rss_2.0Linguistics and Semiotics FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Linguistics and Semioticshttps://www.sciendo.com/subject/LShttps://www.sciendo.comLinguistics and Semiotics Feedhttps://www.sciendo.com/subjectImages/Lingustics_&_Semiostics.jpg700700Aesthetic Pleasure and Negative Aesthetic Experience in the https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/stap-2022-0007<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Drawing on recent research on aesthetic emotions and folk aesthetics, the purpose of this paper is to look into the way aesthetic pleasure and negative aesthetic experience are described and rendered in the <italic>Old English Martyrology</italic> (OEM). Using different Old English lexical tools and an edition of the OEM with a translation, this paper analyses these two aesthetic responses taking into consideration the context of the composition of the text and the possibility that it was aimed towards the emotional education of a particular religious community. It argues that, to a certain extent, the author of the OEM standardises the aesthetic experiences that they narrate, both positive and negative, and associates them with particular religious and doctrinal messages that are aimed at providing sensory inputs through which the conceptualisation of abstract and religious experiences is facilitated.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-13T00:00:00.000+00:00The Mitford Voice: A Diachronic Inquiry into the “Upper-Crust” Accent of the Mitford Sistershttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pjes-2022-0009<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The present paper sets out to investigate whether the conservative or upper RP accent of selected elderly speakers, namely three of the Mitford sisters, all members of the English aristocracy, manifests change or diachronic stability and uniformity over time. The typical conservative RP features looked for were: the LOT-CLOTH split, absence of the CURE-FORCE merger, SQUARE vowel realised as diphthong /εə/, SMOOTHING, KIT vowel in unstressed ending syllables and TRAP vowel realised as /æ/ instead of /a/. The procedure of the study consisted in the identification of the presence or absence of these specific features in the speech of three selected speakers in recordings made over, at least, a 15-year time span. The individuals studied were: Lady Mosley (née Diana Freeman-Mitford), Jessica Lucy Freeman-Mitford and Deborah Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire (née Deborah Vivien Freeman-Mitford). The results of these comparisons suggest that elderly upper RP speakers are not highly influenced by changes in pronunciation taking place around them and mostly maintain the preferred pronunciation of their youth. In some cases, however, a general uncertainty amongst speakers of the accent, here detected in the presence of the CURE-FORCE merger, does affect the speech of individuals over the course of time.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Ladislav Vít The Landscapes of W.H. Auden’s Interwar Poetry: Roots and Routes (New York and London: Routledge, 2022). 143 pphttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pjes-2022-0010ARTICLE2022-09-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Ecophilosophy in “Rappaccini’s Daughter”https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pjes-2022-0001<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper examines Nathaniel Hawthorne’s ecophilosophy in “Rappaccini’s Daughter” by focusing on his various representations of the natural environment and the human relationship to it. It suggests that the story reflects his belief that nature is divinely arranged and that humanity should protect rather than manipulate its systems. From his perspective, the disruption of natural systems would not only cause the extinction of many animal species but also endanger human life and existence on earth. The paper further suggests that Hawthorne promotes a view of nature as a living organism whose entities possess souls and spirits. Their capacity to have feelings and emotions makes them entitled to moral respect and consideration. In its study of the author’s environmental values and ethics, the essay claims that Hawthorne advocates the idea that human beings do not occupy a privileged position in the universe and that they are not superior or more important than nonhumans. In contrast to the Biblical vision of humankind, he portrays humans as weak and flawed creatures that cannot attain divine perfection. For these reasons, the paper asserts that “Rappaccini’s Daughter” exhibits Hawthorne’s deep ecological awareness and underlines his stature as a pioneer of American literary environmentalism.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Naomi Alderman’s : A Speculative Feminist Dystopian Fiction Mirroring the Here and Nowhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pjes-2022-0008<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Speculative fiction, containing speculative elements based on supposition and imagination, changes the dynamics of what is real or possible as we perceive them in our current world and then surmises the likely consequences. Litterateurs have employed speculative fiction as a means of suggesting the latent possibilities and promises for our immediate reality which are not yet enacted or materialised. Accordingly, female writers of feminist speculative fiction, particularly from the 1970s onwards, have used this genre as an effective tool both to expose and to interrogate the oppressive status quo and the normative ethos of the conventional power relation between the sexes prevailing at present. In keeping with this, Naomi Alderman, in her Bailey’s Women’s Prize for Fiction 2017 winning novel The Power, strategically flips the current power structure between the sexes on its head by investing the women, primarily adolescent girls, with the unforeseen yet inherent power of electrocuting men which ultimately results in a Cataclysm initiating a new world order ruled and dominated by empowered women some time in the future. This paper aims at exploring how Alderman, a staunch feminist, purposefully demonstrates in <italic>The Power</italic> that her novel’s fictional dystopia, though macabre and gruesome, is, in essence, a fairly accurate representation as well as a critique of the hierarchical gender relationship as it is prevalent in our present reality.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Laughing with Beckett in and https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pjes-2022-0005<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper examines the use of laughter as redemption in Samuel Beckett’s <italic>Waiting for Godot</italic> and <italic>Endgame</italic>. By acknowledging the somatic life of characters, Beckett’s humour problematises un-embodied philosophies of life. Challenging Hugh Kenner’s claim that Beckett’s humour is not redemptive because of the dryness and repetitions involved, it is argued that the foregrounding of fragility and vulnerability is a way of expressing deeply humane laughter in <italic>Waiting for Godot</italic> and <italic>Endgame</italic>. While highlighting that the dialectic of lack and excess is one source of Beckettian laughter, the main thrust of the argument emphasises the possibility of transcendence in a comic situation. The play of lack and excess, rather than suspending transcendental redemption, presents the human condition in its existential mundane realities. Accordingly, visceral and repetitive laughter are discussed in the two plays to bring to the fore the ironic and redemptive aspect of the comic, especially in the scenes where some sort of existential humour is implied.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Existential Dualism and Absurdity: Modernist Theatricality in Wole Soyinka’s and Samuel Beckett’s https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pjes-2022-0007<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Wole Soyinka and Samuel Beckett apparently occupy distinct places in the literary space, in all ramifications. Specifically, while the former’s dramaturgy is definable within the context of the traditional convention of playwriting, otherwise known as well-made plays, the latter is inherently non-conformist in this regard. Hence, the effort in this paper was to locate a nexus in their writings, using two of their plays, <italic>Death and the King’s Horseman</italic> and <italic>Endgame</italic>, respectively. Theatre of the Absurd, as an offshoot of existentialism, provided the ground for the critical intersection of philosophical and ideological geometry of the two plays. The critical paradigm essentially relied on the interconnectivity of absurdist writings and existentialist thoughts, as the holistic context which fundamentally defines modernism, to assess what is conceived as modernist theatricality in the two plays. Building on the modernists’ interrogation of man’s existence and essence in the world in which existential meaning is presumably lost, the paper concluded that the two texts are largely intoned with modernist thoughts, regardless of their formal or structural distinction. It arrived at this by placing particular emphasis on the playwrights’ attempts, in these works, at demanding a more spontaneous response to the question of the essence of the individual and his/her place in the universe in which meaning in existence, in the modernist sense, is believed to have been lost.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-13T00:00:00.000+00:00The Materialisation of “torrential languages” within the Avant-Garde: Mina Loy, James Joyce, and Aesthetic Modernismhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pjes-2022-0004<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Modernist literature was obsessed with a metaphysical problem regarding the word. A series of formal and material experiments started to address the word’s self-referentiality and aesthetic autonomy, against the backdrop of a new sociocultural milieu in the early twentieth century. To discover how this materialisation of language explored the interplay of literary and artistic modernisms, this paper will critically scrutinise Mina Loy’s and James Joyce’s radical reforms of writing and try to answer the following questions: how did Loy’s multifarious artisthood and poem-writing exchange, interact with, and reinforce each other? As both were closely associated with avant-garde art movements between Europe and America, how did Joyce influence Loy’s refashioning of “torrential languages” (<italic>LoLB</italic> 88) as a creative model of linguistic experimentation? How did their visual aesthetics and experimental poetics help to declare the independence of language and the shape of aesthetic modernism in a new historical epoch?</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-13T00:00:00.000+00:00“Her tears fell with the dews at even”: The Ekphrastic and Intertextual Dialogue between Victorian Poetry and Pre-Raphaelite Paintinghttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pjes-2022-0002<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper seeks to carry out an analysis of the ekphrastic and intertextual dialogue in the character of Mariana in both Alfred Lord Tennyson’s homonymous poem and its subsequent pictorial representation in a painting by John Everett Millais. The character of Mariana is taken from Shakespeare’s comedy, <italic>Measure for Measure</italic>, which was published in the First Folio in 1623. By contrast, in 1832, Lord Tennyson introduces the character in his homonymous poem, “Mariana”, as a woman who continuously laments her lack of connection to society. Through interfigurality, Tennyson opts to present her as a “tragic” heroine and she is depicted from a pessimistic perspective. The process of interfigurality entails a conversion stage of reverse ekphrasis through which Shakespeare’s source text is turned into another text, Tennyson’s poem. This interaction between both texts is later turned into two visual expressions. In doing so, both texts are later transferred into John Everett Millais’s painting. Millais’s intertextual dialogue with Tennyson’s poem and Shakespeare’s play involves a process of reverse ekphrasis. Taking this approach, this paper will analyse the ekphrastic and intertextual dialogue between the poem “Mariana” and its visual representation in Millais’s artistic manifestations.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-13T00:00:00.000+00:00The “bull goose looney” as a Totem Guide for Chief’s Writing Himself to Freedomhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pjes-2022-0006<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper examines the institutionalisation of psychiatric treatment in Ken Kesey’s <italic>One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest</italic>. Taking up the work of Michel Foucault, the paper examines how those suffering from mental illness were classified as disruptive and unfit for society, subsequently labelled mad and institutionalised in facilities more akin to semi-judicial structures than medical facilities. McMurphy, having manipulated a transfer for himself from a state work farm to what he perceives will be the less rigorous confines of a mental institution, epitomises the disruptive presence of the madmen, bringing a world of disorder and chaos to the staff and patients of the mental ward. Self-proclaimed as the head “bull goose looney”, McMurphy reflects the counter-culture movements of the 1960s in the United States in his rejection of the rules and regulations imposed upon him by what amounts to a totalitarian system of control. A wild indomitable force of nature, McMurphy becomes a totem for Chief and the other patients, an embodiment of the human spirit the patients have forfeited inside the institutional system.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-13T00:00:00.000+00:00The Commodified Happiness: The Only Established Source of Meaning in Oscar Wilde’s and https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pjes-2022-0003<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Oscar Wilde’s fairy tales are not as well-recognised as his novel or his dramatic works. This paper circles around two of his tales, <italic>The Happy Prince</italic> and <italic>The Nightingale and the Rose</italic>. Through a postmodernist outlook, this study postulates the vigorous diatribe of Wilde against the consumer culture which was dominant within Victorian society. Wilde asserts that the Victorian mind-set claims that happiness is attainable through accumulating signs of affluence and he ironically mocks this notion of happiness which is entitled to commodified objects. To him, happiness is defined through a strict sense of Christian morality and Christ-like love and kindness. His aesthetic views are entangled with morality and he fails to celebrate art for art’s sake. Moreover, this study asserts that Wilde is aware of the dominant language games, and his application of the technical language game for the Prince, the Nightingale, and the Swallow is in debt to his monolithic morality or his opportunistic character. At last, Wilde refuses to celebrate beauty if morality is absent and in this way, his aesthetic concerns become rather contradictory.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-13T00:00:00.000+00:00Lilo Moessner. . Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 2020. 272 pp. ISBN 978 1 4744 3799 8https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/icame-2022-0004ARTICLE2022-08-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Tobias Bernaisch (ed.). . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021. xv, 235 pp. ISBN: 978-1-108-48254-7https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/icame-2022-0003ARTICLE2022-08-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Lexical bundles in maritime textshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/icame-2022-0001<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Lexical bundles are recurring frequent word combinations. Research has shown that lexical bundles vary in genre and register (Biber 2006; Biber, Conrad and Cortes 2004; Hyland 2008a, 2008b; Scott and Tribble 2006). However, the degree to which they vary by discipline remains inconclusive. The main aim of this paper is to establish whether lexical bundles are discipline specific, i.e., whether each discipline draws on a specialized lexical repertoire or whether there is a core vocabulary shared across various disciplines. For that purpose, maritime texts covering the subdomains marine engineering, navigation, maritime law and shipping have been collected so as to investigate the structure and function of lexical bundles and to find out how they shape meaning in specialized discourse. For the purposes of the study, a 7.4 M corpus consisting of two monolingual subcorpora and one bilingual subcorpus was compiled. This corpus can be used as a basis for further studies in the field. Furthermore, the paper discusses problems encountered while extracting N-grams from a corpus, as well as classification criteria for the identification of lexical bundles. The results show that lexical bundles identified in maritime texts are phrasal rather than clausal. The results also indicate that lexical bundles are discipline specific. Teaching these specialized features that shape discourse can improve students’ language production and should thus be the focus of instruction in ESP.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-08-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Writing science in urgent times: CoViD-19 and its impact on scientific writinghttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/icame-2022-0002<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The urgent need for new knowledge as a result of the CoViD-19 pandemic has led to a significant increase in the amount of scientific writing on the topic. Various analyses of this phenomenon from different approaches have appeared thus far (Horbach 2020; Torres-Salinas 2020). However, less attention has been paid to the impact of this situation on the language of these studies, looking into whether the continued emergency affects authors’ conscious or unconscious linguistic choices, and if so, how. This article compares texts on CoViD with texts written during the previous MERS emergency and its aftermath, trying to find if texts on CoViD present particular linguistic features reflective of this situation of urgency. Results suggest that texts on CoViD do indeed exhibit particular linguistic features, and that these point to a preference for conveying immediate knowledge and a departure from rhetorical practices common in scientific writing.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-08-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Paula Rautionaho, Arja Nurmi and Juhani Klemola (eds.). (Studies in Corpus Linguistics 96). Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2020. 305 pp. ISBN 9789027205438 (HB)https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/icame-2022-0005ARTICLE2022-08-26T00:00:00.000+00:002nd SFERE-Provence/AMPIRIC conference on Education, 30 and 31 March 2021, Marseille, Francehttps://sciendo.com/book/9788366675841<DIV align=justify> The objective of this biannual conference is to strengthen cross-disciplinary perspectives in order to develop knowledge in the fields of learning, as well as on organizations and institutional systems concerned with training and education. Education policies can be understood in the broadest sense and refer as much to supranational strategies as to national, regional and local policies, as well as to strategies and choices of various actors in the education system (academic actors, institutions, educational teams, families or even pupils). Questions of strategy and choice also refer to the development of teaching professions in specific organizational contexts where a localised appropriation of public policies is defined.<BR>This conference thus pays particular attention to issues of interdisciplinary research. Cross-disciplinary perspectives in the field of education are closely linked to methodological and epistemological issues. Such debates imply a paradigmatic emergence, where theoretical statements in the field of education can be discussed at the boundaries of the various methodologies and disciplines.<BR>Education policies and strategies, as well as the methodological and interdisciplinary challenges related to these issues, are analysed through the four following intertwined themes:<BR>- Contributions, limitations and new challenges of educational research in the field of learning and teaching fundamental skills such as reading, writing and maths, which largely determines success at school.<BR>- Multilevel strategies and policies from educational stakeholders to overcome inequalities in schools<BR>- Governance of innovation and teacher’s creativity in the pedagogical transformation beyond the frontiers of the classroom.<BR>- Collaborative or participatory teacher-researcher researches and their implications on the researcher ‘s positioning and skills in order to contribute to educational policies.<BR>BOOKExtracting fishing terminology using GNU/Linux toolshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/jazcas-2022-0016<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The technological revolution that has occurred in recent decades has made accessible for researches large textual data collections. At the same time, the development of increasingly sophisticated computer tools provides them with new methods of analyzing texts. In the present study however we examine the functionalities offered by traditional tools, namely GNU/Linux tools, easily accessible via the command line but still unknown among linguists with little or no computer knowledge. Our goal is to show how using the web corpus on the one hand and the processing GNU/Linux tools on the other, we can extract key-terms of fishing jargon.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-08-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Kabyle corpus digital database and exploitation. Test of lexicometric analysis of the identity dimension in the romanesque discoursehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/jazcas-2022-0014<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The purpose of this contribution is to show, through a preliminary analysis of a corpus sample composed of the first five kabyle novels (1963-1990), the contribution of lexicometry as a new method based on statistics, in the treatment of large corpora and the establishment of databases. The aim is to describe all the phases intrinsic to the preliminary processing of a corpus (transcription, tagging and lemmatization) before submitting them to the various stages of its exploitation. Thus, in our corpus, we have opted to deal with the theme of identity induced by the five works by highlighting both the overused vocabulary and the singularity of each work in relation to the corpus as a whole. But before moving on to the quantitative analysis of the vocabulary, a work of data preparation is necessary. We intend to focus on the orthographic choices to be adopted by removing all ambiguities, the marking out and the lemmatization of the corpus. In order to do this, we have resorted to Lexico5 computer tool.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-08-17T00:00:00.000+00:00How different types of linguistic corpora shed light (or not) on various categories of substandard lexicon: contrastive analysis of vocabulary in the comedy “Les Kaïra” [Porn in the hood], a typical example of the hood film genrehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/jazcas-2022-0017<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The arrival of WaC corpora, including Aranea family corpora, with its “close-to-spoken language” writings from different non-formal web pages brought the new options to researchers of sociolects, mainly to those who were previously obliged to observe youth collectives in its spontaneous discourses with its consequent time-consuming transcripts. Non-spontaneous spoken language from rap songs or youth film dialogues also help researchers to describe the level of societal diffusion of some typical features of youth slang. In this paper, we focus on demonstration of these crossed approaches in order to describe three types of verbs, used in a successful comedy about Parisian peri-urban post-adolescents <italic>Les Kaïra</italic> (2012), representing different types of substandard lexicon.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-08-17T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1