysed definitions, as well as models of implicit theories of intelligence, referring to the relevance for the educational field. Then, there is also an analysis on empirical studies in the international literature that addresses the central concepts of the paper in an educational context and a systematic review of the relationships between implicit theories of intelligence and school performance. The last section contains the final conclusions, the limits of this systematic review and future research directions.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:002. Persistence and the Becoming of the Pictorial Portraithttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0022<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The seductive power of the Pictorial Portrait determined that, in the context of certain cultural eras, the portraits were made according to attitudes and expressions that would cover the aspects of philosophical, theological, aesthetic, or political ideals. Once it regains its place in the modern art of the 20<sup>th</sup> century, the Pictorial Portrait becomes an opportunity to explore unlimited expressive and conceptual dimensions. Artists realize that when there is an exceptional talent and it is educated on all intellectual and spiritual levels of the human being, the perspective on art acquires unprecedented dimensions in the history of the arts.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:006. Challenges of Covid-19 Pandemics, on-line Teaching within Vocational Higher Education for Hearing-Impaired Studentshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0034<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Given the occurrence of the Covid-19 pandemics, the art teaching process within the higher education system had to incorporate the on-line experienc, with the help of dedicated software platforms. This paper proposes a solution for making remote teaching more effective for hearing-impaired students, so that they may have access to the oral explanations of the teaching staff, given the circumstances of the lack of linguistic IT support for the Romanian language in the dedicated software for PCs.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:003. Interactivity as Artistic Mediation System. Installation and Participative Projectshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0023<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The first official step toward active participation and interaction was made by John Cage, Allan Kaprow, George Brecht, and other artists connected to the happening and Fluxus movements from 1950-1960. Since than the conceptual art maximizes the importance given to the shape and interaction as an artistic product. Essentially, the installations named environmental art bring before the visitor of the exhibition, the viewer, the entire sensory experience, more than the canvas centered on a “neutral” wall or on isolated objects on a pedestal. Analyzing some of this art works we discover that the installations leave the space and time in their usual size with a desire to highlight and understand the experience in a critical manner. This involves dissolving the border between art and life. These interactive installations have been succeeded in the next decade of participatory projects which supported the idea of reflection on the relationship of the individual with technology and the others, but also explored it with other resources, even more direct.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:009. Teacher Training in Arts Education in France (Contemporary Challenges in Arts Education)https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0037<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Music education or education through music, a means of emancipation of new generations. To what extent can the education of future teachers be directly responsible for the ideals of tomorrow’s multicultural society ? This article aims to open up a vision of education, a solution among solutions, based on the development of a curriculum centered around the values of equality and equity, around the principles of freedom and secularism. The intellectual preparation and training of future education professionals is a process of continuous transformation, adaptation and multidisciplinary transversal training, in which the Common Core is the common stem of knowledge and skills needed to educate teachers and students at the same time.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:008. The Evolution of Engraving in Moldovahttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0028<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper achieves some landmarks regarding the appearance and evolution of engraving in Moldova within the medieval, modern and contemporary art periods and aims to highlight the evolution of engraving and achievements in the art of engraving in the historical territory of Moldova, but also to establish the basic stages of the evolution of engraving and regional interferences in relation to European engraving. If we follow the comparative evolution of the genus in various neighboring regions, we find that each area has its own specificity and particularities. The approach to this issue is related to the general aspects that conditioned the development of religious engraving, but also to the local tradition, which has evolved in close connection with the respective process in European countries.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:0010. Didactic Method of Learning during Music Lessons – Applicable in Distance Learninghttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0038<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The development of contemporary modern technologies in the field of music education is advancing forward. Our contribution points out to the use of didactic method of learning in music lessons with a focus on tablets. The importance of tablet as a modern teaching aid is significant in terms of pupils’ motivation in education of contemporary elementary school. We focus on the classification of teaching aids and didactic techniques and their appropriate selection and analysis. In our survey we use a questionnaire as a method to find out how effective is the use of didactic techniques by selected Slovak teachers. We conclude the contribution synthesizing the knowledge from the nationwide project School at a Touch.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:008. Methods of Formation of Personal Qualities and Skills of Social Pedagogues’ Communicative Interaction by Means of Information System of Piece of Arthttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0036<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The issue of communicative interaction of future social pedagogues is one of the crucial problems of higher education as it is the basic condition for effective realization of their professional activity in the social sphere.The aim of the article is to describe the methods of using a piece of art with its information content in order to form future social pedagogues’ personal qualities and skills of their communication. Thissubject was on the focus in the second half of the last century and then the scientific interest in the problem almost disappeared. But it has been proposed in the article that information system of art can be usedas a means of forming communication skills by developing students’ abilities to solve psychological problems of the client and their own ones through the analysis and forecasting of complex social and psychological situations depicted in the works. Artistic and aesthetic information is presented in the pocess of future specialists’ training as didactic material to develop the skillsof active listeningand abilities to penetrate into client’s inner world, stimulate his/her emotional state through certain types of information in the piece of art.This methodology was implemented in the educational process of Zaporizhzhya National University and its content and results have been presented in the article.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:004. The Ways of Artistically Gifted Children’s Identification in Primary Educationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0032<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article is dedicated to the problem of giftedness’ identification in the educational process. The principal motivation for this thesis is the lack of pedagogical technologies which ensure the effective identification of gifted children and the unsounding of education practice in the development of musical talent where the first step must be treated its effective and objective identification. Has been proved the pedagogical prospect for practice implication, which combines a sequence of giftedness’ abilities.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:001. Art, Technology and Environmental Commitment in Educationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0021<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>We believe that it is essential to integrate an ecological analysis in artistic production, or better still, to consider art as a tool and agent towards change. It has never been as necessary as it is right now, and we have never had such a powerful technological device. Technology must be an ally of the planet, or what is the same, of the possibility of life; It has to help us see, hear, and ultimately “feel” better. New technologies have transformed the vision we have of the world and also the representation of it. We are the map and we write it. We are part of the text layer that covers the planet and this layer of information is updated live through each of the nodes that make it up: ourselves. Art and science have tried and try to answer the same basic questions, in this search, and always respecting the precautionary principle, technology is an ally. We feel this common space with an intense latency: art, science and technology, which merge like an image with the coupled layers. Let’s hope that from the mixture, sublime not only knowledge, but also wisdom.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:0012. To be, Or Not to be (Informed)? An Unthinkable Choicehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0040<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The reported research refers to the implications of Information Theory, Information and Communication Technologies and Applied Ontologies, in the educational process, in general, with specific attention to artistic education. We emphasize the major role of the informational methods for knowledge organisation, calling on such concepts as shared use and interoperability of information, in the context of the recent teaching and learning paradigms shift. Three contributions with significant potential are introduced: an extension of the navigationist paradigm and two formal methods, aiming at improved information processing for teaching and learning in the arts, with a new perspective on the definition of the work of art.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:002. Applied Teaching Strategies during the Covid 19 Pandemichttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0030<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The crisis generated by the Covid 19 pandemic strongly influenced personal experiences, but also professional ones. For pre-university and university education in Romania, the transfer to the virtual environment of teaching activities has been a challenge for the design and efficient development of education. This paper presents the results of a qualitative study based on the method of the semi-structured interview, on the teaching strategies and methods that teachers applied in the online school, conducted between November 2020 and June 2021. The aim of the research is to identify teacher adaptation strategies to the requirements of the online school environment and the teaching methods used by them in working with pupils and students. The objectives were: to gather the difficulties encountered by teachers in working with pupils / students, to identify ways to adapt teaching methods to the new educational context, to highlight the benefits that teachers found in the new way of organizing. We set out to find out the extent to which teachers practiced emergency remote teaching or online teaching based on interactivity. The research group consists of teachers from primary, secondary, high school and university in Iasi. The paper militates for the valorisation of a new pedagogy built on the strengths of digital educational platforms and having as central dimension interactivity.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:007. Use of Art and Expression Through Art as a Way to Educate and Prepare Young People for the Professions of the Futurehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0035<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Decision-makers in the field of education have always faced questions about the purpose of school and education. Is education meant to develop intellectual capacity, or does it have the role of developing skills and competences, of preparing the workforce for a constantly changing economy? The current discourse in education focuses on the adoption of standards, but they will matter less in a cyber world, in which, much more important will be the way of using the information. This study includes the role of art in education, focusing on how arts education could provide a way to adapt to this ever-changing environment, more energy, flexibility and confidence. Education for tomorrow does not mean limiting learning only to the assimilation of basic knowledge, through art or any other form of learning, but to how we can invest more closely and more carefully in the role that creativity can and should play in the training and preparation of young people.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:0011. Music and Engineering - A New Paradigm of Arts and Engineering Educationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0039<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper presents the interdisciplinary approach of two fields - the artistic (musical) and technical (forestry engineering, wood processing engineering, mechanical and physical engineering) apparently opposite but which can be happily exploited for both parties. Thus, we can speak of a new paradigm of education through which art can combine with the technical sciences for the benefit of all. The aim of the paper is to present experimental methods in mechanical and acoustic evaluation of violins from engineering and artistic perspectives. The presented results are part of a larger study carried out within an experimental demonstration research project.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:001. Cultural Dimensions of Learning - Teachers’ Cultural Skillshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0029<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Current demographic changes are increasingly raising the issue of appropriate changes in the educational process as well. This paper brings into question a new imperative in current education: the teaching curriculum and educators must find ways to meet the needs of students with a wide range of experiences, skills and interests. Understanding the ways in which cultural specificity influences the educational context, opens the way for better communication between teachers and students. Teachers need to understand not only how culture influences student behavior, but also how it influences their own perceptions and behaviors. Like students, teachers reflect in their classroom attitudes preferences, perceptions, abilities, and expectations that specifically shape their communication. Teachers often question culture, viewing it as a limitation of the student. Students who overcome their culture succeed. Students who do not want to make this adjustment fail. Teachers rarely reflect on their own prejudices or the limitations of their pedagogical practices. Instead of placing full responsibility on students, we propose that teachers, regardless of their cultural heritage, increase their cultural competence so that they can be better prepared to facilitate students’ learning. This perspective may seem difficult and threatening, but an honest and careful examination can also be rewarding.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:004. Object and Objecthood in Post-Minimal Sculpturehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0024<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In this material, we analyse the way in which a paradigmatic period for the evolution of art and sculpture as we see it today, the years 1960-1970, shaped the contemporary perception of the visual arts, in terms of reconnecting a spiritual approach and the art manifestation and perceptibility. The theme allows a radiographic introspection into the visual expressions, the diversity of materials, techniques, artistic and aesthetic solutions. The main goal is to facilitate the understanding of the mechanisms that led to nowadays perceptions of art (and of sculpture, as the main vehicle of operating with objectual and space). As most of the minimalist and post-minimalist sculpture orientations can be analysed though the perspective of various prominent artists or researchers such as Donald Judd and Hal Foster, we also assist to major shifts in institutionalizing anti-aesthetic or less-traditional art movements.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:005. From an Exhibition Gallery to a Space for Contemporary Art Projects. Aparte Gallery of Unage Iașihttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0025<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This research aims to analyze the exhibitions activity of the Aparte Gallery of “George Enescu” National University of the Arts in Iași, from 2005 to 2020, respectively artistic projects created by students, teachers or guest artists of the Faculty of Visual Arts and Design. The multitude of artistic events formats includes exhibitions, workshops, conferences, book launches, residencies, bachelor and dissertation exams, and highlights the versatility of the gallery that has evolved, over time, into a real space of contemporary artistic projects, which encourages the artistic research and experiment in all FAVD’s specializations. The aim of the research is to relate the diversity of the artistic event formats, their thematics and mediatic variety, within the institutional context of university art education.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:003. Constructing Meaning and Learning Collaboratively Through Movement and Body Expressionhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0031<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Movement and body expression exercises are not the obvious choices for mainstream approaches to cognitive and socio-emotional learning. Here we present the preliminary findings of a youth led participatory action research project aiming at a better understanding of wellbeing and educational equity issues associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. We focus on exploring how meaning making and collaborative learning were facilitated through a movement and body expression exercise. Implications for mainstream educational practice are discussed.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:007. The Relevance of Art Criticism in Aesthetic Reception of Artworkshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/rae-2022-0027<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>One of the most important tests through which the cultural vitality of an artistic community can be examined is art criticism. Art criticism has the role of analysis, interpretation and evaluation of artworks, having important responsibilities to the public interested in the visual artistic phenomenon and also to the evolution of artistic taste. The comments of art critics have managed to provoke public debates on art-related issues or have effectively contributed to the reception and promotion of artworks. The art critic creates a connection between the artworks exhibited in galleries or museums and the public who appreciate the aesthetic value of the works, in terms of explaining the context and the artistic phenomenon, so as to outline the communication between artists, critics and viewers, from the perspective of dynamics of new structures and forms of visual expression. In this context, the public formed through the visual education can be prepared and opened in receiving the aesthetic message of artworks.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-30T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1