rss_2.0Linguistics and Semiotics FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Linguistics and Semiotics and Semiotics Feed and Adverbial Clauses: A Case Study in Cantonese<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper investigates an understudied topic in adverbial clauses, converbs, which are verb forms that mark adverbial subordination. Focusing on converbal clauses in Cantonese, I show that they do not share a uniform syntax and should be divided into two classes, formed by central converbs (such as conditional clauses formed by V-<italic>can1</italic>) and peripheral converbs (such as inferential clauses formed by V-<italic>dak1</italic>) respectively. The central class adjoins low to the event/proposition level projections of the main clauses and has an impoverished internal structure, whereas the peripheral class attaches high to the discourse level projections of the main clauses and has an articulated internal structure. The distinction displays remarkable parallelism with the central-peripheral dichotomy of adverbial clauses proposed by Haegeman (2003a, 2003b, 2010), calling for a unified syntax of adverbial clauses formed by converbs and by subordinators, which is achievable under an agreement analysis of converbs.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Answers in Chinese<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper studies echo answers to yes-no questions in Chinese with respect to their distributions, derivations, and typological patterns. We reconsider Simpson’s (2015) verb-raising analyses of verb echo answers (VEAs), finding that his analysis is inspiring in describing the significant properties of VEAs but that he has not discussed issues pertinent to the role of <italic>le</italic> in VEAs, adverbial echo answers, and multiple verb echo answers. This paper proposes that the derivation of short echo answers in Chinese is two-fold: the verb echo answer involves V-to-<italic>v</italic> movement, <italic>pro</italic>-drop, and VP-deletion; and the adverbial short answer involves focus movement and TP deletion. The aspectual markers, the post-verbal <italic>le1</italic> denoting perfective and the sentence-final <italic>le2</italic> encoding a change of state in Chinese, play a crucial role in determining the grammaticality of certain verb-echo answers via aspectual anchoring. This analysis avoids analytical problems posed by V-to-C (domain) (Holmberg 2016; Simpson 2015, etc.). Evidence from information focus and negative scope reversal supports this two-track analysis of echo answers in Chinese. Finally, we conclude that typologically, Chinese, a language using verb-echo answers, is close to Vietnamese and Finnish in allowing adverbial short answers and akin to Thai and Finnish in allowing multiple verb echo answers.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Questions and Polarity Licensing: On Cantonese Modal<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper investigates the deontic modal <italic>sai2</italic> in Cantonese. I argue that <italic>sai2</italic> is an NPI and a negative operator is induced at the sentence-initial position by the SFPs <italic>me1</italic> or <italic>aa4</italic> in rhetorical questions. In SAI sentence, <italic>sai2</italic> must syntactically agree with the negative operator for licensing, and minimality and locality effects are found in such agreement. This study may provide evidence of a syntactic approach to NPI licensing and rhetorical questions.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and Not Only in Jonathan Franzen’s “Crossroads”<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article is aiming at demonstrating that Jonathan Franzen’s sixth novel “Crossroads”, while essentially being a realist depiction of an American family’s way of living in the early seventies, is primarily meant to entertain the reader. It endeavors to give an answer to the question of what makes Franzen’s fiction enjoyable by focusing on plot, characters, and multiple points of view. In doing so, the final take is that the author unfolds a tale of morality, humaneness, and kindness. Apart from masterfully depicting the American realities, this long fictional work does not only entertain the readers, but it also changes them.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Nicolae, A Voyage Within. Representations of the Self in Oscar Wilde, Virginia Woolf, Leon Wieseltier, Editura Universităţii De Vest, Timişoara, 2021<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Cristina Nicolae’s book suggests a novel explorative endeavour which analyses the versatile dynamics of one of the modernity’s controversial concepts, the identity, such as depicted in the works of three authors belonging to distinct periods, mentalities and ideologies, three stances of the rebel and the shapes of the transgression of the limits framed by time, space and gender: Victorianism – Modernism − Post-modernism, the space of the British – American identity, the vertical of the masculine – feminine identity.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Ilie, Claudia Tărnăuceanu (COORD.), Surse Și Valori Ale Educaţiei. Perspective Pluridisciplinare, Editura Universităţii „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” Iaşi, 2021<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Volume Surse și valori ale educației. Perspective pluridisciplinare (Educational Sources and Values. Multi-disciplinary Perspectives) (“Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University Publishing House, Iași, 2021) consists of some of the works presented during the Valorile educației – educația valorilor din Antichitate până azi. Abordări teoretice, soluții practice (Educational Values – Education of Values from Ancient Times to Nowadays. Theoretical Approaches, Practical Solutions) National Symposium (5<sup>th</sup> edition, Iași, 2018, 6<sup>th</sup> edition, Iași, 2020) by researchers, academic professors and PhD candidates trained in different fields (linguistics, theory, history, literary critics, compared literature, philosophy, theology, visual arts, educational sciences). Grouped in three distinct sections (Antiqua, mediaevalia et humanistica; Moderna et contemporanea; Didactica), the studies highlight different perspectives on new research fields. Unlike the Symposium’s previous volumes, the coordinators dedicated a distinct section to the approach of educational processes from an axiological perspective and to the discussion of values as didactic landmarks (conceptual challenges, procedural difficulties and methodological solutions)</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Yezierska and the Identity Crisis in Jewish-American Literature<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Religious and racial identities are being reconceived as responses to cultural environments. Many Jews continue to hold conflicting ideas about their identity. We will trace the realities and challenges of being Jewish in the USA through Anzia Yezierska’s “The Lost Beautifulness.” The short story demonstrates the failure of Americanization and the need for a hybrid identity for Jewish-American immigrants to solve their identity crisis in the American context. The main character uses the white paint for the kitchen as a symbolic path towards assimilating American concepts of whiteness, cleanliness, and beauty, apparently making her equal to and accepted by the American mainstream middle and upper-class population.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and the Tendency to Hybridize the Myth in The Artistic Literature<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The phenomenon of globalization becomes a component of the artistic literature. Writers felt the need to create their own universe based on recognizable symbols. This launch from inside an asteroid of ancient myth offers opportunities to climb Mount Olympus in his personal dissection. Thus, the authors are tempted to extract from myths fragments in which they can mirror their reality. The fragment holds in the work the part of the whole, similar to a starfish that reconstructs its body after a fragment. In the same way, the writer of our century creates his hybrid from the myth he cuts out in order to involve him in the situations of multiculturalism. Thus the ancient spirit is selected in the virtual test tube with all the perspectives of the dream game proper to the hologram of the intellectual character.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Dinu Rachieru Politică Şi Canon Literar, Editura Eikon, Bucureşti, 2021<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This present article aims to explore the thematic grounds in Adrian Dinu Rachieru’s book. He examines authors and books, managing to achieve a critic within the proximity of the social dimension and, implicitly, in the context’s proximity. Through his work, Adrian Dinu Rachieru manages to configure an ample perspective on the contemporary Romanian literature, the critic being individualised through a well-defined documentation, an exceptional capacity of using the bibliographic resources, but also through an amazing dexterity in dealing with certain literary concepts. By means of his book, the author brings to the reader’s attention five types of cannon, which he defines and illustrates by analysing a series of representative writers. The critic’s books are also distinguished through the sociological and historical optics of the problems he highlights.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Overview of an Elective Course on Medical Humanities<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>We still lack a tradition of courses on medical humanities designed for medical students, though medical schools in the United States or Western Europe included such courses in their academic curricula more than half a century ago. Such courses have proven their effectiveness in the training of a future doctor, providing them with better abilities to communicate, observe and develop empathy towards the patient. This paper wants to address the problem of the need to deliver such courses that would be even more welcome if all the interdisciplinary topics would gather to give their worthy opinion and perspective on the problem of medical humanities. Such an attempt is still far from being accomplished; therefore, the paper is going to present an attempt to develop an elective course devoted to the topic of medical humanities. With foreign language teachers in charge, such a course could only offer a limited perspective, using fiction as a tool to deal with the students’ cultural training, development of communication skills and understanding of the role of storytelling in medicine. The paper is going to present some examples that can be used in such an elective course on medical humanities in order to reach the above-mentioned goals.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Ethics Was of Little Concern to Medical Practice. (Re)Discovering Cronin<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>A. J. Cronin was a Scottish-born physician-turned-novelist whose professional experience undoubtedly left a mark on his literary works. The first half of the 20<sup>th</sup> century was a period of uncertainties in medical sciences, lack of standardised practice, the absence of guidelines for the treatment of various diseases, and, sometimes, scarcity of ethical guidelines in healthcare research or medical practice. A connoisseur of the British medical system, Cronin was able to identify its flaws and transpose them into his literary output. His novel The Citadel was screened a few months after the publication. This paper aims to identify and discuss some of the ethical problems that The Citadel motion picture of 1938 portrays.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Teaching During the COVID-19 Pandemic Within George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mureş: A Case Study<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>As a profession, teaching is a process that involves teacher–student-teacher interaction. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has changed our lives and ways of communication. Each day teachers and students faced difficulties in the teaching and learning process, challenges that they had to cope with by using their critical judgement and expertise. During this critical period, face-to-face teaching was switched to the online one, by ensuring students a teaching platform and giving them access to online materials. Working under stress and with limited resources, at first, teachers did their best to pave the way for online education.</p> <p>The aim of the present case study, based on an online questionnaire, was to shed light on the need to include and use modern student-centered teaching techniques and methods within the educational process at George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mureș to improve quality of education. In a world that is continuously changing and developing the use of innovative teaching methods will help students to improve their learning abilities, stimulate their critical thinking and engage them in the learning process.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and International Cooperation in Translating the Bible. United Bible Societies<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The Bible has a fascinating history. Over time, the Bible has been the epicenter of a very close collaboration and the source of many conflicts. Many of our ideas about the translations of the Bible are confused and ill-defined because we often lack a balanced understanding of the present and the past of interfaith cooperation related to biblical studies. Constantly oscillating between the two extreme poles of communion and division, biblical interfaith cooperation has known three main stages: peaceful unity, major differentiation, and difficult reconciliation.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue of Nominal Phrases<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>We focused in this paper on the “behaviour” of the noun, centre in a nominal phrase, in the presence or absence of different determiners: articles (definite, indefinite), demonstrative adjectives, possessive adjectives, indefinite adjectives, negative adjectives. We deal with more or less complex structures including compulsory or optional rules of nominal definite/indefinite determination or no determination.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Anghelache’s Case<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>One of the characters in Romanian Literature left to these days in a mystery area is Anghelache, a humble public servant and the protagonist of the short story Inspecțiune, written by I.L. Caragiale. What surprises most is the tragic end offered by his suicidal act, apparently for no reason, an act that will prove to be, in fact, the only way out of the trap of corruptibility.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Chioaru, Avatarurile Lui Orfeu, Editura Univers, Bucureşti, 2021<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In his book entitled Avatarurile lui Orfeu (Orpheus’s Avatars), Dumitru Chioaru presents the two hypostases of the Orphism, the orphic and anti or post(orphic). Beginning his line of argument from the myth of Orpheus and crystallising his critical options with a hermeneutic perspective on the problem in question, Dumitru Chioaru manages to achieve a larger picture of the lyricism related to the orphic myth, by analysing the poetic works of thirty poets.</p> <p>The Orphism’s hypostases are depicted by means of two exegetic methods, both used in an irreproachable manner (mythological criticism and hermeneutics). Dumitru Chioaru’s endeavour in the history of the universal lyricism and in everything which lyricism represents, in its multiple hypostases, proves the presence of a fine hermeneutist, attentive to everything which the paradigm of Orphism implies, a paradigm he manages to define by capturing it in some ample sentences, both clarifying and expressive.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Exile – Between Philosophy and Poetics<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article performs an analysis of the concept of exile as it was defined by major figures of Romanian literature. From the writing of a “faceless man” to a destroyer of time, the self-image of the exiled writer goes through a scenario of disorder, chaos and refinding of the origins.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Übersetzung Und Ihre Rolle Beim Erwerb Einer Fremdsprache<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In my article I intent to prove that translation activities can be helpful in teaching a foreign language because they help students express their ideas accurately. Translation allows students to think carefully about what they want to say, and provides them with the foundation to understand or express everything as accurately as possible. Nevertheless, there are also possible difficulties when teaching with the help of translation, taking into consideration the possible negative consequences on students as well as on teachers.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue Breban – Fiction, Memory and Truth<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Nicolae Breban’s work is characterized, as expression and narrative diction, by spontaneity and naturalness, even if, deep down, one suspects the articulations of a program that values a set of essential readings from which Dostoevsky, Nietzsche or Thomas Mann are not missing. The architecture of the work is underpinned by a tension of opposites from which its individuality is born; it is a tension between the vitality of energetic, dominating writing and the lucidity, pessimistic or sceptical, of the perception of the world. Seductive, problematic, polemical, Nicolae Breban’s books reveal the qualities the prose writer has always possessed: lucidity, the fascination of storytelling, obsession with the past, the ideal and anarchy, as well as a rhetoric of the perennial truth of being fixed in the suggestive drawing of the epic.</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue and Fat Stigma Versus Eating Disorders and Slenderness Idealization - The Humanities’ Role<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper defines and exemplifies the multiple ways in which the humanities - history, linguistics and discourse analysis, doctor-patient communication, narrative therapy, and bibliotherapy - will complement and enhance the synergistic approach in the management and teaching of obesity and eating disorders through the international educational Erasmus+ project “Connected4Health - A Medical and Humanities-based Approach to Navigating Obesity and Eating Disorders in Young People”(C4H).</p> </abstract>ARTICLEtrue