rss_2.0Social Sciences FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Social Scienceshttps://www.sciendo.com/subject/SNhttps://www.sciendo.comSocial Sciences Feedhttps://www.sciendo.com/subjectImages/Social_Sciences.jpg700700Richard Osborne and Dave Laing† (eds.) (2021). . Intellect. 270 pp.https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ijmbr-2022-0010ARTICLE2022-09-25T00:00:00.000+00:00The Hustla Playbook: Negotiating the Business Politics of Reggae in the Jamaican Rock Music Scenehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/ijmbr-2022-0009<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The hustla philosophy of the Jamaican economy advocates the use of innovative and/or illicit methods to negotiate the harsh economic realities of the society. From two years of ethnographic fieldwork in Jamaica, I gleaned that local musicians applied this philosophy to support themselves and family. Most notably, local rock musicians used this mindset to survive their disadvantageous position on the periphery of the Jamaican reggae industry. They earned this status because their merger of “foreign” genres with reggae was perceived as undermining the cultural heritage of the Black populace. As a result, my analysis interrogates the attempts of rock musicians to secure work and legitimacy in a precarious and prejudicial job market. Institutionalized prejudices limited the popularity of local rock music and enforced repressive scripts. Despite these disadvantages, the Jamaican rock scene has made major contributions to the music economy by merging rock music with reggae and facilitating innovation and creativity within the contemporary Reggae Revival.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-22T00:00:00.000+00:00System Safety: Human - Technical Facility - Environmenthttps://sciendo.com/book/9788395720437<DIV align=justify><P>The magazine's publications deal with issues related to work safety. Both in the area of occupational health and safety, organization of the workplace (technical aspects) and the environment (environmental factors in working conditions). The publications presented combine legal requirements in the field of work safety with the technical solutions that are designed to meet the minimum requirements. They present and analyze the requirements of technological processes carried out at workplaces. Sociological issues are also carried out in the analyzes, in the scope of training and creating a safety culture within production enterprises. </P><STRONG></STRONG> <P>Scope </P> <P>Subject areas, suitable for publication, include the following fields: </P> <UL> <P></P> <LI>Health and safety management systems </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>Technological safety </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>The role of the human factor in occupational health and safety management systems </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>Safety of technical facilities operation (safety engineering) </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>Environmental safety management </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>Safety management of products and services </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>Management of occupational risk </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>Economical aspects of occupational health and safety </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>Legal aspects of health and safety at work </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>Safety in material engineering </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>Safety in civil engineering </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>Product quality and user safety </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>Safety logistics </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>Safety in innovation and their transfer </LI> <P></P> <P></P> <LI>Knowledge and information management </LI> <P></P></UL> <P><BR></P> <P>7th International Conference SYSTEM SAFETY HUMAN - TECHNICAL FACILITY – ENVIRONMENT e-Book ISBN: 978-3-11-060540-2 </P> <P>8th International Conference SYSTEM SAFETY HUMAN - TECHNICAL FACILITY – ENVIRONMENT e-Book ISBN: 978-83-957204-3-7 </P><STRONG></STRONG> <P>Archiving </P> <P>Sciendo archives the contents of this journal in <A href="https://www.portico.org/"><U>Portico</U></A> - digital long-term preservation service of scholarly books, journals and collections. </P><STRONG></STRONG> <P>Plagiarism Policy </P> <P>The editorial board is participating in a growing community of <A href="https://www.crossref.org/services/similarity-check/"><U>Similarity Check System's</U></A> users in order to ensure that the content published is original and trustworthy. Similarity Check is a medium that allows for comprehensive manuscripts screening, aimed to eliminate plagiarism and provide a high standard and quality peer-review process. </P>BOOKLong-Term Evaluation of an Australian Peer Outdoor Support Therapy for Contemporary War Veteranshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.21307/esw-2020-003<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>War veterans experience psychological disorders as a result of deployment. Peer outdoor support therapy (POST) may be an alternative or complementary therapy, as part of the larger field of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), to traditional psychological approaches for the treatment of psychological disorders arising from deployment. The long-term benefit of Trojan’s Trek, an Australian POST, was evaluated for its benefits on wellbeing, depression, anxiety, and stress. Nine male participants who participated in Trojan’s Trek during 2013 completed four self-report questionnaires across four time-points, as follows: General Perceived Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), Life Satisfaction Questions (LSQ), Positive and Negative Interactions Scale (PNI), and Depression Anxiety Stress Scales short-version (DASS-21). Questionnaires were administered pre-Trek, immediately post-Trek, at 2-3-month follow-up, and 9-month follow-up. The resultant data were analyzed using Reliable Change Indexes (RCI). Depression, anxiety, and stress decreased, and wellbeing increased, post-trek. Reliable decreases for depression, anxiety and stress, and reliable increases in Self-Efficacy were observed post-trek. Positive outcomes for participants were achieved immediately post-Trek and over a nine-month period. POST may supplement current empirically supported psychological treatments for psychological disorders arising from deployment.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-01T00:00:00.000+00:00Understanding the Impact of Child Sexual Abuse on Women’s Sexual Lives: A Discourse Analysishttps://sciendo.com/article/10.21307/esw-2020-004<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper reports on a post-structural feminist study that examined how discourses about child sexual abuse frame understandings of the impact of abuse on women’s sexual lives. The study considered the overarching question ‘What discourses associated with the impact of child sexual abuse on women’s sexual lives are reproduced, resisted or invisible in the narratives of women who have been abused and the professionals who work with them?’ Discourse generates the experiences that are possible, including what people think and do and their material circumstances. The research method involved three related studies that included a survey and interviews with professionals who work with women who have experienced child sexual abuse, and interviews with women who have histories of child sexual abuse. Thematic and Foucauldian discursive analysis identified powerful, gendered, heteronormative discourses about female sexuality, child sexual abuse and its impact on women’s sexual lives. This report will briefly overview previous research in the area, the theoretical approach and research methods employed in the study and outline the three overarching thematic representations in the accounts of the women and the professionals.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-01T00:00:00.000+00:00Military organisations and emerging technologies – How do unmanned systems find a role in future navies?https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/jms-2022-0004<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Fewer qualified platforms and reduced personnel within the navy are the reality for many nations, although operational requirements might have remained the same or increased over time. At the same time, research is advancing in unmanned and autonomous systems, which have also found application in military use. Therefore, navies need to develop approaches for effective technological transformation. To fulfil this need, this study aims to identify and describe the relevant research from different disciplines and their respective relation to the design of future navies. The study commences with a literature review related to knowledge support for understanding how emerging technologies, such as maritime autonomous systems (MAS), find their place in a military organisation. The findings suggest that the armed forces should be categorised as a sociotechnical system, built of systems-of-systems that together enable capability, and that it is as a capability enforcer that the overall system should be developed. This highlights the importance of structural and organisational changes in making the best use of the technology, as well as in making the sociotechnical system as efficient as possible. Therefore, the armed forces need to be learning organisations, exercising joint planning, where there is room for knowledge sharing and flexibility within the organisation despite different hierarchical layers.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-14T00:00:00.000+00:00Contemporary national movement and the problem of migrationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0003<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of the article is to present the position of the contemporary national movement towards the problem of the influx of immigrants to Europe, with a particular emphasis on the threats arising from this fact for Poland. The article uses opinion journalism, political programmes and the press of the contemporary national movement. Content analysis and, to a lesser extent, comparative studies were used as a research method.</p> <p>During the migration crisis, there was a strong protest against the attempt to accept a refugees into Poland. Activists of the national movement recorded a film Stop for Refugees in which they put forward the idea of holding a referendum during which Poles would decide whether to stop the influx of refugees.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Rafał Prostak, , Wydawnictwo Naukowe Chrześcijańskiej Akademii Teologicznej w Warszawie, Warszawahttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0015ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Integral Ukrainian nationalism in the comparative contexthttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0014<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article presents main analytic problems that Victor Polishchuk tackles in his book <italic>Ideologia nacjonalizmu ukraińskiego</italic> [The Ideology of Ukrainian Nationalism]. Key features of integral Ukrainian nationalism in Dontsov’s version have been presented here on the background of the nationalisms of two neighbouring countries, Germany and Poland, in order to identify the similarities and differences between them in the realm of axiological systems.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00National self-identification of students of the Faculty of Orthodox Theology at the University of Warsaw (late 1920s-1930s)https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0012<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In the article, the data about national structure of students of Faculty of Orthodox Theology of the University of Warsaw in the late1920s-1930s is analyzed. The features of national self-identification of different groups of students are designated. Conclusions are made about the reasons for the disproportionate representation among future theologians of persons self-identifying as Russian and Orthodox Poles.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Real breakthrough or pragmatic continuation? The Polish People’s Republic in the assessment of German diplomacy on the eve of imposing martial law in Poland – discussion theseshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0010<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The author of the following Contribution text was interested in whether December 13, 1981 – it means also the Martial Law in Poland – really changed anything for West Germany from the point of view of its own foreign policy. The answers of this Question, formulated on the basis of the Research in the political archives of the West German Ministry of Foreign Affairs, aim at explaining the reasons for the behavior of certain institutions or politicians in West Germany after the breakthrough of 1980-1981. The main Thesis of the author are: The West German primacy of stabilisation meant doing everything to avoid a soviet military intervention in Poland. How? Through diplomatic and military messages stating that the intervention would be too costly. Besides, in agreement with the US State Department, West Germany tried to avoid doing anything which could give the Communist Party of the Soviet Union arguments for an invasion. Last but not least, General Jaruzelski, as a figure publicly referring to national and patriotic feelings, but also enjoying some form of support in Moscow, was able to provide a difficult, but real stabilisation, even with the use of violence. The diplomacy of West Germany needed nothing more. Therefore was the message given to the authorities of the Polish People’s Republic after December 13 was crystal clear. Unless blood was shed, West Germany would not condemn General Jaruzelski’s government more than the country’s loyalty to NATO required it to.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Mainstreaming the right-wing radicalism and extremism: basic approaches and perceptions from Georgian academiahttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0002<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Unlike some European countries, the involvement of radical right-wing forces in Georgian politics and the support of a certain part of the society for them is a relatively new phenomenon in Georgia’s politics. This has resulted in a growing interest in the study of the topic among Georgian academic circles. However, the defining and applying the concepts of radicalism and extremism regarding Georgian right-wing forces are different. By comparing the major approaches to the concepts of right-wing radicalism and extremism this paper aims to critically review and analyze perceptions from Georgian academia.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Ukrainian nationalism and Viktor Polishchuk as its historianhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0013<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article deals with the problem of Ukrainian nationalism and its significance in Polish-Ukrainian relations. It considers the role of the Ukrainian Nationalist Organization (OUN) established in 1929, and its militia, the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), and the genocide committed by these organizations and the Ukrainian population supporting them during the World War II on Poles living in the south-eastern voivodeships of the Second Polish Republic. At the same time, it presents the scientific achievements of the recently deceased Ukrainian political scientist and historian, Associate Professor Viktor Polishchuk, who, on over 2,579 pages of his works, documented the ideology, organizational structures and genocidal activity of those organizations which, according to the calculations of the Polish side, murdered about 200,000 Poles using the most atrocious methods. The article also lists very critical opinions of the Ukrainian bishop Khomyshyn on the contemporary Ukrainian nationalism, as well as detailed documentation of the crime of genocide carried out by the OUN and UPA on Poles as compiled within the five volumes listed in the bibliography.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00The national team – shaping the nation’s representation in footballhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0011<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The national football team represents the nation and speaks for it. The football team plays an important role in the reproduction of national identity and nationalism. It is also used as a tool of public diplomacy. The team is managed by the national football association, which is autonomous from the state authorities. Thanks to its dominant position, the national football association can impose its vision of the representation of the nation. However, the vision of the selector is not received passively. The composition of the national team – an important aspect of the team as a metonymy of the nation – is sometimes contested by the public, especially sports journalists or fans.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Creedal Nationalism in early American labor movementshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0006<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In the United States during the late 1820s, the labor movements formed that faced public accusations of being un-American and potentially puppets of European influence. These accusations often came from politicians or organizations sympathetic to ethnic nationalism. Partially in response to these charges, labor movements began to espouse versions of Creedal Nationalism. As a country without a natural nation, the United States has maintained for over two centuries two competing narratives within political ideologies concerning who should be allowed to be members of the American Nation. This paper presents research that continues to refine the history of Creedal Nationalism in the United States, a more precise construction of nation than the more ambiguous concept of civic nationalism. Specifically, the article is part of an effort to refine the usually vague and undocumented claims that social movements beginning in the late 1820s began using Creedal Nationalism to counter ethnic nationalism, using a mistaken or intentionally distorted interpretation of the Jeffersonian Creed of “all men are created equal”. While prominent uses by women’s and abolitionist movements are often cited (usually the same famous examples), the evidence of the use of Creedal Nationalism in public rhetoric by early labor associations is less documented. The ideological conflict between Creedal Nationalism and ethnic nationalism remains deeply embedded in American political culture and the political party system. The origins, development, and rhetoric of the category of Creedal Nationalism remain important for the framing of models of American political development and current political conflict.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00The Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR) and the armed resistance in Chile during the institutionalization of the dictatorship (1978-1990)https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0005<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR) was a political-military organization of Marxist ideology which between 1978 and 1990 defined and deployed in Chile a strategy of armed struggle to confront the dictatorship led by Augusto Pinochet Ugarte. Its objective was to prevent the dictatorship from completing its project of re-founding Chilean society (economically, politically, socially and culturally) and, in this way, to advance towards the development of a socialist revolution.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00On the need to recognize the Greeks in Poland as a national minorityhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0009<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Members of the Greek community living in Poland are making efforts to obtain the status of a national minority. Their ancestors have been present on Polish lands since the Middle Ages. Over the centuries, Greeks played an important role in the development of economic and scientific life of Polish cities. They were co-creators of Polish culture, art, and animators of the development of Orthodox religious life. Nowadays, the Greek minority is a permanent element of the Polish society, cultivating its own national and religious traditions. Its representatives are political and local government activists. Through the created organizational structures, they emphasize and cultivate their own national identity. The Greeks in Poland meet all the legal requirements for recognition as a national minority.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Framing as modus operandi for social movements: The case of Black Lives Matterhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0001<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>From a symbolic and cultural approach to the social movements, framing theory has contributed to explain meanings and strategies for mobilization. Also, the theory has evolved in the media research, and media frames have to be also considered in the collective action. This paper clarifies how frames work in this context and describes their ability to give legitimization and congruence to the movement. The case of Black Lives Matter is an example of the use of framing and its consequences for the movement.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Sami identity in the face of climate changehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0004<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Global warming is accelerating, thus irreversibly changing the human environment, and most of the measures taken to halt this phenomenon seem to be the result of wishful thinking. Policies meant to combat climate change fail to bring about the desired effect. Arctic indigenous peoples are particularly vulnerable to climate change, and their cultural identity is under threat. However, owing to the actions taken by state authorities and European Union institutions, there is a chance that the Sami languages will be preserved.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00The consequences of the 1989 changes in the socio-political activity of Lemkos in Poland and the United States of Americahttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/pn-2021-0007<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>During the communist period, the Lemko community did not have its own separate ethnic organization in Poland. In the USA, the Lemkos were able to conduct social and political activities without any obstacles. Even before World War II, two important organizations were established: the Russophile Lemko-Soyuz and the Ukrainophile Organization for the Defense of Lemkivshchyna in America. The social and political transformation initiated by the elections of June 1989 changed the situation of national and ethnic minorities. The period of political transformation in Poland also activated the Lemkos, who also took advantage of these changes to formalize and develop their activities. The first postwar Lemko organization was the Lemko Association. As a counterbalance for Lemkos Association, Ukrainophiles created in Gorlice their own organization – Union of Lemkos. American activists also had to find their way in the new political circumstances. When the Soviet Union collapsed, not only did the ideological base of Lemko-Soyuz fall into ruin, but also its financial base. OOL found itself in a much better position than Lemko-Soyuz during the period of political transition in Eastern Europe. The anti-Moscow stance of the Ukrainianophile organization allowed it to remain credible and continue to fight for the interests of Ukraine. However, the organizations, both Polish and American, in their multifaceted activity still contribute to consolidation and preservation of Lemkos’ cultural identity and preservation of their traditions.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-09-12T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1