rss_2.0Cultural Studies FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Cultural Studies Studies Feed Therapy to Technological Enhancement: A Socio-Ethical Perspective<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The classical distinction between the natural and the artificial is gradually losing its original sharpness. Biotechnology can be used not only for therapeutic purposes but also to enhance human cognitive, emotional, moral, or physical abilities. This article discusses three of the most important socio-ethical issues related to the impact of neuroenhancement on individuals and on society. It closely examines threats to the principle of autonomy in the case of two selected technologies for neuroenhancement: the Brain – Computer Interface and gene technologies applied to the enhancement of other beings. The article also discusses the influence of social pressure on autonomous decision-making by individuals and whether social pressure is a sufficient reason for not accepting neuroenhancement. Finally, within the context of many concerns about the widening of social inequality as the result of the spread of enhancement practices, this article examines whether such disparities can be avoided and whether the principle of equal opportunities can be regarded as a sufficient criterion of equality.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Ritm Și Timpi Instinctivi<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Before her first volume of poetry was published by OhMyGod Publishing House in 2020, Deniz Otay had published poems in Steaua, Poesis International and Zona Nouă. She has also read some of her texts at various literary events in Iași, Oradea or Sibiu. Her poems draw the image of a digitized universe where people are connected by inner networks with a huge impact on life. These networks actually transcend technological boundaries, they are part of our bodies.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrueări Ale Maladivului La M. Blecher Și Thomas Mann<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The present paper focuses on the ailments of modern man, whether we consider the physiological aspect, or whether we refer to the metaphorical, ontological dimension, and performs a comparative analysis between the work of M. Blecher and the novel <italic>The Enchanted Mountain</italic> by Thomas Mann. Illness - the overarching theme of the novels - receives numerous valences, from the most noble to the most detestable, but what remains common to these texts advanced for analysis is the existential crisis, the inner void that the characters experience acutely. The universe that both the Romanian and the German author create is permeated by the specter of death, which, without being tragically experienced, rather gives off a strange fascination, and ends up creeping into the thoughts, habits and belongings of the characters, becoming a kind of obsession that convulsively controls everyone, but which they paradoxically ignore, with just as much indifference. On a macro level, the smoldering malaise can be assimilated on the level of all mankind, as if foreshadowing the dire fate of humanity in the upcoming period.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Blagiană – (Re)Lecturi Cantitative. Negația<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper is aiming to analyze the occurence and some functional and pragmatic aspects of the types of negation in all Lucian Blaga’s volumes of poetry. By using a quantitative approach, we have proved the stylistic effect of negation in his poetry and the importance of the negation with positive connotations in his verse. Beginning with the verbal negation, this paper goes through all the other types of it acoording to Rodica Zafiu’s classification: the negation of constituent, the expletive negation, the pro-sentence and the restrictions with a negative form.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Materialism: Ipoteze Și Contexte<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of this paper is to reflect the directions proposed by the new materialism’s theorists by revealing them in a field in which the new materialist perspective has not experienced the same emergence as in cultural studies or philosophy: literature, an area whose socio-cultural implication will enable the correlations with the art of performance. For this purpose, after a brief theoretical introduction, “hypothesis”, of the approach, whose role is in fact to clarify the ideas that the new materialism supports, we reveal a series of neo-materialist “contexts” in the literatures of Urmuz and Matei Vişniec, and in the performances of Marina Abramović, in which the hybridization of the human is the central aspect that allows to present neo-materialist perspective of the corpus.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Centrului. Transnaționalizarea Modernismului Hispano-American<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper explores Hispanic American literary modernism in light of the theoretical studies of World Literature. Regarding the periphery-center relationship, prevails the idea that there is a hierarchy that positions cultures and, implicitly, literature, near the European center. The focus is on Latin American modernism because it shows that there is a dystopia of the periphery-center relationship. After all, modernism is, in fact, creation and, at the same time, an obsession with the peripheries, born of the time lag from the center. Therefore, the study will analyze the role of cultural exchanges and the division of cultural capital and it will consider the transnationalization of Latin American literature as a starting point for literary modernism.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Nemărginirii în : Transcendență Și Interioritate<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of this work is to analyze and interpret Lucian Blaga’s volume called “Poems of light” (Poemele luminii). The conquest of the outer infinity and the transposition to the inner, existential universe represent the points of interest that are going to be explored. In Blaga’s works, it seems that the soul knows no limits, but it cannot conquer infinity if it does not give up its physical existence, its chemical matter. The study will therefore depict several stages in achieving infinity, from the spatial perspective, to the abstract, spiritual one, considering also the dualistic view that the poet has on the various manners of erasing limits. Giving up on “being” in order to reach “feeling” represents the main act of courage that the lyrical voice assumes with the help of the strongest emotion: love.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Lui Mihail Sebastian – Între Autenticitate Și Ficțiune<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Mihail Sebastian’s diary was published posthumously, over fifty years after the writer’s death, by the Humanitas Publishing House, under the title Journals 1935-1944, its publication being considered the major literary event of 1996. Faithful to Jules Renard’s diary, which he read and about which he also wrote, Mihail Sebastian is an adept of authenticity and sincerity in diary writing. The fact that it was published more than fifty years after the author’s death - a totally unexpected death - without the author having any possibility of processing it, is the best argument in favor of authenticity. Mihail Sebastian’s Journal is a mixed type of diary, which captures a complex existence, mirroring the events he participates in, what he does and how he acts, but especially what he feels, being faced with certain situations. Thus, the Journal becomes a space of small history, as Eugen Simion calls insignificant everyday events, but also of big history, which is written as the Second World War starts, unfolds and ends, one of the more significant historical events that humanity has experienced and to which Mihail Sebastian was a witness. This is the reality that Mihail Sebastian experiences, a reality that could undergo a slight transfiguration, caused by the subjective angle from which the events are viewed. It is precisely this inherently subjective angle that, to a greater or lesser extent, makes intimate writing a fiction of nonfiction.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Joc, Colecționare Și Multiplicitate în Construcția Posturală a Simonei Popescu<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The study aims to analyze the way in which the posture of the Romanian contemporary writer Simona Popescu is created, based on concepts in the field of postural analysis, as posture and ethos, theorized by Alain Viala and Jérôme Meizoz. With emblems as exuviae, Matryoshka doll, Rubikʼs cube, the image of the collage dilettante, or the one of postman Cheval, the self-image constructed, by discursive means, by Simona Popescu is one of the adult-child, who keeps childhood and youth as defining layers of the mature personʼs identity. The writerʼs fascination with Gellu Naumʼs figure, the subject of her doctoral research, is justified mainly by her interest in collage and by the possibility of using this technique as the instrument of construction of her figure as a writer (the account of her childhood is seen as an attempt to stage surrealism). The analyzed corpus highlights also as representative of Simona Popescu the collectorʼs figure – even the toy collectorʼs figure, for the analysis of which will be used Walter Benjaminʼs famous texts about childhood and dolls (<italic>Enfance. Eloge de la poupée et autres essais</italic>).</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Emoțiilor – Un Itinerariu De La Război La Comunism<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>What the present paper advances is the creation of a living context through which the protagonist-creator, Axente Creangă, from Luntrea lui Caron / Caron’s Boat by Lucian Blaga, accumulates the depths of private life during the World War II, as well as during the early days of communism. The action takes place exclusively in the Transylvanian space, which we analyzed through a quantitative study aimed at the level of emotions in these two important historical periods and the placement of the work in an interdependent relationship with all the events that took place.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Și Repere Metafizice în Poezia Blagiană<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of the present study is to follow how certain theoretical ideas related to the concept of “limit” are transposed in Lucian Blaga’s poetry. The poet’s obsession with metaphysical destruction is well-known. Rationalism destroys the mystery, meaning that it puts limits on the process of intentional and assumed Luciferian knowledge. The poet uses an archaic imaginary to place things in the universality, to go beyond what the human being can perceive. To sum up, the idea I want to demonstrate is that there are several types of limits in Lucian Blaga’s poetry, which will be analyzed, looking at some poems. I have referred to the volumes <italic>„Poemele luminii”, „Pașii profetului”, „În marea trecere”, „Lauda somnului”, „Corăbii cu cenușă”, „Cântecul focului”, „Ce aude unicornul”</italic> and <italic>„Ultimele poezii”</italic>.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and Not Only in Jonathan Franzen’s “Crossroads”<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article is aiming at demonstrating that Jonathan Franzen’s sixth novel “Crossroads”, while essentially being a realist depiction of an American family’s way of living in the early seventies, is primarily meant to entertain the reader. It endeavors to give an answer to the question of what makes Franzen’s fiction enjoyable by focusing on plot, characters, and multiple points of view. In doing so, the final take is that the author unfolds a tale of morality, humaneness, and kindness. Apart from masterfully depicting the American realities, this long fictional work does not only entertain the readers, but it also changes them.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Nicolae, A Voyage Within. Representations of the Self in Oscar Wilde, Virginia Woolf, Leon Wieseltier, Editura Universităţii De Vest, Timişoara, 2021<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Cristina Nicolae’s book suggests a novel explorative endeavour which analyses the versatile dynamics of one of the modernity’s controversial concepts, the identity, such as depicted in the works of three authors belonging to distinct periods, mentalities and ideologies, three stances of the rebel and the shapes of the transgression of the limits framed by time, space and gender: Victorianism – Modernism − Post-modernism, the space of the British – American identity, the vertical of the masculine – feminine identity.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Ilie, Claudia Tărnăuceanu (COORD.), Surse Și Valori Ale Educaţiei. Perspective Pluridisciplinare, Editura Universităţii „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” Iaşi, 2021<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Volume Surse și valori ale educației. Perspective pluridisciplinare (Educational Sources and Values. Multi-disciplinary Perspectives) (“Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University Publishing House, Iași, 2021) consists of some of the works presented during the Valorile educației – educația valorilor din Antichitate până azi. Abordări teoretice, soluții practice (Educational Values – Education of Values from Ancient Times to Nowadays. Theoretical Approaches, Practical Solutions) National Symposium (5<sup>th</sup> edition, Iași, 2018, 6<sup>th</sup> edition, Iași, 2020) by researchers, academic professors and PhD candidates trained in different fields (linguistics, theory, history, literary critics, compared literature, philosophy, theology, visual arts, educational sciences). Grouped in three distinct sections (Antiqua, mediaevalia et humanistica; Moderna et contemporanea; Didactica), the studies highlight different perspectives on new research fields. Unlike the Symposium’s previous volumes, the coordinators dedicated a distinct section to the approach of educational processes from an axiological perspective and to the discussion of values as didactic landmarks (conceptual challenges, procedural difficulties and methodological solutions)</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Yezierska and the Identity Crisis in Jewish-American Literature<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Religious and racial identities are being reconceived as responses to cultural environments. Many Jews continue to hold conflicting ideas about their identity. We will trace the realities and challenges of being Jewish in the USA through Anzia Yezierska’s “The Lost Beautifulness.” The short story demonstrates the failure of Americanization and the need for a hybrid identity for Jewish-American immigrants to solve their identity crisis in the American context. The main character uses the white paint for the kitchen as a symbolic path towards assimilating American concepts of whiteness, cleanliness, and beauty, apparently making her equal to and accepted by the American mainstream middle and upper-class population.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and the Tendency to Hybridize the Myth in The Artistic Literature<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The phenomenon of globalization becomes a component of the artistic literature. Writers felt the need to create their own universe based on recognizable symbols. This launch from inside an asteroid of ancient myth offers opportunities to climb Mount Olympus in his personal dissection. Thus, the authors are tempted to extract from myths fragments in which they can mirror their reality. The fragment holds in the work the part of the whole, similar to a starfish that reconstructs its body after a fragment. In the same way, the writer of our century creates his hybrid from the myth he cuts out in order to involve him in the situations of multiculturalism. Thus the ancient spirit is selected in the virtual test tube with all the perspectives of the dream game proper to the hologram of the intellectual character.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Dinu Rachieru Politică Şi Canon Literar, Editura Eikon, Bucureşti, 2021<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This present article aims to explore the thematic grounds in Adrian Dinu Rachieru’s book. He examines authors and books, managing to achieve a critic within the proximity of the social dimension and, implicitly, in the context’s proximity. Through his work, Adrian Dinu Rachieru manages to configure an ample perspective on the contemporary Romanian literature, the critic being individualised through a well-defined documentation, an exceptional capacity of using the bibliographic resources, but also through an amazing dexterity in dealing with certain literary concepts. By means of his book, the author brings to the reader’s attention five types of cannon, which he defines and illustrates by analysing a series of representative writers. The critic’s books are also distinguished through the sociological and historical optics of the problems he highlights.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Overview of an Elective Course on Medical Humanities<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>We still lack a tradition of courses on medical humanities designed for medical students, though medical schools in the United States or Western Europe included such courses in their academic curricula more than half a century ago. Such courses have proven their effectiveness in the training of a future doctor, providing them with better abilities to communicate, observe and develop empathy towards the patient. This paper wants to address the problem of the need to deliver such courses that would be even more welcome if all the interdisciplinary topics would gather to give their worthy opinion and perspective on the problem of medical humanities. Such an attempt is still far from being accomplished; therefore, the paper is going to present an attempt to develop an elective course devoted to the topic of medical humanities. With foreign language teachers in charge, such a course could only offer a limited perspective, using fiction as a tool to deal with the students’ cultural training, development of communication skills and understanding of the role of storytelling in medicine. The paper is going to present some examples that can be used in such an elective course on medical humanities in order to reach the above-mentioned goals.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Ethics Was of Little Concern to Medical Practice. (Re)Discovering Cronin<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>A. J. Cronin was a Scottish-born physician-turned-novelist whose professional experience undoubtedly left a mark on his literary works. The first half of the 20<sup>th</sup> century was a period of uncertainties in medical sciences, lack of standardised practice, the absence of guidelines for the treatment of various diseases, and, sometimes, scarcity of ethical guidelines in healthcare research or medical practice. A connoisseur of the British medical system, Cronin was able to identify its flaws and transpose them into his literary output. His novel The Citadel was screened a few months after the publication. This paper aims to identify and discuss some of the ethical problems that The Citadel motion picture of 1938 portrays.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Teaching During the COVID-19 Pandemic Within George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mureş: A Case Study<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>As a profession, teaching is a process that involves teacher–student-teacher interaction. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has changed our lives and ways of communication. Each day teachers and students faced difficulties in the teaching and learning process, challenges that they had to cope with by using their critical judgement and expertise. During this critical period, face-to-face teaching was switched to the online one, by ensuring students a teaching platform and giving them access to online materials. Working under stress and with limited resources, at first, teachers did their best to pave the way for online education.</p> <p>The aim of the present case study, based on an online questionnaire, was to shed light on the need to include and use modern student-centered teaching techniques and methods within the educational process at George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mureș to improve quality of education. In a world that is continuously changing and developing the use of innovative teaching methods will help students to improve their learning abilities, stimulate their critical thinking and engage them in the learning process.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue